2010年10月自学考试英语如何巧妙解答题

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2010年10月自学考试英语如何巧妙解答题

  如何巧妙解答单项填空题 ?

  1) 解题时经常会遇到这类问题:原句结构或动词短语等被某些句子成分分隔,或出于语法上的需要而使其从原结构中分离出来,从而增强了试题中选项的干扰性,加大了试题的难度。碰到此类问题时,不能被表面的现象所迷惑,必须从句子的整体结构去理解,看清题目的本来面目。下面我们 就将常见的几种分隔现象例析如下:

  1.运用被动句使原动词短语分隔:

  例如:If better use is ___ your spare time , you’ll make greater progress in that

  A. spent B. taken C. made of D. used for

  此题答案为C 源于短语make better use of …

  再如:More attention should be paid ___good habits of reading carefully.

  A. for forming B to form C to forming D in forming

  答案C pay attention to ….

  2. 运用定语从句使原句式结构分离

  例如:You can never imagine what great trouble I have had ___ the patient who received a serious wound.

  A treat B to treat C treating D treated

  答案是C 此题通过定语从句把“ have (what great )trouble (in) doing sthg”结构分离开,what great trouble 作为定语从句的先行词,后面省略了在从句中作宾语的关系代词that \ which

  再如:

  That’s the best way we should think of ___ the dying soldier.

  A helping B support C operating D to save

  答案是D

  此题可能很多学生会错选A,其关键就是没有搞清句子的结构和命题者的意图。此题旨在考查think of the best way to save…通过定语从句将the best way 从原结构中分离出来,从而加大了题目的难度,正确答案应该是D

  3.运用复杂疑问句形成分隔现象

  I haven’t heard from him for a long time.

  What do you suppose ____ to him?

  A was happening B to happen C has happened D had happened

  答案是C

  此结构是复杂疑问句。其结构是:疑问词+一般问句+特殊问句的其余部分,这类问句主要用来征询对某一观点的判断,认识,看法,猜度等。

  这种问句,一般问句部分常见的动词有think, believe, suppose, guess, say, hope, imagine等。此题问句中的what 移至句首,并且该句强调的是过去的动作对现在造成的影响,因此用现在完成时,所以选C

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  4.把疑问词提前使不定式复合结构分离

  who did the teacher have ___ an article for the newspaper just now?

  A written B writing C write D to write

  选C have sb do sth

  whom would you rather ___ the picture of you ?

  A have taken B have taking C have take D to have taken

  Would rather do sth

  Have sb do sth

  本句中将have 的宾语whom 提到了句首

  5.用同位语以及介词短语等使主语和谓语分隔

  everybody in our country, men and women, old and young, ___sports and games.

  A enjoy B were enjoying C enjoys D are enjoying

  同位语对主语起解释说明作用不影响主语的第三人称单数性质,故选C

  Miss Green, as well as Mr and Mrs Green ___ devoted ___spare time to the research work..

  选A

  当主语后面有as well as, with, together with, but, including, besides 等连接的代词或名词时,谓语动词须和她前面的名词和代词保持人称和数上的一致

  6.运用插入语和状语使定语从句分隔

  例如:there are over 1,000 students in the playground of our school, 55%__are girls .

  A of them B of which C of whom D_in them

  选C

  本题考察的是非限制性定从,先行词和定从被时间状语隔开了

  再如:

  he’s one of the students who , I’m sure , always do __best.

  A his B their C my D one’s

  答案是B

  又如

  he has made another discovery, ___ of great importance to science.

  A which I think it is B which I think is C I think which is D of which I think is

  此题正确答案是B

  当定语从句子在逻辑上又作宾语从句时,习惯上把关系代词置于主句(I THINK )之前。此题中定从WHICH IS OF GTREAT IMPORTANCE TO SCIENCE 在逻辑上作I THINK 的宾语,因此须将which 放在 I think 之前。

  另外,我们也可以把I think 作为插入语,放在关系代词和谓语之间。

  2)走出单项填空的误区

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  误区之一: 审题不细,急于作答

  1.The English teacher often said in class, “let’s ___ in English. ”

  A talk B say C speak D tell

  答案为A

  我们通常说speak English , 但是前面有in ,所以我们要说talk in English

  2.____come, please tell him to wait for me at the gate.

  A he should B should he C if he D if he would have

  答案是B为虚拟条件句,省略if 倒装,if he should come

  D 选项时态对应不对, 而最容易错选的C项 人称和数对应不对,如果换成comes ,就成条件句了,也是正确的

  如何巧妙解答单项填空题

  误区之二:语义不清,盲目套用

  3. It’s ___ work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it.

  A so unusual B such unusual C such an unusual D so an unusual

  答案是C

  work of art 是艺术品的意思,是可数的,误认为 work 是 工作的意思当成不可数名词,而错选B

  4. I heard Bob ___ from his journey to Africa ; what about visiting him tonight?

  A had come back B coming back C come back D is back

  此题出错的关键是对题意理解不清。Hear sb do\ doing 是听见某人做某事的意思,本题是说我听说他从非洲回来,所以答案为D

  误区之三:脱离情景,答非所问

  5. ---would you lend me a hand?

  -----_______

  A it doesn’t matter B it’s my pleasure C go ahead, please D with pleasure

  答案是D

  6. I’m so tired, working all morning on the farm.

  Why not take a rest, then?

  ----______________

  A because I can’t afford it B maybe I should C I don’t know D sorry, I can’t tell you

  正确答案是B , 不要见到why 就想到用because 回答

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  误区之四:思维僵化,不善转化

  5.Books are the most important records we keep ___man’s thoughts, ideas and feelings.

  A up B out C of D on

  Keep up , keep out keep on 均为短语,但是题目涉及到的短语是keep records of ,记录,只是位置有所变化

  答案C

  8。time must be made full use of ___ the project ahead of time .

  A completing B to complete C completed D being completed

  答案是B

  误选A 认为of 后面跟动名词,其实of 的宾语是 time ,是搭配make full use of time , time放到了句首,不定式为目的状语

  误区之五:知识模糊,不求甚解

  9. It was about 6 years ago ___ I started to learn English .

  A since B when C until D that

  答案是D

  误选A 看成it is …..since 句型, 此句型中 since 之前是一段时间。而本句6 years ago 为时间点,故A 不对,此句是强调句型

  10.The head master suggested me ___to see a doctor at once.

  A go B to go C going D went

  答案是C

  误选A suggest 之后接宾从省略 should ,但是题目本身不是宾从结构,须将me 改为I , 这个句子考察的是 动名词的复合结构

  误区之六:思维定势,不善分析B

  11.What do you imagine ___ to her?

  A was happened B has happened C happening D has been happened

  答案是B

  措选c 认为imagine 后跟doing , do you imagine 为插入语,句子中缺少的是谓语动词。

  12.She can’t help ___ the house because she’s cooking the meal.

  A to clean B cleaning C being cleaned D to be cleaned

  答案是A

  不要误以为是can’t help doing 结构

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  误区之七:结构不清,轻易断案

  13. Is this factory ___ you once carried out the scientific research together with the workers?

  A which B the one C where D that

  C 为正确答案

  误选B 理解成定语从句,the one 为先行词, 添了the one 那么后面的定语从句缺少关系词where

  14.----what do you think made Mary so upset?

  ____her bicycle.

  A as she lost her bicycle B lost C losing D because of losing

  答案C 误选D 理解为因为丢了自行车他很不安。答语为原因状语。我们对照题干要对what 做出回答,在句子中作主语,应该用动名词,所以答案是C

  002一句话可解多道考题:

  一句话可解多道考题:

  每逢拿到一套考题,我们都会惊奇的发现相当多的题目似曾相识,与往年试题进行比较分析得知:多年来考察的知识点基本相同,所以在复习备考时,要按照知识点分门别类归纳练习,透彻分析,定能达到事半功倍的效果,现将近年来考过三次以上的语法项目为例,分述如下:

  在从句中需使用陈述语序。

  15. no one will be sure ____ in a million years.

  A what will man look like B what man will look like C man will look like what D what look will man like

  答案B

  16. he asked ___ for the violin.

  A did I pay how much B I paid how much C how much did I pay D how much I paid

  选D

  17. _____, mother will wait for him to have dinner together.

  A however late is he B however he is late C however is he late D however late he is

  首先我们排除了A和C 选项,在结合however 的用法,不难得出答案是D

  在时间状语和条件等状语从句中,用一般现在时表示一般将来时。

  18. the new secretary is supposed to report to the manager as soon as she ___

  A will arrive B arrives C is arriving D is going to arrive

  不难看出答案是B

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  19. the football match will be put off if it ___

  A will rain B rains C rained D is raining

  选B

  20. --- can I join the club,dad?

  ---you can when you ___ a bit older.

  A get B will get C are getting D will have got

  选A

  此类试题较多,还包括地点,让步状语从句,并且可以用一般过去时表示过去将来,用现在完成表示将来完成

  例如:

  you may leave the classroom when you have finished writing.

  非谓语动词一律在前面加not构成否定形式

  21. I must apologize for ___ ahead of time.

  ----that’s all right.

  A letting you not know B not letting you know C letting you know not D letting not you know

  选B

  22. the patient was warned ___ oily food after the operation.

  A to eat not B eating not C not to eat D not eating

  选C

  含有否定意义的副词或连词放在句首时,主句部分用倒装语序

  这种题目也比较多,现仅以not until 为例

  23. not until I began to work ___ how much time I had wasted.

  A didn’t I realize B did I realize C I didn’t realize D I realized

  选B

  24. not until all the fish died in the river ____ how serious the pollution was.

  A did the villagers realize B the villagers realized C the villagers did realize

  D didn’t the villagers realize

  选A

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  非限制性定语从句中,关系代词指物时只用which,不用that

  25. she heard a terrible noise, ___ brought her heart into her mouth.

  A it B which C this D that

  选B

  26. she received an invitation from her boss, __ came as a surprise.

  A it B that C which D he

  选C

  使役动词和感官动词后面用省to不定式做宾语补足语,但在其被动结构后要带to

  27. though he had often made his little sister ___ ,today he was made ___ by his little sister.

  A cry, to cry B crying , crying C cry, cry D to cry, cry

  选A

  28. she was made ___ the dishes for a week as a punishment.

  A to wash B washing C wash D to be washing

  选A

  非谓语动词专项练习

  非谓语动词专项练习

  1. ___ anything about the accident, he went to work as usual.

  A Don’t know B not to know C not knowing D not to be knowing

  选C

  2. the next morning she found the man __in bed, dead.

  A lying B lie C lay D laying

  选A

  3. he had his leg __in the match yesterday.

  A to break B broken C break D breaking

  选B

  4. most of the people __ to the party were famous scientists.

  A invited B to invite C being invited D inviting

  选A

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  5. do you know the boy ___under the tree?

  A lay B lain C laying D lying

  选D

  6. ---good morning. Can I help you ?

  -----I ‘d like to have this package ___

  A be weighed B to be weighed C to weigh D weighed

  选D

  7. most of the artists ___to the party were from that university.

  A invited B to invite C being invited D had been invited

  选A

  8._____more attention, the trees could have grown better.

  A given B to give C giving D having given

  选A

  9. the murderer was brought in, with his hand ___behind his back..

  A being tied B having tied C to be tied D tied

  选D

  10. the secretary worked late into the night ,___a long speech for the president.

  A to prepare B preparing C prepared D was preparing

  选B

  11. she’s upstairs ____ a letter.

  A writes B is writing C write D writing

  选D

  12. it was so cold that they kept the fire ___all night.

  A to burn B burn C burning D burned

  选C

  13.the speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ___

  A hear B to hear C hearing D heard

  选D

  14. _______ a reply, he decided to write again.

  A not receiving B receiving not C not having received D having not received

  选C

  15.the salesman scolded the girl caught ___ and let her off.

  A to have stolen B to be stealing C to steal D stealing

  选D

  16. “can’t you read ?” she said ____to the notice.

  A angrily pointing B and point angrily C angrily pointed D and angrily pointing

  选A

  17.the missing boys were seen ____near the river.

  A playing B to be playing C play D to play

  选A

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  18.the first textbook ___for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century.

  A having written B to be written C being written D written

  选D

  19.the Olympic games , ___ in 776BC, did not include women players until 1912.

  A first playing B to be first playing C first played D to be first playing

  选C

  20.cleaning women in big cities usually get __ by the hour.

  A pay B paying C paid D to pay

  选C

  21.European football is played in 80 countries, ___it the most popular sport in the world.

  A making B makes C made D to make

  选A

  22. the man managed to make himself ___with his ___English .

  A understand, breaking B understand, broken C understand, breaking D understood, broken

  选D

  23.___from the moon, our earth with water ____70%of its surface appears as a “blue ball ”

  A seen, covered B seeing, covered C seen, covering D to see, to cover

  选C

  24.___any more to say, the meeting was closed.

  A without having B without C not having D nobody having

  选D

  25. when we watched the national flag ___ on TV, we ___ a cheer.

  A risen, rose B being risen, lifted C raised, let D being raised, raised

  选D

  26.being in a hurry, _______

  A the door was left open B he left the door open C he was left the door open D he had the door open

  选B

  27. the professor came into the lab, ___by his assistant.

  A following B followed C being followed D to follow

  选B

  28. with trees, flowers and grass ____everywhere, my native town has taken on a new look.

  A planting B planted C to plant D to be planted

  选B

  29.weather ___, we’ll go fishing tomorrow.

  A is permitted B permits C permitted D permitting

  选D

  30. the key ___ , I couldn’t enter the office.

  A was lost B having been lost C be lost D being lost

  选B

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  31. ___not enough money, I couldn’t buy the dictionary.

  A it being B it was C there being D there was

  选C

  32.____, the boy couldn’t enter his house.

  A since the key has lost B the key was lost C lost the key D having lost the key

  选D

  33. all the people, the wounded ___,were brought to safety.

  A included B including C include D to include

  选A

  34. on my way home , I saw a thief ___ money from a lady by the police.

  A being caught stealing B having caught stealing C caught stealing D have caught to steal

  选C

  35. ____ , she couldn’t say even a word.

  A excited B being excited C exciting D being excite

  选B

  36. when ____her father, the girl burst into crying.

  A asking of B asked about C being asked D asked

  选B

  37. he stepped into his room, only _____ lots of things ____

  A finding, robbed B finding, stolen C found , missed D to find , robbed

  选B

  38. the youngest daughter got angry again. Mother felt very ___ and father’s face wore a ___ expression.

  A puzzled, puzzled B puzzling, puzzled C puzzling, puzzling D puzzled, puzzling

  选A

  39. they seemed to be eating something ____ on the fire.

  A cooked B being cooked C that had cooked D having been cooked

  选A

  40. his glasses ___ , he couldn’t see the words on the blackboard.

  A break B broke C breaking D broken

  选D

  41. a letter has been written to him, ____ him to the party.

  A invite B to invite C invited D inviting

  选D

  42. not _____ it right , he was encouraged to try again.

  A did B done C to do D having done

  选D

  43. ___ your head , and you’ll see the sun ____ now.

  A raise , rising B raising , raising C to raise , rising D lift, being risen

  选A

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