2004年职称英语等级考试理工类(A级)试题及答案

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2004年职称英语等级考试理工类(A级)试题及答案

第l部分:词汇选项  (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所
给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的
位置上。
1 The dentist has decided to extract her bad tooth.
  A take out      B break off
  C push in       D dig up

2 The economy continued to exhibit signs of decline in September.
  A play    B show
  C send    D tell
3 This table is strong and durable.
  A long-lasting    B extensive
  C far-reaching    D eternal
4 He endured great pain before he finally expired
    A fired    B resigned
    C died     D retreated
5 The girl is gazing at herself in the mirror.
  A smiling    B laughing
  C shouting    D staring
6 The index is the government’s chief.gauge of future economic activity
A measure    B opinion
C method     D decision
7 It’s sensible to start any exercise program gradually at first.
A workable    B reasonable
C possible     D available
8 A lot of people could fall ill after drinking contaminated water.
A boiled    B polluted
C mixed    D sweetened
9 You have to be patient if you want to sustain your position
  A maintain    B better
  C acquire    D support
10 She stood there,trembling with fear.
  A jumping    B crying
  C moving     D shaking
11 Medical facilities are being upgraded.
  A expanded    B repaired
  C improved    D transferred
12 Rock climbing is hazardous
  A interesting    B dangerous
  C attractive      D useful
13 John is eligible for this job.
A accepted    B recommended
C rejected   D recommended
14 In order to improve our standard of living,we have to accelerate production.
A involve    B decrease
C speed up   D give up
15  Mary looked pale and weary.
  A worried    B ugly
  C silly       D exhausted

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第2部分:阅读判断  (第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断。
如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在
答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。
Mother Nature Shows Her Strength
    Tornadoes(龙卷风)and heavy thunderstorms moved across the Great Lakes and into
Trumbull County on Saturday evening.The storms were dramatic and dangerous.
    George Snyder was driving the fire truck down Route 88 when he first noticed that a funnel
(漏斗状的)cloud was behind him.“I stopped the truck and watched the funnel cloud.It was
about 100 feet off the ground and I saw it go up and down for a while.It was moving toward
Bradley Road and then suddenly it disappeared.”Snyder said.
    Snyder only saw one of the funnel clouds that passed through northeastern 0hio on
Saturday.In Trumbull County,a tornado turned trees onto their sides.Some trees fell onto
houses and cars.Other trees fell into telephone and electrical wires as they went down.
    Amanda Sym check was having a party when the storm began.“I knew something was
wrong, ”he said.“I saw the sky go green and pink(粉红色).Then it sounded like a train
rushing toward the house.I started crying and told everyone to go to the basement for
protection.”
    The tornado caused a 10t of damage to cars and houses in the area.It will take a long time
and much money to repair everything.There was also serious water damage from the
thunderstorms.The heavy rains and high wind caused the power to go out in many homes.
    The storms caused serious flooding in areas near the river.More than four inches of rain fell
in parts of Trumbull County.The river was so high that the water ran into streets and houses.
Many streets had to be closed to Cars and trucks because of the high water.This made it difficult
for fire trucks,police Cars,and other rescue vehicles to help people who were in trouble.
    Many people who live near the river had to leave their homes for their own safety.Some
people reported five feet of water in their homes.Local and state officials opened emergency
shelters for the people who were evacuated(撤走).’The Red Cross served meals to them.
    “This was a really intense storm,”said Snyder.“People were afraid.Mother Nature can be
fierce.We were lucky this time.No one was killed”

16 The weather was nice in Trumbull County on Saturday evening.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
17 George Snyder was a firefighter.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
18 Amanda Sym check was having a party in the basement when the storm began.
  A Right    B Wrong     C Not mentioned
19 Power supply system was not damaged during the storm.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
20 There had not been such a severe storm in Trumbull County for a hundred years.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
21 Rescue vehicles had a hard time getting to people.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
22 Several people were missing during the storm.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

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第3部分:概括大意与完成句子  (第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项
中为第1--~4段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27,-~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选
择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
Earth Angels
1  Joying Brescia was 8 years old when she noticed that cigarette butts(烟头)were littering
her hometown beach in Isle of Palms,South Carolina.When she learned that it takes five years
for the remains of a cigarette to disintegrate,she decided to take action.Joying launched a“No
Butts on the Beach” campaign.She raised money and awareness about the need to keep the
beaches dean.With the help of others.Joying also bought or received donations of gallon-size
plastic ice.cream buckets.The buckets were filled with sand。and placed at a11 public-access
areas of the beach.The buckets allowed people to dispose of their cigarettes before hitting the
beach.Two years later。Joying says the buckets are fun and the beach is nearly free of cigarette
debris(残片).
2  People who 1ive in or visit Steamboat Springs,Colorado.have Carter Dunham to thank for
a new state wildlife refuge that preserves 20 acres of marshland and many species of wildlife.
Carter and other students wrote a management plan for the area around the Yampa River.The
plan was part of a class project when Carter was a freshman at Steamboat Springs High Schoo1.
Working with the Colorado Division of Wildlife.Carter and his classmates mapped the area and
 species of animals living there.They also made decisions about.among other things。where
fences and parking areas should be built.
3  Barbara Brown and her friends collect oil.It started as a project for their 4H Club after one
of the girls noticed her father using motor oil to kill weeds on their farm in Victoria。Texas.They
did some research and discovered that oil can contaminate ground water--a real danger in rural
areas.where people live off the water on their 1and.The girls researched ways to recycle oil and
worked with a local oil-recycling company on the issue.Now.the“Don’t Be Crude”program
runs oil.collection sites--tanks that hold up to 460 gallons--where people in the community can
dispose of their oil.
4  Five years ago.11-year-old Ryan Hreljac was a little boy with a big dream:for all the
people in Africa to have clean drinking water.His dream began in the first grade when he
1earned that people were dying because they didn’t have clean water,and that as 1ittle as$70
 could build a well.“We really take water for granted,”says Ryan,of Kemptville,Ontario,in
 Canada.“In other countries.you have to plan for it.”Ryan earned the first$70 by doing extra
 chores(零工),but with the help of others,he has since raised hundreds of thousands of dollars.
His efforts led to the start of the Ryan’s Well Foundation,which raises money for clean water
 and health.related services for people in African countries and developing countries.
23 Paragraph 1           
24 Paragraph 2           
25 Paragraph 3            
26 Paragraph 4            
A Provide Clean Water
B Dig 0il Wells
C Save Clean Water
D Don’t Litter
E Don’t Be Crude
F Protect Wildlife
27 Joying placed the buckets at all public-access areas to             
28 People are grateful to Carter Dunham for his efforts to             
29 Disposed oil and many other items can be reused to                
30    Ryan,with the help of others,is fulfilling his dream of help African people to

第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,
从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
第一篇
Technology Transfer in Germany
    When it comes to translating basic research into industrial success.few nations can match
Germany.Since the 1 940s.the nation’s vast industrial base has been fed with a constant stream
of new ideas and expertise from science.And though German prosperity(繁荣)has faltered(衰
退1 over the past decade because of the huge cost of unifying east and west as well as the global
economic decline,it still has an enviable(令人羡慕的)record for turning ideas into profit.
    Much of the reason for that success is the Fraunhofer Society,a network of research
institutes that exists solely to solve industrial problems and create sought.after technologies.But
today the Fraunhofer institutes have competition.Universities are taking an ever larger role in
technology transfer,and technology parks are springing up all over.These efforts are being
complemented by the federal programmes for pumping money into start-up companies.
    Such a strategy may sound like a recipe for economic success.but it is not without its critics.
These people worry that favouring applied research will mean neglecting basic science,
eventually starving industry of flesh ideas.If every scientist starts thinking like an entrepreneur
(企业家),the argument goes,then the traditional principles of university research being
curiosity.driven,flee and widely available will Suffer.Others claim that many of the
programmes to promote technology transfer are a waste of money because half the small
businesses that are promoted are bound to go bankrupt within a few years.
    Ⅵmile this debate continues.new ideas flow at a steady rate from Germany’s research
networks,which bear famous names such as Helmholtz,Max Planck and Leibniz.Yet it is the
fourth network,the Fraunhofer Society,that plays the greatest role in technology transfer.
    Founded in 1949,the Fraunhofer Society is now Europe’s largest organisation for applied
technology, and has 59 institutes employing 1 2,000 people.It continues to grow.Last year, it
Swallowed up the Heinrich Hertz Institute for Communication Technology in Berlin.Today,
there are even Fraunhofers in the US and Asia.
31 What factor can be attributed to German prosperity?
  A Technology transfer.     
  B Good management
C Hard work.
D Fierce competition
32 Which of the following is NOT true of traditional university research?
    A  It is free.
    B  It is profit—driven.
    C  It is widely available.
    D  It is curiosity—driven.
33 The Fraunhofer Society is the largest organisation for applied technology in
    A  Asia.
    B  USA.
    C  Europe.
    D  Africa.
34 When was the Fraunhofer Society founded?
    A  In 1940.
    B  Last year.
    C  After the unification.
    D  In 1949.
35 The word “expertise’’ in line 3 could be best replaced by
  A  “experts”.
  B  “scientists”.  .
  C   “scholars”.
  D  “special knowledge”.

第二篇

Superconductor Ceramic(陶瓷)
    An underground revolution begins this winter.with the flip(轻击)of a switch,30,000
homes in one part of Detroit will soon become the first in the country to receive electricity
transmitted by ice.cold high.performance cables.Other American cities are expected to follow
Detroit’s example in the years ahead.which could conserve enormous amounts of power.
    The new electrical cables at the Frisbie power station in Detroit are revolutionary because
they are made of superconductors.A superconductor is a material that transmits electricity with
little or no resistance.Resistance is the degree to which a substance resists electric current.All
common electrical conductors have a certain amount of electrical resistance.They convert at
least some of the electrical energy passing through them into waste heat.Superconductors don’t·
No one understands how superconductivity works.It just does.
    Making superconductors isn’t easy.A superconductor material has to be cooled to an
 extremely low temperature to 10se its resistance.The first superconductors,made more than 50
 years ago,had to be cooled to一263 degrees Celsius before they lost their resistance.Newer
superconducting materials 10se their resistance at一143 degrees Celsius.
    The superconductors cable installed at the Frisbie station is made of a ceramic material
that contains copper.oxygen.bismuth(铋)。strontium(锶).and calcium(钙).A ceramic is a
hard.strong compound made from clay or minerals.The superconducting ceramic has been
fashioned into a tape that is wrapped lengthwise around a long tube filled with liquid nitrogen.
Liquid nitrogen is supercold and lowers the temperature of the ceramic tape to the point where it
conveys electricity with zero resistance.
    The United States loses an enormous amount of electricity each year to resistance.
Because cooled superconductors have no resistance.they waste much less power.0ther cities
are watching the Frisbie experiment in the hope that they might switch to superconducting cable
and conserve power.too.

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36 What is the benefit of the revolution mentioned in the first paragraph?
A  With a flip of swish.electricity can be transmitted.
B  Other American cities can benefit from the high·performance cables.
C  Great amounts of power can be conserved.
D Detroit will first receive electricity transmitted by the new electrical cables
37 Compared to common electrical conductors,superconductors
    A have little or no electrical resistance.
    B Can be used for along time.
    C are not energy-efficient.
    D can be made easily.
38 At what temperature does the superconducting ceramic lose its resistance?
  A-143 degree Celsius.
  B一263 degree Celsius.
  C As long as it is ice-cold.
  D  Absolute zero.
39 What element enables the ceramic tape to lower its temperature?
  A Copper.
  B Liquid nitrogen..
  C Clay.
  D  Calcium.
40 According to the last paragraph,which of the following statements is NOT true?
  A Other cities hope they Can also conserve power.
  B Other cities hope they Can use superconducting cables soon.
  C Superconductors waste less power because of their low resistance.
  D The Fribie experiment is not successful.

第三篇

The Science of the Future
Until recently,the“science of the future”was supposed to be electronics and artificial
intelligence.Today it seems more and more likely that the next great breakthroughs in
technology will be brought through a combination Of those two sciences with organic chemistry
and genetic engineering.This combination is the science of biotechnology.
    Organic chemistry enables us to produce marvelous synthetic(合成的)materials.However,
it is still difficult to manufacture anything that has the capacity of wool to conserve heat and also
tO absorb moisture.Nothing that we have been able to produce so far comes anywhere near the
combination of strength.1ightness and flexibility that we find in the bodies of ordinary insects.
    Nevertheless.scientists in the laboratory have already succeeded in“growing”a material
that has many of the characteristics of human skin.The next step may well be“biotech hearts and
eyes”which can replace diseased organs in human beings.These will not be rejected by the body,
as is the case with organs from humans.
  The application of biotechnology to energy production seems even more promising.In 1996
the famous science.fiction writer,Arthur C.Clarke,many of whose previous predictions have
come true。said that we may soon be able to develop remarkably cheap and renewable sources of
energy.Some of these power sources will be biological.Clarke and others have warned us
repeatedly that sooner or later we will have to give up our dependence on non-renewable power
sources.Coal,oil and gas are indeed convenient.However,using them also means creating
dangerously high levels of pollution.It will be impossible to meet the growing demand for
energy without increasing that pollution to catastrophic(灾难性的)levels unless we develop
power sources that are both cheaper and cleaner.
    It is attempting to think that biotechnology or some other “science of the future” can solve
 our problems.Before we surrender to that temptation we should remember nuclear power.Only a
few generations ago it seemed to promise limitless,cheap and safe energy.Today those promises
1ie buried in a concrete grave in a place called Chernobyl,in the Ukraine.Biotechnology is
 unlikely.however, to break its promises in quite the same or such a dangerous way.
41 According to the passage,the science of the future is likely to be
  A electronics.
  B biotechnology.
  C genetic engineering.
  D nuclear technology.
42 Organic chemistry helps to produce materials that are
  A as good as w001.
  B as good as an insect’s body.
  C not as good as natural materials.
  D better than natural materials.
43 According to the.passage,it may soon be possible
  A to make something as good as human skin.
  B to produce drugs without side effects.
  C to transplant human organs.
  D to make artificial hearts and eyes.
44 In 1996. Arthur C.Clarke predicted that
A biological power sources would be put into use soon.
B oil,gas and coal could be repeatedly used in the future.
C dependence on non—renewable power sources would be reduced soon
D the Chernobyl disaster would happen in two years.
45 What do we learn from the last paragraph?
  A  Biotechnology can solve all our future energy problems.
  B  Biological power is cheaper than nuclear power.
  C  Biological power may not be as dangerous as nuclear power
  D  Biological power will keep all its promises.

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第5部分:补全短文  (第46—50题,每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择
5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位
置上。
Why Would They Falsely Confess?
  Why on earth would an innocent person falsely confess to committing a crime? To most
people,it just doesn’t seem logical.But it is logical,say experts。if you understand what call
happen in a police interrogation(审讯)room.
  Under the right conditions,people’s minds are susceptible(易受影响的)to influence,and

the pressure put on suspects during police questioning is enormous.         (46)“The
pressure is important to understand,because otherwise it's impossible to understand why
someone would say he did something he didn’t do.The answer is:to put all end to an
uncomfortable situation that will continue until he does confess.
  Developmental psychologist Mary Redlich recently conducted a laboratory study to
determine how likely people are to confess to things they didn’t do.         (47)the
researchers then intentionally crashed the computers and accused the participants of hitting
“alt” key to see if they would sign a statement falsely taking responsibility.
Redlich’s findings clearly demonstrate how easy it can be to get people to falsely
59 percent of the young adults in the experiment immediately confessed.          (48) Of
the 15-to 16-year-olds,72 percent signed confessions,as
13-year-olds.  
  “There’s no question that young people are more at risk,”says Saul Kassin,a psychology
professor at Williams College,who has done similar studies with similar .          (49)
  Both Kassin and Redlich note that the entire ‘‘interrogation” in their experiments consisted
of a simple accusation-not hours of aggressive questioning--and still,most participants falsely
decision.”
(50)“In some ways,”says Kassin,“false confession becomes a rational
A In her experiment,participants were seated at computers and told not to hit the“alt” key,
  because doing So would crash the systems.
B Because of the stress of a police interrogation,they conclude,suspects can become
convinced that falsely confessing is the easiest way out of a bad situation.
C “It’s a little like somebody’s working on them with a dental(牙齿) drill,” says Franklin
  Zimring,a law professor at the University of California at Berkeley.
D“But the baseline is that adults are highly vulnerable too.”
E  The court found him innocent and he was released.
F  Redlich also found that the younger the participant,the more likely a false confession.

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第6部分:完形填空  (第51--~65题,每题1分,共15分)

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从
4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
The Greatest Mystery Of Whales
The whale is a warm-blooded,air-breathing animal,giving birth to its young alive,sucking
them--and,like all mammals,originated on land.There are many
front flippers(鳍状肢),used for steering and stability, are traces of feet.
(51)of this.Its
 Immense strength is——(52)into the great body of the big whales,and in fact most
of a whale’s body is one gigantic muscle.The blue whale’s pulling strength has been estimated
(53)400 horsepower.One specimen was reported to have towed(拖)a whaling
vessel for seven hours at the            (54) of eight knot (节).
An angry whale will             (55) A famous example of this was the fate of
Whaler Essex,          (56)was sunk off the coast of South America early in the last century.
More recently, steel ships have           (57)their plates buckled(使弯曲)in the same way.
Sperm whales(抹香鲸)were known to seize the old-time whaleboats in their jaws and crush
Them.
The greatest          (58)of whales is their diving ability.The sperm whale dives to the
Bottom for his          (59)food,the octopus(章鱼).In that search he is known to go as far
Down as 3,200 feet, where the.          (60)is 1,400 pounds,to a square inch.Doing so he
Will            (61)underwater long as one hour.Two special skills are involved in this
storing up enough            (62)(all whales are air—breathed)and tolerating the great change
in pressure.Just how he does it scientists have not           (63).It is believed that some of
the oxygen is stored in a special             (64)of blood vessels,rather than just held in the
lungs.And it is believed that a special kind of oil in his head is some sort of compensating
mechanism that            (65)adjusts the internal pressure of his body.But since you can’t
bring a live whale into the laboratory for study, no one knows just how these things work.
51 A aspects          B signs            C ways            D reasons
52 A worked          B divided          C built            D moved
53 A at               B in              C of              D with
54A number           B degree          C distance         D rate
55A abandon          B attack           C leave           D board
56A as               B  who           C which          D  t}1at
57A had              B  operated       C Seen           D caught
58A interest           B  job            C danger         D mystery
59A favorite           B fast             C new           D sufficient
60A depth             B pressure         C level          D  size
61A set               B become          C remain        D rest    .
62A heat              B energy           C food          D oxygen
63A witnessed         B determined        C applied        D  calculated
64A system           B place             C arrangement    D equipment
65A mentally          B artificially         C manually      D automatically

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2004年职称英语等级考试理工类(A)答案

满分100分,其中:
1—15每题1分;
16—30每题1分:
31--45每题3分;
46—50每题2分;
51--65每题1分。
1.A  2.B  3.A  4.C  5.D  6.A   7.B  8.B   9.A   10.D    11.C  12.B  13.B  14.C  15.D   16.B    17.A    18.B    19.B    20.C    21.A    22.C  23.D    24.F  25.E  26.A    27.E  28.B    29.A   30.D   31.A   32.B  33.C    34.D  35.D  36.C   37.A   38.A   39.B    40.D     41.B  42.C 43.D    44.A  45.C  46.C   47.A   48.F   49.D    50.B   51.B    52.C  53.A   54.D   55.B  56.C   57.A  58.D   59.A    60.B  61.C  62.D  63.B  64.A  65.D

2004年职称英语等级考试理工类(A级)题解

第l部分:词汇选项
1.  答案为A。extract a tooth是“拔牙”的意思,在四个选项中只有take out可以替代。
2.  答案为B。句子的意思是“九月份经济继续呈现衰退的迹象”,和exhibit  同义的只
  有show。是最佳答案。
3.  答案为A。durable:耐用的,long—lasting:持久的。画线词与选项A意思相同,可互
    换,故A为正确答案。
4.  答案为C。expire的意思是“断气”,即“死了”,与选项C意思相同,故C为答案。
5.  答案为D。gaze的意思是“长时间盯看……”,与选项D意思相同,所以D为答案。
6.  答案为A。gauge的意思是“估计,精确测量”。选项A(measure)的意思是“测量”,
    与画线词意思相近,故A为答案。
7.  答案为B。sensible的意思是“明智的”,与选项B(reasonable)意思相同,所以选B。
8.  答案为B。contaminated在这里是形容词,意思是“被污染的,弄脏的”,选项B(polluted)
    的意思也是“被污染的”,两者意思相同,故选B。
9.  答案为A。sustain在这里的意思是“继续保持”,与动词maintain意思相同。sustain one's
    position的意思是“继续保持自己的职位”。
10.答案为D。题句的意思是,他站在那儿,害怕地发抖。tremble是一“战栗,颤抖”的意
    思,与选项D意思相同,故选D。
11.答案为C。题句的意思是:医疗设备正在更新。upgrade的意思是“升级,更新”,与
    improve(改善)意思相近,故C为正确答案。
12.答案为B。hazardous的意思是“危险的”,与dangerous意思相同,故B为正确答案。
13.答案为B。eligible的意思是“合格的,有资格当选的”,与选项B意思相同,故B为
    答案。
14.答案为c。accelerate的意思是“加速”,与speed up意思相同,故选C。
15.答案为D。本句的意思是:Mary看上去面色苍白,浑身无力。weary的意思是“疲倦
    的,萎靡的”,与exhausted意思相近,故选D。
第2部分:阅读判断
16.答案为B。本题的意思是:星期六傍晚,Trumbull县天气很好。题句意思与原文相反。
    原文第一段上来就讲到当时龙卷风和暴风雨滚滚而来。
17.答案为A。本题的意思是:George Snyder是_位消防员。原文虽然没有直说他是干什
    么的,但提到他正开着消防车(fire truck),由此可以推断他是消防员。
18.答案为B。本题可译为:暴风雨来临时Amanda Symcheck与别人正在地下室里聚会。
    原文是说他们正在聚会,但没说在地下室里聚会。而是说暴风雨来临后,他们跑到地
    下室里躲藏。
19.答案为B。本题可译为:暴风雨中供电系统没遭到破坏。第五段最后一句说大风和
暴雨使一些家庭的供电出现了问题,与题项矛盾,故选B。
20·答案为C,o,本题可译为:一百年来,Trumbull还没有遇到过这么大的暴风雨呢。此句
    的意思文章中根本没有提到,故选C。
21·答案为 A.。本题的意思是:救援车辆费了很大劲才把人救出来。此句的意思在倒数第
    三段最后一句提到了,故选A。    ’
22.答案为C。本题可译为:暴风雨中有几个人失踪了。此句的意思文章中没有提到,故
  选C。
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子
23·答案为D。本文的标题是“地球的天使”,主题是环保,介绍的是几个孩子如何以自
    弓的行动来从事环保事业。第一段主要介绍Joying Brescia这个8岁的孩子是怎样从
    妻环仔工作的。细节内容是,她发现很多人在海滩上丢烟头,便筹集钱买来很多塑料
    桶,放在海滩上,提醒人们把烟头扔进桶里。选项D(Don’t Litter)的意思是不要乱
    扔垃圾,概括了这段的意思,作为第一段的小标题最合适,故选D。
24·答寨为F。第二段主要讲一名叫Carter Dunham的孩子和他的伙伴如何保护一片湿地
    孕其里面的珍奇动物的事情。选项F的意思是“保护野生动物”,正好概括了这段的
    意思,所以选F。
25·答案为E。第三段主要讲一个名叫Barbara Brow的女孩和她的朋友发现废弃的油污对
    土地污染严重,提醒人们不要随便丢弃油污。原文中的“Don”t Be Crude“就是这个意
    思,与选项E相同,故选E。
26·答案为A。第四段主要介绍一名叫Ryan Hreljac的孩子通过打零工挣来的钱以及通过
    其他方式筹来的钱,成立的“水井基金”(Well Foundation),帮助非洲人喝上干净的
    水。选项A(Provide Clean Water)的意思是“提供清洁的水”,与本段主题一致,故选A。
27·答案为E。此旬问的是Joying把一些桶放在公共场所的目的是什么?结合第一段的意
    思,我们知道这些桶是用来收集烟蒂的,故选E。
28·弩塞为B。此句问的是人们感谢Carter Dunham所做的什么努力?第二段谈到的是他
    为保护湿地和野生动物作出了自己的贡献,故选B。
29.答案为A。本句问的是废弃的油回收后可以用来干什么?第三段给出了答案:制作新
    的东西。因此选A。
30.答案为D。本句问的是Ryan和他的朋友一起帮助非洲人们实现什么梦想?第四段的
    主题是谈让他们喝上干净的水,故D为答案。

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第4部分:阅读理解

31.正确答案为A。答案在第一段可以找到,该段的最后一句话it still has an enviable record
    for turning ideas into profit是该段的总结,明确指出了德国的繁荣归功于技术的转换。
32.正确答案为B。答案可以在第三段里找到,这里段里有这样一句话:打traditional principles
  of university research being curiosity.driven,free and widely available will suffer,传磊的
    大学科研原则有三个特点,惟独没有profit.driven,即受利益驱动。
33.正确答案为C。答案在最后一段里讲得很清楚。
34.正确答案为D。答案在最后一段的第一句话里。    ,
35.正确答案为D。expertise是特殊领域的知识和学问的意思,另外三个选项都用来指人,
在这个上下文里根本不合适。
36.正确答案为C。’第一段的最后一句也提供了答案。尽管A、B、D的内容都在第一段
    中被提及,但不是这场革命所带来的主要利益所在。
37.正确答案为A。第二段的第二句和第四句提供了明确的答案,超导体几乎没有电阻,
    而普通导体都有一定量的电阻,故选A。
38.正确答案为A。题句的意思是:在什么温度下,超导体失去电阻?第三段最后一句提
    供了答案。B是50年前第一代超导体的温度数。c和D都不是正确说法。
39.正确答案为B。此题是细节题。第四段第四句提供了答案。A和D中的copper和
    calcium是用来制造超导体的陶瓷材料的成分;C中的clay是陶瓷材料的来源。
40.正确答案为D。本题属于判断题。A、B、C三个选项的信息在最后一段中都提到了,
    只有选项D的意思没提到,所以选D。    .
41.正确答案为B。本题问的是未来的科学是属于什么的?第一段最后一句给出了答案,
    属于生物科技,所以选B。    -
42.正确答案为C。此题为细节题,问的是生物化学能帮助人们生产出什么样的产品?第
    二段告诉我们,生物化学虽然可以帮助我们生产出新的材料,但这些材料的质量很难
    达到天然产品的程度。这就否定了选项A、B、D,只有选项C为正确答案。
43.正确答案为D。本题的答案应在第三段里寻找。这段告诉我们,.生物化学可以帮助我
    们在未来生产出人工器官,以替代人体中发病的器官。故选项D为正确答案。
44.正确答案为A。本题问的是1996年Arthur’C.Clarke预见到了什么?第四段第二句告
    诉我们,未来人们可以用上生物能源,故选A。
45.正确答案为C。此题为判断题,问的是读了最后一段获得什么信息?本文最后一段谈
    到了生物能源会存在问题,又以原子能指出新能源的危害,但作者最后一句却暗示新
    的生物能源不像原子能那样危险,故选Co    .
第5部分:补全短文
46.正确答案为C。这一段谈的是pressure方面的事,请注意在这个空格后面是一段引言,
    但没有原说话人的名字,这也给我们提示,在填入部分里应该有原说话人的名字。可
    以考虑的B、C、F三个选项,  但从内容上考虑应该选c。
47.正确答案为A。这里填入的部分是对Redlich所做试验的描述,下文又讲到计算机,
    所以不难选定A。
48.正确答案为F。这一段讲的是Redlich试验的结果,一开始就讲了她的finding。填入
    的部分里有also这个词,正好接上。而后面的一句话则用更具体的数据来支持她的
    结论:越年轻,越可能做假供。
49.正确答案为.D。Saul Kassin同意Redlich的结果,她认为年轻人风险大(more at risk),
    但同时她又认为成年人也十分脆弱(vulnerable)。
50.正确答案为B。由于在审讯过程中受到的压力,许多人认为做假供是一种摆脱厄境的
    方法,因此也是一种合理的决定。    ’
第6部分:完形填空
51.答案为B。第一段讲到鲸鱼很像陆地上的哺乳动物,最后一句举了一些例子来说明这
    一点。sign的意思是“符号,特征”,鲸鱼具有陆地上哺乳动物的一些特征,故选B。
52.答案为c。something is built into…的意思是“把……装(建、插)入……”,这里指
    鲸鱼生有巨大的气力。其他几个选项意思上讲不通。
53.答案为A。只能用介词at,不能用其他介词。
54.答案为D。rate表示“速度”,从上下文来讲,选D意思才讲得通。
55.答案为B。此题亦必须根据上下文的意思来推测选哪个词。鲸鱼被惹怒后会攻击船只,
    所以选B。
56.答案为C。这里是一非限定性定语从句,关系代词作 主语,用which,故选C。
57.答案为A。have + something+过去分词是一固定结构,此处只能选A。
58.答案为D。本题所在句子为该段主题句,谈的是鲸鱼的潜水能力。鲸鱼的潜水能力很
    强,能下潜到很深的地方,科学家们不解,所以说是个迷,故选D。
59.答案为A。虽然本题的几个选项都能与food搭配,但从上下文意思来讲,只有A正
确。   
60.答案为B。空格后面的名词是pound,重量单位,据此可以判断选B,因为其他几个
  选项不能和pound搭配。
61.答案为C。呆在水下要用动词remain,其他几个动词放入空格处意思讲不通。
62.答案为D。此题也必须在读懂上下文意思的基础上才能作出判断,这里指鲸鱼聚集氧
    气,故选D。
63.答案为B。上文谈到鲸鱼为什么能够在水下承受巨大的压力,科学家们还没有找到答
    案。选项中的deterrmine的意思是“确定”,此词放入空格处意思讲得通,其他几个选
    项讲不通,故选B。
64.答案为A。special虽然和几个选项都能搭配使用,但只有选项A意思上讲得通,故A
  为正确答案。
65.答案为D。此题亦需根据上下文的意思作出判断。automatically的意思是“自动地”。

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