2017年职称英语综合C级模拟试题及解题技巧(三)

日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |综合类|人气:316

2017年职称英语综合C级模拟试题及解题技巧(三)

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1. A new system of quality control was brought in to overcome the defects in the firm’s products.

  A) invested B) introduced C) installed D) insisted

  2. The old concerns lose importance and some of them vanish altogether.

  A) develop B) disappear

  C) link D) renew

  3. There is always excitement at the Olympic Games when an athlete breaks a previous record of performance.

  A) beats B)matches

  C) maintains D)announces

  4. The government is debating the education laws.

  A) discussing B) defeating C) delaying D) declining

  5. They had a far better yield than any other farm miles away around this year.

  A) goods B) soil

  C) climate D) harvest

  6. The city has decided to do away with all the old buildings in its center.

  A) get rid of B) set up

  C) repair D) paint

  7.During the past ten years there have been dramatic changes in the international situation.

  A) permanent B) powerful

  C) striking D) practical

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  8. It is out of the question that the inspector will come tomorrow.

  A) impossible B) possible C) probable D) likely

  9.Techniques to employ the energy of the sun are being developed.

  A) convert B) store C) use D) receive

  10. Since the Great Depression, the United States government has protected farmers from damaging drops in grain prices.

  A) slight B) surprising C) sudden D) harmful

  11. Cement was seldom used in building the Middle Ages.

  A) crudely B) rarely C) originally D)occasionally

  12. Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.

  A) conventionally B) obviously C) especially D) inevitably

  13.We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the champion.

  A) amazed B) amounted C) amused D) approached

  14. There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.

  A) a steady B) a plentiful C) an extra D) a stable

  15. The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.

  A)puzzling B) difficult C) terrifying D) urgent

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  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  TV Games Shows

  One of the most fascinating things about television is the size of the audience. A novel can be on the "best sellers" list with a sale of fewer than 100,000copies, but a popular TV show might have 70 million TV viewers. TV can make anything or anyone well known overnight.

  This is the principle behind "quiz " or " game" shows, which put ordinary people on TV to play a game for the prize and money. A quiz show can make anyone a star, and it can give away thousands of dollars just for fun. But all of this money can create problems. For instance, in the 1950s, quiz shows were very popular in the U.S. and almost everyone watched them. Charles Van Doren, an English instructor, became rich and famous after winning money on several shows. He even had a career as a television personality. But one of the losers proved that Charles Van Doren was cheating. It turned out that the show's producers, who were pulling the strings, gave the answers to the most popular contestants beforehand. Why? Because if the audience didn't like the person who won the game, they turned the show off. Based on his story, a movie under the title" Quiz Show " is on 40 years later.

  Charles Van Doren is no longer involved with TV. But game shows are still here, though they aren't taken as seriously. In fact, some of them try to be as ridiculous as possible. There are shows that send strangers on vacation trips together, or that try to cause newly-married couples to fight on TV, or that punish losers by humiliating them. The entertainment now is to see what people will do just to be on TV. People still win money, but the real prize is to be in front of an audience of millions.

  1. TV can make a beggar world-famous overnight.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. the principle behind " quiz " or " game" shows is to put ordinary people on TV to play a game for prizes and money.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. Prizes and money are usually provided by TV stars and large companies for winners.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. One of the TV personalities, Charles Van Doren was proved to be cheating by persuading the Show's producers to give him the answers beforehand.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  5. The huge scandal of cheating in TV games shows was not exposed until 40 years later in the movie " Quiz Show".

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. Nowadays game shows are not treated as seriously as they used to be.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. Winners of present-day TV shows no longer get money from the shows.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

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  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Car Crime

  A million motorists leave their cars filled up with petrol and with the keys in the ignition every day. The cars are sitting in petrol stations while drivers pay for their fuel. The Automobile Association (A.A.) has discovered that cars are left unattended for an average three minutes and sometimes longer as drivers buy drinks, sweets, cigarettes and other consumer items. With payment of credit cards becoming more and more common, it is not unusual for a driver to be out of his car for as long as six minutes, providing the car theft with a golden opportunity.

  For more than ten years there has been a big rise in car crime than in most other types of crimes. An average of more than two cars a minute are broken into or stolen in the UK. Car crime accounts for almost a third of all reported offenses with no signs that the trend is slowing down.

  Although there are highly professional criminals involved in car theft, almost 90 percent of car theft is committed by the opportunists. Amateur thieves are aided by our own carelessness. The A.A. recommends locking up whenever you leave the car and for however short a period. A partially open sunroof or window is a further come-on to thieves.

  There are many other traps to avoid. The A.A. has found little awareness among drivers about safe parking. Most motorists questioned made no efforts to avoid parking in quiet spots---- just the places thieves love. The A.A. advises drivers to park in places with people around ---- thieves don't like audiences.

  Questions: A. Safe parking

  1. Paragraph 1 ___________. B. Increase in car theft

  2. Paragraph 2 ___________. C. Opportunities for non-professionals

  3. Paragraph 3 ___________.

  4. Paragraph 4 ___________. D. Anti-theft organizations

  E. divers' carelessness: a factor in promoting car stealing

  F. car stealing mostly by professional criminals

  5. Most car thefts should be blamed on ___________.

  6. In the past decades there has been a big ___________.

  7. Most of the car thefts are found to be committed by ___________.

  8. Car drivers are found to be careless in choosing ___________.

  A. the carelessness of the drivers

  B. increase in the number of cars stolen

  C. non-professional thieves

  D. lack of parking space

  E. safe parking spots

  F. professional thieves

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  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Storms Sink Ships

  Rescuers have found the bodies of over 130 people killed in two ferry disasters in

  Bangladesh.The accidents happened during a storm that hit the country on April 21.Hundreds more are missing or feared dead.

  The two ferries sank in different rivers near the capital city of Dhakfi as strong winds and rain hit the South Asian country.

  The government has since banned a11 ferries and other boats from traveling at night during the April-May stormy season. .

  One of the ferries,MV Mitali,was carrying far more people than it was supposed to.About 400 passengers fitted into a space made for just 300,police said.The second ferry carried about 1 00 passengers.

  “The number of deaths is certain to rise.”said an official in charge of the rescue work.“No one really knows how many people were on board‘the ferry or how many of them survived.’’

  Ferries in Bangladesh don’t always keep passenger lists,making it difficult to determine the exact number of people on board.

  Besides the ferry accidents,at least 40 people were killed and 400 injured by lightning strikes.falling houses and trees and the sinking of small boats.

  Storms are common this time of year in Bangladesh,as are boating accidents.Ferry

  disasters take away hundreds of lives every year in a nation of 130 million people.

  Officials blame these river accidents on a lack of safety measures.too many passengers in boats and not enough checks on weather conditions.

  Ferries are a common means of transport in Bangladesh.It is a country covered by about 230 rivers.Some 20,000 ferries use the nation’s Waterways every year.And many of them are dangerously overcrowded.

  Since 1977, more than 3.000 people have died in some 260 boating accidents.

  词汇:

  ferry n.渡船

  waterway n.水路,水道

  Bangladesh:孟加拉国,位于南亚

  练习:

  1.How many people have been found dead in the two ferry disasters?

  A、Over 130.

  B、At least 40.

  C、About 400.

  D) Over 3,000.

  2.The two ferry disasters occurred

  A)at noon.

  B)in the morning.

  C) at night.

  D)In the afternoon.

  3?How many passengers was MV Mitali designed to carry?

  A)500.

  B)100.

  C)400.

  D)300.

  4.Officials attribute boating accident to

  A)strong winds.

  B)bad weather conditions.

  C)the blockages of waterways.

  D)the lack of safety measures.

  5?¨hich of the following statements is NOT true of the two ferry disasters?

  A)They were overcrowded.

  B)They sank on April 2I.

  C1 The exact number of deaths could be easily determined.

  D)They sank somewhere near Dhaka.

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  第2篇

  The Cherokee Nation

  Long before the white man came to America, the land belonged to the American Indian nations. The nation of the Cherokees lived in what is now the southeastern part of the United States.

  After the white man came, the Cherokees copied many of their ways. One Cherokee named Sequoyah saw how important reading and writing was to the white man. He decided to invent a way to write down the spoken Cherokee language. He began by making word pictures. For each word he drew a picture. But that proved impossible -- there were just too many words. Then he took the 85 sounds that made up the language. Using his own imagination and an English spelling book, Sequoyah invented a sign for each sound. His alphabet proved amazingly easy to learn. Before long, many Cherokees knew how to read and write in their own language. By 1828, they were even printing their own newspaper.

  In 1830, the U.S. Congress passed a law. It allowed the government to remove Indians from their lands. The Cherokees refused to go. They had lived on their lands for centuries. It belonged to them. Why should they go to a strange land far beyond the Mississippi River?

  The army was sent to drive the Cherokees out. Soldiers surrounded their villages and marched them at gunpoint into the western territory. The sick, the old and the small children went in carts, along with their belongings. The rest of the people marched on foot or rode on horseback. It was November, yet many of them still wore their summer clothes. Cold and hungry, the Cherokees were quickly exhausted by the hardships of the journey. Many dropped dead and were buried by the roadside. When the last group arrived in their new home in March 1839, more than 4,000had died. It was indeed a march of death.

  1. The Cherokee Nation used to live

  A) on the American continent.

  B) in the southeastern part of the US.

  c) beyond the Mississippi River.

  D) in the western territory.

  2. One of the ways that Sequoyah copied from the white man is the way of

  A) writing down the spoken language.

  B) making word pictures.

  C) teaching his people reading.

  D) printing their own newspaper.

  3. A law was passed in 1830 to

  A) allow the Cherokees to stay where they were.

  B) send the army to help the Cherokees.

  C) force the Cherokees to move westward.

  D) forbid the Cherokees to read their newspaper.

  4. When the Cherokees began to leave their lands,

  A) they went in carts.

  B) they went on horseback.

  C) they marched on foot.

  D) all of the above.

  5. Many Cherokees died on their way to their new home mainly because

  A) they were not willing to go there.

  B) the government did not provide transportation.

  C) they did not have enough food and clothes.

  D) the journey was long and boring.

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  第3篇

  Snow Ranger

  The two things – snow and mountains – which are needed for a ski area are the two things that cause avalanches, large mass of snow and ice crushing down the side of a mountain—often called "White Death."

  It was the threat of the avalanche and its record as a killer of man in the western mountains that created the snow ranger. He first started on avalanche control work in the winter of 1937 –38 at Alta, Utah, in Wasatch National Forest.

  This mountain valley was becoming well known to skiers. It was dangerous. In fact, more than 120 persons had lost their lives in 1936 and another 200 died in 1937 as a result of avalanches before it became a major ski area.

  Thus, development of Alta and other major ski resorts in the west was dependent upon controlling the avalanche. The Forest Service set out to do it, and did, with its corps of snow rangers.

  It takes many things to make a snow ranger. The snow ranger must be in excellent physical condition. He must be a good skier and a skilled mountain climber He should have at least a high school education, and the more college courses in geology, physics, and related fields he has, the better.

  He studies snow, terrain, wind, and weather. He learns the conditions that produce avalanches. He learns to forecast avalanches and to bring them roaring on down the mountainsides to reduce their killing strength. . The snow ranger learns to do this by using artillery, by blasting with TNT, and by the difficult and skillful art of skiing avalanches down.

  The snow ranger, dressed in a green parka which has a bright yellow shoulder patch, means safety for people on ski slopes. He pulls the trigger on a 75 mm. Recoilless rifle, skis waist deep in powder testing snow stability, or talks with the ski area’s operator as he goes about his work to protect the public from the hazards of deep snow on steep mountain slopes.

  1. The snow rangers are employees of

  A) the Forest Service.

  B) the Resource Bureau.

  C) the Tourist Board.

  D) the Sports Bureau.

  2.A snow ranger himself must be

  A) a college graduate.

  B) a physicist.

  C) a geologist.

  D) a mountaineer.

  3. A snow ranger uses very powerful guns

  A) to warn skiers of an approaching avalanche.

  B) to signal for help in an emergency.

  C) to create an avalanche.

  D) to communicate with the ski area’ operator.

  4. What is the primary duty of the snow ranger?

  A) To make sure ski area operators are following safety rules.

  B) To predict and control avalanches in mountainous areas.

  C) To check skis and repair them.

  D) To forecast the weather.

  5.The passage implies that a snow ranger

  A) knows how to use a pistol.

  B) must write lengthy reports on his work.

  C) may travel many miles when he is on duty.

  D) has a long working day.

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  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  The Building of the Pyramids

  The oldest stone buildings in the world are the pyramids. __1__. There are over eighty of them scattered along the banks of the Nile, some of which are different in shape from the true pyramids. The most famous of these are the “ step ” pyramid and “ Bent ”pyramid.

  Some of the pyramids still look much the same as they must have done when they were built thousands of years ago. Most of the damage suffered by the others has been at the hands of men who were looking for treasure or, more often, for stone to use in modern buildings.__2__. These are good reasons why they can still be seen today, but perhaps the most important is that they were planned to last forever.

  __3__. However, there are no writings or pictures to show us how the Egyptians planned or built the pyramids themselves. __4__. Nevertheless, by examining the actual pyramids and various tools which have been found, archaeologists have formed a fairly clear picture of them.

  One thing is certain: there must have been months of careful planning before they could begin to build. __5__. You may think this would have been easy with miles and miles of empty desert around, but a pyramid could not be built just anywhere. Certain rules had to be followed, and certain problems had to be overcome.

  A The dry climate of Egypt has helped to preserve the pyramids, and their very shape have made them less likely to fall into ruin.

  B It is practically certain that plans were made for the building of the pyramids because the plans of other large works have fortunately been preserved.

  C The first thing they had to do was to choose a suitable place.

  D Consequently, we are only able to guess at the methods used.

  E Many people were killed while building the pyramids.

  F They have stood for nearly 5,000 years, and it seems likely that they will continue to stand for thousands of years yet.

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  第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  The White House

  We got up early this morning and   1  a long walk after breakfast. We walked through the business section of the city. I told you yesterday that the city was larger 2 I thought I t would be.   3  the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's 4 Washington is a special kind of city. 5 the people in Washington work for the government. About 9: 30 we went to the White House. It's 6 to the public from 10 till 12, and there was a long line of people waiting to get in. We didn't have to wait very long, because the line moved 7 quickly.

  The White House is really white. It is painted every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns all around it, 8 many trees and shrubs. The grounds ___9 about four square blocks. I mean, they're about two blocks long 10 each side. The part 11 the President lives and works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went through five of the main rooms. One of them was the library, on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named __12__ the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue Room and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk 13 . There are 14 old furniture, from the time 15 the White House was first built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and other famous people from history.

  1.A)made B)did C) took D)got

  2. A) than B)as C)so D)like

  3. A) But B)Yes C)So ``D)Then

  4. A)since B)as C)because `````D)because of

  5. A)Much of B)Most of ``C)A lot D)Lots

  6. A)open B)opening ````C)being opened D)opened

  7. A)pretty B)little C)much ```D)very much

  8. A)/ B)having ``C)with D)together

  9. A)include B)cost C)cover ``D)spread

  10. A)by B)on C)for D)with

  11. A)which B)what ``C)that D)where

  12. A)by B)for C)after `D)before

  13. A) cloth B)clothes ``C)clothing ```D)cloths

  14. A) much pieces of B)many pieces of C)many a D)a great many

  15. A) that B)which C)who D)when

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  答案及解析

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1. B. 分析:借助画线短语核心词(bring)的基本含义—“带来/引起”,并借助与画线结构相直接相关的结构含义(质量控制系统被..)判断B(引进)是答案。该句含义是“将引进一种新的质量控制系统以克服公司产品出现的缺陷。”Invest: vt.(常与in连用)投入(资金,精力,时间等) ; insist: vi, vt(常与on, that连用)主张;坚持, 坚持要求(宾语从句跟虚拟语气结构)

  2. B。分析:and的使用表明前后两个结构是在语法结构对称,且含义上色彩一致,这样排除A(“发展”和“失去重要性”在词义色彩上相反)和D(renew = re + new(re表示“再次”)),所以可推出renew是“更新”)。 借助句意判断disappear(消失)是答案。该句含义是“旧的公司失去了它们的重要性,而其中的一些公司完全得消失了。”link vt, vi(常与together, to, with连用)连接。

  3. A。分析:break有多种含义。Break是“打破, 违犯, 折断,超过”,而被选项中只有A有“打”的含义,所以判断beat是答案。该句含义是“在奥运会上每当运动员打破了以往的比赛记录人们就会为之而欢呼兴奋。”另外,maintain,announce和match都是常见词, 基本含义分别是“保持”,“宣布”和“比得上”。

  4.A. 分析:根据句意(“政府正在..教育法”)排除B(搭配词义不通顺),C和D(C和D都通常和进行时态连用)。debate: vt, vi讨论,争论;discuss : vt谈论;讨论;商讨(with sb. );delay: vt, vi, n. 推迟;延缓 ;Decline: vt, vi下降;下滑;下倾

  5. D。分析:在该句中yield 是用作名词(因为该词的前面有不定冠词a),分析:抓住句子中与划线部分相关的结构或用词特点:能与不定冠词a搭配使用的被选项只有C和D(气候,倾向, 风气,如:a mild climate温和的气候)。再借助句子中其他特征词:farm,判断harvest“收成”是答案。该句含义是“这一年中他们的收成要比数英里以外的其他任何农场的收成都好得多。”Yield: vt, vi出产, (常与to连用)放弃;投降;让步 n. 产量;收成

  6.A。分析:划线短语是动词短语,对于该短语的语义有两种查找方法:1。利用动词do,直接在字典中查找do away with 这个短语的语义。不难得出该短语的语义是“去掉”,所以A是答案;2。利用该短语中的词义推测:away是“离开”,而备选项中: set up是“建立”, repair是“修理”, paint 是“油漆, 描绘”,都与“离开”无关,所以只有get rid of是答案。该句句意是“这座城市已经决定把位于市中心的所有的旧的建筑物都废弃掉。”

  7.C. 分析:根据画线词的家族词(drama)的本义和与画线词搭配的结构的含义(“变化”),判断C是答案。该句含义是“在过去的十年中,在国际形式方面已经出现了显著的变化。”Striking: adj. 引人注意的;显著的;Dramatic: adj. 戏剧的;有关戏剧的; 引人注目的。

  8. A。分析:利用被选项的特点:A和B是正反项,所以重点注意。而B,C 和D都是近义词,表示“可能的”,所以相互排除掉。答案是A。该句含义是“检察员明天不可能会来。”out of the question adv. 不可能;另外,likely 还可以用作副词,表示“ 或许, 很可能”。

  9. C。分析:根据句意(人们正在研制开发…太阳能的技术。)判断C合适。Convert vt.使转变, 转换...; store vt.贮藏, 贮备, 存储n.商店, 店铺, 贮藏。

  10. D。分析:根据构词法:划线词的前部分是 damage(破坏),即damaging是动词damage的分词,所以推测该词义大概是“破坏的” 。而备选答案都是常见词汇,其中只有harmful是“破坏的”,因此可以推断harmful是答案。该句含义是“从经济大萧条以后,美国政府一直在(采取措施)使农民避免遭受到由于粮食价格的下降而带来的损失”。

  11. B。分析:seldom是常见词汇,该词义是“很少地” 。而备选答案中rarely也是常见的否定副词,是“很少地”。该句含义是“水泥在中世纪的建筑中很少使用。”

  12. C。分析:根据句意(医学依靠其他领域获得它所需要的基本信息,尤其是这些领域中的一些从事专门研究的领域)判断C(尤其是)最合适。Conventionally adv.按照惯例;inevitably adv.不可避免;obviously adv.明显地

  13. A.分析:astonish 和amaze是近义词,表示“使惊讶”, amount作动词用时经常和介词to连用,表示 “总计, 等于”, amuse是“使愉快”,approach可用作动词表示“接近”,或作名词表示“方法,途径”。该句含义是“我们很惊讶的得知他们的足球队曾经赢得过冠军。”

  14.B。分析:steady 和stable是近义词,都可表示“稳定的”, 所以可以相互排除掉。再根据构词法:plentiful = plenti(y) + ful 判断B的含义是“大量的”。借助句意“在这个国家里有大量的廉价劳动力”判断B最合适。

  15.D。分析:crucial“至关紧要的”和 urgent“紧急的”含义最接近。该句句意是“任何经济体系所面临的最至关紧要的的问题是如何使用它稀少的资源”。Puzzling adj.(使)迷惑的, (使)为难的; terrifying adj.使感到恐怖的;

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