2009年10月自学考试《综合英语(一)》真题

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2009年10月自学考试《综合英语(一)》真题

  ⅰ.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从a、b、c、d四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

  1. it is suggested that the project ______ until all the preparations have been made.

  a. would start b. should start

  c. not to be started d. not be started

  2. your hair wants ______; you’d better have it ______ in a couple of days.

  a. to cut, done b. to cut, to be done

  c. cutting, done d. cutting, being done

  3. my sister ______ a job in a factory, but she refused to ______ it.

  a. offered, take b. offered, taking

  c. was offered, take d. was offered, taking

  4. i have never been to the city, but it is the place ______ this summer.

  a. where i’d like to visit b. that i’d like to visit

  c. i’d like to visit it d. that i’d like to visit it

  5. ______ 35 years with the company, he retired at the age of 60.

  a. having spent b. being spent

  c. it was d. there was

  6. the reason ______ he missed the train was ______ got up late.

  a. because, he b. because, that he

  c. why, he d. why, that he

  7. the girl got up earlier than usual ______ miss the first train.

  a. in order to not b. so as not to

  c. not in order to d. not so as to

  8. we ______ for you everywhere. where have you been?

  a. have looked b. looked

  c. have been looking d. are looking

  9. his brother often thought ______ abroad, but never ______ a chance.

  a. of going, he had b. of going, did he have

  c. to go, he had d. to go, did he have

  10. if mary ______ the doctor’s advice, she would have been quite all right now.

  a. had followed b. were to follow

  c. would follow d. was to follow

  11. such an experienced tennis player knows how to take ______ of his opponent’s weakness.

  a. advantage b. charge

  c. account d. command

  12. his music is enjoyed by adults and children ______.

  a. like b. together

  c. alike d. all

  13. my next-door neighbor held a party and it kept me ______ all night.

  a. awoke b. awake

  c. awaken d. awaked

  14. he discovered that the old woman was hard ______ hearing.

  a. at b. in

  c. about d. of

  15. in spite of what they said, she refused to ______ to the police.

  a. give way b. give off

  c. give herself away d. give herself up

  16. it’s ______ the president to make a decision on this issue.

  a. up to b. according to

  c. due to d. thanks to

  17. after a long talk the two sides ______ an agreement.

  a. arrived b. arrived in

  c. reached out d. reached

  18. it’s cold outside. put on some warm clothes, ______ you will catch cold.

  a. or b. but

  c. and d. yet

  19. you need to drive carefully because traffic accidents are quite ______ in this part of the city.

  a. ordinary b. popular

  c. common d. regular

  20. in recent years, there has been a ______ call for a rise in miners’ wages.

  a. existent b. constant

  c. resistant. d. assistant

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  ii.阅读理解。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从a、b、c、d四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。 (本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  passage 1

  insurance is the sharing of risks. nearly everyone is exposed to risk of some sort. the house owner, for example, knows that his property can be damaged by fire; the ship-owner knows that his ships may be lost at sea; the breadwinner knows that he may die at an early age and leave his family poorer. on the other hand, not every house is damaged by fire nor every ship is lost at sea. if these persons each put a small sum into a pool, there will be enough to meet the needs of the few who do suffer losses. in other words, the losses of the few are met from the contributions of the many. this is the basis of insurance. those who pay the contribution are known as insured and those who administer the pool of contributions as insurers.

  the legal basis of all insurance is the policy. this is a printed form of contract on a piece of paper in best quality. it states that every year the insured shall pay a named sum of money, which is called the premium; in return, the insurer will pay a sum of money or compensation for loss if the risk or event insured against actually happens.

  the premium for an insurance naturally depends upon how likely the risk is to happen, as suggested by past experience. if companies fix their premiums too high, there will be more competition in their area of insurance and they may lose business. on the other hand, if they make the premium too low, they will lose money and may even have to drop out of business. so the ordinary forces of supply and demand keep premiums at a level satisfactory to both the insurer and the insured.

  21. by “the pool of contributions” (para. 1) the writer means______.

  a. money paid by the insurers b. the amount of each premium

  c. money paid by all those insured d. the cost of administering insurance

  22. a policy is ______.

  a. a named sum of money b. a kind of legal agreement

  c. a printed form of payment d. a particular kind of insurance

  23. insurance premiums do not become too high because ______.

  a. not many people insure themselves b. premiums depend on the risk of loss

  c. insurers have to be more competitive d. insurance companies can never lose money

  24. according to the passage, insurance business is profitable because ______.

  a. nearly everyone suffers losses b. only insured people suffer losses

  c. everyone at some time suffers losses d. only a few of those insured suffer losses

  25. the purpose of the passage is ______.

  a. to define an insurance policy b. to introduce insurance business

  c. to persuade people to be insured d. to warn people of possible losses

  passage 2

  one evening i went out and left my 17-year-old son in charge of his 8-year-old brother and 4-year-old sister. on this occasion, the chore was made less troublesome by the presence of his girlfriend. i left with complete confidence that the older children would do a wonderful job of babysitting the younger children and the younger children would do a wonderful job of accompanying the older ones. later, i discovered that complete confidence was the last thing i should have left home with.

  i had decided to return home earlier than planned so that my son and his girlfriend could go out. i called home with this happy news. but instead of hearing his cheerful, grateful voice on the other end of the line, all i heard was the sound of a telephone ringing.

  it was, i should point out, after 10 p.m., when the two younger children should have been in bed, and when the two older children should have been answering the phone. “i’ll give him a lesson,” i said. i decided they must be outside. why they might be outside at 10:30 on a wintry night i had no idea, but it was the only explanation i could come up with.

  finally, in desperation, i called his girlfriend’s house. after what seemed like countless rings, his girlfriend answered. “yes,” she said brightly, “he’s right here.”

  he came on the phone. i was not my usual calm, rational self. after all, one of the rules of survival for modern parents is that you can’t trust modern teenagers. “where are the children?” i said. he said they were with him. they had done nothing wrong. my son had taken the younger children over to his girlfriend’s house just for ice cream and cake. this was too wholesome to be believed. well, it turns out that i shouldn’t have believed it. it was only part of the truth.

  the following saturday evening we were at my parents’ home, celebrating my birthday. my oldest son gave me the children’s gifts. mounted and framed were a series of lovely color photographs of my children, dressed in their best clothes, and wearing their most wonderful expressions. they are pictures to treasure a lifetime, all taken by the father of my son’s girlfriend.

  that was the most precious gift of all.

  26. the author went out and left her eldest son in charge of the younger children because ______.

  a. she knew that his girlfriend was a good baby-sitter

  b. she could not find a baby-sitter on that winter night

  c. the older children and the younger ones would get along well

  d. she believed he was old enough to take care of the younger ones

  27. shortly after the author left home one evening, she discovered that ______.

  a. her son had brought his girlfriend home

  b. her son had left home with his girlfriend

  c. she shouldn’t have completely trusted her son

  d. she should have taken the children along with her

  28. when the author called home ______.

  a. no one answered the phone

  b. she expected to hear some good news

  c. her son’s girlfriend answered the phone

  d. she heard a cheerful voice on the other end

  29. the sentence “it was only part of the truth.” (para. 5) implies that the children not only enjoyed ice-cream but also ______.

  a. had a birthday party  b. framed some photographs

  c. had their pictures taken  d. showed off their best clothes

  30. which of the following possible titles best expresses the main idea of this passage?

  a. an evening out  b. modern teenagers

  c. mother and children  d. a precious birthday gift

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  iii.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共1 0分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

  31. style  32. miracle

  33. secretly  34. strap

  35. response  36. retain

  37. fingernail  38. reserve

  39. jail  40. announce

  41. assure  42. pierce

  43. awkward  44. mourn

  45. unaware  46. cleanse

  47. fascinate  48. reassuring

  49. giant  50. continuous

  iv.完形填空。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共 10分)

  a.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  bill grant was a famous american newspaper editor. he worked for the same newspaper from 1926 through 1968. he 51 as a clerk but by 1948 he had become the editor, 52 was the position he held until he retired.

  bill wrote his first story for the newspaper 53 the day the new york stock market crashed in 1929. two of the newspaper’s writers 54 thirty miles away from town 55 into an airplane crash and the other was in san francisco investigating chinatown. when the 56 of the stock market crash came into the office bill immediately sat down and write up the story. the editor liked it so much that he used the story 57 making any change in it. after that the editor decided that bill should be a writer, not a 58.

  after this first story bill became especially interested in financial news, though he wrote stories on just about everything. in 1945 he 59 five months in europe and wrote stories about the end of world war ii.

  one of bill’s greatest moments came in 1946. a story he had written about the war 60 the national newspaperman’s award. bill took the prize but gave all the credit to his editor.

  b.根据课文内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  two men walked slowly, one after another, through the shallow water of a stream. 61 they could see were stones and earth. the 62 ran cold over their feet. they had blanket packs 63 their backs. suddenly, the man who followed 64 over a stone. he hurt his foot badly and called: “hey, bill, i’ve hurt my foot.” bill 65 straight on without looking back. the man was 66 in the empty land, but he was not lost. he knew the way to their camp, where he would find food and bullets. he struggled to his 67 and limped on. bill would be waiting for him there, and 68 they would go south to the hudson bay company. he had not eaten for days. often he 69 to pick some small berries and put them into his 70. the berries were tasteless, and did not satisfy, but he knew he must eat them.

  v.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  71. according to the text “the time message”, time is dangerous because if you don’t make it work for you, it will ______.

  72. the writing of a dictionary is not a task of setting up ruling statements about the “true meaning” of words, but a task of ______ to authors in the distant or immediate past.

  73. according to the author of”happiness”, happiness is a continuous process of honest, productive work which makes a real contribution to others and makes you ______.

  74. in “the mystery of the silver box”, mr. grayson turned to the thinking machine for help because his business plans ______ almost as soon as he had made them.

  75. in the text “remembering tracy bill”, tracy’s liver ______ david, who was suffering from an incurable liver disease.

  76. in “the story of an hour”, when louise mallard first heard that her husband had died in a train accident she was heart broken, but later she realized that ______.

  77. in “detective on the trail”, bob sugg’s favorite part of the newspaper was ______.

  78. in”the day i was fat”, the author was abused by a teenager in a parking lot. ironically, the teenager’s words helped the author ______ as well as her figure.

  79. according to the author of”the emotional bank account—secrets of happy families”, the emotional bank account is like a financial bank account in one way: you can make “deposits” or you can make “withdrawals”. here “deposits” refer to ______.

  80. in “the outside chance”, the narrator was only interested in ______ in tomorrow’s newspaper, but he ignored the news about the factory disaster in selby.

  vi.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分。共20分)

  81.我去书店的路上碰见一位老朋友。

  82.他弟弟刚上火车,火车就开动了。

  83.那位年轻人正站在那儿看墙上的一幅画。

  84.她花了约一个多小时才把这道数学题做出来。

  85.听说约翰的另一部小说明年就要出版。

  86.玛丽在她母亲回家前把房间打扫干净了。

  87.他小时候梦想成为一名足球明星。

  88.我想她很快就会把消息传给全班同学。

  89.他们设法为这项工程筹到了足够资金。

  90.我们非常喜欢这座城市,想再呆一个月。

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