2017年职称英语等级考试理工类AB级近义词

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2017年职称英语等级考试理工类AB级近义词

  decide – determine – make up one’s mind决定, 下决心

  result – consequence – effect -- outcome 结果

  effect – realize 实现

  realize -- know – be aware of – be conscious of 意识到

  think – guess – believe 认为

  remember – memorize 记住

  reason – cause -- motive (B级)原因

  cause – bring about 造成

  obtain – get – gain 得到

  certain – some 某一个的

  certain – sure – positive – doubtless 确定的

  employ -- hire 雇佣

  employ – use – utilize (A 级) -- harness (A 级)使用, 利用

  scare – frighten 使害怕

  quickly – fast 很快地

  at stake -- in danger – in distress(B 级)处于危险之中

  dangerous – hazardous (A 级) 危险的

  danger – hazard(B 级) 危险

  out of question – doubtless 毫无疑问的

  out of the question – impossible – unlikely 不可能的

  call for – ask – require – request -- demand – insist on要求

  call off – cancel 取消

  call sb. up – telephone sb. 给某人打电话

  get up – arise 起床

  raise – increase 增加

  arrive at – reach – get to 到达

  leave – depart ( B级) 离开

  immediately – right away – at once 立刻

  look for – seek for 寻找

  look after – take care of – care for 照顾

  look forward to – expect 盼望, 期待

  look up to – respect 尊敬

  lose – miss 丢失

  offer – give 给与

  discuss – debate – talk over 讨论

  discussion – debate讨论

  sympathize – feel sorry 感到同情

  reject – refuse – decline – turn down 拒绝

  though – although 尽管

  beautiful – pretty – attractive – lovely -- handsome 美丽的

  famous – noted –distinguished – celebrated 著名的

  dim – faint 模糊的

  complete – finish – accomplish -- fulfill 完成

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  dark – black 黑色的

  darken – blacken 使变黑

  adequate – enough –ample (A 级) –sufficient 充足的

  mild – gentle 温柔的, 温和的

  strange – odd – abnormal(B级)奇怪的

  surprised – astonished – shocked 感到吃惊的

  surprising – astonishing – shocking 令人吃惊的

  proper – appropriate 适当的

  suitable – fit 适合的

  fit – healthy 健康的

  finally – at last – in the end – eventually – ultimately (A 级) 最终的

  put off – postpone – delay – defer (A级) 推迟

  end – finish – stop –cease -- come to an end—terminated (A 级)停止

  participate in – take part in – join in – be involved in 参加

  now and then -- occasionally 偶尔

  constantly – continuously – endlessly 不断地

  criticize -- blame 批评

  grasp – catch hold of 抓住

  follow – understand – comprehend (A 级) 理解

  take …into consideration – take …into account 把…考虑在内

  recently – lately 最近

  tolerate – bear – stand – put up with – endure 忍受

  abandon – give up 放弃

  rescue – save 拯救

  convert – change 转变,兑换

  change – alter – vary – modify(B级) 改变, 变化

  increase – add to – enhance 增加

  remedy(B级) – cure – treat 治疗

  practically – almost 几乎

  accidentally – by chance – by accident 偶然

  sometimes – from time to time – at times 有时

  ready – prepared 有准备的

  get ready for – get prepared for 为…做好准备

  ready – willing 乐意的

  rarely – hardly – seldom 很少, 几乎不

  usually – normally 通常地

  normal – common – usual – average 通常的

  suddenly – abruptly(A级) 突然地

  protect – preserve 保护

  slight – a little 轻微的

  harmful – damaging -- bad 有害的

  harm – damage 损害

  hurt – injure 伤害

  shine – polish 擦亮

  deadly – killing – fatal 致命的

  affect – influence – impact 影响

  impartial (B级) – fair – just 公正的

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  extract – take out 拔出

  repair – fix 修理

  physician – doctor 医生

  depend on – rely on – be dependent on 依靠

  particularly – especially 尤其, 特别

  obvious – evident – clear – distinct 明显的

  safe – secure 安全的

  ensure – make sure – make certain 确保

  pretty – very – rather – fairly 相当地

  distant – remote 遥远的

  important – essential – crucial 重要的

  branch – division 部门

  company – firm – concern – corporation – enterprise 公司

  behavior – conduct 行为

  steady – stable 稳定的

  spare time – free time 空闲时间

  accelerate (B级)– speed up – step up – pick up 加速

  decrease (B级)– reduce – cut down on 减少

  deficient (A级) – short 缺乏的

  delighted – joyful – happy—glad -- pleased 高兴的

  accumulate – gather – collect 积聚, 积累

  speed – rate 速度

  allocate(A级) – assign – distribute 分配

  assignment – task 任务

  order – direct 命令

  childish (A级)– immature 不成熟的

  foolish – stupid -- dull 愚蠢的

  empty – vacant – bare 空的

  regardless of – despite – in spite of不管, 不顾

  unique – particular 独特的

  as a result – in consequence 结果

  on purpose – intentionally 故意地

  pressing – urgent 紧迫的

  problem – issue 问题

  view – opinion – viewpoint – standpoint – point of view – notion – idea 观点, 见解

  notion – concept – idea 概念

  characteristic – feature 特征

  be characteristic of – be typical of 是….所特有的

  difficult – hard – tough 困难的

  area – field 领域

  area – region 区域

  final –last 最后的

  diploma – certificate 证书

  pleasing – satisfactory 令人满意的

  wish – hope 希望

  massive – extensive – a mass of -- plentiful大量的

  conference – meeting会议

  close – intimate -- near亲密的

  link – connect 连接

  explore – investigate 调查

  propose – suggest – advise -- recommend 建议

  cater for – meet – satisfy 满足

  provide – supply – furnish 提供

  collaborate (A级)– cooperate 合作

  merge(B级) – unite – combine – join 联合, 合并

  come across – run into – meet 遇到

  compel (A级)– force 迫使

  appealing – attractive --fascinating 吸引人的

  appeal to -- tempt – attract – fascinate (A 级) 吸引

  temptation (B级)– attraction 诱惑

  instruct – teach 教授(…课程)

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  confidential (A 级) – secret 秘密的

  private – personal 私人的

  vanish – disappear 消失

  phase – stage 阶段

  pattern – mode 模式, 式样

  destroy – ruin 毁灭

  facilitate (A 级)– help – assist 有助于

  manufacture – make – produce – turn out 制造, 生产

  prior to – before 在…之前

  for good – forever 永远

  be anxious to do …---- be eager to do…--- be keen to ….渴望…

  consolidate (A 级)– strengthen 加强, 巩固

  contaminate (A 级)–– pollute – stain (A 级) 污染

  depict (A 级)– describe 描写

  write down – put down 写下

  endeavor(B 级) – try – attempt 努力

  annoy – irritate (A 级) 使生气

  annoying – irritating 讨厌的, 令人生气的

  tease (A 级) – make fun of取笑

  laugh at – mock (B 级) 嘲笑

  boring – dull -- uninteresting令人厌烦的

  seem – appear 看起来

  contented – satisfactory – satisfied 满意的

  exhibit – show 展示

  show – indicate 表明

  hate – dislike – be tired of – be sick of 讨厌, 不喜欢

  terrible -- awful 可怕的

  precise – accurate – exact 精确的

  concise – brief -- short 简明的

  deceive (A 级)– cheat 欺骗

  elementary – basic – primary – fundamental 基本的

  purchase – buy 购买

  deal with – cope with – handle 应付, 处理

  forbid – prohibit(A 级)-- ban 禁止

  lawful – legal 合法的

  orthodox(A 级)-- conventional 传统的

  unbelievable – incredible 难以置信的

  industrious (B 级) – hardworking 勤劳的, 刻苦的

  indispensable(A 级) – necessary必须的

  principal –chief -- leading--- main 主要的, 首要的

  employ – hire 雇佣

  fire – dismiss – send away解雇

  postulate (A 级) – assume – suppose 假定

  on the verge of --- close to 接近于, 濒临于

  extinction (A 级)– die out 灭绝

  gaze at – look at – stare at 凝视,注视

  eligible(A 级) – entitled – qualified 有资格的

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  employment – work – job 工作

  encourage – inspire – push 鼓励, 激励

  no longer – no more 不再

  admit – acknowledge 承认

  allow – permit 允许

  state – declare – announce 宣布,声明

  regret – sorry 遗憾的

  remove – get off 脱下

  start – begin 开始

  complicated (A 级)– complex 复杂的

  comply with(A 级) – observe – abide by (A 级) -- stick to 遵守

  previous – former 以前的

  maintain – hold – think 认为

  cause – bring about – lead to – result in 导致

  error – mistake 错误

  component – ingredient – element 成分

  solve – settle 解决(问题)

  probe (A 级) – explore 探查

  involve – include 包括

  numerous – a number of – a lot of – abundant (B 级) – plentiful 大量的, 丰富的

  stay –remain 保持(用作半系动词)

  rest – break 休息

  account for – explain 解释

  examination – test 测试, 考试

  examine – check up 检查, 核对

  gain – put on 增加

  put up – lift – raise 举起

  put up – build – construct 建造

  foster – cultivate – cultivate (B级)培养

  alleviate (A级) – relieve -- lessen 减轻,减少

  severe –serious -- bad 严重的

  severe – strict 严厉的

  sharp– acute – severe 剧烈的(疼痛)

  severe – hard - tough艰苦的

  quit – give up – abandon放弃

  subject – topic 话题

  remarkable – exceptional – extraordinary – great – marvelous – striking – special – unusual显著的

  uneasy (A 级)– worried 焦虑的

  demolish (A 级)– pull down 拆毁

  adverse (A 级)– unfavorable 不利的, 相反的

  courteous (A 级)– polite – respectful 有礼貌的

  courtesy (A 级)– politeness – good manners 礼貌

  insane (A 级) – crazy – mad 疯狂的

  sensible –wise – advisable (B 级) 明智的

  clever – intelligent – wise – bright 聪明的

  (be) exhausted – (be) tired – (be) worn out 疲惫

  believable – convincing -- credible (B 级) 可信的

  original – initial 最初的

  original – creative 创造性的

  competent – capable – able 有能力的

  vigorous (A级)– energetic – dynamic (B级) 精力充沛的, 有活力的

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