2007年职称英语考试理工类(A级)试题及答案

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2007年职称英语考试理工类(A级)试题及答案

2007年度全国职称外语等级考试试卷
英语
(理工类A级)

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。
  1.The news will everyone.
  A.attract  B.terrify  C.tempt  D.excite
  2.The article   the major events of the decade.
  A.described  B.offered  C.outlined  D.presented
  3.I won’t    that kind  of behavior.
  A.bear  B.accept  C.admit  D.take
  4.Their style of playing football is   different.
  A.barely  B.scarcely  C.hardly  D.totally
  5.Her sister   her to apply for the job.
  A.advised  B.caused  C.forced  D.promised
  6.Even sensible men do   things.
  A.unusual  B.ridiculous  C.special  D.typical
  7.She   inot her boyfriend in town this morning.
  A.walked  B.came  C.fled  D.ran
  8.This sort of thing is  to happen.
  A.sure  B.quick  C.fast  D.swift
  9.At the age of 30,Hersey suddenly became a .
  A.boss  B.manager  C.star  D.dictator
  10.He cannot  between a good idea and a bad one.
  A.judge  B.assess  C.distinguish  D.recognize
  11.They are concerned for the fate of the forest and the lndians who  in it.
  A.live  B.sleep  C.hide  D.gather
  12.The index is the government’s chief  of future economic activity.
  A.method  B.measure  C.way  D.manner
  13.The architecture is and no building is over six-storey  high.
  A.old-fashioned  B.traditional  C.conventional  D.balanced
  14.The food is   for ten people.
  A.demanded  B.qualified  C.insufficient  D.required
  15.She  in her ideas despite obvious objections raised by friends.
  A.persisted  B.insisted  C.resisted  D.suggested

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  2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,第题1分,共7分)
  下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。
  When We Are Asleep
  Everyone dreams,but some peopole never recall their dreams,or do so very rarely.Other people always wake up with vivid recollections (记忆)  of their dreams,though they forget them very quickly.In an average night of eight hours’ sleep,an average adult will dream for around one hundred minutes,probably having three to five dreams,each lasting from ten to thirty minutes.
  Scientists can detect when someone is having a dream by using an instrument which measures the electrical waves in the brain.During dreaming,these waves move more quickly.Breathing and pulse rate also increase,and there are rapid eye movements under the lids,just as though the dreamer were really looking at moving objects.These signs of dreaming have been detected in all mammals (哺 乳动物) studied,including dogs,monkeys,cats,and elephants,and also some birds and reptiles (爬行动物).This period of sleep is called the“D”state for around 50% of their sleep;the period reduces to around 25% by the age of 10.
  Dreams take the form of stories,but they may be strange and with incidents not connected,which make little sense.Dreams are seldom without people in them and they are usually about people we know.One estimate says that two-thirds of the“cast”of our dream dramas are friends and relations.Vision seems an essential part of dreams,except for people blind from birth.Sound and touch are senses also often aroused,but smell and taste are not frequently involved.In“normal”dreams,the dreamer may be taking part,or be only an observer.But he or she cannot control what happens in the dream.
  However,the dreamer does have control over one type of dream.This type of dream is called a“lucid”(清醒的) dream.Not everyone is a lucid dreamer.Some people are occasional lucid dreamers.Others can dream lucidly more or less all the time.In a lucid dream,the dreamer knows that he is dreaming.
  16.Some people dream but cannot remember their dreams.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  17.In an average night,males dream longer than females.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  18.When we dream,there is less movement of electrical waves in our brains.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  19.Babies dream less than older children.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  20.Most dreams involve the people we played with when we were young.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  21.We rarely smell things in dreams.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned
  22.In a lucid dream we can use Morse code to communicate with others.
  A.Right  B.Wrong   C.Not mentioned

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  3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)
  下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第2~5段每段选择1个最佳标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。
  Memory Test
  1“I am going to give you five techniques that will enable you to remember anything you need to know at school,”promised lecturer lan Robinson to a hundred schoolchildren.He slapped his hand down on the table.“When I’ve finished in two hours’ time,your work will be far more effective and productive.Anyone not interested,leave now.”The entire room sat still.
  2Robinson calls himself the Mind Magician (魔术师).He specializes in doing magic tricks that look totally impossible,and then he  reveals that they involve nothing more mysterious than good old-fashioned trickery (骗术).“I have always  been interested in tricks involving  memory-being able to reel off (一口气 说出) the order of cards in a pack,that sort of thing,”he  explains.
  3Robinson was already  lecturing to schools on his magic techniques when it struck him that students might find memory techniques even more valuable.“It wasn’t difficult area to move inot,as the stuff’s all there in books.”So he summarized everything to make a two-hour lecture about five techniques.
  4“You want to learn a list of a hundred things?A thousand?No problem,”says Robinson.The scandal is that every child is not taught the techniques from the beginning of their school life.The schoolchildren who were watching him thought it was brilliant.“I wish I’d  been told this earlier,”commented Mark,after Robinson had shown them how to construct“mental journeys”.
  5Essentially,you visualize (想象) a walk down a street,or a trip round a room,and pick the points where you will put the things you want to remember-the lamppost,the fruit bowl.Then in each location you put a visual representation of your list-phrasal verbs,historical dates,whatever-making them as strange as possible.It is that simple,and it works.
  6The reaction of schools has been uniformly enthusiastic.“The pupils benefited enormously from lan’s presentation,”says Dr Johnston,head of the school where Robinson was speaking.“ldeally we should run a regular class in  memory techniques so pupils can pick it up gradually.”
  23.Paragraph 2 _________.
  24.Paragraph 3 _________.
  25.Paragraph 4 _________.
  26.Paragraph 5 _________.
  A.Good results
  B.An ancient skill
  C.Gaining attention
  D.Memory tricks
  E.A lecture on memory techniques
  F.Ways to improve  memory
  27.The memory techniques used are no more complex than the old ____.
  28.Robinson taught children to use“mental journeys”to improve ____.
  29.Robinson told the pupils that all the memory techniques could be found in ____.
  30.The schoolchildren got a lot from the magician’s ____.
  A.books
  B.lecture
  C.tricks
  D.facts
  E.memory
  F.list

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  4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)
  下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇Trying to Find a Parther
  One of the most striking findings of a recent poll  in the UK is that of the people inbterviewed,one in two believes that it is becoming more difficult to meet someone to start a family with.
  Why are many finding it increasingly difficult to start and sustain intimate relationships?Does modern life really make it harder to fall in love?Or are we making it harder for ourselves?
  It is certainly the case today that contemporary couples benefit in different ways from relationships.Women no longer rely upon partners for economic security or status.A man doesn’t expect his spouse to be  in sole charge of running his household and raising his children.
  But perhaps the knowledge that we can live perfectly well without a partnership means  that it takes much more to persuade people to abandon their independence.
  In theory,finding a partner should be much simpler these days.Only a few generations ago,your choice of soulmate (心上人) was constrained by geography,social convention and family  tradition.Although it was never explicit,many marriages were essentially  arranged.
  Now those barriers have been broken down.You can approach a builder or a brain surgeon  in any bar in any city on any given evening.When the world is your oyster (牡蛎),you surely have a better chance of finding a pearl.
  But it seems that the old conventions have been replaced by an even tighter constraint:the tyranny of choice.
  The expectations of partners are inflated to an unmanageable degree:good looks,impressive salary,kind to grandmother,and right socks.There is no room for error in the first impression.
  We think that a relationship can be perfect.If it isn’t,it is disposable.We work to protect ourselves against future heartache and don’t put in the hard emotional labor needed to build a strong relationship.Of course,this is complicated by realities.The cost of housing and child-rearing creates pressure to have a stable income and career before a life partnership.
  31.What does the recent poll show?
  A.It is getting more difficult for a woman to find her husband.
  B.It is getting increasingly difficult to start a familyl.
  C.It is getting more difficult for a man to find his wife.
  D.It is  getting increasingly difficult to develop an intimate relationship with your spouse.
  32.Which of the following is NOT true about a contemporary married couple?
  A.The wife doesn’t have to raise the children all by herself.
  B.The husband doesn’t have to support the family all by himself.
  C.The wife is no longer the only person to manage the household.
  D.They will receive a large sum of money from the govemment.
  33.Which of the following was NOT a constraint on one’s choice of soulmate in the old days?
  A.The health condition of his or her grandmother.
  B.The geographical environment.
  C.The social convention.
  D.The family tradition.
  34.Which of the following is NOT expected of a partner according to this passage?
  A.Good looks.
  B.An impressive career.
  C.A high salary.
  D.A fine sense  of humor.
  35.The word“sustain”(paragraph 2)could be best replaced by
  A.“reduce”.
  B.“shake”.
  C.“maintain”.
  D.“weaken”.

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  第二篇A Very Slow Ride
  The surface of the earth may seem  very stable  to you.But you might be amazed if you knew some of the things that are going on under that surface.
  The earth has an outer shell of rigid pieces called tectonic plates (地壳构造板块).The plates include both ocean floor and dry land.Some have whole continents on top of them.The continents on top of the plates are just going along for a slow ride,moving only about four inches per year.But even this small movement causes three types of big interactions.
  One type is ocean ridges.These ridges develop in places where two plates are moving away from each other.As the plates separate,hot magma(岩浆)flows up to fill the space.New crust(地壳)builds up on the plate boundaries and causes ocean  ridges.These ridges form long mountain ranges,which only rise above the ocean surface in a few places.
  Another type of reaction-trenches-occurs between two plates that are moving toward each other.As the plates meet,one bends downward and plunges undemeath the other.This forms deep ocean trenches.The Marianas Trench off Guam in the western Pacific Ocean has a depth of more than 36,000 feet.This is the lowest point on the ocean floor.If the leading edges of the two colliding plates carry continents,then the layers of rock in the overriding plate crumple(变皱)and fold.A plate that carried what is now lndia collided with the southern edge of the plate that carried Europe and most of Asia.This caused the Himalayas,the world’s highest mountains.
  The third reaction is transform faults(转换断层).These faults occur where two plates that are traveling in opposite directions slide past each other.Severe earthquakes can occur.The San Andreas Fault in Califomia is a good example of this type of movement.
  36.The word“stable”(paragraph 1)means
  A.“a place for horses”.
  B.“calm and easygoing”.
  C.“steady or firm”.
  D.“a collection of animals”.
  37.To explain the effect of  trenches,the writer gives the example of
  A.the sea floor in the Atlantic Ocean.
  B.the Himalayan Mountains.
  C.Europe.
  D.lndia.
  38.The San Andreas Fault is an example of
  A.a severe earthquake.
  B.a California rock formation.
  C.two plates moving apart.
  D.two plates aliding past each other.
  39.According to the passage,the earth is
  A.always changing.
  B.becoming smaller.
  C.moving faster.
  D.getting hotter.
  40.This passage is mostly about
  A.effects of movements of the earth’s plates.
  B.different types of continents.
  C.the Marianas Trench.
  D.transform faults.

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  第三篇Mobile Phones:Are They about to Transform Our Lives?
  We love them so much that some of us sleep with them under the pillow,yet we are increasingly concerned that we cannot escape their electronic reach.We use them to convey our most intimate secrets,yet we worry that they are a threat to our privacy.We rely on them more than the lnternet to cope with modern life,yet many of us don’t believe advertisements saying we need more advanced services.
  Sweeping aside the doubts that many people feel about the benefits of new third generation phones and fears over the health effects of phone masts(天线竿),a recent report clains that the long-term effects of new mobile technologies will be entirely positive so long as the public can be convinced to make use of them.Research about users of mobile phones reveals that the mobile has already moved beyond being a mere practical communications tool to become the backbone (支柱)of modern social life,from love affairs to friendship to work.One female teacher,32,told the researchers:“I love my phone.It’s my friend.”
  The close relationship between  user and phone is most pronounced among teenagers,the report says,who regard their mobiles as an expression of their identity.This is partly because mobiles are seen as being beyond the control of parents.But the researchers suggest that another reason may be that mobiles,especially taxt messaging,are seen as a way of overcoming shyness.“Texting is often used for apologies,to excuse lateness or to communicate other things that make us uncomfortable,”the report says,The impact of phones,however,has been local rather than global,supporting existing friendships and networks,rather than opening users to a new broader community.Even the language of texting in one area can be incomprehensible to anybody from another area.
  Among the most important benefits of using mobile phones,the report claims,will be a vastly improved mobile infrastructure(基础设施),providing gains throughout the economy,and the provision of a more sophisticated location-based services for users.The report calls on govemment to put more effort into the delivery of services by bobile phone,with suggestions including public transport and traffic information and doctors’ text messages to remind patients of appointments.“I love that idea,”one user said in an interview.“It would mean I wouldn’t have to write a hundred messages to myself.”
  There are many other possibilities.At a recent trade fair in Sweden,a mobile navigation product was launched.When the user enters a destination,a route is automatically downloaded to their mobile and presented by voice,pictures and maps as they drive.In future,these devices will also be able to plan around congestion(交通堵塞)and road works in real time.Third generation phones will also allow for remote monitoring of patients by doctors.In Britain scientists are developing a asthma(哮喘)management solution,using mobiles to detect early signs of an attack.
  41.What does the writer suggest in the first paragraph about  our attitudes to mobile phones?
  A.We can’t live without them.
  B.We are worried about using them so much.
  C.We have contradictory feelings about them.
  D.We need them more than anything else to deal with modem life.
  42.Which of the following statements is true?
  A.Modern social life relies significantly on the use of mobile phones.
  B.Mobile phones make romantic communication more difficult.
  C.Mobile phones encourage people to make friends.
  D.Mobile phones enable people of different countries to talk without translation.
  43.Teenagers have a close relationship with their mobile phones partly because they
  A.use text messages more than any other group.
  B.are more likely to be late than older people.
  C.tend to feel uncomfortable in many situations.
  D.take mobile phones as an indication of independence from their parents.
  44.It is suggested that mobile phones should be used to
  A.give the address of  the nearest hospital.
  B.show bus and train timetables.
  C.arrange delivery of mails.
  D.cure diseases.
  45.The  navigation product launched in Sweden is helpful to drivers because it can
  A.suggest the best route to get to a place.
  B.download maps of the area.
  C.tell them which roads are congested.
  D.show them how to avoid road works.

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  5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)
  下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。
  American Dreams
  There is a common response to America among foreign writers:the US is a land of extremes where the best of things qre just as easily found as the worst.This is a cliche(陈词滥调).
  In the land of black and white,people should not be too surprised to find some of the biggest gaps between the rich and the poor in the world.But the American Dream offers a way out to everyone.(46) No class system or govemment stands in the way.
  Sadly,this old argument is no longer true.Over the past few decades there has been a fundamental shift in the structure of the American economy.
  The gap between the rich and the poor has widened and widened.(47)
  Over the past 25 years the median US family income has gone up 18 per cent.For the top 1 per cent,however,it has gone up 200 per cent.Twenty-five years ago the top fifth of Americans had an average income 6.7 times that of the bottom fifth.(48)
  Inequalities have grown worse in different regions.In California,incomes for lower class families have fallen by 4 per cent since 1969.(49) This has led to an economy hugely in favor of a small group of very rich Americans.The wealthiest 1 per cent of households now control a third of the national wealth.There are now 37 million Americans living in poverty.At 12.7 per cent of the population,it is the highest percentage in the developed world.
  Yet the tax burden on America’s rich is falling,not growing.(50) There was an economic theory holding that the rich spending more would benefit everyone as a whole.But clearly that theory has not worked in reality.
  A.Nobody is poor in the US.
  B.The top 0.01 per cent of households has seen its tax bite fall by a full 25 percentage points since 1980.
  C.For upper class families they have risen 41 per cent.
  D.Now it is 9.8 times.
  E.As it does so,the possibility to cross that gap gets smaller and smaller.
  F.All one has to do is to work hard and climb the ladder towards  the top.

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  6部分:完形填空(第51~65题,每题1分,共15分)
  下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。
  Robots May Allow Surgery in Space
  Small robots designed by University of Nebraska researchers may allow doctors on Earth to help perform surgery on  patients in space.
  The tiny,wheeled robots,(51)are  about 3 inches tall and as wide as a lipstick case,can be slipped into small incisions(切口)and  computer-controlled by surgeons in different locations.Some robots are equipped(52)cameras and lights and can send images back to surgeons and others have surgical tools attached that can be(53)remotely.
  “We think this is going to (54)open surgery,”Dr Dmitry Oleynikov said at a news conference.Oleynikov is a (55)in computer-assisted surgery at the University of Nebraska Medical Center in Omaha.
  Officials hope that NASA will teach(56)to use the robots soon enough so that surgeries could one day be performed in space.
  On earth,the surgeons could control the robots themselves(57)other locations.For example,the robots could enable surgeons in other places to (58)on injured soldiers on the front line.Researchers plan tp seek federal regulatory(59)early nest year.Tests on animals have been successful,and tests on humans in England will begin very soon.
  The camera-carrying robots can provide(60)of affected areas and the ones with surgical tools will be able to maneuver(操控)inside  the body in ways surgeons’  hands can’t.The views from the camera-carrying robots are (61)than  the naked eye,because they(62)back color images that are magnified(放大).Because several robots can be inserted through one incision,they could reduce the amount and (63)of cuts needed for surgery,which would decrease recovery time.This is particularly(64)to those patients who have been debilitated(使虚弱)by long illness.
  Eventually,Oleynikov said,the tiny robots may enable surgeons to work without ever(65)their hands in patients’  bodies.“That’s the goal,”Oleynikov said.“It’s getting easier and easier.We can do even more with these devices.”
  51.A.since B.when C.which D.as
  52.A.by B.with C.in D.on
  53.A.controlled B.developed C.repaired D.provided
  54.A.perform B.undergo C.follow D.replace
  55.A.reporter B.specialist C.designer D.director
  56.A.astronauts B.nurses C.teachers D.trainers
  57.A.by B.of C.from D.through
  58.A.take B.put C.live D.work
  59.A.approval B.questions C.treatment D.license
  60.A.answers B.services C.views D.insights
  61.A.weaker B.stronger C.poorer D.better
  62.A.send B.produce C.change D.create
  63.A.measure B.size C.power D.pressure
  64.A.relevant B.true C.helpful D.interesting
  65.A.touching B.pressing C.holding D.placing
   
  2007年度职称外语等级考试标准答案
  英语理工类A卷(A级)
   
  1.B2.C3.A4.D5.A6.B7.D8.A9.C10.C11.A
  12.B13.D14.C15.A16.A17.C18.B19.B20.C21.A
  22.C23.D24.E25.A26.F27.C28.E29.A30.B31.B
  32.D33.A34.D35.C36.C37.B38.D39.A40.A41.C
  42.A43.D44.B45.A46.F47.E48.D49.C50.B51.C
  52.B53.A54.D55.B56.A57.C58.D59.A60.C61.D
  62.A63.B64.C65.D

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