Ⅰ. Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each item)
1. Make sure the label is firmly ______ to the parcel before you mail it.
A. attributed B. accustomed C. adjusted D. attached
2. ______leisure was generally considered a waste of time.
A. Not until recently B. Not recently
C. Until recently D. Recently until
3. Man's greatest energy comes not from his physical strength ______ his dreams.
A. except from B. yet from C. however from D. but from
4. It is ______ to avoid rich foods if you are feeling ill.
A. senseless B. sensible C. sentimental D. sensitive
5. If you are walking away from a clock tower, you will hear the ticking of the clock fade to a point ______ it cannot be heard.
A. which B. what C. where D. how
6. The moon turns round the earth, just ______ the earth circles round the sun.
A. therefore B. as C. thus D. so
7. He said he was ______ the origin of the universe.
A. speculating upon B. coinciding with
C. putting into operation D. distinguishing between
8. A good manager identifies the interest of his employees ______ his own.
A. to B. with C. for D. between
9. We have a ______ experience of continued living than any society that has preceded us anywhere.
A. very more greater B. very many greater
C. much more greater D. very much greater
10. While ______ your imagination, you should be alone and completely undisturbed .
A. exercising B. exercises C. to exercise D. exercised
Ⅱ. Cloze Test(10 points, 1 point for each item)
Business card exchanges are an important part of any international business meeting. To show how people exchange a business card, we will examine it as __11__ by an American in Japan.
First, the cards should be in English on one side and Japanese on the other. It is important that the company and title __12__ noticeably positioned. The cards should be kept in a card holder in the jacket pocket. Never keep the cards in a wallet or a pocketbook. The presentation of the card is done at the beginning of the meeting. Cards are presented __13__ the giver's name(Japanese side) __14__ the receiver. The card can be __15__ by one or preferably two hands accompanied by a slight bow. __16__ receiving a card, the receiver should study it carefully to determine the status of the person he is meeting. Since meetings usually __17__ more than one person, each card __18__ should be placed on the table in front of the receiver __19__ he can tell who he is speaking with. The receiver should avoid shuffling(摆弄) the cards, placing them in his wallet, or writing on them __20__ the giver. The business card is the symbol of the organization; therefore it should be treated with the greatest respect.
11. A. checked out B. worn out C. turned out D. carried out
12. A. be B. is C. will be D. might be
13. A. with B. for C. to D. on
14. A. faced B. facing C. faces D. face
15. A. declared B. delivered C. delayed D. despised
16. A. In B. For C. On D. With
17. A. intend B. involve C. incline D. inflict
18. A. receiving B. receive C. receives D. received
19. A. in case B. for fear C. so that D. such that
20. A. in the presence of B. in the absence of
C. in place of D. in honor of
Ⅲ. Reading Comprehension(30 points, 2 points for each item)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Pigs, fishponds and crops-all housed in tall buildings. This is a vision of industrial farming in the Netherlands(荷兰). In a world concerned about the environment and transport, would it not make sense to concentrate food production next to a harbor and an airport? And since humans can live in tall buildings, why not pigs and fish?
The creative minds behind a government report suggest just this for a site at Rotterdam(鹿特丹) very close to mainland Europe's largest port.
The scale is vast: imagine 10 football fields, six floors of equal area, at total of 500 acres(英亩) stretching skywards. The building, known as Deltapark, visualizes 300,000 pigs, 1. 2 million chickens, tens of thousands of fish and a giant vegetable growing area all under one roof. The pigs could enjoy more space than on an average pig farm, and end their days in the slaughterhouse downstairs. Space without daylight in the giant building could be used for cultivating mushrooms(蘑菇) which grow well in the dark.
Higher up, greenhouses full of tomatoes and flowers, grown in nutrient solutions collected from elsewhere in the building, would profit from the light. The system is theoretically a complete farming cycle, with one activity feeding another and everything being recycled.
Deltapark is to be run by managers, not farmers. It has nothing to do with agriculture as we now know it, and so far, only exists on paper. But the idea has created a heated debate in the Netherlands and attracted attention abroad.
21. According to the passage, a multi-story farm ______ in the Netherlands.
A. is under construction
B. is about to be put to use
C. has been proposed
D. might cause severe criticism
22. According to the report, which of the following is NOT true?
A. Deltapark occupies an area of 10 football fields.
B. Deltapark has a floor space of 500 acres.
C. Deltapark has six floors.
D. Deltapark is on a steep slope.
23. What is the meaning of "slaughterhouse" in Line 5, Paragraph 3?
A. A house where animals are fed.
B. A house where animals are kept in the daytime.
C. A place where animals stay for the night.
D. A place where animals are killed for food.
24. It is supposed in Paragraph 4 that ______.
A. the flowers would be nourished by liquids gathered outside the building
B. the tomatoes and flowers would benefit from daylight
C. the vegetable growing area would be lit by electric lights
D. the system would be far from self-sufficient in production
25. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage?
A. Farm of the Future?
B. Animal Farm?
C. Field of Your Dreams?
D. Animal Farm or Vegetable Farm?
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
A few years ago I was shopping with a friend and his 12-year-old daughter in downtown San Francisco. A street musician, whom my friend happened to know from his own musician days, was playing the saxophone(萨克斯管) on a street corner. His name was Clifford, and he had attracted a large crowd with his performance. After he finished, my friend introduced him to me and his daughter. Clifford asked her if she played any instrument. When she replied that she was taking trumpet(小号) lessons and played in her junior high school band, he said, "That's fine, little lady. Learn your instrument well and you can play anything. "
Somehow these simple yet wise words struck me as appropriate not only for a trumpet player but also for a reader. If you learn to read well, you can read anything you want-not just newspapers and magazines, but more difficult material like philosophy, file criticism, military history-whatever interests you as your confidence grows. You would not be limited in any way. If you have the vocabulary-or at least a good dictionary near at hand-you can pick up a book, concentrate on it, and make sense of the author's words.
In the United States, reading instruction often ends at elementary school, so students sometimes have difficulty as they progress through school. They must take their assignments armed only with their elementary school reading skills. The result, too often, is frustration and loss of confidence. And the assigned reading in your college courses will be even greater than they were in high school. Developing Reading Skills is designed to accomplish several tasks : to show you the skills that will enable you to read with greater comprehension, to help you cope with reading assignments with confidence, and to teach you to become an active reader.
26. The author develops his point by starting with ______.
A. an example B. an incident
C. a statement D. a contrast
27. Which of the following statements is implied in Paragraph 1?
A. Clifford was good at playing the saxophone.
B. The author's friend was once a street musician.
C. The 12-year-old girl played the trumpet very poorly.
D. Clifford was a good music teacher.
28. "Struck … as appropriate" in Line 1, Paragraph 2 most probably means ______.
A. seemed to be appropriate
B. proved to be appropriate
C. happened to be appropriate
D. found to be appropriate
29. With good reading skills, you can ______.
A. understand anything you read without difficulty
B. work out the author's meaning if only you concentrate on the book
C. understand what you read with the help of a good dictionary
D. concentrate on whatever you read
30. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that Developing Reading skills ______.
A. is directed to elementary school students
B. centers around vocabulary building skills
C. offers elementary reading skills
D. aims at helping students read better
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
If you asked people today why they used the telephone to communicate with their friends or why they turned to the television for entertainment, they would look at you as if you were crazy. We don't think about a telephone or a television or a car as being rare. These things have become such an essential part of life that they are no longer noticed, let alone remarked upon.
In the same way, within a decade no one will notice the Worldwide Web(互联网). It will just be there, an essential part of life. It will be a reflex to turn to the Web for shopping, education, entertainment and communication, just as it is natural today to pick up the telephone to talk to someone.
There is an enormous interest in the Web. Yet it is still in its infancy(婴儿期). The technology and the speed of response are leaping forward. This will move more and more people to the Web as part of their everyday lives. Eventually ,everyone's business card will have an electronic mail address. Every lawyer, every doctor and every business-from large to small -will be connected.
To predict that it will take over ten years for these changes to happen is probably pessimistic(悲观的). We usually overestimate what we can do in two years and underestimate what we can do in ten. The Web will be as much a way of life as the car by 2008. probably before.
31. What is implied in Paragraph 1?
A. Only mad people would ask questions about telephones, TV sets and cars.
B. We don't usually ask people why they use the telephone, television and car.
C. Today televisions and cars are no longer as important as they used to be.
D. In some places, the telephone, television and car are still rare things.
32. According to the text, in ten years' time the Web will ______.
A. have become part of people's everyday life
B. be as cheap as the telephone of today
C. have lost its interest to people
D. no longer be an infant
33. The word "reflex" in Line 2, Paragraph 2 probably means _____.
A. automatic, unthinking act
B. something one is thinking over
C. reflection of other people's opinion
D. turning from the source
34. Technology for the Web _____.
A. has passed its infancy
B. is developing at a very rapid rate
C. has naturally moved more people together
D. is responding to the challenge of the world
35. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. The development of the Web has just started.
B. It will probably take less than ten years for the Web to become common.
C. Eventually the Web will be able to link all businesses together.
D. We are usually too optimistic when we talk about what we can do in ten years.
Ⅳ. Word Spelling (10 points, 1 point for two items)
36. 酬劳；报答 v. r_ _ _ _ _
37. 损失；遗失 n. l_ _ _
38. 优点，长处 n. m_ _ _ __
39. 欠(债等) v. o_ _
40. 球形的；全球的 a. g_ _ _ _ _
41. 郊区 n. s_ _ _ _ _
42. 激情 n. p_ _ _ _ _ _
43. 使恢复 v. r_ _ _ _ _ _
44. 缩短 v. s_ _ _ _ _ _
45. 每年地 ad. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _
46. 紧身的；紧的 a. t_ _ _ _
47. 评论 n. c_ _ _ _ _ _
48. 科学 n. s_ _ _ _ _ _
49. 可爱的 a. l_ _ _ _ _
50. 祖先 n. a_ _ _ _ _ _ _
51. 两倍的 a. d_ _ _ _ _
52. 内部的；内在的 a. i_ _ _ _ _ _ _
53. 媒介物 n. m_ _ _ _ _
54. 淹没 v. f_ _ _ _
55. 聚焦 v. f_ _ _ _
Ⅴ. Word Form (10 points, 1 point for each item)
56. The student failed ______ (distinguish) between the two nouns in the examination.
57. The boy stayed there reading his textbook, ______(total) unaware of his mother's presence.
58. The novel is said ______ (translate) into twelve languages in the past ten year.
59. People all over the world ______(try)their best to make the world safer than it is now.
60. In 1991, after the Gulf War, Bush's approval rating reached 91 percent, the highest level ______(record)since polling began in the 1930s.
61. If we hadn't got everything ready by now, we ______(have) a terrible time tomorrow.
62. The conditions that existed ten years ago were similar to what they ______(be) today.
63. A ______(brilliant) student would have passed the difficult exam.
64. ______(save) the child, the soldier sacrificed his life.
65. It started to rain as soon as they ______(reach) home.
Ⅵ. C-E Translation (15 points, 3 points for each item)
Ⅶ. E-C Translation(15 points)
Today, growing numbers of people are changing careers or getting second starts in careers that have greater attraction to them. Motives or reasons for changing careers vary widely, but may people move because they feel bored. For some, a second start grows out of the realization that what they want out of life is not what they are doing, and they decide to do those things they enjoy and believe to be important. Certainly, time spent in one occupation is likely to narrow the range of later occupational choices; very few people start a completely new career in mid-life. Most people move to a related field that involves a minimum of training.www.59wj.com 如果觉得《2002年10月全国英语(二)试题》公共课历年真题,zikao不错，可以推荐给好友哦。