2005年职称英语理工类(B级)试题及答案

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2005年职称英语理工类(B级)试题及答案


第1部分:词汇选项  (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

  下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1 It is obvious that he will win the game.
A likely
B possible
C clear
D strange
2 There is no risk to public health.
A point
B danger
C chance  
D hope

3 Did anyone call me when was out?
A invite
C answer
B name
D phone
4 It took us along time to mend the house
A build
B destroy
C design
D repair
5 I don’t quite follow what she is saying.
A believe
B understand
C explain
D accept
6 We can no longer put up with his actions
A bear
B accept
C support
D oppose
7 Loud noises can be irritating.
A confusing  
B interesting
C stimulating
D annoying
8 That player is eternally arguing with the referee
A desperately
C eventually
B constantly
D extensively
9 The governor gave a rather vague outline of his tax plan.
A unclear
B firm
C short
D neat
10 Gambling is lawful in Nevada·
A popular
B booming
C legal
D profitable
11 These are their motives for doing it-
A reasons
B excuses
C answers
D plans
12 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west.
A twists
B stretches
C broadens
D bends
13 Henry cannot resist the lure of drugs-
A abuse
B flavor
C temptation
D consumption
14 These programmes are of immense value to old people·
A natural
B fatal
C tiny
D enormous
15 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation
A maintain
B improve
C assess
D protect

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第2部分:阅读判断   (第16-22题,每题1分,共7分)

   阅读下面这篇短文.短文后列出了7个句子.请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断.如果该句提供的是正确信息.请在答题卡上把A涂黑:如果该句提供的是错误信息.请在答题卡上把B涂黑:如果该句的信息文章中没有提及.请在答题卡上把C涂黑.
The Smog(烟雾)
 
For over a month. Indonesia was in crisis. Forest fires raged out of control as the country

Suffered its worst drought for 50 years . Smoke form the fires mixed with sunlight and hot dry air to form a cloud of smog This pollution quickly spread and within days it was hanging over
neighbouring countries including Malaysia.Singapore and Thailand
When the smoke combined with pollution from factories and cars.it soon became poisonous
(有毒的).Dangerous amounts of CO became trapped under the smog and pollution levels rose.
People wheezed f喘息)and coughed as they left the house and their eyes watered immediately.
  The smog made it impossible to see across streets and whole cities disappeared as grey soot
(烟灰)covered everything.In some areas,water was hosed(用胶管浇)from high—rise city
buildings to tIY and break up the smog.
Finally,heavy rains,which came in November,put out the fires and cleared the air.But the
environmental costs and health problems will remain.Many people from South-Eastern Asian
cities aireadv suffer from breathing huge amounts of car exhaust fumes(汽车排放的废气)and
factory pollution.Breathing problems could well increase and many non-sufferers may have
difficulties for血e first time.Wildlife has suffered too.In lowland forests,elephants,deer, and
tigers have been driven out of their homes by smog.
But smog is not just an Asian problem.In fact,the word was first used in London in 1905 to
describe the mixture of smoke and thick fog.Fog often hung over the capital.Sometimes the
smog was so thick and poisonous that people were killed by breathing problems or in accidents.
About 4,000 Londoners died within five days as a result of thick smog in 1952.
16 Indonesia was in crisis because of the drought.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
17 The smog spread to neighbouring countries.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
18 The air·pollution index went up t0 300 within a few days.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
19 Water was used to try to break up the smog.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
20 Many Indonesians blamed the government for the drought.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
21 The forest animals haven’t been affected by the smog.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned
22 The word“smog”first appeared in 1952.
  A RightB WrongC Not mentioned

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第3部分:概括大意与完成句子  (第21-30题,每题1分,共8分)

  阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第l~4段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Cloning(克隆):Future Perfect?
1  A clone is an exact copy of a plant or animal produced from any one cell Since Scottish
scientists reported that they had managed to clone a sheep named Dolly in 1997 research into

cloning has grown rapidly.In May 1998,scientists in Massachusetts managed to create tWO
identical calves(牛犊)using cloning technology A mouse has also been cloned successfully But
the debate over cloning humans really started when Chicago physicist Richard Seed made a
surprising announcement:“We will have managed to clone a human being within the next two
years,”he told the world.
2  Seed’s announcement provoked a lot of media attention,most of it negative.In Europe,
nineteen nations have already signed an agreement banning human cloning and in the US the
President announced:“We will be introducing a law to ban au human cloning and many states in
the US will have passed anti—cloning laws by the end of the year”
3  Many researchers are not so negative about cloning They are worried that laws banning
human cloning will threaten important research In March,The New England Journal of Medicine
called any plan to ban research on cloning humans seriously mistaken Many researchers also
believe that in spite of attempts to ban it,human cloning will have become routine by 2010
because it is impossible to stop the progress of science
4  Is there reason to fear that cloning will lead to a nightmare world? The public has been
bombarded(轰炸)with newspaper articles,television shows and films,as well as cartoons.Such
information is often misleading,and makes people wonder what on earth the scientists will be
doing next.
5  Within the next five to ten years scientists will probably have found a way of cloning
humans.It could be that pretty soon we will be able to choose the person that we want our child
to look like But how would it feel to be a clone among hundreds,the anti-cloners ask Pretty cool,
answer the pro-cloners (赞成克隆的人).
23 Paragraph l  
24 Paragraph 2  
25 Paragraph 3  
26 Paragraph 4  
A Strong Reactions
B Anxiety about the Future of Cloning
C The Right to Choose
D What is Cloning?
E Arguments in Favor of Cloning
F A Common Sight
27 Richard Seed claimed to be able to clone 
28 Richard Seed’s announcement received 
29 The United States will introduce 
30 Within ten years scientists will probably have 
A the nucleus of a cell
B cloned human beings
C a human being in two years
D a law to ban human cloning
E a report on human cloning
F heavy media coverage

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第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第一篇

Almost Human?
Scientists are racing to build the world’s first thinking robot.This is not science fiction:some
say they will have made it by the year 2020 Carol Packer reports
  Machines that walk,speak and feel are no longer science fiction.Kismet is the name of an

android(机器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT).
Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it Can show human emotions.Its eyes,ears
and lips move to show when it feels happy. sad or bored.Kismet is one of the first of a new
generation of androids——robots that look like human beings——which Can imitate human
feelings.Cog,another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother.However,
scientists admit that So far Cog has the mental ability of a two—year—old.
  The optimists(乐观主义者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids(机
器人)with brains similar to those of all adult human being.These robots will be designed to look
like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public.What kind of jobs will
they do? In the future,robots like Robonaut,a humanoid invented by NASA,will be doing
dangerous jobs,like repairing space stations.They will also be doing more and mom of the
household work for us In Japan,scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by
dancing and playing the piano.
  Some people worry about what the future holds:will robots become monsters(怪物)?Will
people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people
will be wearing micro—computers,connected to the Internet,in the future.People will have
micro—chips in various parts of their body,which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets
(小装置).Perhaps we should not exaggerate(夸大)the importance of technology,but one
wonders whether,in years to come,we will still be falling in love,and whether we will still feel
pain.Who knows?

31 Kismet is different from traditional robots because
A it thinks for itself
B It is not like science fiction
C it can look after two—year-old.
D it seems to have human feelings.
32 What makes Cog special?
A It looks like a mother.
B  It behaves like a child.
C It can imitate the behavior of a mother.
D It has a huge brain.
In about 15 years’ time from now,robots
A will become space designers.
B  will look like monsters.
C will behave like animals.
D  will think like humans.
34 In the future robots will also
  A explore space.
  B entertain people.
  C move much faster.
  D do a11 of the housework.
35 What is the writer’s attitude to robots in the future?
A  Critical.
B  Hostile.
C  Objective.
D  Enthusiastic

第二篇

Credit Card Only Works When Spoken to
A credit card that will not work unless it hears its owner’s voice could become an important
weapon in the fight against fraud(欺骗).
  The card requires users to give a spoken password that it recognizes using a built-in
Voice-recognition chip.The idea is to prevent thieves using a stolen card or fraudsters using
someone else’s credit card details to buy goods online.
  A model built by engineers at Beepcard in Santa Monica,California,represents the first
attempt to pack a microphone。a loudspeaker,a battery and a voice·recognition chip into a
standard.sized credit card.
  They are not quite there yet:the card is the length and width of an ordinary credit card,but it
is still about three times as thick.The company now plans to make it thinner.
  The voice card is based on an earlier Beepcard technology designed to prevent fraud in
online transactions This earlier card has no microphone,but has a built·in loudspeaker that it
uses to“squawk”(发出叫声)a voice ID signal via a computer’s microphone to an online server.
  By verifying(证实)that the signal matches the card details,the server can establish that the
user is not simply keying in a credit card number but actually has the card to hand.The ID code
changes each time the card is used in a pre—ordered sequence that only the server knows.
  This prevents fraudsters recording the beeps,noting the card details and then playing back
the audible ID when they key in the details later But this earlier technology cannot prevent
fraudulent use of stolen cards The new one can
The new voice card also identifies itself by its ID squawk.but it will not do this until it has
verified the legitimate(合法的)user’s spoken password Thieves will be unable to use the card
because even if they knew the password they would have to be able to copy the owner’s voice
with a high degree of accuracy
  The challenge for Beepcard has been to develop voice-recognition and audio circuitry that
Can be powered by a mini battery embedded(嵌入的)in a credit card.To maximize battery life,
the electronics are only switched on when the card is being used.Pressing a button on the card’s
surface prompts it to utter “Say your password ”in female voice If the voice—recognition software
proves that the password is authentic(真实的),it sends its ID squawk which the server then
identifies.allowing the transaction to proceed

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36 The voice credit card is an important invention because
  A it can be made cost-effectively.
  B it can leave voice messages,
  C it makes online shopping easy
  D it makes fraud difficult.
37 What is the problem which the model card?
  A It is too large.
  B It is toot hick
  C It can’t be used in online transactions
  D It doesn’t have a loudspeaker.
38 Which of the following statements about the earlier card is true?
  A Its owner can change the ID code freely
  B Its user does not need to key in the ID number.
  C It can record its user’s spoken password.
  D It still can be used by someone else after being stolen.
39 What is the advantage of the new voice card?

  A It recognizes only its owner’s spoken password.
  B It doesn’t need to work with an online server
  C It requires less ID information.
  D It has a playback function
40 What can we learn from the last paragraph about the voice card?
  A Only female voice passwords could be recognized.
  B Further improvement should be made to extend battery life
  C There is no limit to its application.
  D Female customers like to use it

第三篇

More Than a Ride to School
The National Education Association claims,“The school bus is a mirror of the community.”
They further add that,unfortunately,what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the
reality of a chosen community.They are right—sometimes it reflects more! Just ask Liesl
Denson.Riding the sch001 bus has been more than a ride to school for Liesl.
Bruce Hardy, sch001 bus driver for A1thouse Bus Company has been Liesl’s bus driver since
kindergarten,Last year when Liesl’s family moved to Parkesburg,knowing her bus went by her
new residence,she requested to ride the same bus.
  This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus.She says,“It’s been a
great ride so far! My bus driver is so cool and has always been a good friend and a ‘good listener
Sometimes when you’re a child  adults do not think that what you have to say is important ML
Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important Her friends Ashley
Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree
  Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 1975 This year he will
celebrate 30 years working for Althouse Bus Company.Larry Althouse,president of the company
acknowledges Bruce Hardy’s outstanding record:“You do not come by employees like Bruce
these days.He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record.He was
recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 accident
free miles.Hardy’s reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with
the students that ride his bus’’
  Althouse further adds,”Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been
providing quality transportation ever since My grandfather started the business with one bus.
Althouse Bus Company is delighted to have the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service
to our local school and community and looks forward to continuing to provide quality service for
many more years to come.”
  Three generations of business is not all the company has enjoyed Thanks to drivers like
Bruce Hardy ,they have been building relationships through generations.Liesl’s mother Carol
also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce Hardy’s bus to the Octorara School District.
41 The word “mirror’ ’in the first line could be best replaced by
A  “vehicle”.
B  “device”
C  “need”.
D  “reflection”.
42 Bruce Hardy has been working with Althouse Bus Company
  A  for 30 years.
  B  for 70 years
  C  since last year.
  D  since 2000.
43 Which of the following statements is NOT true of Bruce Hardy?
  A He is popular with his passengers.
  B He has never missed a day of work.
  C He is an impatient person.
  D He has driven 350.000 accident free miles.
44 Althouse Bus Company was founded by
  A Larry Althouse.
  B Althouse’s grandfather.
  C Liels’s mother.
  D  Ashley Batista.
45 Althouse Bus Company pays much attention to
  A employing young drivers
  B running quality schools.
  C providing free driving lessons.
  D  building sound relationships.

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第5部分:补全短文  (第46~50题,每题2分,共1 0分)

  阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
Every Dog Has Its Say

Kimiko Fukuda,a Japanese girl,always wondered what her dog was trying to say
Whenever she put on makeup,it would pull at her sleeve. (46)When the dog barks,

she glances at a small electronic gadget(装置)The following“human”translation appears on its
screen:“Please take me with you.“I realized that’S how he was feeling.”said Fukuda.
  The gadget is called Bowlingual ,and it translates dog barks into feelings.People laughed
when the Japanese toymaker Takara Company made the world’s first dog。human translation
machine in 2002 But 300.000 Japanese dog owners bought it. (47)
  “Nobody else had thought about it,”said Masahiko Kajita,who works for Takara.“We
spend SO much time training dogs to understand our orders;what would it be like if we could
understand dogs?’’
Bowlingual has two parts. (48)The translation is done in the gadget using a
database(资料库)containing every kind of bark.
  Based on animal behaviour research,these noises are divided into six categories:happiness,
sadness,frustration,anger,declaration and desire   (49)In this way,the database
scientifically matches a bark to an emotion,which is then translated into one of 200 phrases.
  When a visitor went to Fukuda’s house recently,the dog barked a loud“bow WOW”This
translated as
‘Don’t come this way”  (50)
  The product will be available in US pet stores this summer for about US$120.It can store up
to 100 barks,even recording the dog’s emotions when the owner is away.
A A wireless microphone is attached to the dog’s collar,which sends information to the gadget
Held by the owner’
B Nobody really knows how a dog feels
C It was followed by“I’m stronger than you”as the dog growled(嗥叫)and sniffed(嗅)at the
visitor
D More customers are expected when the English version is launched this summer
E  Now,the Japanese girl thinks she knows
F  Each one of these emotions is then linked to a phrase like“Let’s play”,“Look at me”,or
“Spend more time with me”

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第6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共1 5分)

  阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Dark Forces Dominate Universe
The earth.moon.sun and all visible stars in the sky make up less than one percent of the
universe.Almost all the rest is dark matter and dark energy,unknown forces that (51)
astronomers.
  Observations in recent years have changed the basic(52)of how the universe
evolved and have indicated how little is known about the major forces and substances that
 (53) our world

Astronomers now know that luminous(发光的)matter—stars,planets and hot gas----
Accounts  (54) only about 0,4 percent of the universe.Non-luminous components,such as black holes and intergalactic(星系间的)gas, (55)up 3.6 percent The rest is either dark matter , about 23 percent,or dark energy,about 73 percent.
Dark matter.Sometimes   (56)“cold dark matter,”has been known for some time.Only recently have researchers come to understand the key role it  (57)formation of stars,planets and even people.
We   (58) our very existence to dark matter,” said physicist Paul Steinhardt
and a co-author of a review on dark matter which  (59)not long ago in the journal
Science.
“Dark matter dominated the structure   (60)in the early universe,”Steinhardt
said.’'For the first few billion years dark matter contained most of the mass of the universe You
can think of ordinary matter   (61) a froth(泡沫)of an ocean of dark matter.The dark
matter dumps(结成块)and the ordinary matter falls into it.That  (62) to the formation of the stars and galaxies(星系).”
Without dark matter ,“ there would be virtually no structures in the universe
  The nature of dark matter is   (63)It cannot be seen or detected directly
Astronomers know it is there because of its  (64)on celestial(天体的)objects that can be seen and measured.   
But the most dominating force of all in the universe is called dark energy, a recently 
(65)power that astronomers say is causing the galaxies in the universe to separate at a faster and faster speed.

51 A worry          B move     C puzzle    D reject
52 A understanding   B value     C pattern     D structure
53 A changed        B described  C designed  D shaped
54 A in             B for       C of        D to
55 A make          B keep      C set       D get
56 A written         B called     C identified  D seen
57 A signed          B stressed   C acted     D played
58 A believe         B owe       C feel      D regard
59 A appeared        B carried    C published   D contributed
60 A element        B shape     C formation   D power
61 A with          B as          C form      D beside
62A turned         B worked    C led         D attempted
63 A unknow       B interesting   C different   D visible
64 A form          B outcome   C effect      D source
65 A seized         B proven    C caught      D grasped

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2005年职称英语登记考试理工类(B级)答案
满分100分.其中:
1—15每题1分;
16—30每题1分:
31—45每题3分;
46—50每题2分;
51—65每题1分。
1 C    2 B   3 D    4 D     5 B
6 A     7 D   8 B   9 A     10 C
11A    12 C   1 3 C   14 D   15 B
16 A   17 A    18 C   19 A   20 C
21 B   22 B     23 D   24 A   25 E
26 B   27 C     28 F   29 D   30 B
31 D   32 C     33 D   34 B   35 C
36 B    37 B    38 D     39 A   40 B

41 D    42 A    43 C    44 B   45 D
46 E    47 D    48 A    49 F   50 C
51 C    52 A     53 D   54B   55 A
56 B    57 D     58 B   59 A   60C
61 B    62 C    63 A     64 C   65 B
2005年职称英语等级考试理工类(B级)题解
第1部分:词汇选项
  1  C  obvious:显而易见的。clear:清楚的。It is not clear whether the incident was an
accident deliberate还不清楚这一事件是意外的还是故意的。Likely,possible都
有“可能”的意思。strange:奇怪。
  2  B  risk:危险。danger也是这个意思。point:某一想法。chance:机会:hope:
希望。
  3 D  call:打电话。phone也是这个意思。invite:邀请;answer:回答,回电。
  4 D  mend和repair都有“修理”的意思。Zhangsan repaired the roof to ensure the
house is windproof.张三修理了一下房顶,使得房子不进风。build:建设;destroy:
破坏;design:设计。
  5  B  follow此处有“理解”的意思。understand:懂,理解。This book is difficult to
understand.此书难懂。believe:相信;explain解释;accept:接受。
  6  A  bear和put up with都有“忍受”的意思。accept是“接受”,support是“支持”,
oppose是“反对。
  7 D  irritating和annoying都有“使烦恼的”意思。confusing:使人糊涂的:
interesting:有趣的。stimulating:刺激性的,起激励作用的。
  8  B  eternally和constantly都有“持续地,不断地”意思。desperately:拼命地;
eventually:最终;extensively:广大地。
  9  A  vague:模糊的。unclear:不确切的,不明确的。这两个词意思相近。firm:
坚定的;short:短暂的;neat:干净的。
  10 c lawful和legal都有“合法的”意思。booming:兴旺的;popular:流行的。
profitable:有利   可图的。We had a profitable talk.我们的谈话是有益的。
  11 A motive:动机。reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to
doubt his word没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer和reply都有“回
答”的意思。
  12 C  widen和broaden都有“拓宽”的意思。twist:弯曲。stretch:延伸。The forests
stretch for hundreds of miles.森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。
  13 C lure:吸引。temptation:吸引。这两个词意思相近。abuse:滥用。flavor:滋
味;consumption:消费。
  14 D  immense和enormous都有“巨大的”意思。It was an enormous disappointment
此事太令人失望了。natural:自然的;tiny:微小的;fatal:致命的。
  15 B  remedy:补救。improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used
to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持。protect:保
护。assess:评估。
第2部分:阅读判断
16 A  题句的意思是“由于干旱,印度尼西亚处于危机之中”。与文章第一句意思相同,
故为正确答案。
17 A  题句的意思是“烟雾飞散到临近国家”。与第一段第三句意思相同,故为意思
正确。
18 c  题句意思是“空气污染指数几天内达到300”。文章根本没有提到此事。故选C。
19 A  题句的意思是“人们用水来驱散烟雾”。第三段第二句就有这层意思,故选A。
20 c  题句意思是“很多印尼人因为旱灾而抱怨政府”。这层意思文中根本没有提到,
故选C。
21 B  题句的意思是“森林里的动物未曾受到烟雾的影响”。文中第四段最后一句提
到一些动物由于烟雾逃出了森林。故题句意思与原文有出入,选B。
22 B  题句的意思是“smog这个词最早出现于1952年。最后一段提到这个词首次是
在1905年出现的。题句意思与原文不符,故选B。
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子
23 D  文章第一段主要讲的是什么是克隆?即克隆的基本概念,故选D。
24 A  文章第二段主要Seed的言论引起媒体激烈的反应,故选A。
25 E  文章第三段主要讲一些科学家对克隆的正面反应,认为人们无法阻挡科技的
进步。
26 B  文章第四段主要谈公众对未来克隆技术的担心,故选B。
27 c  文中提到Seed的言论,他认为未来两年内就会有克隆人出现,故选c。
28 F  文章第二段谈到Seed的言论引起了激烈的反应,故选F。
29 D  文章第二段最后一句提到美国通过了禁止克隆人的法律,故选D。
30 B  文章最后一段提到未来5到10年内人们可能会找到克隆人的办法,即会有克
隆人出现,故选B。

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第4部分:阅读理解
31 D  该题问的是Kismet与其他机器人的区别。第二段第三句提到它可以显示人的
表情,这是它有别于其他机器人的地方,故D为答案。
32 c  该题问的是机器人cog有什么特别之处?第二段倒数第二句提到它可以模仿
母亲的动作。故C为答案。
  33 D  答案在第三段第一句话中。

  34 B  该题问题是未来的机器人还能干什么?第三段最后一句提到“...will entertain
us by dancing and playing the piano。故B正确。
35 c  该题问的是作者对未来机器人的态度是什么。从最后一段的内容可以看出作
者的态度是客观的,故c正确。
36 D  有声信用卡的重要之处就在于它可以防止欺骗,第一段把这个主题交待得很
清楚,故D为答案。
37 B  工程师发明的样卡(model credit card)主要问题是尺寸太厚,见原文第四段。
38 D  该题问的是关于早期的信用卡,下面哪个陈述正确?第七段第二句提到早期
  的卡无法防止被盗用的问题,故选D。
39 A  该题问的是新的语音信用卡有何优势?倒数第二段第一句话提到这种卡能够
  识别合法的持有人的语音密码,其他几个选项的信息不合原意。
40 B  文章最后一段第二句提到,为延长电池的寿命,卡只有在使用的时候才打开。
  说明应在耗电和延长电池寿命方面进行改进,故B为正确答案。
41 D  mirror和reflection都有“反映”的意思。reflection的动词是reflect,在第一
  段中出现了两次。vehicle是“交通工具”,device是“装置”,  need是“需要”。
42 A  该题问的是:Bruce hardy为Althouse公交公司工作了多少年了?第四段的
  第二句话是这么说的:今年,他要庆祝为Althouse公交公司工作30年。
43 c  该题问的是:下面的哪一种说法不符合Bruce Hardy的实际情况?A和B可
  见于第三段第二行。D可见于第四段的后半部分。c说的是:Bruce Hardy不耐心。
  第三段说到了BrLice Hardy是一个很好的听众,他总是听着你要说的话。可见,说
  Bruce Hard3,不耐心不符合实际情况。
44 B  该题问的是:谁创立了Althouse公交公司?A说的是:Larty Althouse。Larry
  .Althouse是公司的总裁。B说的是:Althouse的祖父。倒数第二段有这样一句话:
  我(AlⅡlouse)的祖父开始经营时只有一辆公共汽车。可见,B是正确答案。
45 D  该题问的是:Althouse公交公司注重什么?A说的是:雇用年轻司机。B说
  的是:经营素质学校。c提供免费的驾驶课程。D建立良好的关系。
第5部分:补全短文
46 E  文章的第一句话提出了Kimiko Fukuda一直在想的一件事,即狗究竟想表达
什么。紧接着应该给出一个答案是比较符合逻辑的。E就是答案。
47 D  上一句话说的30万日本养狗人已经买了人狗翻译机。符合逻辑的一步是更多
的人还会买。因此D是合理的选项。
48 A  上一句说的是Bowlingual这个装置有两个部分。接着应该是具体说明。A是
对装置的具体说明。
49 F  第五段的第一句话说的是:根据动物行为研究,这些杂音可以分成六类:幸
福;悲痛;受挫;气愤;声称;欲望。因为是人狗翻译机,这些情感还需要跟人
的话对应起来。
50 c  上一句话说的是:当一个客人最近来到F1Jkuda的屋时,狗大声地叫着“bow
wow”的声音。因为是在讲人狗翻泽机,下面一句话应该讲的是它的翻译。因此c
是对的。
第6部分:完形填空
51 c puzzle:使……感到迷惑。几个选项中只有此选项意思符合原文。
52 A  此句的意思是近年来的观察改变了人们对于宇宙是如何演变的基本了解。其
他几个选项与原文不符。
53 D  此处应该是形成世界的各种物质。故用D。
54 B  account for意思是占……比例,属固定搭配。
55 A  make u口也是一词组,表示“组成,构成;占……”的意思。
56 B dark matter又称为cold dark matter,此处只有called合适,其他几个选项意思
  不符。
57 D play a role in是一固定词组,意思是“在……发挥作用”。其他几个选项不合
  适。
58 B  owe t0也是一固定搭配,意思是“认为是靠……的力量”,此句的意思是“我
  们靠暗物质的力量而存在”。
59 A  从上下文来讲,选项A最合适,与文意相符。
60 C  此处的意思是“暗物质在宇宙早期结构形成过程中起着主导作用”。四个选项
  中只有c与文意符合。
61 B  此题应从结构方面考虑。think…as…:把……视为……
62 C lead to是一固定词组,意思是“导致……”。
63 A  从整个段落意思来考虑,只有选项A合适。
64 c  此题亦需从上下文来考虑,effect指影响,只有此选项符合文意。
65 B  暗物质是被科学家们证明存在的一个能量。这种能量正影响着整个宇宙。被
  证明的:proven。其他几个选项与文意不符。
 

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