2017年职称英语考试综合C级模拟试题(五)

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2017年职称英语考试综合C级模拟试题(五)

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1 There's no fun in spending the whole evening playing cards.

  A enjoyment  B strength C temper  D excitement

  2 On Thanksgiving in the United States, families gather and give thanks for the blessing(祝福) of the past year.

  A pick up  B come together C compete D correspond

  3. In Tom's eyes, the restaurant at the corner of the street is a very smart one.

  A clever B elegant  C loyal  D brave

  4. He was said to have been removed from the position of manager for a recent conflict with an important customer.

  A dismissed B released C picked D exposed

  5 I don't feel secure when I am alone in the house.

  A safe B pretty  C distant  D obvious

  6 Swedish is the native language of most Swedes.

  A natural  B home C mother  D ancient

  7 Ms Hawkins handles the company's accounts.

  A deals with B deals in C holds on D holds out

  8 I reserve the right to disagree.

  A deserve B keep C perceive D notice

  9 The solid facts he provided in his speech left a deep impression on his audience.

  A strong B entire  C reliable D hard

  10 We can't take more than 100 guests.

  A hold B set C let D catch

  11 My sister has a talent for music.

  A interest B limitation   C dream D gift

  12 The city was literally destroyed.

  A word-for-word B eventually C actually D likely

  13 It is very late; hence you must go to bed.

  A from now on B later  C elsewhere D thus

  14 This book embraces many subjects.

  A adopts B covers  C presses  D accepts

  15 He is sure of the coming of investment boom after adopting the new investment policies.

  A decrease B increase C influence   D preparation

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  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  The Cold Places

  The Arctic is a polar region. It surrounds the North Pole.

  Like Antarctica, the Arctic is a land of ice and snow. Antarctica holds the record for a low temperature reading ----- 125 Fahrenheit below zero. Readings of 85 degrees below zero are common in both the Arctic and Antarctica. Winter temperatures average 30 degrees below zero in the Arctic. At the South Pole the winter is about 73 degrees below zero.

  One thing alone makes it almost impossible for men to live in Antarctica and in parts of the Arctic. This one thing is the low temperature --- the killing chill of the far North and the polar South.

  To survive, men must wear the warmest possible clothing. They must build windproof shelters. They must keep heaters going at all times. Not even for moment can they be unprotected against the below-zero temperature.

  Men have a way of providing for themselves. Polar explorers wrap themselves in warm coats and furs. The cold makes life difficult. But the explorers can stay alive.

  What about animals? Can they survive? Do we find plants? Do we find life in the Arctic and the Antarctica? Yes, we do.  There is life in the oceans. There is life on land.

  Antarctica, as we have seen, is a cold place indeed. But this has not always been the case. Expedition scientists have discovered that Antarctica may have been much like our own.

  Explores have discovered coal in Antarctica. This leads them to believe that Antarctica at one time was a land of swamps and forests. Heat and moisture must have kept the trees in the forests alive.

  1. The lowest temperature that man has ever known was recorded in Antarctica.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  2. Winter temperatures average 85 degrees below zero in Antarctica.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  3. The Arctic and Antarctica are no man's lands because of their notorious coldness.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  4. Polar explorers can stay alive without heaters and windproof shelters.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  5. Despite the hostile environment, both animals and plants can be found in the oceans and on land in polar areas.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  6. As discovered by expedition scientists, Antarctica has not always been so cold as it is today, so has the Arctic.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  7. At one time, the weather in Antarctica was so warm and damp that trees grew there.

  A. Right B. Wrong C. Not mentioned

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Earthquake

  1 Every year earthquakes are responsible for a large number of deaths and a vast amount of destruction in various parts of the world. most of these damaging earthquakes occur either in a narrow belt which surrounds the Pacific Ocean or in a line which extends from Burma to the Alps in Europe. Some of the destruction is directly caused by the quake itself. An example of this is the collapse of buildings as a result of the quake itself. Other damage results from landslides or major fires which are initiated by the quake.

  2 These are about a million quakes a year. Fortunately, however, not all of them are destructive. The intensity of an earthquake is measured on the Richter Scale, which goes from 0 upward. The highest scale recorded to date is 8.9. major damage generally occurs from quakes ranging upward from 6.0.

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  3 The actual cause of the quake itself is the breaking of rocks at or below the earth's surface. This is produced by pressure which scientists believe may be due to a number of reasons, two of which are the expansion and contraction of the earth's crust and continental drift.

  4  In order to limit the damage and to prevent some of the suffering resulting from earthquakes, scientists are working on ways to enable accurate prediction. Special instruments are used to help people record, for example, shaking of the earth. Scientists are trying to find methods that will enable them to indicate the exact time, location and size of an earthquake.

  5 Certain phenomena have been observed which are believed to be the signs of imminent earthquakes. These include strange behaviors of some animals, the changes in the content of mineral water, etc. The magnetic properties of rocks may also display special pattern before earthquakes happen.

  1. paragraph 2__________ A. Earthquakes forecast

  2. paragraph 3__________ B. Historical records of earthquakes

  3. paragraph 4__________ C. Intensities of earthquakes

  4. paragraph 5__________ D. Cause of earthquakes

  E. Indications of earthquakes

  F. Damaging earthquakes

  5. Not all damage during an earthquake is caused ____________.

  6. Not all earthquakes are strong enough ___________.

  7. Scientists have been working hard to warn people ____________.

  8. Earthquakes can be predicted by observing ______________.

  A. by the quake itself

  B. not be prevented

  C. to cause damage of property and loss of lives

  D. of a possible earthquake

  E. the unusual behaviors of some animals

  F. the strong behaviors of human beings

  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇

  Losing Weight

  Girls as young as 1 0 years old are dieting and in danger of developing unhealthy attitudes about weight,body image and food,a group of Toronto researchers reported Tuesday.

  Their study of 2,279 girls aged 10 to 14 showed that while the vast majority had healthy weights,nearly a third felt they were overweight and were trying to lose pounds.Even at the tender agez of 10,nearly 32 per cent of girls felt“too fat'’and 31 per cent said they were trying to diet.

  McVey,a researcher at.the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto,and her colleagues analyzed data collected in a number of surveys of southern Ontario school girls between 1 993 and 2003,reporting their findings in Tuesday’s issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

  Nearly 80 per cent of the girls had a healthy body weight and only 7.2 per cent were considered overweight using standard weight-to.height ratios.Most researchers suggest the rate of overweight children in this country is several times higher than that figure.

  Nearly 30 per cent of the girls reported they Were currently trying to lose weight,though few admitted to dangerous behavior such as self-induced vomiting.

  Still,a test that measured attitudes towards eating showed 10.5 per cent of survey Participants were already at risk of developing an eating disorder.

  We’re not talking about kids who’ve been prescribed a diet because they’re above average weight or overweight. We’re talking about children who are within a healthy weight range。And they have taken it upon themselves to diet to lose weight,”McVey said,acknowledging she found the rates disturbing.She said striking a balance between healthy weights and healthy attitudes towards food and body image is a complex task,with no easy solutions.

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  词汇:

  overweight adj.超重的;过重的

  induce vt.引起,导致

  prescribe vt.处方;开药;嘱咐

  1.The study showed that most of the girls

  A)were overweight.

  B) were on a diet.

  C)had unhealthy attitudes about weight

  D)had a healthy body weight.

  2.What percentage of the girls considered themselves overweight?

  A)Nearly 80 percent.

  B)7.2 percent.

  C)Nearly 30percent.

  D)10.5 percent.

  3.The survey participants were girls

  A)whowere 10.

  B)who were 14.

  C)who were 10 to 14.

  D)who were 10 to 18.

  4. What kind of institution does the lead researcher work with?

  A)A schoo1.

  B)A hospital.

  C)An association.

  D)A charity.

  5. Unhealthy attitudes about weight,body image and food may

  A)lead to an eating disorder.

  B)result from self-induced vomiting.

  C)make it easier to gain weight.

  D)bring about greater competition.

  第2篇

  Mother knows the best?

  Once while being prepped for a television interview, I was chatting with the host about stay-at-home fathers.I made the point that one reason we’re seeing more stay-at-home dads may be that it’s no longer a given that a man makes more money than his wife.Many families now take earning power into account when deciding which parent will stay home.

  At that point,one of the male crew members commented, almost to himself but loud

  enough for my benefit,“It should be the better parent who stays home.”A lot of guys say things like that.Usually it’s code for, “My wife(read:any woman)is the better parent.”

  I was a stay-at-home father for eight years, so his declaration made me bristle.It implied that our family’s choice could only have been correct if 1 was a “better” parent than my wife.

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  I think men shoot themselves in the foot with this kind of thinking.I suppose an argument could have been made that when I began staying home my wife was the “better” parent:She had spent more time with Ry,could read him better and calm him more quickly.And given a choice.he’d have picked her over me.But as she was the more employable one.my wife went out to work and I looked after our son.

  Know what? I caught up.Because of the increased time I spent with him.I soon knew Ry well,understood what he needed and could look after him more or 1ess as well as my wife could.Actually, the experience helped me unlock one of the world’s great secrets:Women are good at looking after children because they do it.It’s not because of any innate female aptitude or a mother’s instinct--which I think is mostly learned anyway.It’s because they put in the time and attention required to become good at the job.

  Women obviously get a biological head start from giving birth and nursing.but over the long term experience is more important.When I got the experience myself, I was good.too.As good? I don’t know.Who cares? Children are not made of glass.other people ale capable of looking after them besides Mom.

  练习:

  1、 Which of the following does the first paragraph imply?

  A)Men are no longer given the opportunity to stay at home.

  B)In more and more families the wife is earning more than the husband.

  C)The author works at a TV station.

  D)More amd more men choose to stay at home to look after their children.

  2.the author decided to stay at home to look after their son eight years ago because

  A)he though the was the better parent.

  B)it was easier for his wife to find a job.

  C)their son Ry liked him better.

  D)he was earning less than his wife.

  3.Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a thing that a good parent should do with his or her child?

  A)Spending more time with him.

  B、taking him t0 school.

  C)Reading stories to him.

  D)Being able to calm him down.

  4. Women generally are better than men at taking care of children because

  A)they were born with the ability.

  B)they just enjoy doing it.

  C)they spend more time with them.

  D)they have learned to do it at school.

  5.which of the following is the conclusion the author draws at the end of the article?

  A)He is better than his wife at taking care of children.

  B)He is as good as his wife at taking care of children.

  C)Anyone Can take good care of children as far as he has the experience.

  D)Children prefer to be taken care of by their mother than by anyone else.

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  • 第3篇

  Goal of American Education

  Education is all enormous and expensive part of American life. Its size is matched by its variety.

  Differences in American schools compared with those found in the majority of other countries lie in the fact that education here has long been intended for everyone—not just for a privileged elite. Schools ale expected to meet the needs of every child, regardless of ability,and also the needs of society itself.This means that public schools offer more

  than academic subjects.It surprises many people when t11ey come here to find high schools offering such courses as typing,sewing,radio repair, computer programming or driver training,along with traditional academic subjects such as mathematics,history, and languages.Students choose their curricula depending on their interests,future goals,and level of ability.The underlying goal of American education is to develop every child to the utmost of his or her own possibilities,and to give each one a sense of civic and community consciousness。

  Schools have traditionally played an important role in creating national unity and“Americanizing”the millions of immigrants who have poured into this country from many different backgrounds and origins. Schools still play a large role in the community, especially in the small towns.

  The approach to teaching may seem unfamiliar to many, not only because it is informal,but also because there is not much emphasis on learning facts.Instead,Americans try to teach their children toⅡ1ink for themselves and to develop their own intellectual and creative abilities.Students spend much time,learning how to use resource materials libraries, statistics and computers.Americans believe that if children are taught to reason well and to research well, they will be able to find whatever facts they need throughout the rest of their lives.Knowing how to solve problems is considered more important than theaccumulation of facts.

  This is America’s answer to the searching question that thoughtful parents all over the world are asking themselves in the fast-moving time:“How Can one prepare today’s child for a tomorrow that one can neither predict nor understand?”

  词汇:

  privileged adj.享有特权的

  elite n.精英,精华

  curricula n.课程

  underlying adj.潜在的

  reason v.推理

  练习:

  1.Which of the following best states the goal of American education?

  A)To teach every learner some practical skills.

  B)To provide every learner with rich knowledge.

  C)To give every student the opportunity to fully develop his/her ability.

  D)To train every student tO be a responsible citizen.

  2.It is implied in the passage that

  A)all high-school students take the same courses.

  B)every high•school student must take some practical ability training courses.

  C)every public school offers the same academic subjects.

  D)the subjects every student takes may vary.

  3.American schools place great emphasis on the learner’S

  A)enrichment of knowledge.

  B)accumulation of facts.

  C)acquisition of the ability to be creative.

  D)acquisition of the ability to work with his hands.

  4.According to the passage,American education meets the needs of all the followingEXCEPT

  A)the brightest students.

  B)the slow students.

  C)the students from foreign countries.

  D)the immigrants.

  5. Which of the following best states the feature of American education that makes it different from education in other countries?

  A)The large number of its schools.

  B)The variety of the courses offered in its schools.

  C)Its special consideration given to immigrants.

  D)Its underlying goal to develop every child’s abilities to the fullest extent

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  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  What makes me the weight I am?

  There's no easy answer to this question. Your genetic makeup, the physical traits that get passed down to you from your parents, plays a big part in determining your size and weight. __1__. But if your parents are smaller than average, you may want to rethink that professional basketball career!

  The same goes for your body type. Have you ever heard someone say a person is big boned? It's a way of saying the person has a large frame, or skeleton. Big bones usually weigh more than small bones. __2__.

  Like your height or body type, your genes have a lot to say about what your weight will be. But that's only part of the story. Being overweight can run in someone's family, but it may not be because of their genes. __3__ and even though some kids gain weight more easily than others, when they eat right and exercise, most kids can be a healthy and happy weight that's right for them, it's true -- the way you live can change the way you look.

  How much you weigh is a balance between the calories you eat and the calories you use. __4__ if you spend your free time watching TV, your body won't use as many calories as it would if you played basketball, skated, or went for a walk. If you are in balance, your weight will stay right for you as you know. But if you eat more and exercise less, you may become overweight. __5__.

  A、That’s why it’s possible for two kids with the same height, but different weights, to both be right weight.

  B、If you eat more calories than your body needs to use, you will gain too much weight.

  C、Poor eating and exercise habits also run in families and this may be the reason the members of a family are overweight.

  D、However, many overweight people have difficulty reaching their healthy body weight.

  E、On the other had, if you eat less and exercise more, you may lose weight.

  F、If both your parents are tall, there is a good chance you’ ll be tall.

  第6部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,并涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  A Health Profile

  A health profile is a portrait of all of the factors that influence your health.To draw your health profile,you will __1__what diseases run in your family, what health hazards you may be exposed to __2__ work,how your daily __3__ compares to the recommended standards,how much time per week you __4__ exercising and what type of exercise you engage__5__,how stressful your work and family environments are,what kinds of illnesses you get regularly, and__6__or not you have any one of a number of addictions.__7__this portrait,your should have a checkup to determine how your blood, heart,and lungs are functioning.This checkup will serve __8__ a baseline,to which you can then compare later tests.

  __9__this profile is thoroughly drawn,you can begin to think about setting health priorities based__10__ your particular portrait.For example,if you drink two martinis every evening,have a high-stress__11__,are overweight,smoke a pack of cigarettes a day, and use marijuana occasionally on weekends,you should quit smoking first,followed__12__ losing the excess weight,reducing the stress of your job,giving up your marihuana habit,and then finally giving some__13__to those martinis if you want to prevent first cancer, and then heart disease.Even for the youthful working person who has never been sick a day in his life,who is __14__ excellent health,a good look at all health habits and at work and home environments may suggest changes that will __15__ him in the future.

  词汇:

  profile n.侧影,概貌

  hazard n.危险,危害

  checkup n.健康检查,体检

  martini n. 马提尼酒

  portrait n.画像,肖像

  addiction n.嗜好,瘾

  baseline n.基础,起点

  marihuana n.大麻烟(一种毒品)

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  练习:

  1.A)know B) have known C) need know D) need to know

  2.A)with B) in C) on D) at

  3.A)diet B) meals C) food D) dinner

  4.A)use B) devote C) spend D) take

  5.A)on B) in C) with D) about

  6.A)if B) whether C) either D) neither

  7. A)To complete   B) Completing  C) Completion  D) To be completed

  8. A)as B) for C) on D) about

  9.A)Unless B) Once C) If D) Although

  10.A) around B) with C) about D) on

  11.A)work B) task C) job D) place

  12.A) on B) with C) after D) by

  13.A) thought B) idea C) thinking D) talk

  14.A)for B) in C) with D) on

  15.A) reap B) harvest C) benefit D) lead

  答案及解析:

  第一部分:词汇选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15句子,每个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  1. A. 分析:根据句意(花整个晚上玩牌没有什么意思)确认答案A(乐趣)。

  strength n. 长处,优点; enjoyment n.乐趣,享乐, 快乐; temper n.(钢等)韧度, 回火, 性情, 脾气

  2. B.分析:可以借助句子中相关词语(Thanksgiving)的提示和搭配结构(每个家庭都..)判断B(聚集在一起)是答案。pick up用手拿起(某物),承载(客人,货物等),学得(知识); correspond: v. (与with, to连用)符合,(常与with连用)通信;compete vi 竞争;竞赛

  3. B。分析:利用搭配结构语意(餐厅是..)判断答案选项B(雅致的)。该句含义是“在汤姆看来,位于街道拐角处的那家餐厅是非常雅致的一家餐厅。”

  Smart adj. 聪敏的,才思敏捷的, 雅致的;时髦的;Loyal adj.(常与to连用)忠诚的,忠实的;elegant adj.文雅的, 端庄的

  4.A. 分析:根据搭配结构“被从经理的职位上…”判断A(解职)是答案。该句含义是“据说由于他最近与一个重要的客户之间发生了冲突,所以被解除了经理的职位。” Dismiss vt.解散, 下课, 开除; release n.释放vt.释放, 解放; pick vt.摘, 挑选; expose vt.使暴露, 受到, 使曝光

  5. A. 分析:借助句意(当我一个人在家里的时候我感到不..)判断A(安全的)是答案。Secure adj安全的, 可靠的;稳定的;pretty: adj. 漂亮的;迷人的;可爱的;adv. 相当;颇

  6. C. 分析:该题也是考察常见词汇。借助句意(瑞典语是大多数瑞典人的..语言)判断答案是C(本国的)。Native adj. 出生地的, 本地的;土生土长的;ancient adj.远古的, 旧的。

  7. A. 分析:利用组成成分的基本词义(deal n.交易vi.处理, 应付; hold n.把握, 控制vt.拿着, 保存)猜测短语大意。并借助句意(霍金斯夫人..公司的帐户)判断答案A。deal with v.安排, 处理, 涉及;deal in v.经营; hold on v.继续, 不挂断;hold out v.伸出, 提供.

  8. B。分析:借助句意(我…不一致的权利)判断答案是B(保留)。Reserve: v. 保留;预订;预约;Perceive vt.察觉, 感到, 认识到; deserve vt.应受, 值得

  9. C。 分析:借助搭配结构语意(..的事实)判断答案C(可靠的)。Solid adj固态的,固体的, 坚固的, 可靠的;hard adj. 坚硬的, 困难的,难的adv.努力地;艰苦地; 强烈地;entire adj.全部的, 完整的

  10. A。分析:该题考察常见词汇的词义。借助句意(我们容纳不下100名以上的客人)判断答案为A(容纳)。Take: v. 容纳;装; Let: v. 允许,让, 出租;set: v. 调整;安排; (星星、月亮、太阳)落下,沉没

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  11. D. 该句含义是“我的妹妹(姐姐)有音乐方面的才华”。talent n.天才, 才干; interest n.兴趣, 关心, 重要性, 影响, 利息, [常 pl.] 利益, 利害vt.使发生兴趣; limitation n.限制, 局限性; dream v.做梦, 梦见, 梦想n.梦, 梦想; gift n.赠品, 礼物, 天赋

  12. C.该句的含义是“这座城市实际上被摧毁了”。Literally adv.照字义, 逐字地, 差不多, 实际上; Eventually adv. 最后; likely adj.很可能的adv.或许, 很可能; word-for-word adj.逐字的, 逐字翻译的

  13.D.分析:借助句意(很晚了,…你必须上床睡觉了)确认答案D(因此)。Elsewhere adv. 在别处,到别处; from now on adv.从现在开始

  14. B。分析:借助句意(这本书…许多主题)判断B(包括)是答案。Embrace vt.拥抱,包括,包含; Cover vt(常与with连用)盖;报导; adopt vt.收养, 采取;采用

  15. B. 分析:注意到被选项A和B正好是正反项,所以重点注意。借助句意(他相信在采取了新的投资政策后,投资的高涨(投资的增加)一定会到来)判断B(增加)是答案。Decrease n.减少, 减少之量v.减少; influence n.影响, 感化, 势力, 有影响的人(或事) vt.影响, 改变; preparation n.准备, 预备

  第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑

  The cold places

  1. A。文章第2段的段首句中提到了Antarctica,接着的一句说“南极洲保持着世界的低温记录。”,所以该问题句的说法正确。

  2. B。线索词及关键词average(平均)。第2段的最后1句中包含average一词,该句说“南极洲冬天的平均温度是零下73度。”,所以该问题句的说法错误。

  3. B。该问题说“因为南极和北极的严寒,这些地区是无人区。”凭直觉判断这种说法太绝对,应该是错误的。注意:说的绝对的句子一定不正确。在原文中的第3段的段首句说“仅一个原因就使得南极洲和部分的北极地区几乎不可能让人居住。”,依据此也可判断该问题句不正确。

  4. B。原文第4段的段首句中出现了survive(生存)一词,该句及其紧接的一句说“为了生存,人们必须修建防风屏障。”,凭借此判断该问题句的说法也不正确。

  5. A. 原文中的第6段中对极地动植物进行了论述,且其表述的含义与问题句一致。

  6. C。文章的倒数第2段的第2句中提到了expedition scientists,并说南极洲那里的气候曾经一度象我们现在生活的地区的气候那样温和,但并没说道北极也是如此。

  7. A。文章的最后1段的段首句说“探险者在南极发现了煤。”, 而紧接的一句讲述的正是该问题句所讲述的内容。

  第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1---4 题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2--5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5--8题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  Earthquake

  1.C。该段的第2句中包含intensity(强度)一词,而且段中提到的也是震级强度数字。”。

  2.D.段首句中提到了cause(原因)。

  3.A.段首句中有prediction (预报),对应A中的forecast(预报)。

  4. E。段首句中的phenomena(现象)对应E中的 indications(迹象)。

  5.A.问题句中的is caused 提示可能会跟 by短语。

  6.C。形容词加enough的结构后面往往会跟 to引导的不定式结构。

  7.D.动词warn后面通常跟 against 或of结构,表示警告某人将有。。发生。

  8.E.observe是及物动词,后面应该跟名词性的结构。人类的行为变化跟地震没关系,所以不选F。

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  第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并根据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

  第1篇Losing Weight

  1.D 文章第二段中的第一句和第四段中的第一句先后提到,接受调查之女孩中的绝大多数体重都在健康范围内。

  2.C 文章的第二段提到,有将近三分之一的女孩认为自己超重。

  3.C 文章的第二段提到,接受调查的是年龄为10岁至14岁的女孩。

  4.B 文章的第三段提到,主要研究人员McVey女士在一家医院工作。

  5.A 文章的第六段提到,有关体重、身体形象和食品等的不健康态度使得一些女孩子面临饮食失调的危险。 、

  第2篇

  1.B.分析:结合刚才了解到的文章的主题判断A(段落最后都没有提到谁应该留在家里)和C(原文提到“我和主持人交谈”,因此判断作者不是电视台的人)都与文章内容不一致,段落中间(第2句)提到了“money”因此推测B是答案。答案相关句:I made the point that one reason we’re seeing more stay-at-home dads may be that it’s no longer a given that a man makes more money than his wife. (越来越多的爸爸留在家里可能是因为男人不一定比女人赚钱多)

  2. B。分析:利用题干中的their son和eight years ago作为答案线索,这样发现答案相关句:(第3段)I was a stay-at-home father for eight years, so his declaration made me bristle. (It implied that our family’s choice could only have been correct if I was a better “parent” than my wife. (第4段)….I suppose an argument could have been made that when I began staying home my wife was the “better”parent: She had spent more time with Ry, could read him better and calm him down quickly.) …But as she was more employable one, my wife went out to work and I looked after our son.

  该划线句直接揭示答案B(他的妻子找工作更容易)

  3. B/C。分析:借助被选项中的核心词/结构(spending more time, school, reading stories, calm him down)作为答案线索,这样发现这些结构大部分都集中在以下的句子中:I suppose an argument could have been made that when I began staying home my wife was the “better”parent: She had spent more time with Ry, could read him better and calm him down quickly.对比被选项判断B/C没有出现,所以B/C是答案。

  4. C。 分析:借助常识猜测答案可能是C。也可以借助原文:注意文章中提到“妇女擅长../good at”的结构,这样发现答案相关句:(第5段)Women are good at looking after their children because they do it. It is not because of any innate female aptitude or a mother’s instinct – which I think is mostly learned anyway. It’s because they put in the time and attention required to be good at the job.划线句内容直接揭示了C(妇女花了更多的时间和孩子在一起)是答案。

  5. C.分析:在文章的结尾处发现句子: Women obviously get a biological head start from giving birth and nursing, but over the long term experience is more important. (该划线句的内容与C一致:长期照顾孩子的经验更为重要) I was good, too. As good? I don’t know, who cares? Children are not made of glasses. Other people are capable of looking after them besides Mom.

  第3篇Goal of American Education

  1 C A,B,D均只指出了美国教育目标的一个方面。 .

  2 D 文中提到学生可以根据自己的兴趣、目标和能力来选择课程。

  3 D A,B,D都只提到教育的某一个方面,但美国教育最强调的是对学生独立解决问题能力的培养.

  4 C 本文中没有提到外国留学生.

  5 D 给每个学生最充分地发挥自己能力的机会是美国教育的最重要特点。

  第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置。

  1.F.分析:思路特点:注意空格前后词语的使用特点。注意到空格前后句中都出现了parents,因此判断空格处也谈及parents的可能性很大,因此首先注意F。而且空格前句中的your size (and weight)呼应F中的tall, 而空格后句中的smaller也是在说身高的问题,因此判断F是答案。

  2. A. 分析:思路特点:注意空格前后词语的使用特点并利用段首句中的用词。空格前面句子中出现了“大骨头”,“小骨头”的字样,而段首句中的词“, body type/体形”揭示“大骨头”,“小骨头”应该是“骨头架大”,“骨头架小”,而空格前句说“大骨头架比小骨头架重”,对比被选项判断A合适:A在句意上“两个身高相同,体重不同的孩子”也是在讲述身高和体重的关系,因此判断A是答案。

  3. C.分析:思路特点:注意空格前后词语的使用特点。空格前后句中都谈到了“超重”,因此判断空格处继续谈到“超重”的可能性较大,B,C和D都涉及到了“超重”,注意到空格后句中出现了“eat right and exercise”,而该结构正好与C中的“Poor eating and exercise habits”形成对比,因此判断C是答案。

  4.B.分析:思路特点:注意空格前后词语的使用特点。空格前后句中都出现了“calories/热量”,因此判断空格处出现该词的可能性较大,因此首先重点注意B,空格后面的句子结构是“if you…, your body ..”,该结构也正好与B呼应,形成排比结构,因此判断B是答案。

  5. E. 分析:思路特点:注意到空格前句子中的用词特点—出现了eat more and exercise less,而该结构正好与E中的eat less and exercise more形成对比,而且空格前句中的become overweight也正好与E中的lose weight形成对比,因此判断E是答案。

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