2005年1月全国自考“综合英语(一)”试题

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2005年1月全国自考“综合英语(一)”试题

Ⅰ.用适当的语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案。(每小题1分,共30分)

1. Mrs.Smith is (   ) the work so she has the right to deal with it.
A. in charge of       B. interested in
C. satisfied with      D. disappointed at

2. Four days later,a headline about a burglary (   ) his eye.
A. caught        B. met
C. took        D. hit

3. The initials NE (   ) North East.
A. mean for       B. turn SW for
C. stand for       D. long for

4. They are on the (   ) of the suspect.
A. trace        B. sign
C. trail        D. path

5. She started to work (   ) a will.
A. in        B. against
C. with        D. for

6. The trashman wasn’t that kind of person who felt (   ) of his revolted deeds.
A. contrary       B. satisfied
C. surprised       D. ashamed

7. We drove to the dump and were back on the (   ) by 1∶00.
A. avenue       B. track
C. route        D. barrier

8. (   ) to all advice he gave up his job.
A. Essential        B. Discontented
C. Discouraged      D. Contrary

9. Being a(n) (   ) girl,she is easily moved to tears by touching stories.
A. sick        B. weak
C. naive        D. emotional

10. His time (   ) entirely with his office work.
A. is taken up       B. is taken in
C. is taken on       D. is taken to

11. Half a year after the war,schools in the country returned to (   ).
A. normal       B. cultivation
C. instruction       D. education

12. When Beth is writing a letter,she looks deep in (   ).
A. thinking       B. thought
C. mind        D. recall

13. He (   )a deep breath hearing his name called.
A. held        B. kept
C. drew        D. spared

14. Music is different from languages.It can be (   ) by people from different countries.
A. spoken       B. understood
C. known        D. taken

15. Most of the staff is away today so you’ll have to use whoever is (   ).
A. convenient       B. available    
C. approachable      D. applicable

16. When she is nervous,she does nothing but (   ).
A. eating        B. eat
C. has eaten       D. ate

17. The doctor said that the patient had (   ) at once.
A. to operate       B. to be operated    
C. to operate on      D. to be operated on

18. To answer correctly is more important than (   ).
A. answered quickly     B. a quick answer
C. quickly answered     D. to answer quickly

19. Suddenly it (   ) to me that I’ll have to water the plants in the garden tomorrow.
A. occurred       B. occurs
C. was occurred      D. is occurred

20. I have done everything (   ) I can do for you.
A. that        B. which
C. what        D. whatever

21. Hardly (   ) when there was a power cut.
A. has the film started     B. had the film started
C. the film started      D. started the film

22. Kurt did so well in his speech today that he (   ) it many times in the past week.
A. should have practiced     B. must have practiced
C. would have practiced     D. could have practiced

23. I can’t understand (   ) a decision until it is too late.
A. him to postpone to make    B. his postponing to make
C. his to postpone making    D. his postponing making

24. It was the training that he had as a young man (   ) made him such a good engineer.
A. that        B. what
C. has        D. who

25. (   ),a car knocked her down.
A. Walking home      B. As she walked home
C. While walking home     D. Having walked home

26. (   ) his speech, the audience was invited to ask questions.
A. Finishing       B. As soon as he finished
C. On finishing      D. Having finished

27. He said he wrote the song by himself,(   ) was not true.
A. which        B. that
C. it         D. what

28. Important (   ) his discovery was,it was regarded as a matter of no account in his time.
A. to        B. for
C. as        D. although

29. Don’t forget to post the letter for me,(   )?
A. do you        B. will you
C. are you       D. can you

30. It was recommended that they (   ) for the doctor.
A. has waited        B. waited
C. wait        D. should have waited

Ⅱ.认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从四个选项中选择一个最佳答案。(每小题1分,共10分)

Passage 1

  More attention was paid to the quality of production in France at the time of Ren Coty. Charles Deschanel was then the financial minister.He stressed that workmanship and quality were more important than quantity for industrial production. It would be necessary to produce quality goods for the international market to compete with those produced in other countries. The French economy needed a larger share of the international market to balance its import and export trade.

  French industrial and agricultural production was still inadequate to meet the immediate needs of the people, let alone long-ranged developments. Essential imports had stretched the national credit to the breaking point. Rents were tightly controlled, but the extreme inflation affected general population most severely through the cost of food. Food costs took as much as 80 percent of the workers’ income. Wages, it is true, had risen. Extensive family allowances and benefits were paid by the state, and there was full-time and overtime employment. Taken together, these factors enabled the working class to exist but allowed them no sense of security. In this precarious(不安定的) and discouraging situation, workmen were willing to work overseas for higher wages.

  The government was reluctant to let workers leave the country. It was feared that this migration of workers would deplete the labor force. The lack of qualified workers might hinder the improvement in the quality of industrial products produced. Qualified workers employed abroad would only increase the quantity of quality goods produced in foreign countries. Also the quantity of quality goods produced in France would not be able to increase as part of its qualified labor force moved to other countries.

31. According to the passage, the French workers were (   ).
A. better paid than workers in any other European country
B. able to save more money with the increase in his wages
C. anxious to work abroad
D. often unable to find work in France

32. The French government was reluctant to let the workers leave the country, because (   ).
A. it would enlarge the working force
B. it would hinder the improvement of quality in industrial production
C. it would hinder the increase in quantity of exports
D. it would damage the imports

33. Rents in France (   ).
A. were extremely high
B. were tightly controlled
C. took as much as 80 percent of the workers’ income
D. had doubled in two years

34. According to the passage, French production (   ).
A. was inadequate to meet the needs of the French people
B. was flooding the international market with inferior products
C. emphasized industrial production at the expense of agricultural production
D. was enough for the local market

35. According to the passage the French government (   ).
A. prohibited the French workers to work abroad
B. reduced taxes to fight inflation
C. paid family allowances and benefits
D. prohibited the French workers to join labor unions

Passage 2

  In old days, when a glimpse of stocking was looked upon as something far too shocking to distract the serious work of an office, secretaries were men.

  Then came the First World War and the male secretaries were replaced by women. A man’s secretary became his personal servant, charged with remembering his wife’s birthday and buying her presents; ta-king his suits to the dry-cleaners; telling lies on the telephone to keep people he did not wish to speak to at bay; and, of course, typing and filling and taking shorthand.

  Now all this may be changing again. The microchip and high technology is sweeping the British office, taking with it much of the routine clerical work that secretaries did.

  “Once office technology takes over generally, the status of the job will rise again because it will involve only the high-powered work-and then men will want to do it agian.”

  That was said by one of the executives(male) of one of the biggest secretarial agencies in this country. What he has predicted is already under way in the U.S.

  Once high technology has made the job of secretary less routine, will there be a male takeover? Men should beware of thinking that they can walk right into the better jobs. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do the job as well as they-not just because they can buy negligees(妇女长睡衣) for the boss’s wife, but because they are as efficient and well-trained to cope with word processors and computers, as men.

36. Before 1914 female secretaries were rare because they (   ).
A. were less efficient than men
B. were not as serious as men
C. wore stockings
D. would have disturbed the other office workers

37. A female secretary has been expected, besides other duties, to (   ).
A. be her boss’s memory                    B. clean her boss’s clothes
C. do everything her boss asked her to      D. telephone her boss’s wife

38. Secretaries, until recently, had to do a lot of work now done by (   ).
A. machines       B. other staff
C. servants       D. wives

39. A secretary in the future will (   ).
A. be better paid           B. have higher status
C. have less work to do     D. have more work to do

40. The writer believes that before long (   ).
A. men and women will be secretaries
B. men are better than machines
C. men will take over women’s jobs as secretaries
D. women will operate most office machines

Ⅲ.用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音。(每两小题1分,共10分)

注意:使用新的或老的音标形式都可以。

41. doubt    42. message   43. butter    44. dash
45. stove    46. mourn   47. surgery   48. mere
49. queue    50. rigid    51. crooked   52. clench
53. quarrel   54. mean    55. millionth   56. tumor
57. vision    58. definance   59. bury    60. damn

Ⅳ.完形填空(每两小题1分,共10分)

A. 从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

kind sure until before one matter
when stay explain necessary themselves account

  It doesn’t  61  when or how much a person sleeps, but everyone needs some rest to  62  alive. That’s what all doctors thought,  63  they heard about Al Herpin. Al Herpin, it was said, never slept. Could this be true? The doctors decided to see this strange man  64 .

  Al Herpin was 90  65  the doctors came to his home in New Jersey. They thought for  66  that he had sleep of some  67 .So they stayed with him, and watched him hour after hour and day after day. But they never saw Herpin sleeping. In fact, he did not even have a bed. He never needed  68 .

  The only rest that Herpin sometimes had was sitting in a comfortable chair and reading newspapers. The doctors asked him many questions, and found one thing that might  69  his continuous sleeplessness. His mother had been injured several days  70  he was born. Was this the real resson? No one could be sure.
  Herpin died at the age of 94.

B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  I have  71  up my mind, too, to go in  72  hello in backyards. It doesn’t do any  73 ,and it still feels  74 .Frankly, I’m  75 .I’m doing an  76  task,“like a police officer  77  a fire fighter.”I left this country a little  78  than I found it this  79 . Not many  80  can say that night.

Ⅴ.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。(每小题2分,共20分)
81. In “The Day I Was Fat”,when the author said “My body looks good, but my mind feels great”,she meant that _____________.

82. According to “The Emotional Band Account”,the first type of “deposits” is to _____________.

83. In the story “Detective on the Trail”, Bob found that the ad said “on next Sunday” on the page of personal advertisements. But actually “_____________” would have been enough.

84. In the author’s opinion, a person should spend his third 8 hours dealing with _____________.

85. In the story “Thank You, Ma’am”,the woman didn’t ask the boy any question about his family because _____________.

86. To the author, a long-term happiness means a process of moving towards worthwhile goals and contri-buting towards _____________.

87. When he returned to his hometown, Andersen was welcomed by the whole town and people _____________.

88. The author tells us to forget about our misery because _____________.

89. Pappy invited Agent X to stay for dinner because he wanted to listen to _____________.

90. We should not be bound by the dictionary in choosing our words because new situation, new experiences, new inventions, new feelings  are always making us _____________.

Ⅵ.将下列句子译成英语。(每小题2分,共20分)

91. 我希望你们在踢球时,要记住规则。
92. 我要去买些啤酒来以备周末汤姆叔叔来。
93. 她说没有任何事能够使她相信丈夫对家庭的忠心。
94. 在家她宁愿说汉语,因为汉语是她的母语。
95. 如果我遇到一头熊,我爬到树上去会有用吗?
96. 嘲笑别人的缺点是不友善的。
97. 他眯缝着眼睛,用平淡的声调做了回答。
98. 大学毕业时,他主动提出去西藏教书。
99. 一旦做出承诺,你就要遵守诺言。
100. 苏州以美丽的园林而闻名于世。

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