2017年职称英语综合C级模拟试题及解题技巧(一)

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2017年职称英语综合C级模拟试题及解题技巧(一)

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1. The normal price of a ticket for an adult is $230.

  A) ordinary B)proper

  C) fair D)medium

  2.We have to ask them to quit talking in order that all people present could hear us clearly.

  A) decrease B)cease

  C) continue D)keep

  3.The Klondike was the scene of one of the biggest gold rushes the world has ever known.

  A) location B)view

  C) event D)landscape

  4. Of the reptile groups, the snake group was the final one to appear.

  A) last B)best

  C) ugliest D)longest

  5.Universities usually give diplomas or certificates to students who complete course requirements adequately.

  A) responsibly B)sufficiently

  C) patiently D)successfully

  6.A will is a document written to ensure that the wishes of the deceased (adj.已故的)are realized.

  A) fulfilled B) accepted

  C) adopted D) received

  7. She has been the subject of massive media coverage.

  A) extensive B) negative

  C) expensive D)active

  8.The conference explored the possibility of closer trade links.

  A) rejected B) investigated

  C)proposed D)postponed

  9. What were the effects of the decision she made?

  A) reasons B)results

  C) causes D)bases

  10. The sea was calm and still.

  A) quite B)quiet

  C) yet D)rough

  11. In a bullfight, it is the movement, not the color, of objects that arouses the bull.

  A) confuses B)excites

  C) scares D)satisfies

  12. Mary called me up very late last night.

  A) shouted at me B)visited me

  C) telephoned me D)waked me

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  13. Mary gets up at the same time every morning.

  A) rises B)raises

  C) arrives D)awakes

  14. The committee comprises five persons.

  A) absorbs B)concerns

  A) excludes D)involves

  15. All the people assembled at Mary's house.

  A) collected B)fixed

  C) asserted D)assist

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  Dining Custom

  Every land has its own dining custom, and the United States is no exception. Americans feel that the first rule of being a polite guest is to be on time. If a person is invited to dinner at 6: 30, the hostess expects him to be there at 6: 30 or not more than a few minutes after. Because she usually does her own cooking, she times the meal so that the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time she asks the guest to come. If he is late, the food will not be so good, and the hostess will be disappointed. When the guest can not come on time, he calls his host or hostess on the telephone, gives the reason, and tells at what time he thinks he can come.

  As guests continue to arrive, the men in the group stand when a woman enters and remain standing until she found a chair. A man always rises when he is being introduced to a woman. A woman does not rise when she is being introduced either to a man or a woman unless the woman is much older.

  When the guests sit down at a dinner table, it is customary for the men to help the ladies by pushing their chairs under them.

  Even an American may be confused by the number of knives, forks, and spoons besides his plate when he sits down to a formal dinner. The rule is simple, however: use them in the order in which they lie, beginning from the outside. Or watch the hostess and do what she does. The small fork on the outside on the left is for salad, which is often served with the soup. The spoon on butter spreader, on a small bread-and-butter plate at the left. As the bread is passed, each quest puts his piece on the bread-and-butter plate.

  1. As a country of immigrants, the U.S. does not have its own dinning customs.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. The guest is expected to arrive on time because the coffee and meat will be at their best at the time he is required to come.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. A woman usually rises when she is being introduced to an aged gentleman.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. At a dinner table, it is customary for the men to arrange chairs for ladies.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  5. At formal American dinner, the knives, forks, and spoons besides the plate are placed in a certain order.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. The right order to use the knives, forks and spoons at a formal dinner is from the left to the right.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. At a formal dinner, bread is usually served together with salad and soup.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

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  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Adult Education

  1 Voluntary learning in organized courses by mature men and women is called adult education. Such education is offered to make people able to enlarge and interpret their experience as adults. Adults may want to study something which they missed in earlier schooling, get new skills or job training, find out about new technological developments, seek better self-understanding, or develop new talents and skills.

  2 This kind of education may be in the form of self-study with proper guidance through the use of libraries, correspondence courses, or broadcasting. It may also be acquired collectively in schools and colleges, study groups, workshops, clubs and professional associations.

  3 Modern adult education for large numbers of people started in the 18th and 19th centuries with the rise of the Industrial Revolution. Great economic and social changes were taking place: people were moving from rural areas to cities; new types of work were being created in an expanding factory system. These and other factors produced a need for further education and re-education of adults.

  4 The earliest programs of organized adult education arose in Great Britain in the 1790s, with the founding of an adult school in Nottingham and a mechanics' institution in Glasgow. Benjamin Franklin and some friends found the earliest adult education institution in the U.S. in Philadelphia in 1727.

  5 People recognize that continued learning is necessary for most forms of employment today. For example, parts of the adult population in many countries find it necessary to take part in retraining programs at work or even to learn completely new jobs. Adult education programs are springing up constantly to meet these and other needs.

  1. Paragraph 2___________ A. Necessity for developing adult education

  B. Early days of adult education

  2. Paragraph 3 ___________ C. Ways of receiving adult education

  D. Growth of adult education

  3. Paragraph 4 ___________ E. Institutions of adult education

  F. Definition of adult education

  4. Paragraph 5 ___________

  5. Some adults want to learn _____________.

  6. There are various forms of adult education, including _____________.

  7. Adult education has been made necessary by _____________.

  8. The earliest organized adult education originated in _____________.

  A. by social and economic changes

  B. guided self-study and correspondence courses

  C. by studying together with children

  D. what they did not manage to learn earlier

  E. dates back to the eighteenth century

  F. mass production

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  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Medical Journals

  Medical journals are publications that report medical information to physicians and other health professionals.

  In the past,these journals were available only in print.With the development of electronic publishing,many medical journals now have Web sites on the Internet,and some journals publish only online.A few medical journals,like the Journal of the American Medical Association,are considered general medical journals because they cover many fields of medicine.Most medical journals are specialty journals that focus on a particular area of medicine.

  Medical journals publish many types of articles.Research articles report the results of research studies on a range of topics varying from the basic mechanisms of diseases to clinical trials that compare outcomes of different treatments.Review articles summarize and analyze the information available on a specific topic based on a careful search of the medical literature.

  Because the results of individual research studies can be affected by many factors,combining results from different studies on the same topic can be helpful in reaching conclusions about the scientific evidence for preventing,diagnosing or treating a particular disease.Case conferences and case reports may be published in medical journals to educate physicians about particular illnesses and how to treat at them.Editorials in medical journals are short essays that express the views of the authors,often regarding a research or review article published in the same issue.

  Editorials provide perspective on how the current article fits with other information on the same topic.Letters to the editor provide a way for readers of the medical journal to express comments, questions or criticisms about articles published in that journal.

  1. The main readers of medical journals are

  A)the general public.

  B1healthprofessionals. ,

  C)medical critics.

  D、news reporters.

  2. Which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A) Many medical journals also publish online.

  B)A few medical journals are general medical journals.

  C)Most medical journals publish only online.

  D)Most medical journals are specialty journals.

  3. How many major types of articles are mentioned in the passage?

  A、Five.

  B)Seven.

  C)Four.

  D)Six.

  4. An article dealing with results from different studies on the same topic is called

  A)a research article.

  B)a review article.

  C)a case report.

  D)an editorial.

  5.Letters to the editor enable readers of a medical journal to express comments on

  A)any medical event.

  B) articles published in the same issue.

  C)articles published in that journal

  D)medical development.

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  第2篇

  Feast On Turkey and Good Wishes at Thanksgiving

  Four weeks ago US children dressed as monsters and asked for sweets.That was

  Halloween.‘In a few weeks American houses will be red and green and filled with presents.For Christmas.

  As if all this isn’t enough,on Thursday this week,America will enjoy another festival—Thanksgiving.

  Children will have two days off school,shops will close and houses will be filled with families enjoying mountains of food. Every year, in Gainesville,Florida,all entire class celebrate Thanksgiving together.The class dresses up and puts on plays for their families.After the plays the families share a feast of traditional Thanksgiving foods like turkey and pumpkin pie.

  Dean Foster, an 1 1-year-old boy will take part in this celebration.He said:‘I love Thanksgiving because it means time off school,lots of nice food and a happy family.’’

  His brother Ben,nine,said:‘the best thing about Thanksgiving,is that when it is finished,it is time to start Christmas.’

  But behind the food and the large amount of money spent there is another message.On Thursday evening,Dean and Ben’s family will make a basket and put it on the table as they eat their evening meal.

  Each of them will write a 1ist of things that they are thankful for and place the paper in the basket.The family will read the pieces of paper and take time to thank God and each other for providing them with comfortable and happy lives.

  Thanksgiving is a traditional festival that started in 1621,when the first pilgrims arrived in the US to start a new lire.After a hard year, they had a big autumn harvest.They held a feast and invited the native American Indians along to thank God for giving them enough food.

  Many countries celebrate Thanksgiving.They often fall after the fields have been harvested and the crops collected for winter.

  词汇:

  turkey n.火鸡

  pumpkin n.南瓜

  pilgrim n.朝圣者

  1.Thanksgiving:感恩节(11月的第四个星期四)

  2.Halloween :10月3 1日之夜(据传此时可见到鬼)

  3.Christmas:圣诞节(12月25日)

  1. On Halloween, children in the United States often dress up as

  A)ghosts

  B)players.

  C)pilgrims.

  D)visitors.

  2.When are turkey and pumpkin pie eaten?

  A)On Halloween.

  B)On Thursday.

  C)On Thanksgiving.

  D)On Christmas Day.

  3.Thanksgiving is the time for the American people to thank God for

  A)looking after them.

  B)providing them with comfortable and happy lives?

  C)clothing them.

  D)protecting them

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  4.Many children in the United States like Thanksgiving because

  A)they call stay with their parents at home and eat a lot of nice food?

  B)they can dress up like monsters.

  C)they can put on plays.

  D)they call visit American Indians.

  5.The first pilgrims settled in the United States in

  A)1621.

  B)1620.

  C)1622.

  D)1619.

  第3篇

  Ford Abandons Electric Vehicles

  The Ford motor company’s abandonment of electric cars effectively signals the end of the road for the technology,analysts say.

  General Motors。and Honda’ceased production of battery.powered cars in 1 999, to focus on fuel cell and hybrid electric gasoline engines, which are more attractive to the consumer.Ford has now announced it will do the same.

  Three years ago.the company introduced the Think City two—seater car and a golf cart called the THINK, or Think Neighbor.It hoped to sell 5,000 cars each year and 10,000 carts.But a lack of demand means only about l,000 of the cars have been produced,and less than 1。700 carts have been sold so far in 2002.

  “The bottom line is we don’t believe that this is the future of environment transport for the mass market.”Tim Holmes of Ford Europe said on Friday.“We feel we have given electric our best shot”

  The Think City has a range of only about 53 miles and up to a six-hour battery recharge time.General Motors’EVI electric vehicle also had a limited range。of about 100 miles.

  The very expensive batteries also mean electric cars cost much more than petrol-powered alternatives.An electric Toyot~RAV4 EV vehicle costs over$42,000 in the US,compared with just $17,000 for the petrol version.Toyota and Nissan…are now the only major automanufacturers to produce electric vehicles.

  “There is a feeling that battery electric has been given its chance.Ford now has to move on with its hybrid program“,and that is what we will be judging them on,”Roger Higman,a senior transport campaigner at UK Friends of the Earth,told the Environment News Service.

  Hybrid cars introduced by Toyota and Honda in the past few years have sold well.Hybrid engines Offer Greater mileage than petrol—only engines , and the batteries recharge themselves. Ford says it thinks such vehicles will help it meet planned new guidelines“on vehicle emissions” in the U.S.

  However,it is not yet clear exactly what those guidelines will permit.In June,General Motors and Daimler Chrysler won a court injunction,delaying by two years Californian legislation requiring car—makers to offer 100,000 zero-emission and other low—emission vehicles in the state by 2003.Car manufacturers hope the legislation will be rewritten to allow for more low--emission,rather than zero—emission,vehicles.

  1. What have the Ford motor company.General Motor’s and Honda done concerning electric cars?

  A)They have started to produce electric cars.

  B)They have done extensive research on electric Cars

  C They have given up producing electric cars.

  D)They have produced thousands of electric Cars

  2. According to Tim Holmes of Ford Europe,battery-powered cars

  A)will be the main transportation vehicles in the future

  B1 will not be the main transportation vehicles in the future.

  C)will be good to the environment in the future

  D)will replace petrol—powered vehicles in the future.

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  3. Which auto manufacturers are still producing electric vehicles?

  A)Toyota and Nissan

  B)General Motor’s and Honda

  C)Ford and Toyota

  D)Honda and Toyota

  4.According to the eighth paragraph,hybrid cars

  A)offer fewer mileage than petrol driven cars

  B)run faster than petrol driven cars

  C)run more miles than petrol driven cars

  D)offer more batteries than petrol driven cars

  5.Which of the following is true about the hope of car manufacturers according to the last paragraph?

  A)Low-emission cars should be banned.

  B)Only zero-emission cars are allowed to run on motorways.

  C)The legislation will encourage car makers to produce more electric cars.

  D)The legislation will allow more 10w.emission to be produced.

  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  How One Simple Movement Can Let Slip the Secrets of the Mind

  Body language is the quiet,secret and most powerful language of all! It is said that our body movements communicate about 50 per cent of what we really mean while words themselves only express 7 per cent.So,while your mouth is closed,just what is your body saying…

  Alms. _1_ If you keep your arms to the sides of your body or behind your back,this suggests you are not afraid of taking on whatever comes your way. _2_ If someone upsets you,just cross your arms to show you’re unhappy!

  Head.When you want to appear confident,keep your head level.If you are monitor in class,you cart also take on this position when you want your words to be taken seriously. _3_

  Legs.Your legs tend to move around a lot more than normal when you are nervous or telling lies.If you are at interviews,try to keep them still!

  Posture.A good posture makes you feel beRer about yourself. _4_ This makes breathing more difficult,which in turn can make you feel nervous or uncomfortable.

  Mouth.When you are thinking,you often purse your lips.You might also use this position to hoId back all angry comment you don’t wish to show. _5_

  posture /n.姿势

  purse/vt.皱缩;皱拢

  inwards/adv.向内

  outgoing/adj.开朗的

  receptive/adj.善于接受的,能接纳的

  A If you are feeling down,you normally don’t sit straight,with your shoulders inwards.

  B If you are pleased,you usually open your eyes wide and people Can notice this.

  C Outgoing people generally use their arms with big movements,while quieter people keep them close to their bodies.

  D How you hold your arms shows how open and receptive you are to people you meet.

  E However, it will probably still be noticed,and people will know you’re not pleased.

  F However, to be friendly in listening or speaking,you must move your head a little to one side.

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  第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Where Did All the Ships Go?

  The Bermuda Triangle is one__1__the greatest mysteries of the sea.In this triangular area between Florida,Puerto Rico and Bermuda in Atlantic,ships and airplanes __2__to disappear more often than in__3__parts of the ocean。And they do so__4__ leaving any sign of all accident or any dead bodies.

  It is__5__that Christopher Columbus was the first person to record strange

  happenings in the area.His compass stopped working,a flame came down from the sky,and a wave 1 00 to 200.feet.high carried his ship about a mile away.

  The most famous disappearance in the Bermuda Triangle was the US Naval Air Flight 19.__6__December 5,1945,five bomber planes carrying 14 men.__7__ on a training mission’from the Florida coast.Later that day, all communications with Flight 1 9 were lost.They just disappeared without a trace.

  The next morning,242 planes and 19 ships took part in the largest air-sea search in history. But they found nothing.

  Some people blame the disappearances__8__supernatural forces.It is suggested the

  __9__ships and planes were either transported to other times and places,kidnapped

  by aliens__10__ attacked by sea creatures.

  There are__11__natural explanations,though.The US Navy says that the Bermuda triangle is one of two places on earth __12__a magnetic compass points towards true north__13__magnetic north.__14__planes and ships can lose their way if they don’t make adjustments.

  The area also has changing weather and is known__15__its high waves.Storms

  Can turn up suddenly and destroy a plane or ship.Fast currents could then sweep away any trace of an accident.

  Bermuda Triangle 百慕大三角区

  Florida 佛罗里达,美国的一个州

  Pueto Rico 波多利加]

  Compass n.罗盘,指南针

  Supernatural adj.超自然的

  Kidnap v.绑架

  Alien n.外星人

  Magnetic adj.有磁性的

  Trace n.痕迹

  练习:

  1.A)from B) Of C)about D) on

  2.A)often B)look C)sometimes D) seem

  3.A)rest B) another C) other D)others

  4.A)without B)by C)from D)upon

  5.A)saying B)being said c)said D)says

  6. A) On B)In C) from D) since

  7.A)took up B) took as C) took after D) took off

  8. A)for B) about C) on D) from

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  9.A)missing B) missed C) miss D) having missed

  10.A) and B) or C) nor D) neither

  11.A)also B) no C) more D) beside

  12.A) which B) there C) where D) that

  13.A)instead of B) except

  C) than D) nor

  14.A)Similarly B) furthermore

  C) However D) Therefore

  15.A) as B) for C)by D) from

  答案及解析

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1.A.划线词和四个被选项这5个形容词都是C级应该掌握的常见词汇。Normal和 ordinary的词义相近,都具有“通常的,普通的”的含义。 Fair是“公平的”; proper是“适当的, 正确的” ;medium是“中间的, 中等的”。该句的含义是“每位成年人的通常票价是230美圆。”

  2 B。划线词和四个被选项这5个动词都是C级应该掌握的常见词汇。其中除A以外,其余的被选项都可以跟动名词结构:quit doing.. = cease doing../停止..., continue doing../继续.., keep doing../一直…。该句的含义是“我们得要求他们停止说法以便所有在场的人都能清楚地听见我们的声音。”

  3 A. 划线词和四个被选项这5个名词都是较为常见词汇。其中,scene是“现场, 场面, 情景, 景色”;view是“景色, 风景, 观点, 见解”;event是“事件”, landscape“风景, 山水画, 地形”。从句意(克朗代克河地区是人们迄今为止所知道的最大淘金热(发生地)之一)来看scene的含义是“地点”,所以答案是A。

  4 A。final作为形容词其含义是“最后的, 最终的”,last(最后的)是final的近义词。Ugliest是形容词ugly(丑的)的最高级。该句的含义是“在爬行类物种中,蛇是排在最后一种。”

  5. B。 adequate adj.适当的, 足够的,该词在含义上与sufficient (adj.充分的, 足够的)接近,因此它们的副词结构adequately和sufficiently词义接近。该句的含义是“大学通常会给已经很好地达到了课程学习要求的学生颁发文凭或证书”。Responsibly adj.有责任地, 可靠地。

  6. A. realize与 the wish (愿望)搭配使用, 其含义是“实现”。Fulfill vt.履行, 实现, 完成(计划等),该词与划线词的含义最接近。Adopt vt.采用, 收养, accept vt.接受, 认可, 承担。 该句的含义是“遗嘱是确保已故的人的心愿能够被实现的文件。”

  7. A。根据搭配—“...媒体报道”判断A(大量的,广大的,广阔的)合适。而借助mass 的含义(n.块, 大多数, 质量, 群众, 大量adj.群众的, 大规模的, 集中的)也可猜测出massive的含义与“大量的”有关,这样也能判断答案。Negative adj.否定的, 消极的, 负的; expensive adj.昂贵的; active adj.积极的, 能起作用的。该句的含义是“她一直是许多媒体报道的对象。”

  8.B. 根据搭配--“...的可能性”判断B(调查,研究)最合适。Reject vt.拒绝, 抵制; propose

  vt.计划, 建议, 向...提议; postpone vt.推迟, 使延期;该句的含义是“会议研究了进行更加紧密的贸易联系的可能性。”

  9.B. effect 是常见的基本词汇,其含义是“结果, 效果”。因此B(结果)是答案。该句的含义是“她作出的决定所带来的结构/影响是什么?”

  10.B.根据and的使用特点:前后结构对称,词义色彩一致,因此判断B((平静的和)安静的)是答案。Rough adj.粗糙的, 粗略的, 大致的, 粗暴的,汹涌澎湃的。该句的含义是“大海安静而又平静”。

  11.B. 句子中出现了“In a bullfight(在斗牛中)..颜色”这样的结构和词语,因此猜测划线词所在的结构含义可能是“(刺激)牛”。因此判断B(使..兴奋)是答案。Confuse vt.搞乱, 使糊涂;scare v.惊吓; satisfy vt.满足, 使满意;该句的含义是“在斗牛比赛中,让牛兴奋的是物体的运动,而不是物体的颜色。”

  12.C.call up v.使想起, 打电话给(某人),因此C(给我打电话)是答案。该句含义是“玛丽昨晚很晚了的时候给我打了电话。”

  13.A. get up v.起床; rise v.起床,上升; 因此A是答案。Awake vi.醒, 觉醒,觉悟vt.唤醒

  adj.警觉的, 醒的; raise vt. 提高, 饲养, 筹集; 该句含义是“玛丽每天在同一时间起床。”

  14.D. comprise v.包含, 由...组成; 该词和D(involve vt.包括) 是近义词。absorb vt.吸收, 吸引; concern vt.涉及, 关系到n.(利害)关系, 关心; exclude vt. 把...排除在外; 该句含义是“这个委员会是由5个人组成。”

  15.A.assemble vt.集合, 聚集, 装配vi.集合;该词和A( collect v.收集, 聚集)是近义词。fix vt.使固定, 装置, 修理;assert v.断言, 声称;assist v.援助, 帮助;该句含义是“所有的人都在玛丽的房子里集合。”

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        www.59wj.com

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  解题技巧说明:

  在解答阅读判断题,阅读理解题,以及完成句子题时都可以考虑采用“核心词/特征词定位”的方法。“核心词”是指在出现在要求考生作出判断的句子中的主句和从句中的主语和谓语部分的词语/结构(如果有宾语也可考虑宾语部分的词语/结构)。选取这些词语/结构的时候要考虑是否这些将被选择作为答案线索的词语和结构是标志“新信息”的内容,如果是,则可以选取;否者就考虑句子中其他结构中标志“新信息”的词语/结构。(注:“新信息”是在前面问题的内容中没有出现过的信息)如:

  问题前句:As a country of immigrants, the U.S. does not have its own dinning customs.

  The guest is expected to arrive on time because the coffee and meat will be at their best

  at the time he is required to come.

  在选取直接作为线索词/结构的内容时还要注意“标志原则”,比如在选定的“新信息内容”中“on time(准时)”和“coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)”由于其词义的特点是很可能在文章中直接出现的结构,所以考虑采用“on time(准时)” 和“coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)”作为直接答案线索。

  “特征词” 是指在出现在要求考生作出判断的句子中表示“时间,人名,地名, 组织机构名”等,在文章如果出现往往很容易就会被发现的词语/结构,因为这些结构总是以特殊的形式出现在文章中:“时间”—往往是以阿拉伯数字的形式出现;“人名,地名, 组织机构名”—往往是以单词的首字母大写的形式出现。

  另外,要求考生作出判断的句子中出现的修饰词,限制词(往往形容词/副词)可以直接考虑作为答案线索。在利用选出的词语/结构作为答案线索时要注意在文章出现的与这些词/结构含义相近的词语/结构。

  Dining Custom

  1. 答案为B。文章第一段的第一句是说“每个国家都有自己的饮食风俗,美国也不例外。”

  2. 答案为A。答案查找的相关线索词:on time(准时) 和coffee and meat(咖啡和肉)。于是先在第一段的第二句中找到on time,并在该段的第四句发现coffee and meat,再看该句的语义:“因为女主人计算时间做饭,以便当客人在预期的时间里到达时可以享受到最可口的咖啡和饭菜”,所以该说法正确。

  3. 答案为B。该问题说“当一个妇女被介绍给一个年长的男人时,她通常站起来。”答案查找的相关线索词:woman(妇女)和an aged gentleman(一个年长的男人)。于是先在第二段的最后一句中找到woman和old( aged的近义词)。而该句说的是“年长的人的妇女”这种情况,而不是年长的男人,所以该说法不正确。

  4. 答案为C。该问题说“在餐桌上,按照习俗男人应为女人安排座位。”答案查找的相关线索词:arrange chairs for ladies(为女人安排座位)或该短语的同义短语/句子。于是不难发现原文中并没提到该动作,所以答案为C。

  5. 答案为A。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,盘子旁边的刀,叉子和调羹按一定的顺序摆放。”。答案查找的相关线索词:knives, forks and spoons(刀,叉子和调羹)。于是不难发现在第三段的第一句发现knives, forks and spoons,并在随后的一句发现提到了顺序。该句说“原则是按照它们摆放的顺序使用。”,所以刀,叉子和调羹是有摆放顺序的。

  6. 答案为B。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,盘子旁边的刀,叉子和调羹的使用顺序是从坐到右。”。这道题与前一题相关,在前一题我们已发现了涉及刀,叉子和调羹摆放顺序的句子,而该句说“从外到里”,所以应是从右到左,而不是从坐到右。

  7. 答案为C。该问题说“在正式的美国宴席上,面包通常和色拉和汤一块儿吃。”。答案查找的相关线索词:bread 和soup。于是不难在原文的第三段的四句中发现“色拉和汤一块儿吃”的说法,但并没提到面包,所以答案为C。

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  概括大意题解题思路:

  1. 如果段首句和或段尾句是观点句,可借助段首句和或段尾句的句意判断答案;

  2. 借助段落中反复出现的核心词/核心结构判断答案;

  3. 如果段落中有举例的内容,可参考举例内容判断答案;

  4. 注意段落中出现的观点句(观点句中有时出现这样的一些结构: to sum up (adv.总之, 总而言之); in a word (adv.总之), in conclusion (adv.最后, 总之)等或内容上提到“..研究发现..”, “.某某研究者发现..”),转折句(往往句子中出现“but, however, although, though, nevertheless”等词),因为这些句子可能就是段落的中心句,可参考这些句子句意判断答案。

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