2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)

日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |综合类|人气:734

2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  I notified (B级)him that the meeting had been postponed.

  A) informed B) observed C) mocked D) misled

  标准答案:a

  2、 He emphasized a feasible (B级)plan which can be accepted by the both sides.

  A)favorable B) possible

  C)formal D)genuine

  标准答案:b

  3、 We should never content (B级)ourselves with only a little knowledge.

  A) convince B)satisfy C) comfort D) benefit

  标准答案:b

  4、 We should contemplated (B级)the problem from all sides.

  A) deliberated B)thought C) described D) designed

  标准答案:a

  5、 His new girlfriend had omitted (B级)to tell him that she was married.

  A)failed B) deleted C) refused D) rejected

  标准答案:a

  6、 If you want my advice, you should revise (B级)your plan for the trip to Beijing.

  A) change B)exchange C) enlarge D) encourage

  标准答案:a

  7、 He has a very outgoing personality (B级)and makes friends very easily.

  A)capacity B) character

  C) reality D)attitude

  标准答案:b

  8、 The room was furnished (B级)with the simplest essentials, a bed, a chair, and a table

  A)supplied B) gathered

  C)grasped D)made

  标准答案:a

  9、 His novel depicts (A级)an ambitious American.

  A)writes B) sketches

  C)describes D)indicates

  标准答案:c

  10、 Smoking is inhibited (A级)in public places.

  A) instructed B)inquired C) forbidden D) strived

  标准答案:c

  11、 He is assigned to oversee (A级)the production of the assembly lines.

  A)supervise B) watch

  C)suspect D)predict

  标准答案:a

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  12、 Soldiers have to obey (A级)orders.

  A)reply to B) apply for

  C)abide with D)comply with

  标准答案:d

  13、 Are you positive that there’s been no mistake?

  A) rational B)reasonable C) certain D) bound (A级)

  标准答案:c

  14、 An exhaustive (A级)investigation of the facts proves the contrary.

  A) exhausted B) tired C) thorough D) careful

  标准答案:c

  15、 He resented(A级) being called a foreigner.

  A)hated B) enjoyed C) annoyed D) shocked

  标准答案:a

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。

  Will Hillary Be the Next American President?

  Back in 1969, US President Richard Nixon confidently predicted: “In the next 50 years, we shall see a woman president, perhaps sooner than you think.”

  Today, not too far off Nixon’s deadline, America is looking at that possibility. Over the weekend, Hillary Rodham Clinton, wife of former president Bill Clinton, announced her run for 2008 presidency.

  US polls indicate that Americans feel comfortable with a female president. A New York Times survey found nearly all Americans saying they would vote for president if she were qualified.

  However, accepting the theoretical notion of a female leader is quite different from voting an actual woman. In fact, there is still widespread distrust of a woman in the top position.

  This is partly due to the biased thinking that women are weak on national security, though they might be strong on education and health care. This damages their prospects as a presidential contender.

  “There’s still an inherent nervousness on the part of voters putting a woman in as the ultimate decision-maker. Control of the army and border security are sorts of traditionally male jobs,”commented Amy Walter,an American campaign analyst.“That’s where I think voters consciously or unconsciously have difficulties with women candidates.”

  Women have held the top job in other major Western countries. In 1979, Britain elected Margaret Thatcher prime minister. Last year, Germany made Angela Merkel its first female chancellor.

  In the US, no woman has succeeded in being nominated as a presidential candidate.One woman did make the attempt: Elizabeth Dole. In 1999,she tried to get the Republican Party nomination. But Dole could only raise $ 5 million for her bid-compared with the $ 56 million George W.Bush raised.

  So Barriers lie ahead for Hillary if she wants to make history by becoming the first female US president. With the Iraqi war underway, she’ll find it even harder.

  “I don’t feel that our society is ready for a woman president. The enemy we face does not respect females the same way we have come to see them as equals. If we were not in this war,I would support a woman president,”said Chris Dildy, a computer engineering student.

  1.Up to the present, no woman has been elected president in the US.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  2.Bill Clinton will strongly support Hillary to run for the 2008 presidency.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  3.American people will elect a woman president of the United States in 2008.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  4.One of Hillary’s campaign promises is to reform the nation’s health care system.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  标准答案:A,C,B,C

  解  析:1.A. 问题句说“迄今为止在美国没有一个女人曾经被选举为总统”。关注文章开头部分的句子,利用问题句中的细节信息词women(女人)和up to the present作为答案线索,在文章中找到答案相关句:(第1段)Back(向后地) in 1969, US President Richard Nixon confidently(充满自信地) predicted(预言): “In the next(下一个)50 years, we shall see (看见)a woman president(总统), perhaps(可能) sooner than you think. ”该句说“1969年, 美国总统Richard Nixon 很有信心地预测: ‘在下一个50年里, 我们将会看见一个女总统,这或许比你想象的更快些’” 。根据该句内容可以推断出在1969年以前美国没有出现过女总统, 而人们期望从1969年到2019年期间美国会出现女总统。 但根据该句内容无法判断出从1969年到2019年期间美国是否出现了女总统, 因此接着关注答案相关句周边的句子。 文章接下来的句子(第2段)说“Today,not too far (太远)off(离开,距离) Nixon’s deadline(最终期限), America is looking at (正在关注)that possibility(可能性). ”该句说“今天距离Nixon总统给出的最终期限已经不远了, 美国人现在正关注这可能性”。相邻语句句意相关, 显然, 定冠词结构“the possibility”指答案相关句中提到的“可能出现美国女总统”。从该句中可以推断出“从1969年到现在为止, 美国还没有出现女总统”。因此问题句提供了正确信息。

  2.C. 问题句说“Bill Clinton将强力支持Hillary参加2008年总统选举”。 该题为细节题。利用问题句中的特征词Bill Clinton和2008 presidency 作为答案线索, 在文章中查找到答案相关句:(第2段第2句) Over(在...期间) the weekend(周末), Hillary Rodham Clinton, wife(妻子) of former(以前的) president Bill Clinton, announced(宣布) her run for (竞选)2008 presidency.该句只是提到Hillary是Bill Clinton的妻子, 而文章的其部分没有再提到Bill Clinton, 由此判断问题句的信息在文章中没有被提到。

  3.B. 问题句说“美国人民在2008年将选一位女总统”。 该题为细节题。利用问题句中的特征信息2008作为答案线索,在文章中找到答案相关句:(第2段第2句)Over the weekend, Hillary Rodham Clinton, wife of former president Bill Clinton, announced(宣布) her run for (竞选)2008 presidency.该句只是提到Hillary宣布她要竞选2008年的总统职位。显然该句内容与问题句内容不相关,因此接着关注答案相关句周边的句子。 文章接下来的句子(第4段)说:However(然而), accepting(接受, 认可) the theoretical(理论的) notion(概念, 观念) of a female(女性的) leader(领导者)is quite(十分, 完全) different from (与...不同)voting(投票选举) an actual(实际的, 真正的) woman. In fact(实事上), there is (有)still(仍然) widespread (普遍的)distrust(不信任) of a woman in the top (顶部的;最高的)position(职位,位置). 该句说“接受女总统这个概念不等同于同意投票选举出一位女总统。 事实上, 人们仍然普遍不相信女人能胜任领袖的职位”。 由此可见问题句提供的信息错误。

  4.C. 问题句说“Hillary的一个竞选承诺是改革国家的医疗制度。”该题为细节题。利用问题句中的细节信息health care system(医疗保健制度)作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句(第5段第1句):This is partly(部分地) due to (因为)the biased(偏见的) thinking(思想) that women are weak(软弱的, 虚弱的) on national security(国家安全), though(尽管) they might be strong(强大的) on education(教育) and health care(医疗保健).该句只是说“女人做教育和医疗方面的工作有优势”, 但没有说Hillary的一个竞选承诺式改革国家的医疗制度, 因此问题句的信息在文章中没有被提到。

  5.Germans elected a woman chancellor last year.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  6.Hillary has already raised a large anount of campaign fund.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  7.Chris Dildy will vote for Hillary.

  A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

  标准答案:A,C,B

  解 析:5.A.问题句说“德国去年选了一个女总理”, 利用问题句中的特征词Germans和细节信息词woman chancellor作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:Last years, Germany made(使成为) Angela Merkel its first female chancellor. 该句说“去年, 德国选举了Angela Merkel为德国第一位女总理”, 因此问题句提供了正确信息。

  6.C. 问题句说“Hillary 已经筹集到了一大笔竞选款”, 利用问题句中的细节信息campaign fund(竞选款)作为答案线索, 结果发现该词以及与改词词义相近的词语均没有在文章中出现,因此判断问题句的信息在文章中没有被提到。

  7.B. 问题句说“Chris Dildy 要投Hillary的票”。 利用问题句中的特征词Chris Dildy作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句(文章最后一句):“If we were not in this war, I would support(支持) a woman president”, said Chris Dildy, a computer(计算机) engineering (工程)student. 该句说“如果我们没有在打这场战争, 我会支持选一位女总统”,虚拟语气表示与事实相反, 或事先可能性较小的假设。 因此这句话得实际语义是“我们现在卷入了一场战争之中, 因此我是不会支持女总统的”。由此可见问题句的说法不正确。

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子(每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Face masks may not protect from super-flu

  If a super-flu strikes, face masks may not protect you. Whether widespread use of masks will help, or harm, during the next worldwide flu outbreak is a question that researchers are studying furiously. No results have come from their mask research yet. However, the government says people should consider wearing them in certain situations anyway, just in case.

  But it’s a question the public keeps asking while the government are making preparations for the next flu pandemic. So the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) came up with preliminary guidelines. “We don’t want people wearing them everywhere, ”said the CDC. “The overall recommendation really is to avoid exposure.”

  When that’s not possible, the guidelines say to consider wearing a simple surgical mask if you are in one of the three following situations. First, you’re healthy and can’t avoid going to a crowded place. Second, you’re sick and think you may have close contract with the healthy, such as a family member checking on you. Third, you live with someone who’s sick and thus might be in the early stages of infection, but still need to go out.

  Influenza pandemics can strike when the easy-to-mutate flu virus shifts to a strain that people never have experienced. Scientists cannot predict when the next pandemic will arrive, although concern is rising that the Asian bird flu might trigger one if it starts spreading easily from person to person.

  During the flu pandemic, you should protect yourself. Avoid crowds, and avoid close contract with the sick unless you must care for someone. Why can’t mask added to this self-protection list? Because they help trap virus-laden droplets flying through the air with a cough or sneeze. Simple surgical masks only filter the larger droplets. Besides, the CDC is afraid masks may create a false sense of security. Perhaps someone who should have stayed home would don an ill-fitting mask and hop on the subway instead.

  Nor does flu only spread through the air. Say someone covers a sneeze with his or her hand, then touches a doorknob or subway pole. If you touch that spot next and then put germy hands on your nose or mouth, you’ve been exposed. It’s harder to rub your nose while wearing a mask and so your face may get pretty sweaty under masks. You reach under to wipe that sweat, and may transfer germs caught on the outside of the mask straight to the nose. These are the problems face masks may create for their users.

  Whether people should or should not use face masks still remains a question. The general public has to wait patiently for the results of the mask research scientists are still doing.

  1. Paragraph 2 ____.

  2. Paragraph 3 ____.

  3. Paragraph 5 ____.

  4. Paragraph 6 ____.

  A. reasons for excluding masks from the self-protection list

  B. effort to stop flu spreading

  C. when to use face masks

  D. guidelines on mask use

  E. warnings from the CDC

  F. danger of infection through germy hands and masks

  标准答案:D,C,A,F

  解 析:1.D.这个段落主要讲述美国疾病控制和预防中心提出的口罩使用指导方针, 不希望公众过度使用口罩(段落第2句和第3句), 因此D是答案。

  2.C. 段落中出现了标志列举信息的词语:first, second, third, 由此判断在这些词汇所出现句子的前面一定会有综述性的话语, 因此关注短首句。 该句概括了在三种情况下可以带面罩, 因此C是答案。

  提示:

  如果段落中出现了列举性的结构(通常句首会出现first, second, third, finally等词), 则这些列举性话语的前面应该出现概述性的话语, 而这个概述性话语的内容往往就直接揭示该段的主题。

  3.A. mask是该段主题词, 因此A和F可能是答案。 A中的核心结构“self-protection(自我保护) list”直接在该段中出现了, 而F中的核心结构germy(带有病菌的) hands(手) and masks没有在该段出现, 也没有间接地涉及到, 因此F不是答案, 答案是A。

  4.F. mask是该段主题词, 因此F可能是答案。F中的细节信息结构germy hands 也在段落中直接出现了, 由此进一步推断F很可能是答案。

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  5. The scientists are trying to find out if masks may or may not ___.

  6. The CDC is afraid that the public may ___.

  7. The public will not know the answer about masks until scientists ___.

  8. We can infer from the passage that the US authorities ___.

  A. overuse face masks

  B. deal with the mask problem seriously

  C. rub their faces and noses in the subway

  D. protest against the mask guidelines

  E. help protect people from being attacked by a flu

  F. announce the results of their mask research

  标准答案:E,A,F,B

  解  析:5.E. 该题可以直接借助问题句前面内容的提示直接判断答案。也利用问题句中的细节信息词scientists作为答案线索, 在文章中找到答案相关句:

  (最后一段)Whether(是否) people should or should not use face masks still(仍然) remains(继续, 留下) a question(问题). The general public (普通的民众)has to wait patiently(耐心地) for the results of the mask research(研究)scientists are still doing.

  从以上的答案相关句的内容可以推断出E是答案。

  6.A. 利用问题句中出现的特征词CDC作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第2段)But it’s a question the public keeps asking while the government are making preparations for the next flu pandemic. So the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) came up with preliminary guidelines. “We don’t want(想要) people wearing them everywhere, ”said the CDC. “The overall recommendation really is to avoid exposure.”

  从以上的答案相关句的内容可以推断出A是答案。

  7.F.这道题可以借助问题句中语意的提示直接判断答案。该题的答案相关句仍然在最后一段:(最后一段)Whether(是否) people should or should not use face masks still(仍然) remains(继续, 留下) a question(与问题句中的answer 词义相关)(问题). The general public (普通的民众)has to wait patiently(耐心地) for the results of the mask research(研究), scientists are still doing.

  从以上的答案相关句的内容可以推断出F是答案。

  8.B.这道题可以借助问题句中语意的提示直接判断答案。也可以利用问题句中的核心词“US authorities”作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  If a super-flu strikes, face masks may not protect you. Whether widespread use of masks will help, or harm, during the next worldwide flu outbreak is a question that researchers are studying furiously. No results have come from their mask research yet. However, the government says people should consider wearing them in certain situations anyway, just in case.

  But it’s a question the public keeps asking while the government are making preparations for the next flu pandemic. So the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) came up with preliminary(初步的) guidelines(指导方针) . “We don’t want people wearing them everywhere, ”said the CDC.

  从答案相关句中可以推断出美国权威机构采取的是一种非常严肃的态度对待口罩问题。

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Who (Doesn't) Let the Dogs Hark?

  For the past year, Comelia Czamecki said, the barking of her neighbor's German shephetd has awakened her repeatedly at 4 a.m. The dog often barks for hours at a time, said Mrs Czamecki, a Clifton resident.

  "That dog is out there barking day and night, and we don't know what to do anymore," she said.

  Mrs. Czamecki became to upset about the dog that she filed:municipal complaints. Against him under the town's general noise ordinance. The case is set to be heard in municipal court onAugust 6. Complaints like the ones Mrs. Czamecki lodged with the police0 and. city officials led the Clifton City Council to draft an ordinance that could result in fines for residents whom dogs are "barking, howling, crying" or making any other loud noises for more than 30 minutes in an hour.

  "I can't wait," Mrs. Czamecki said. The council took up the ordinance for a fast reading。Tuesday; a final vote is scheduled on August 8.

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  "It's a quality of life issue," said Councilman Frank C. Fusco, who introduced the measure. Clifton is far from alone in seeking to silence noisy dogs. At least 144 of New Jersey's municipalities have laws that address whining and barking, according to a municipal ordinance database online at

  In New York, at least 30 towns in Nassau and Suffolk Counties have similar laws, as do about 25 towns in Westchester County. Connecticut has. a statewide law barring dons that are a6antt" because of -excessive barking or other disturbance.”

  Many of the ordinances in the-room,general prohibitions against excessive whining or barking. In Westchester, the Cityof New Rochelle ran into trouble with its law in 1997 after a resident challenged a citation: A city judge ruled that the ordinance was unconstitutionally vague because it did not include details about time of day and duration of barking, and the city changed the law in 1998.

  "Many of these ordinances go back to the 1800s;"said the New ltochelle corporation kmsel, Bemis Shapiro. "They're just carried forward and they don't get changed until an issue come up.”

  In May 2006, Hillsborough Township in Somerset. County passed an ordinance to

  ipecifieally address barking, but no complaints have been filed since then, kid Lt. Bill Greary of the Hillsborough Police Department Other. New Jersey towns, including Bloomsbury in Hunterdon County and Manville in Somerset, considered such ordinances but withdrew them after residents complained that they would be unenforceable.

  As for those who contend that a barking dog should be a low priority, Councilman Fusco said, "if the dog next to your house, you'd sing a different song."

  Mr. Fusco said he was confident that the ordinance proposed in Clifton would be supported by his fellow council members. At the same time, he knows that some residents may object.

  But David Axelrod, a groomer at Funs N Ports on Valley Road, said he did not think the measure was tough enough.

  "Thirty minutes is extremely generous," he said. "There is no reason why a dog should be barking that long."

  The ordinance says barking must be sustained to be illegal, and it bans excessive barking only from 10 p.m. to7 a.m.

  Under the ordinance, a resident complains to the City Health Department, which'sends a warning note. If the barking continues, the resident takes the complaint to municipal cmrt, where fines can start at $250. Before a court date, the city would most likely try to resolve the matter through mediation, said the city attorney, Matthew T.Priore.

  Last year about a down warning letters were sent to residents about their barking dogs,Clifton officials said.

  Currently, tesidmts can complain about barking under the city's general noise ordinance,but they have to essentially prosecute the case in municipal court themselves, Mr. Fusco said.Under the proposed ordinance, residents would appear as.witness in a case presented by 'the municipal prosecutor.

  The new ordinance has some bite to it," Mr. Fusco said. Eric M. Zweriing, director of the Ringers University Noise Technical Assistance Center, trains police officers; on noise complaints and writes municipal noise coda.

  "One of the things I say to the officers I train is that if people were fundamentally civil to each other. we'd all be out of work." he said.

  Mr. Zwerling, the ownet of a chocolate Labrador named Bonn, mid he had his own

  appreciation of the barking problem

  "A dog is barking for one of two reasons - either it needs attentionto something;" he said. “In either case; you should be attending to it.”

  练习:

  1. What’s the reaction of Mrs,Czarnecki when she was annoyed by the barking of her neighbor’s dog?

  A. She went to her neighbor’s door to complain about it.

  B. She wrote to the local government and suggested that a law should be made to prohibit the dogs from barking.

  C. She lodged a complaint against the dog with the municipality.

  D. She became so upset and telephoned the police.

  2. In the city of Clifton,A legislative bill that addresses whining and barking was introduced by:

  A. David Axelrod

  B. Frand C.Fusco

  C. Matthew T.Priore

  D. Eric M.Zwerling

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  3. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

  A. Mrs. Czarnecki’s complaint made the city in New Jersey that seeks to silence noisy dogs.

  B. Clifton is the first city in New Jersey that seeks to silence noisy dogs .

  C. The general noise ordinance in Clifton is contradictory to the Constitution so that it was changed in 1998.

  D. At present, Clifton residents who complain about the noisy dogs can not employ a lawyer to prosecute the case in municipal court.

  4. Which of the following statements about the proposed ordinance is true?

  A. Clifton City Council finally passed it on Tuesday, August 8.

  B. Under the ordinance, whenever a dog barks over 30 minutes in an hour, its master will get fined.

  C. All the residents in Clifton hope that the ordinance can be reinforced as soon as possible because it is quality of life issue.

  D. People whho complain about the disturbance by noisy dogs do not need to prosecute the case in municipal court themselves according to the proposed ordinance.

  5. Which of the following statements is Mr.Zwerling‘s own appreciation of barking problem?

  A. The ordinance is not tough enough since it allows a dog bark for 30minutes.

  B. The problem can only be solved if people are civil enough to each other.

  C. Financial punishment is the best way to ban dogs from barking.

  D. The city should try its best to resolve the matter through mediation.

  标准答案:C,B,D,D,B

  解  析:1.C. 利用问题句及被选项中的线索结构(Mrs. Czarnecki, when she was annoyed by the barking of her neighbor’s dogs, neighbor’s door, local government, a complaint about he the dog, municipality , the police)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第1段)For the past years, Cornelia Czarnecki said, the barking of her neighbor’s German shepherd(牧羊狗) has awakened her repeatedly at 4 a.m. the dog often barks for hours at a time, said Mrs. Czarnecki, a Clifton resident.

  (第2段) “That dog (那条狗)is out there barking day and night, and we don’t know what to do anymore,” she said.

  (第3段) Mrs. Czarnecki became so upset(心烦意乱的) about the dog (考点词)that she filed (提出/lodge的近义词) a municipal (市政的/municipality的家族词汇)complaint against him(考点词)under(根据) the town(市镇)’s general(普通的) noise(噪音) ordinance(法令). The case is set to be heard in municipal (市政的)court on August 6. Complaints like the ones Mrs. Czarnecki lodged with the police (警方)and city officials led the Clifton City council to draft an ordinance that could result in fines for residents whose dogs are “barking, howling, crying” or making any other loud noises for more than 30 minutes in an hour.

  答案相关句在第3段第1句, 根据该句内容(Czarnecki 夫人在忍无可忍的情况下向市政当局控诉这个情况) 判断C是答案。

  2.B. 利用问题句中的特征词(Clifton)及细节信息结构(legislative bill)及被选项中的特征词共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第3段)(第一题答案相关句)Mrs. Czarnecki became so upset(心烦意乱的) about the dog that she filed a municipal (市镇的/municipality的家族词汇)complaint against him(考点词)under(根据) the town(市镇)’s general(通常的) noise(噪音) ordinance(法令). The case is set to be heard in municipal court on August 6. Complaints(投诉) like(如同) the ones Mrs. Czarnecki lodged(提出) with the police and city officials led the Clifton City council(委员会) to draft(起草) an ordinance (法令/legislative bill的近义词)that could result in (导致)fines(罚款) for residents(居民) whose dogs are “barking, howling(嚎叫), crying(哀号)” or making any other loud(高声的) noises for more than 30 minutes in an hour.

  (第4段) “I can’t wait(等),”Mrs. Czarnecki said. The council(委员会) took up(拿起, 开始从事, 占据) the ordinance(法令) for a first reading(阅读) on Tuesday; a final(最终的) vote(投票) is scheduled(预定的) on August.

  (第5段) “It’s a quality of life (基本生活条件)issue(问题),” said Councilman Frank C. Fusco, who introduced(提出) the measure(措施, 测量)(考点词) . Clifton is far from (远非)alone(孤独的, 单独的) in seeking to (试图)silence(使安静) noisy(吵闹的) dogs. At least (至少)14 of New Jersy’s municipalities(市政当局) have laws(法律) that address(针对) whining(嘶叫声and barking(狗吠声), according to (根据)a municipal ordinance (市政法令)database(数据库) online(在线) at

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  直接答案相关句出现在第5段中, 而该段中提到的人名只有B。

  3.D. 首先对选项D进行判断, 利用选项D中的线索结构(Clifton residents, noisy dogs, lawyer, municipal court)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第16段)last year about a dozen warning letters were sent to residents about their barking dogs, Clifton officials said.

  (第17段)Recently(现在/at present的近义词结构), residents can complain about (投诉)barking under(根据) the city’s general(普通的) noise ordinance(法令), but(考点提示词) they have to (不得不)essentially(在本质上) prosecute the case(那个案件) in municipal court (市政法庭)themselves, Mr. Fusco said. Under the proposed ordinance, residents would appear as a witness in a case presented by the municipal prosecutor.

  答案相关句出现在第17段的段首句中, 根据该句句意(Clifton的居民遭受到动物鸣叫骚扰时, 只能本人亲自到庭控诉)判断D正确。

  4.D. 首先对选项D进行判断, 利用选项D中的线索结构(proposed ordinance, Clifton City Council, over 30 minutes in an hour, disturbance, municipal court)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第17段)(第3题答案相关句)Recently, residents can complain about barking under the city’s general noise ordinance, but they have to essentially prosecute the case in municipal court themselves, Mr. Fusco said. Under(根据) the proposed ordinance, residents(居民) would appear(出现,看起来) as a witness(证人) in a case(案件) presented(提出) by the municipal(市政的) prosecutor(起诉人/律师).

  答案相关句在第17段的最后一句, 根据该句内容可推断出新法案允许受害人作为证人出庭, 因此D是答案。

  5.B.利用问题句及被选项中的线索结构(Mr. Zwerling, barking problem, 30 minutes, financial punishment, matter)共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句(关注文章结尾部分的语句):

  (第18段)“The new ordinance(法令) has some(某种) bite(锋利,刺痛) to it,”Mr. Fusco said. Eric M Zwerling, director of the Rutgers University Noise Technical assistance center, trains (培训)police officers (警官)on noise complaints(噪音投诉) and writes(编写) municipal(市政的) noise codes(噪音编码).

  (第19段) “One of the things(事情) I say to the officers(官员) I train (培训)is that if(如果) people were fundamentally(根本地) civil to (对...有礼貌)each other(彼此), we’d all(全部) be out of work(失业),” he said.

  答案相关句(第19段)的内容与选项B一致,因此B是答案。

  Who wants to live forever?

  If your doctor could give you a drug that would let you have a healthy life for twice as long, would you take it?

  The good news is that we may be drawing near to that date.Scientists have already extended the lives of flies,worms and mice in laboratories.Many now think that using genetic treatments we will soon be able to extend human life to at least 140 years.

  This seems a great idea.Think of how much more time we could spend chasing our dreams, spending time with our loved ones,watching our families grow and have families of their own.

  “Longer life would give us a chance to recover from our mistakes and promote long term thinking,”says Dr Gregory Stock of the University of California School of Public Health. “It would also raise productivity by adding to the year we can work.”

  Longer lives don't just affect the people who live them.They also affect society as a whole.“We have war poverty, all sons of issues around,and I don’t think any of them would be at all helped by having people live longer,” says US bioethicist Daniel Callahan.“The question is ‘What will we get as a society?’ I suspect it won't be a better society.”

  It would certainly be a very different society.People are already finding it more difficult to stay married.Divorce rates are rising.What would to marriage in a society where people lived for 140 years? And what would happen to family life if nine or 10 generations of the same family were all alive at the same time?

  Research into ageing may enable women to remain fertile for longer. And that raises the prospect of having 100-year-old parents,or brothers and sisters born 50 years apart1 .We think of an elder sibling as someone who can protect us and offer help and advice.That would be hard to do if that sibling came from a completely different generation.

  Working life would also be affected,especially if the retirement age was lifted.More people would stay in work for longer. That would give us the benefits of age-skill,wisdom and good judgement .

  On the other hand,more people working for longer would create greater competition for jobs. It would make it more difficult for younger people to find a job.Top posts would be dominated by the same few individuals,making career progress more difficult.And how easily would a 25-year-old employee be able to communicate with a 125-year-old boss?

  Young people would be a smaller part of a society in which people lived to 140 .It may be that such a society would place less importance on guiding and educating young people,and more on making life comfortable for the old.

  And society would feel very different if more of its members were older. There would be more wisdom,but less energy Young people like to move about.old people like to sit still. Young people tend to act without thinking.old people tend to think without acting.Young people are curious and like to experience different things.Old people are less enthusiastic about change. In fact,they are less enthusiastic about everything.

  The effect of anti-ageing technology is deeper than we might think.But as the science advances,we need to think about these changes now.

  “If this could ever happen,then we’d better ask what kind of society we want to get,”says Daniel Callahan.“We had better not go anywhere near it2 until we have figure those problems out.”

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  练习:

  1.which of the following is NOT mentioned as one of the things that living longer might enable an individual to do?

  A)Spending more time with his family.

  B)Having more education.

  C)Realizing more dreams.

  D)Working longer.

  2.Which of the following is implied in the sixth paragraph?

  A)Marriages in the US today are quite unstable.

  B)More and more people in the US today want to get married.

  C)Living longer would make it easier for people to maintain their marital ties.

  D)If people live longer, they would stay in marriage longer.

  3.All of the following are possible effects living longer might have on working life EXCEPT

  A)Communication between employers and employees would be more difficult.

  B)More money would be used by employees in payment of their employees.

  C)The job market would be more competitive.

  D)It would be more difficult for young people to be promoted to top positions.

  4.An important feature of a society in which people live a long life is that

  A)it places more emphasis on educating the young.

  B)it is both wise and energetic.

  C)it lacks the curiosity to experiment what is new.

  D)it welcomes Changes.

  5.Which of the following best describes Callahan’s attitude to anti-ageing technology?

  A)Optimistic.

  B)Pessimistic.

  C)Reserved.

  D)Negative

  标准答案:B,A,B,C,C

  解  析:1.B. 细节题。 利用备选项中的细节信息词(A:family, B: education, C: dreams, D: working/work)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第3段)This seems a great idea.Think of(考虑, 想象) how(怎样,何等)much more (更多的)time we could spend chasing(追逐) our dreams, spending time with our loved(热爱的) ones,watching(注视,监视) our families grow(成长) and have families of their own(他们自己的).

  (第4段)“Longer life would give us a chance(机会) to recover(恢复, 使改过) from our mistakes(错误) and promote(促进, 提升) long term(长期的) thinking(思考, 思想),”says Dr Gregory Stock of the University of California School of Public Health(公共卫生). “It would also raise(提高, 饲养, 募集) productivity(生产力) by adding to(增加) the year we can work(working的家族词).”

  答案相关句出现在第3,4段里, 第一个答案相关句说“想想我们将会延长多少时间来追逐我们的梦想,与爱人厮守,看着我们的孩子成长并组成他们自己的家庭”, 因此A和C都不是答案。 第2个答案相关句说“它(长寿)还延长了人的工作时间,从而使生产力得到提高”, 因此D也不是答案, 答案是B。

  2.A. 首先关注段落第6段。 备选项中都出现与婚姻相关的词语, 因此首先关注该段中涉及到婚姻的句子。

  .
       
        www.59wj.com

  This seems a great idea.(第1题答案相关句 )Think of how much more time we could spend chasing our dreams, spending time with our loved ones,watching our families grow and have families of their own.

  “Longer life would give us a chance to recover from our mistakes and promote long term thinking,”says Dr Gregory Stock of the University of California School of Public Health. (第1题答案相关句 ) “It would also raise productivity by adding to the year we can work.”

  (第6段) It would certainly be a very different society.People are already finding it more difficult(困难的) to stay(继续) married(已婚的).Divorce (与婚姻相关的词汇)rates (离婚率)are rising(上升).What would to marriage in a society where people lived for 140 years? And what would happen to family life if nine or 10 generations of the same family were all alive at the same time?

  答案相关句说“人们发现很难保持一段婚姻。 离婚率正在上升。”该句暗示美国人目前的婚姻关系已经十分脆弱。

  3.B. 细节题。利用问题句中的细节信息结构(working life)及备选项中的细节信息词共同作为答案线索(A: employer, employee; B: money, employer, employee; C: job market; D: top positions), 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  It would certainly be a very different society.(第2题答案相关句)People are already finding it more difficult to stay married.Divorce rates are rising.What would to marriage in a society where people lived for 140 years? And what would happen to family life if nine or 10 generations of the same family were all alive at the same time?

  Research into ageing may enable women to remain fertile for longer. And that raises the prospect of having 100-year-old parents,or brothers and sisters born 50 years apart1 .We think of an elder sibling as someone who can protect us and offer help and advice.That would be hard to do if that sibling came from a completely different generation.

  Working life would also be affected(被影响),especially(尤其) if the retirement age(退休年龄) was lifted(举起, 提升).More people would stay in work for longer. That would give us the benefits of age-skill,wisdom and good judgment .

  On the other hand(另一方面),more people working for longer(更长久地) would create (造成)greater competition (竞争)for jobs. It would make it more difficult for younger people to find a job.Top posts(邮件, 职位) (top positions的近义结构)would be dominated by (被...控制)the same few individuals(个人, 个人的) , making career progress(职业发展) more difficult(更困难).And how easily would a 25-year-old employee be able to (能够)communicate with (与...交流)a 125-year-old boss(employer的近义词)?

  依据答案相关句判断, 文章中的作者没有提到雇佣者需要更多的钱来支付员工的工资。

  4. C。 细节题。利用问题句中涉及修饰词的结构(an important feature)及备选项中出现的细节信息词或修饰词(A:the young; B: wise, energetic; C: curiosity; D: change )共同作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  (第3题答案相关句) On the other hand,more people working for longer would create greater competition for jobs. It would make it more difficult for younger people to find a job.Top posts would be dominated by the same few individuals,making career progress more difficult.And how easily would a 25-year-old employee be able to communicate with a 125-year-old boss?

  (第10段) Young people would be a smaller part of a society in which people lived to 140 .It may be that such(这样的) a society(社会) would place less importance on (不太注重)guiding(引导) and educating(选项A中的核心词) young people,and more on making life comfortable(舒服的) for the old(老年人).

  And society(社会) would feel very different(不同的) if more(更多) of its members(成员) were older. There would be more wisdom(wise的家族词汇),but less energy(energetic的家族词汇). Young people like to move about.old people like to sit still. Young people tend to act without thinking.old people tend to think without acting.Young people are curious and like to experience different things.Old people are less enthusiastic about(对...热心) change. In fact,they are less enthusiastic about everything.

  根据10,11 段里的答案相关句判断C是答案。

  5.C. 细节题。 利用问题句中的特征词(Callahan)和细节信息词(anti-ageing technology)作为答案线索, 在文章中查找答案相关句:

  Young people would be a smaller part of a society in which people lived to 140 .(第4题答案相关句)It may be that such a society would place less importance on guiding and educating young people,and more on making life comfortable for the old.

  (第4题答案相关句) And society would feel very different if more of its members were older. There would be more wisdom,but less energy. Young people like to move about.old people like to sit still. Young people tend to act without thinking.old people tend to think without acting.Young people are curious and like to experience different things.(第4题答案相关句)Old people are less enthusiastic about change. In fact,they are less enthusiastic about everything.

  The effect(影响) of anti-ageing technology (抗衰老技术)is deeper than (比...更深) we might think.But as(随着) the science(科学) advances(前进),we need to think about (考虑)these changes(变化) now.

  .
       
如果觉得《2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)》综合类,zcyy不错,可以推荐给好友哦。
本文Tags: 职称英语考试 - 模拟试题 - 综合类,zcyy,
在百度中搜索相关文章:2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)
在谷歌中搜索相关文章:2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)
在soso中搜索相关文章:2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)
在搜狗中搜索相关文章:2017年职称英语考试综合类AB级精选试题(三)
相关分类导航|
热门推荐|