2004年职称英语等级考试综合类(C级)试题及答案

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2004年职称英语等级考试综合类(C级)试题及答案

第1部分:词汇选项  (第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

    下面共有15个句子,每个句子中均有1个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的4个选项中选择1个与画线部分意义最相近的词或短语。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

1 We are certain that he will get over his illness.
A sure     C surprised
B happy    D excited

2 A research center has been set up in this country.
  A praised    B established
  C reformed   D criticized
3 If headaches only Occur at night,lack of fresh air is often the cause.
   A deliver    B fall
   C happen    D arrive
4 The ice is not thick enough to bear the weigh of a tank.
   A suffer    B accept
   C receive D endure
5 A small number of Firms have stopped trading
   A hotels    B shops
   C restaurants D companies
6 In order to survive man needs to consume food and water.
   A work    B play
   C 1ive      D walk
7 The researchers have just completed a study of driving situations.
   A started    B finished
   C changed   D made
8 It seems highly unlikely that she will pass the exam.
   A very    B completely
   C usually D-mostly
9 Their parents once 1iVed under very severe conditions.
  A sound    B hard
  C strict     D tight
10 Michael is now merely a good friend.
  A largely    B possibly
  C just       D rarely
11 Have you talked to her lately?
  A lastly     B finally
  C shortly   D recently
12 While we don’t agree,we continue to be friends.
A whoever   B where
C Although   D Whatever
13 Enormous sums of money have been spent on space exploration.
    A Much    B Large
    C Small    D Fixed
14 About one million Americans are diagnosed annually with skin cancer
    A every year    B severely
    C actively       D every month
15 The policeman wrote down all the particulars.of the accident.
    A secrets    B details
    C benefits    D words

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第2部分:阅读判断  (第16"22题,每题1分,共7分)

    阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子作出判断。
如果该旬提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把A涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在
答题卡上把B涂黑;如果该句的信息文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把C涂黑。
New Product Will Save Lives
    Drinking water that looks clean may still contain bugs(虫子)。which Can cause illness.A
small company called Genera Technologies has produced a testing method in three stages,which
shows whether water is safe.The new test shows if water needs chemicals added to it, to destroy
anything harmful.It was invented by scientist Dr.Adrian Patton.Who started Genera five Years
ago.He and his employees have developed the test together with a British water company.
    Andy Headland。Genera’s marketing director, recently presented the test at a conference in
the USA and forecast good American sales for it.Genera has already sold 11 of its tests at
$42,500 a time in the UK and has a further four on order.It expects to sell another 25 tests before
the end of March.The company says it is the only test in the UK to be approved by the
government.
Genera was formed five years ago and until October last year had only five employees;it 
now employs 14. Mr. Headland believes that the company should make around$19 million by
the end of the year in the UK alone.
16 Genera Technologies has developed a method that determines whether water is clean
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
17 Before he set up Genera.Dr Parton had worked for a British water company
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
18 The new product has been a commercial Success in the USA.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
19 Each of the tests costs$42,500.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
20 Genera Technologies orders 25 more tests before the end of the year.
  A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
21 The British government is helping Dr Parton to sell the tests abroad
  ‘A Right    B Wrong    C Not mentioned
22 Genera has increased the number of its employees recently.
  A R远ht    B Wrong    C Not mentioned

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第3部分:概括大意与完成句子  (第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~-26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1—4段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确选项,分别完成每个句子。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

Ford
1  Ford’s great strength was the manufacturing process--not invention.Long before he started
a car company,he was a worker, known for picking up pieces of metal and wire and turning them
into machines.He started putting cars together in 1 89 1, although it was by no means the first
popular automobile,the Model T showed the world just how creative Ford was at combining
technology and market.
2 The company’s assembly line alone threw America’s Industrial Revolution into overdrive
(高速运转).Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford’s friends,who were great
toolmakers from Scotland,organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a
line.By the time Ford’s Highland Park plant was humming(嗡嗡作响)along in 1914,the
world’s first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.
3 The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with t11e$5-a.day minimum Wage scheme.
the greatest contribution he had ever made.The average Wage in the auto industry then was$2.34
for a 9-hour shift.Ford not only doubled that.he also took an hour off the workday.In those
years it was unthinkable that a man could be paid that much for doing something that didn’t
involve an awful lot of training or education.The Wall Street Journal called the plan“an
economic crime’.and critics everywhere laughed at F0rd.
4  But as the wage increased later to daily$10,it proved a critical component of Ford’s dream
to make the automobile accessible(可及的)to a11 The critics were too stupid to understand that
because Ford had lowered his costs per car,the higher wages didn’t matter--except for making it
possible for more people to buy cars.

23 paragraph 1                  
24 paragraph 2                  
25 paragraph 3                  
26 paragraph 4                  


A Ford’s Followers
B The Assembly Line
C Ford’s Great Dream
D The Establishment of the Company
E Ford’s Biggest Contribution
F Ford’s Great Talent

27 The assembly line made it possible to                  
28 Ford was the first to adopt                  
29 Higher wages enabled many people to                  
30 Ford’s higher-wage and lower-cost strategy was strongly                  

A criticized by the media
B the low wage in the auto industry
C own a car
D Produce cars in large numbers
E the 8-hour-shift practice
F combined technology and market

第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)

    下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请根据文章的内容,
从每题所给的4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

第一篇

Sleepless at Night
It was a normal summer night.Humidity(湿气)hung in the thick air.
  I couldn’t go to sleep.partly because of my cold and partly because of my expectations for the next day.My mum had said that tomorrow was going to be a surprise.
  Sweat stuck to my aching body.Finally, I gathered enough strength to sit up.I looked out of  my small window into the night.There was a big bright moon hanging in the sky, giving off amagic light. 
  I couldn’t stand the pressure anymore,SO I did what I always do to make myself feel better.1 went to the bathroom and picked up my toothbrush and toothpaste.I cleaned my teeth as if there was no tomorrow.Back and forth,up and down.
  Then 1 walked downstairs to look for some signs of movement,some life.Gladiator, my cat frightened me as he meowed(喵喵地唱出)his sad song.He was on t11e 01d orange couch(长沙发),sitting up on his front legs,waiting for something to happen.He looked at me as if to s吼“I’m lonely, pet me.I need a good hug(紧抱).”Even the couch begged me to sit on it.
  In one movement I settled down onto the soft couch.This couch represented my parents’marriage,my birth,and hundreds of other little events.
  As I held Gladiator, my heart started beating heavily.My mind was flooded with questions:What’s life? Am I really alive? Are you listening to me? Every time I moved my hand downGladiator’s body, I had a new thought;each touch sang a different song.
  I forget a11 about the heat and the next day’s surprise.The atmosphere was SO full of warmth and silence that I sank into its alms.Falling asleep with the big cat in my arms.I felt all my worries slowly move away.

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31 The author could not go to sleep partly because
    A  it was too cold.
    B  it was too dry.
    C  he had a cold.
    D  he had a fever.
32 What was the weather like that night?
    A It was c001.
    B It was windy.
    C It was fine.
    D It was cloudy.
33 The author brushed his teeth over and over
  A to relieve himself of the pressure.
  B to ease his toothache.
  C to shake off the cold.
  D to remove the dirt.
34 Gladiator was the name of
    A a movie.
    B a pet.
    C a couch.
D a song.    .
38 It was not until the War with Russia that Nightingale
  A  got to work in a hospital.
  B  began to study nursing.
  C  started to care for sick people in their homes.
  D became the head of Gentlewomen During Illness
39 On the battle fields Nightingale and her nurses proved to be
  A as bad as the doctors had expected.
  B  quite generous.
  C  less than useful.
  D very helpful.
40 Nightingale played a great role in
  A the building of war hospitals.
  B the education of  Women.
  C the development of nursing.
  D the improvement of working conditions for women.

第三篇

Human Space Exploration
    While scientists are searching the cause of the Columbia disaster, NASA is moving ahead with plans to develop a new craft that would replace shuttles(航天飞机)on space station missions by 2012 and respond quickly to space station emergencies.
    The space agency released the first set of mission needs and requirements several days ago for me orbital space plane(轨道航天飞机),which would be designed to transport a crew of four to and from the International Space Station.
  Although it includes few specifics,the plan states the orbiter(轨道航天飞机)will be safer cheaper and require less preparation time than the shuttle.It would be able to transport four crew members by 2012--though it would be available for rescue missions by 2010.NASA says the craft should be able to transport injured or ill space station crew members to“definitive(决定性的)medical care” within 24 hours.
    The release of the requirements showed NASA remains focused on the long-term priorities  of space exploration,even as questions exist concerning the loss of Columbia and its  seven.member crew on February l,2003..
    Expels at Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville,Alabama,have been working for
 years on a successor to the shuttle.The project,known as the Space Launch Initiative(倡议),was divided last year into two parts----one focusing on a future launch vehicle,the other on a space station orbiter.The orbiter is expected to be ready sooner.
    The program’s managers say NASA officials have told them not to alter Space Launch Initiative in light of the Columbia disaster.
  U.S.President George W:Bush asked Congress for about US$1 billion for Space Launch Initiative in 2004,funds that would be almost equally split between the Orbital Space Plane and Next Generation Launch Technology.

41 NASA plans to design the new space craft to
  A control the International Space Station.
  B carry astronauts to the International Space Station.
  C transport equipment to the International Space Station
  D train astronauts in space flights.
42 Besides its main mission.the orbiter would also be used as
  A a medical research center.
  B a space station.
  C a space ambulance.
  D a passenger plane.
43 The design of the orbiter indicates
  A NASA's determination to continue space exploration.
  B NASA's disadvantage in space technology.
  C the great pressure from Congress on NASA.
  D a heavy defeat for NASA.
44 When did NASA start working on a successor to the shuttle?
  A One year before the Columbia disaster.
  B One year after the Columbia disaster.
  C Immediately after the Columbia disaster.    ‘
  D  Years before the Columbia disaster.
45 According to the passage,the 1 billion funds,if granted,would
  A be used to rebuild the International Space Station.
  B be awarded to the scientists working at NASA.
  C be shared by the two projects under the Space Launch Initiative
  D be spent on the investigation of the Columbia disaster.

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第5部分:补全短文  (第46,~50题,每题2分,共10分)

    阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后面有6组文字,请根据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放回文章原有位置,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上。

False Fear of Big Fish
Many people believe sharks(鲨鱼)are dangerous and will always try to hurt or even kill humans.-(46)
  A shark exhibition at the National Aquarium(水族馆)in Baltimore,US,proves this.
Visitors can touch young sharks.see their eggs develop and watch a dozen different species swim smoothly around a huge tank.
  Most people fail to realize that shark attacks don’t happen very often.Humans are mote likely to be killed by lightning than by a shark.——(47)There,kids Call learn,from an early age,not to fear sharks.
    ‘'People fear what they don’t know,”said Nancy Hotchkiss。an organizer of the exhibition.“Sharks have been around for 400 million years and play 1til important role in the ocean’s food chain.We want people to discover that sharks are amazing animals that need our respect and protection.”(48)A study ,published in January in the US magazine,Science,found that almost all recorded shark species have fallen by half in the past eight to 15 years.
  Thousands of sharks are hunted in Asia for special foods,such as shark fin(鱼翅)soup.And many others get caught in nets,while fishermen are hunting other fish.——(49)
  “Some fishing methods are actually cleaning out the ocean for sharks,”said Dave Schofield,the manager of the aquarium’s ocean health program me.——(50)
A They Call watch them develop inside their eggs and fee! the skin of the older swimmers
B A shocking 1 00 million sharks are killed every year around the world by humans.
C In fact,94 per cent of the world’s 400 species are harmless to humans
D It is a worrying situation and some areas have put measures in place to protect these special
  fish.    ’    、
E And to make this point clear, the museum has set up a special touching pool for children.
F More than half of the sharks caught are smaller than 1 metra long.

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第6部分:完形填空  (第51~65题,每题1分,共15分) 

    阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请根据短文的内容从
4个选项中选择1个最佳答案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上。
    Migrant(移民的)Workers
In me past twenty years, there has been all increasing tendency for workers to move fromone country to another.While some countries have restricted(限制)most         (51)to local people,others have attracted and welcomed migrant workers.This is particularly the case in the Middle East,        (52)increased 0il incomes have enabled many countries to call in outsiders to improve local facilities(设施).Thus the Middle East has attracted oil-workers
(53)the U.S.A.and Europe.It has also brought in workers from many other countries,       (54)South Korea and Japan. In view of the difficult living and working        (55)in the Middle East,it is not surprising that the pay is high to attract suitable workers.Many engineers and technicians.Can              (56) at least twice as much money in the Middle East as they Carl in their Own country, and this is a major          (57). Sometimes a disadvantage has a compensating(补偿的)advantage.For example,the               (58) living conditions often lead t0 increased friendship when workers have to (S9)on each other for safety and comfort.In a similar way,many migrant workers
Can save large sums of money partly because of the        (60)of entertainment(娱乐 )facilities.The work is often complex and full of problems but this merely presents greater challenge to engineers who prefer to find solutions to problems rather than do——(61) work in their home country.One major problem which         (62) migrant workers in the Middle East is that their jobs are temporary ones.They are nearly always on       (63),so it is not easy for them
to plan ahead with great confidence.This is to be          (64)since no country welcomes a large number of foreign workers as permanent residents.In any       (65),migrant workers accept this disadvantage,along“也others,because of the considerable financial  benefits which they receive.  
51A acts       B jobs        C activities            D user
52A which     B what        C who                D where
53A from      B with         C in                  D about
54A opposing   B limiting      C including            D asking
55A role        B conditions        C difficulty       D event
56A earn        B borrow           C offer          D cast
57A advance     B difficulty         C event          D attraction
58A necessary    B possible          C difficult        D good
59A depend      B look             C base           D go
60A range       B lack              C price          D number
61A routine      B causal            C additional       D interesting
62A invites      B affects            C needs          D hates
63A investment   B strike            C contract        D duty
64A suggested    B reported          C argued         D expected
65A time         B attempt          C way           D case

2004年职称英语等级考试

理工类(C 级)答案
满分100分,其中:
l一15每题。1分,
16—30每题1分0
3l一45每题3分;
46一-50每题2分;
51—65每题1分。
1.A              2.B             3.C               4.D         5.D
6.C                7.B             8.A              9.B          10.C
11.D               12.C            13.B             14.A          15.B
16.A               17.C            18.B             19.A           20.B  
21.C               22.A            23.F              24.B           25.E
26.C               27.D            28.E              29.C           30.A
31.C               32.C             33.A             34.B           35.B
36.C               37.B             38.A              39.D          40.C
41.B               42.C             43.A              44.D          45.C
46.C                47.E            48.B               49.F          50.D
51.B               52.D              53.A              54.C          55.B
56.A               57.B             58.C               59.A          60.B
61.A               62.B              63.C               64.D         65.D
2004年职称英语等级考试
理工类(C)题解
第1部分:词汇选项
2004年职称英语等级考试
  理工类(C级)题解
1  答案为A。“certain”和“sure”都有“肯定”的意思,替换后句法上也是一个合格的
    句子。
2  答案为B。“set up”和“establish”同义,都是“建立”的意思,可互换而不改变句子
    的意思。  .    ,
3  答案为c。“happen”和“occur-”都有“发生”的意思,  而且都是不及物动词,因
    此可替换。
4  答案为D。“bear”是“能承受”的意思,与“endure”意思相同。在该句子中,“endure”
    替换“。Bear“不改变原来的句子的意思。
5  答案为D。“firm”和“company”都有“公司”的意思。此处可用companies替换firms。
6  答案为C。“survive”和“live”都表示“活下来,生存”的意思,可以替换,故选C。
7  答案为B。“complete”与“finish”都是“完成”的意思,可互换,故选B。
8  答案为A。“highly”和“very”都表示“程度非常高”的意思。
9  答案为B。“hard”和“severe”都有“艰难”的意思,在这个意义上,“hard”可以替
    换“severe”而不改变句子的意义。
10答案为C。“merely”是“仅仅”的意思。“just”也有这个意思。    。
11答案为D。“lately”和“。Recently都有“最近”的意思。
12答案为C。“while”在这个句子中引起的是一个让步从句,所起的作用是跟“although”
    一样的。
13答案为B。“enormous”和“large”都是“巨大的”,在这里两者可以互换。
14答案为A。“annually”就是“every year’”的意思。
15答案为B。“details”是“细节”的意思,“particulars”也是“细节”的意思。
第2部分:阅读判断
16答案为A。本题的意思是:Genera技术公司研制出一种方法,这种方法可以确定水是
    否是清洁的。题句的意思与原文第二句相符,故为正确答案。
17答案为C。本题的意思是:在成立Genera公司之前,Parton曾在一家英国水厂工作。
    原文中并没有提到公司成立前Parton是否在一家英国水厂工作,故选C。
18答案为B。本题可译为:这种新产品在美国获得了商业上的巨大成功。原文的意思是
    预计该产品在美国会卖得很好,还没在美国上市呢。本题句的意思与原文不符,故选B。
19答案为A。本题可译为:这种测试产品每件售价42 500美元。同原文意思相符,故选
    A。
20答案为B。本题可译为:年底前,Genera公司又订购了25件这种测试产品。Genera
    公司本身是卖这种测试产品的,不是它又订购了25件这种产品。与原文意思相反,
    故选B。
21答案为C。本题的意思是:英国政府正帮助Parton销售这种产品。原文根本没有提到
  这一信息,故选C。 
22答案为A。本题可译为:最近,Genera的雇员增加了。见原文最后_段,原来公司里
    有5位雇员,现在增加到14位,故选A。
第3部分:概括大意与完成句子
23正确答案为F。第一段的最后一句是这么说的:虽然T模型谈不上是第一种通用的汽
    车,但它向世界表明了Ford在把技术和市场结合在一起方面多么富有创造性。
24j正确答案为B。第二段的第一句话是这么说的:公司的装配线独自把美国的工业革命
    投入到高速运转之中。这是个主题句,讲的是“装配线”。
25正确答案为E。第三段的第一句话是这么说的:同年Ford以提出一天最低5美元的工
    资制度而震惊世界,这是他至此作出的最大的贡献。这是个主题句。
26正确答案为C。第四段的第一句是这么说的:然而,随着工资后来升到一天10美元,
    Ford梦想中的关键部分,即大家都买得起汽车,是可以实现的。因此,C是正确的答
    案。
27正确答案为D。第二段的最后一个句子中提到“这个世界上的第一条汽车输送带每93
    分钟就生产一辆小汽车”。这个速度在当时是相当高的,可以想像,一年下来生产汽
    车的数量是相当大的:    。
28正确答案为E。第三段讲到。当是汽车工业实行的是9小时工作制,平均每小时2,34
    美元。Ford不仅把工资翻了翻,而且还把工作日中的工作时数去除了一小时。也就是
    说,Ford是第一个实行8小时工作的人。
29正确答案为C。C填入后整个句子说的是:由于Ford生产的车成本底,普通人也买得
    起。答案可见于最后一段的最后一句。
30正确答案为A。A填入后整个句子说的是:Ford的高工资、低成本策略受到了传媒的
    批评。答案可以在第三和第四段中找到。

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第4部分:阅读理解
31正确答案为c。该题问的是:该文的作者不能入睡的部分原因是什么?第二段的第一
    个句子是这么说的:我不能入睡,部分原因是感冒,部分原因是对第二天的期待。
32正确答案为C。该题问的是:那天的天气怎么样?第一段的第一句是这么说的:这是
    一个普通的夏季里的夜晚。第三段的最后一句话说的是:一个巨大的明媚的月亮悬挂
    在天空,发出妖艳的光芒。可见,那天天气很好。
33正确答案为A。该题问的是:作者不断地刷牙是为什么?第四段的第一句话是这么说
    的:我再也受不住这种压力了。于是我就去做我经常做的事,使得感觉好些。下面就
    谈到了刷牙。
34正确答案为B。该题问的是:“Gladiator”是什么的名字?第五段的第二句话是这么说
    的:Gladiator,我的猫,喵喵地唱出了它的悲哀的歌,把我吓了一跳。可见“Gladiator”
    是爱畜的名字。
35正确答案为D。该题问的是:“couch”代表了什么?倒数第三段的第二个句子是这么
    说的:这个“躺椅”代表了我父母的婚姻、我的降临,以及许许多多其他的小的事件。
,  不难看出,它代表的是愉快的记忆。
36正确答案为C。从文章的第_段可以得知,Florence Nightingale虽然出生在意大利,但
  其父母都是英国人.    .
37正确答案为B。从文章的第二段可以得知,Florence Nightingalel7岁时下决心致力于救
    助病人,但遭到父母的反对.   
38正确答案为A。从文章的第四、五段可以得知,Florence。Nightingale开始只是去病人家
    里救助病人,直到英俄战争爆发,她才首次有机会去医院工作。
39正确答案为D。文章倒数第二段讲到,出乎战地医生意料的是,Florence Nightingale和
    她的护士姐妹们用辛勤的汗水挽救了许多伤员的生命。   
40正确答案为C。  从文章的最后一段可以得知,Florence Nightingale为护理学的发展作
    出了重要贡献。    。
41正确答案为B。本题属于细节题,问的是NASA(美国国家航空航天局)设计新的航
    天飞机的目的是什么。文章第一句就指出了研发这种新的航天器的目的是取代现有的
    航天飞机,把航天员送到国际空间站去。所以正确答案为B。
42正确答案为C。  此题与4l题相连,问除了运送航天员这一主要使命外,航天飞机还
    用来干什么?原文第一句也回答了这个问题,那就是把它作为太空急救车,故C为正
    确答案。
43正确答案为A。此题问的是设计这架航天飞机表明了什么?选项A的意思是“NASA
    继续探索太空的决心”。其他几个选项的意思文中均与原文不符,所以A为答案。
44正确答案为D。此题为细节题,问的是NASA什么时候开始着手设计后续的航天飞机?
    原文第一段实际上已经提到,在调查哥伦比亚号失事原因之前,NASA就已着手开展
    工作了,倒数第三段第一句提到研制工作很多年前就开始了,故选D。
45正确答案为C。此题问的是10亿美元的款项被批准后用来干什么?选项A的意思是
    重建国际空间站,选项B的意思是颁发给在NASA工作的科学家,这两个选项都与原
    文意思不符。最后一段说,若10亿美元的款项获得国会的批准,这笔款项基本上平
    分给the Orbital Space Plane和Next Generation Launch Technology这两个研究项目,
    故C为正确答案。
第5部分:补全短文
46正确答案为C。  文章第一段第一句的意思是,很多人认为鲨鱼是危险的,总是试图
    伤害甚至威胁人类的性命。选项C的意思是:实际上,世界上400多种(鲨鱼)中
    94%的鲨鱼对人类是无害的。此旬的意思和第一句联系起来语意通顺,合乎逻辑,故
    选C。
47正确答案为E。  And to make this。point clear,,。the museum has set up a special touching
    pool for children:为了清楚地说明这一点,博物馆专门为孩子们搭建了一个可以进行
    触摸(鲨鱼)的水池。第二段主要讲鲨鱼并不经常攻击人类,为了证明这一点,博物
    馆……选项E放入空格处很连贯,与原文意思相符,故E为正确答案。
48正确答案为B。  此段的第一句被删除了,要求考生补全。空格后面举例说明过去8
    至15年内鲨鱼种群消亡了多少,选项B(A shocking 100million sharks are killed every
    year around the world by humans.)显然是本段的主题句,概括本段的意思,故B为正
    确答案。
49正确答案为F。空格前面讲的是渔民们捕杀鲨鱼的事情,选项F具体谈到被捕杀的鲨
    鱼有多大,选项F与前面叙述的内容形成一种逻辑上的连贯关系,故F为正确答案。
50正确答案为D。文章最后一段谈到现在的一些捕鲨方式快把鲨鱼捕尽了,选项D的意
    思是:这种情况令人担忧,有些地区已经采取措施来保护这些特殊的鲨鱼(It is a
    worrying situation and some areas have put measures in place t0 protect these special
    fish.),可见D是正确的。
第6部分:完形填空
51正确答案为B。文章的第一句说的是:在过去的20年里有着一种不断上升的趋势,
    即工人从一个国家移动到另一个国家。工人从一个国家移动到另一个国家当然是为了
    找工作。因此下面这句话中填“.jobs”(工作)是合适的。“acts”是“动作”的意思,
   _“activities”是“活动”,“uses”是“使用”。
52正确答案为D。前面的句子是这么讲的:在中东尤其如此。这是一个地点状语从句,
    在四个选项中只有“where”能引起地点状语从句。其它的选项填入后,生成的都是
    错误的句子。
53正确答案为A。“来自于”哪个国家,英文用“from”。。
54正确答案为C。很显然,  整个句子的意思是:中东引进了包括韩国和日本在内的许
    多国家的工人。因此“including”(包括)是正确的答案。
55正确答案为B。所在的句子的意思是:考虑到中东艰苦的生活和工作条件,用高工资
    吸引合适的工人也就不奇怪了。“条件”英语用“conditions”。“role”是“作用”,
    “difficulty”是“困难”,“event”是“事件”。这些选项跟句子内容不相关。
56正确答案为A。第二段的第二句(接55中提到的那个句子)的意思是:许多工程师
    和技术员在中东挣的工资至少是在他们自己国家的两倍,这是一个主要的吸引力。可
    见“earn”(挣)是合适的选择。
57正确答案为D。56中的后一个小句中提到了“吸引力”。“吸引力”英语用“attraction”。
58正确答案为C。第三段的第一个句子是这么说的:有时候,不利的地方也可以从有利
    的地方中得到补偿。这是个主题句。接着应是举例说明。后半个句子说的是:当工人
    们不得不为了安全和舒适相互依赖时就加深了友谊。这是一种得到补偿的有利的东
    西,那么前半句空格中应填入的最合适的词显然是“difficult”(困难的)。“necessary”
    是“必须的”,“possible”是“可能的”,“good”是“好的”。这些选项填入后,句子
    前半部分表达的不是不利的地方,而是有利的地方,跟主题句不能构成连贯的语段。
59正确答案为A。58中已经说到了“相互依赖”。“相互依赖”英语用“depend on”。
60正确答案为B。所在句子是对主题旬的进一步说明。该旬的意思是:同样地,由于缺
    乏娱乐的设施,许多迁移来的工人可以积蓄大量的钱。这也是一种补偿。“缺乏”英
    语用“lack”。    .
61正确答案为A。所在句子的意思是:工作往往是复杂的,问题很多,但是,这充其量
    是对工程师提出了挑战,而工程师们倒是愿意解决问题,而不愿意在自己的国家做一
    般性的工作。“一般性的”用routine。
62正确答案为B。最后一段的第一句话的意思是:影响来中东的工人的一个主要问题是,
    他们的工作是临时性的。“affects”是“影响”的意思。
63正确答案为C。62中谈到的句子是最后一段的主题句。接着应该是说明。63所在的
    句子就是说明。意思是:他们差不多总是订合同的,因此不大可能很有信心地超前安
    排。“合同”英语用“contract节。
64正确答案为D。所在句子是对上一个句子(63中的句子)的解释。因此用“expected”
    是正确的。全句的意思是:这些是在预计之中的,  因为没有一个国家会欢迎许多外
    国工人成为他们的永久居民。“suggested”是“表明”、“建议”的意思,“reported”是
    “报道”,“argued”是“认为”。
65正确答案为D。文章的最后一个句子表明,迁移来的工人显得很无奈。整个句子的意
    思是:不管怎么样,迁移来的工人只能接受这种以及其他方面的不利之处,因为他们
    得到的经济方面的好处还是很多的。“不管怎么样”,英文用“in any case”。.

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