1、I hate his adopting an air of importance when he is talked to.
A) adapting B)assuming
C) effecting D)breathing
2、 Smoking is banned in school.
A) permitted B)admitted
C) forbidden D)prevented
3、 We have made an effort to boost participation in the program.
A) attempt B)prompt
C) energy D)source
4、 He is said to be very prominent in the field of medicine.
A) grand B)outstanding
C) splendid D)brilliant
5、 It is in the right for one to do what he likes which doesn’t do any harm to others’ interest.
A) sensitive B) comfortable
C) relative D) reasonable
6、 The desk was a chaos of papers and unopened letters.
A) pile B) mess
C) chain D)mass
7、 To tell you the truth, I did extract (B级)several passages from the speech when writing my speech.
A) take out B) take off
C)take on D)take up
8、 He is deficient (A级)in courage, which is the main reason why he was refused in the first round of job interviews.
A) sufficient B)plenty
C) efficient D)lacking
9、 His motive (B级)for working so hard is that he needs money.
A) impulse (A级) B)active
C) motion D)nature
10、 It is so precious a picture that it is kept in a sealed box.
A) beautiful B)primary
C) attractive D)valuable
11、 He often congratulates himself on owning such productive(B级)fields.
A) impressive B)attractive
C) fertile D)collective
12、 He doesn’t like the children who are prone (B级)to telling a lie.
A) reliable B)liable
C) promising (B级) D)declined
13、 I hope you can submit you term papers before the deadline.
A) hand in B)hand out
C) hand on D)hand back
14、 The new evidence backed up my argument.
A) supported B)reported
C) transported D)suspected
15、 He is always considered to be thoughtful and courteous (A级)and that is why he becomes the best candidate for the job of entertaining guests.
A) impolite B)polite
C) considerable D)sensible
Stomach ulcers are the cause of severe pain for many people. Doctors have been able to help lesson the pain of ulcers. They could not cure them. Now doctors have discovered a cause of ulcers. This means they may have found a way to cure people who suffer from the stomach pain. Studies show that ten percent of the population will develop an ulcer at some time in their life. So a possible cure is good news for many people.
Ulcers are wounds in the stomach that are similar to small cuts or tears. These wounds can harm the tissue in the stomach, the pipe that carries the food to the stomach or parts of the small intestines. Fluids in the stomach then increase the pain of an ulcer. How does a person know he or she has an ulcer? Doctors say most people with ulcers feel a burning pain in their chest or stomach. This pain often is called heart burn. It usually happens before eating or during the night. It causes some people to lose their desire to eat, or they are unable to keep food in their stomachs. Doctors believed that ulcers were caused by unusually strong stomach fluids, which damaged stomach tissue. Now they have discovered that most ulcers are caused by a bacterial organism called Hillico Bactor Pilorie or H Pillorie. H Pillorie bacteria are what make stomach produce extra stomach fluid. Doctors found that they can kill the bacteria with medicines called antibiotics. Health experts say the discovery of a cure for ulcers can save thousands of millions of dollars in medical costs. They also believe curing ulcers will reduce the number of people who develop stomach cancer. The number of people with stomach cancer is very high in Japan, Southeast Asia and parts of Africa..
Doctors say a person is more likely to get an ulcer if his or her family has had one. In fact a person with the family history of ulcers is three times more likely to get one than other people. There are ways people can protect themselves from developing an ulcer. Doctors say it is more important to reduce the amount of strong fluids in the stomach. To do this, doctors say, people should not smoke cigarettes or drink alcohol. And they say people should reduce tension in their lives.
1. In the past, doctors could not do anything about stomach ulcers.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
2.Now doctors can successfully cure stomach ulcers.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
3. Some people are likely to suffer from the stomach pain at some time in their life.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
4. Doctors have discovered a cause of ulcers after many years of experiments.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
17、 5. There has been a change in doctors' understanding of the cause of stomach ulcer.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
6. Stomach ulcer can lead to stomach cancer.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
7. People who eat a lot of spicy food are susceptible to stomach ulcers.
A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned
阅读下面这篇短文，短文后有2项测试任务：(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项，分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
The paper Chase
“Running a house is a lot like running a business.” says Stephanie Denton, a professional organizer based in Cincinnati, Ohio, who specializes in both residential and commercial paperwork and record keeping. To get a successful grip on organizing documents, bills, and other materials, Denton suggests the following tips:
Create a space in which you can always do your paperwork. This is perhaps the most important element of a successful system. If you can’t devote an entire desk to the task, at least invest in a rolling file cart to store active paperwork and a two-drawer file cabinet for family records. Store the rolling file cart wherever it is most convenient and comfortable to do your work, whether that is the kitchen, office, or family room.
When in doubt, throw it out. The first step to implementing a workable filing system is to eliminate paper you don’t use, don’t need, or that you could easily access again elsewhere. Throw out duplicate statements, old catalogs, and all of the coupons, mailings, or offerings you’ll never have an opportunity to use or even read.
Set aside two days a month to pay bills. If a monthly due date doesn’t fit into your cycle, call up the creditor and suggest a more convenient date. Keep two manila folders at the front of your system for current bills –one to correspond with each bill-paying day –and file all incoming bills. Keep a list in the front of each folder of what needs to be paid in case the invoice never arrives or gets misplaced.
Think of your filing system not as a rigid tool, but as a living, breathing system that can accommodate your changing needs. A good filing system is both mentally and physically flexible. Everyone’s needs are different, says Denton, but when devising a filling system, ask yourself: “where would I look for this?” Create main headings for your filing system, such as Investments, Taxes, Children, and so forth, and file individual folders under the main headings. Never overstuff your files.
1. Paragraph 2 ___
2. Paragraph 3____
3. Paragraph 4 ___
4. Paragraph 5____.
A. Find a place to work on
B. Implementing a workable filing system
C. What is a good filing system
D. How to invest in a rolling file cart
E. Get rid of unimportant things
F. Dealing with bills
1. Stephanie Denton is expert ___.
2. You can out your file cart anywhere you like, on condition ___.
3. Coupons should be thrown away because ___.
4. “Mentally flexible” indicates the fact ___.
A. they are useless
B. in paper chase
C. that it is easily reached
D. that different people have different requirements
E. they are not comfortable
F. in investing in coupons
Inspecting a Used Car
The scariest part of buying a used car is not being completely sure of what condition it’s in.A car that’s been in a major accident is always a bigger risk，but sellers often try to hide this information.Andrew Bleakley, evaluator-inspector，runs a mobile vehicle inspection service in Montreal.For about$80 he will perform a full，unbiased inspection on a used vehicle.In his 10 years as a professional inspector, Bleakley has seen a lot.He warns.“Watch out for dealer demonstration vehicles which are used.not new.They may have been in a collision.”He adds that it is not uncommon in Ontario and Quebec especially for unscrupulous sellers to roll back the odometer or to even disengage it.Bleakiey has special tools to check for this.
Bleakley always recommends hiring all independent technician to inspect the condition of a used car before you buy it.The problem is finding someone qualified to do the inspection.Which he says generally doesn’t mean just any mechanic.A thorough mechanical inspection includes checking the compression，all major systems，including the engine，electrical and charging systems，transmission and drive line，fluids，brakes，suspension，and steering.Essential，too, is all inspection of the car’s body and finally a road test.There are，however, a few things everyone can do before buying a used Car：
Do a visual check of the car.Look at the right rear door hinges.If they are very worn, or the door doesn’t close well，the car may have been used as a taxi.Holes in the roof could mean the car was used for deliveries.
Check for oil leaks on the pavement.Note that leaks are not necessarily a significant
problem--it depends on the cause.
Don’t assume that new.100king brake and accelerator pedals mean the car hash’t been
driven much.Resellers know people check these details and can buy new pads for around$6.
Copy down the vehicle identification number(VIN)，a 17-character combination of
numbers and letters，from the vehicle’s dashboard.In Ontado，ask the dealer or seller for the Used Vehicle Information Package.This gives details of previous owners，any outstanding liens on the car, and the fair market value of the vehicle..
1. According to the passage, in buying a second-hand vehicle it is most important to know__.
A) How long it has been used.
B) What color it is.
C) Whether it has been in a collision.
D) Whether it leaks oil.
2. All of the following are mentioned as tricks which dishonest second-hand car dealers may play upon their customers EXCEPT___.
A) To re-paint the car.
B) To roll back the odometer.
C) To replace the old pedal.
D) To disengage the odometer.
3. “An independent technician” in the first sentence of the second paragraph means__.
A) A technician who checks a car free of charge.
B) A technician who learned his trade all by himself.
C) A technician who works for a particular car-dealer.
D) A technician who runs his own inspection service.
4.According to Bleakly, before buying a used car all the inspection work can ___.
A) Be done by mechanic together with the dealer.
B) Only be done by a qualified mechanic
C) Be done by the buyer himself.
D) Be done by a qualified mechanic together with the buyer.
5. According to the passage, from which of the following can the buyer obtain reliable information of the previous owner?
A) The vehicle identification number.
B) The unbiased inspector.
C) The second-hand car dealer.
D) The Used Vehicle Information Package.
The American finds his friends next door and among those with whom he works, it has been noted that we take people up quickly and drop them just as quickly. Occasionally a friendship formed during schooldays will persist, but this is rate. For us there are few well-defined rules governing the obligation of friendship. It is difficult to say at which point our friendship gives way to business opportunity (机会主义) or pressure from above. In this we differ from many other people in the world. As a general rule, in foreign countries friendships are not formed as quickly as in the United States but go much deeper, last long, and involve real obligations. For example:
It is important to stress that in the Middle East and Latin America your “Friends” will not let you down. The fact that they personally are in trouble is never an excuse for failing their friends. They are supposed to look out for your interests.
Friends and family around the world represent a sort of social insurance that would be difficult to find in the United States. We do not use our friends to help us out in disaster as much as we do as a means of getting ahead –or, at least, of getting the job done. The United States systems work by means of a series of closely tabulated (把。。列成表格) favors and obligations carefully doled out (以小份分给;少量地发给)where they will do the most good. And the least that we expect in exchange for a favor is gratitude.
The opposite is the case in India, where the friend’s role is to “sense” a person’s need and do something about it. The idea of reciprocity as we know is unheard friendship patterns. He gains nothing by extending himself in behalf of others, least of all gratitude, because the Indian assumes that what he does for others he does for the good of his own psyche(心灵). He will find it impossible to make friends quickly and is unlikely to allow sufficient time for friendships to ripen. He will also note that as he gets to know people better they may become more critical of him, a fact that he finds hard to take. What he does not know is that one sign of friendship is speaking one’s mind.
1. Americans tend to ___
A) make friends with people they don’t know
B) make friends quickly and drop them just as quickly
C) build deep and long-lasting friendships
D. sacrifice business opportunities for friendship obligations
2. Which of the following is NOT true about friendships in the Middle East?
A) they go deep
B) they last long
C) they involve real obligations
D) they form quickly
3. It is more likely that American resort to friends when they ___.
A) need a sense of social insurance
B) are in disaster
C) want to get a job done
D) feel lonely
4. Americans help others in expectation for ___.
D) a return favor
5. Which is NOT true according to the last paragraph?
A) Indians are willing to help friends for no return.
B) Indians don’t want to allow sufficient time for friendships to ripen.
C) Indians know that good friends should reveal their feelings to each other
D)Indians believe that what he does for friends is also good for themsel
Obesity refers to the medical condition characterized by storage of excess body fat. The human body naturally stores fat tissue under the skin and around organs and joints. Fat is critical for good health because it is a source of energy when the body lacks the energy necessary to sustain life processes, and it provides insulation and protection for internal organs. But too much fat in the body is associated with a variety of health problems.
Most physicians use the body mass index(BMI) to determine desirable weights. BMI is calculated as weight divided by height and people with a BMI of 27 or above are considered obese.
Weight-height tables, such as those published by the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, are also used as general measures of desirable weight ranges. These tables assign a range of weights for particular height. For example, a man of 1.8m has a desirable a range 66 to 83 kg, with an average of 75 kg. A woman who is 1.6m has a desirable range between 53 and 70 kg, with an average of 62kg.
The BMI and weight-height tables only provide rough estimates of desirable weights and scientists recognize that many other factors besides height affect weight. Weight alone may not be an indicator of fat, as in the case of a body-builder who may have a high BMI because of a high percentage of muscle tissue, which weighs more fat. Likewise, a person with a sedentary lifestyle may be within a desirable weight range but have excess fat tissue.
Obesity increases the risk of developing disease. According to some estimates, almost 70 percent of heart disease cases are linked to excess body fat, and obese people are more than twice as likely to develop high blood pressure. Obese women are at nearly twice the risk for developing breast cancer, and all obese people have an estimated 43 percent higher chance of developing colon cancer. The risk of medical complications, particularly heart disease, increases when body fat is distributed around the waist, especially in the abdomen. This type of upper body fat distribution is more common in men than in women.
The social and psychological problems experienced by obese people are also formidable. Stereotypes about “fat” people are often translated into discriminatory practices in education, employment, and social relationships. The consequences of being in a world where people had better be “thin” are especially severe for women, whose appearances are often judged against an ideal of exaggerated sliminess.
1.What is obesity?
A) Obesity is having fat tissue under the skin
B) Obesity is having fat tissue around organs
C) Obesity is being too fat
D) Obesity is having good health
2. If we say that “fat is critical for good health”, we mean that
A) fat people should be criticized
B) fat is very important for people to keep healthy
C) people should be fat if they want to be healthy
D) having much fat in the body in the body is certainly associated with health problems
3. If a woman is 1.6m tall and weighs 49 kg, she
A) is considered within the desirable weight-height range
B) is definitely unhealthy
C) should be considered fat
D) should not be considered unhealthy
4. A heavy man
A) certainly has a lot of fat in him
B) usually has a sedentary lifestyle
C) certainly has a lot muscle in him
E) may have muscle tissue that weighs more than fat.
5. According to this article, fat people may be
A) looked down upon by others
B) welcomed by others
C) considered severely ill
D) thought of having special problems.
Why do people shrink?
Did you ever see the movie Honey, I shrunk the kids? It's about a wacky dad (who's also a scientist) who accidentally shrinks his kids with his homemade miniaturizing invention. Oops! ____1____.
For older people, shrinking isn't that dramatic or sudden at all. It takes place over years and may add up to only one inch or so off of their adult height (maybe a little more, maybe less), and this kind of shrinking can't be magically reversed, although there are things that can be done to stop it or slow it down. ___2___.
There are a few reasons. As people get older, they generally lose some muscle and fat from their bodies as part of the natural aging process. Gravity (the force that keeps your feet on the ground) take hold, and the bones in the spine, called vertebrae, may break down or degenerate, and start to collapse into one another. ___3___. But perhaps the most common reason why some older people shrink is because of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis occurs when too much spongy bone tissue (which is found inside of most bones) is broken down and not enough new bone material is made. ___4___. Bones become smaller and weaker and can easily break if someone with osteoporosis is injured. Older people --especially women, who generally have smaller and lighter bones to begin with -- are more likely to develop osteoporosis. As years go by, a person with osteoporosis shrinks a little bit.
Did you know that every day you do a shrinking act? You aren't as tall at the end of the day as you are at the beginning. That's because as the day goes on, water in the disks of the spine gets compressed (squeezed) due to gravity, making you just a tiny bit shorter. Don't worry, though. ___5___.
A. They end up pressing closer together, which makes a person lose a little height and become shorter.
B. Once you get a good night's rest, your body recovers, and the next morning, you're standing tall again.
C. Over time, bone is said to be lost because it's not being replaced.
D. Luckily, there are things that people can do to prevent shrinking.
E. The kids spend the rest of the movie as tiny people who are barely visible while trying to get back to their normal size.
F. But why does shrinking happen at all?
A health profile (概貌)
A health profile is a portrait of all of the factors that influence your health. To draw your health profile, you will __1__ what diseases run in your family, what health hazards you may be exposed to __2__ work, how your daily __3__ compares to the recommended standards, how much time per week you __4__ exercising and what type of exercise you engage __5__, how stressful your work and family environments are, what kinds of illnesses you get regularly, and __6__ or not you have any one of a number of addictions. __7__ this portrait, you should have a checkup to determine how your blood, heart, and lungs are functioning. This checkup will serve __8__ a baseline, to which you can then compare later tests.
__9__ this profile is thoroughly drawn, you can begin to think about setting health priorities based __10__ your particular portrait. For example, if you drink two martinis(马提尼酒) every evening, have a high-stress __11__, are overweight, smoke a pack of cigarettes a day, and use marijuana (大麻烟)occasionally on weekends, you should quit smoking first, followed __12__ losing the excess weight, reducing the stress of your job, giving up your marihuana habit, and then finally giving some __13__ to those martinis if you want to prevent first cancer, and then heart disease. Even for the youthful working person who has never been sick a day in his life, who is __14__ excellent health, a good look at all health habits and at work and home environments any suggest changes that will __15__ him in the future..
1. A. know B. have known C. need know D. need to know
2. A. with B. in C. on D. at
3. A. diet B. meals C. food D. dinner
4. A. use B. devote C. spend D. take
5. A. on B. in C. with D. about
25、 6. A. if B. whether C. either D. neither
7. A. To complete B. Completing C. Completion D. To be completed
8. A. as B. for C. on D. about
9. A. Unless B. Once C. If D. Although
10.A. around B. with C. about D. on
26、 11.A. work B. task C. job D. place
12.A. on B. with C. after D. by
13.A.thought B. idea C. thinking D. talk
14.A.for B. in C. with D. on
15. A. reap B. harvest C. benefit D. lead