全国2010年4月高等教育综合英语(一)自考试题

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全国2010年4月高等教育综合英语(一)自考试题

  全国2010年4月高等教育自学考试

  综合英语(一)试题

  课程代码:00794

  请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

  I.用适当语法形式或词汇填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题1分,共20分)

  1. I didn’t see Jack at the meeting yesterday afternoon. He ______ it.

  A. mustn’t attend B. can’t attend

  C. mustn’t have attended D. can’t have attended

  2. It is essential that this application form ______ as soon as possible.

  A. being returned B. be returned

  C. to be returned D. will be returned

  3. You ______ quit your job until you find another one.

  A. had better not B. had better not to

  C. had not better D. had not better to

  4. There are more than sixty proposals ______ at the conference.

  A. discussing B. been discussed

  C. to discuss D. to be discussed

  5. ______ for their help, we couldn’t have finished the task ahead of time.

  A. If it were not B. Hadn’t it been

  C. Had it not been D. If it was not

  6. The room needs _____, but it will have to wait until Tuesday.

  A. cleaning B. cleaned

  C. to clean D. being cleaned

  7. Thank you, Mr. President. I’m very happy to ______ a chance to visit your college.

  A. being given B. be given

  C. give D. have given

  8. Two days ago he came back from the village ______ his father had lived.

  A. there B. that

  C. where D. which

  9. Scarcely ______ the house ______ it began to rain heavily.

  A. did he leave, than B. he left, than

  C. had he left, when D. he had left, when

  10. I didn’t go to our class get-together last weekend, but I do wish I ______ there.

  A. was B. will be

  C. were D. had been

  11. His visit to London last spring is ______ as a great success.

  A. looked into B. looked to

  C. looked over D. looked upon

  12. You will complete your project more easily if you take ______ of all the facilities here.

  A. privilege B. advantage

  C. chance D. care

  13. Seventy guests had been invited to the party, but only fifty ______.

  A. turned around B. showed up

  C. turned out D. showed off

  14. All we can do is to hope this chemical plant will take ______ to reduce air pollution.

  A. measures B. ways

  C. positions D. methods

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  15. She was just too busy yesterday, ______ she would surely have gone there with you.

  A. however B. for

  C. therefore D. otherwise

  16. He found it hard to concentrate on his writing ______ so many people around.

  A. when B. during

  C. because D. with

  17. When she was five, the girl’s father decided to ______ a pianist of her.

  A. develop B. build

  C. make D. do

  18. ______ automobile pollution, the air quality in this city has become worse.

  A. As a result of B. In spite of

  C. But for D. As for

  19. Her friends did not expect her to ______ all their suggestions.

  A. turn down B. turn over

  C. take off D. take away

  20. The motor isn’t ______ enough to push the car up the hill.

  A. tough B. powerful

  C. strong D. big

  II.阅读理解。认真阅读下面两篇短文,每篇短文后有五个问题,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中选择一个最佳答案,并将所选答案的字母写在答题纸相应的位置上。

  (本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  Passage 1

  Nikolai arrived in the United States from Eastern Europe with his wife and two small children. Despite the fact that Nikolai spoke three languages (Russian, German, and Polish), neither he nor his wife spoke any English. They came to the United States as refugees. Nikolai thought he was fortunate to have located a distant cousin, who sponsored him and his family and offered them temporary housing in the apartment building that he owned. Very soon Nikolai began picking up English words. He needed a job to support his family, but because of his poor English and lack of formal education, he worried about his job prospects in the United States.

  A neighbor in the apartment building told him that job advertisements were frequently posted on a nearby bulletin board (公告牌). Nikolai went to the bulletin board together with an acquaintance, who read and spoke both Russian and English, to see what jobs were available. Nikolai listened intently as the acquaintance read several job announcements to him. One particular job listed on the board caught his attention. A nearby military base was advertising for barbers. What made the announcement most attractive to Nikolai was the fact that the announcement included the words “license not required”. Nikolai had never cut anyone’s hair, but he remembered watching sailors give each other haircuts. It seemed pretty easy since the haircuts all looked about the same — just cutting off all the hair. He spent the evening practicing short sentences that he had learned from his cousin that afternoon, including “Hello, it’s nice to meet you” and “Yes, I can!”

  The next day Nikolai took the first bus out to the base.After showing the ad to an MP at the front gate,he received a map of directions to the barber shop.After an exchange of greetings,the barber shop manager asked Nikolai,“Can you give someone a haircut?”

  “Yes,” Nikolai answered,“I can.Cut it all off!”

  Not only did Nikolai get the j ob,but within just two years,he had learned to do the job so well that he became the manager of the barber shop.He was the one who now did all of the hiring.His English language skills had improved immensely, and he was often invited over to the top officers’ homes for dinner.He also fell in love with country music,since many of the base personnel were from southern states,and this type of music was constantly played in the shop.

  21.When Nikolai first came to America he felt fortunate for the following reasons EXCEPT ______.

  A.he had a distant cousin to help him

  B.he found temporary housing

  C.he could support his family

  D.he spoke three languages

  22.Nikolai went to the bulletin board in order to ______.

  A.look for job information

  B.post notices on the board

  C.read job announcements

  D.list job opportunities

  23.Why did Nikolai decide to apply for the job at the barber shop?

  A.He had a barber’s license.

  B.He thought it easy to get the job.

  C.He had watched barbers cut sailors’ hair.

  D.He had given other people haircuts before.

  24.Nikolai came to love country music because ______.

  A.the music was popular in southern states

  B.the music reminded him of his hometown

  C.he often heard the music in the barber shop

  D.he wanted to improve his English language skills

  25.Which of the following possible titles best expresses the main idea of this passage?

  A.“Can You Give Someone A Haircut?’’

  B.“License Not Required’’

  C.“Cut It All Off”

  D.“Yes,I Can!”

  Passage 2

  There are several places in the world that are famous for people who live a very long time.These places are usually in mountainous areas,far away from modern cities.

  Hunza is high in the Himalayan Mountains of Asia.There,many people over one hundred years of age are still in good physical health.Men of ninety are new fathers,and women of fifty still have babies. What are the reasons for their good health? Scientists believe that the people of Hunza have these three benefits:(1) physical work;(2)a healthful environment with clean air and water;(3)a simple diet.

  People in the Caucasus Mountains are also famous for their longevity.In this area,although birth records are not usually available,a woman called Tsurba probably lived until age 160.In general,the people not only live a long time,but they also live well.They are almost never sick,and when they die,they have not only their own teeth but also a full head of hair, and good eyesight.

  Vilcabamba, Ecuador is another area famous for the longevity of its inhabitants.There are few serious diseases there.One reason for the good health of the people might be the clean,beautiful environment:the temperature is about 70°F all year long;the wind always comes from the same direction;and the region is rich in flowers,fruit,vegetables,and wildlife.

  In some ways,the diets of the inhabitants in these three regions are quite different. Hunzukuts eat mainly raw vegetables,fruit and chapattis — a kind of pancake;they eat meat only a few times a year.The Caucasian diet consists mainly of milk,cheese,vegetables,fruit, and meat;most people there drink the local red wine daily.In Vilcabamba,people eat a small amount of meat each week,but the diet consists largely of grain,corn,beans,potatoes,and fruit.

  Apart from calories,natural food,their mountains,and their distance from modern cities,inhabitants in these three regions have other things in common.Because these people live in the countryside and are mostly farmers,their life is physically hard.Thus,they do not need to go to health clubs because they get a lot of exercise in their daily work.In addition,although their life is hard, the people do not seem to have the worries of city people. Their life is quiet. Consequently,some experts believe that physical exercise and freedom from worry might be the two most important secrets of longevity.

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  26. Inhabitants in the three mountain areas are described in order to ______.

  A. show their different characters

  B. give different examples of longevity

  C. introduce different parts of the world

  D. illustrate differences among old people

  27. All of the following are the reasons for Hunzukuts’ longevity EXCEPT ______.

  A. Hunzukuts have very nice surroundings

  B. their diet is high in nutrition and fat

  C. they are far away from noisy cities

  D. they are active in physical work

  28. The three peoples can be arranged according to the amounts of meat they eat — from the greatest to the smallest — in the following order:

  A. Hunzukuts, Caucasians, Vilcabambans

  B. Vilcabambans, Hunzukuts, Caucasians

  C. Caucasians, Hunzukuts, Vilcabambans

  D. Caucasians, Vilcabambans, Hunzukuts

  29. Vilcabambans seldom get sick because ______.

  A. they often go to health clubs

  B. they eat a lot of meet every day

  C. they enjoy an agreeable climate

  D. they drink the local red wine daily

  30. According to the passage, the key to longevity is ______.

  A. healthful environment and food source

  B. balanced diet and freedom from worry

  C. physical exercise and calmness of mind

  D. physical exercise and fresh air and water

  III.标音。用国际音标标出下列单词中划线字母或字母组合的读音,并将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共10分)(注意:使用新式或老式音标均可)

  31. definitely 32. impulse

  33. unconditional 34. similarity

  35. vague 36. idiot

  37. religion 38. compose

  39. pace 40. malicious

  41. breathless 42. pink

  43. warning 44. stir

  45. steadily 46. frown

  47. foot 48. scholar

  49. mechanic 50. wild

  Ⅳ.完形填空。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共20小题,每小题0.5分,共 10分)

  A.从下列单词中选择适当的词填空,每个词只能用一次。

  agreed alone but hungry luckily passed

  past quarreled shop time wait where

  Once, a new policeman caught a thief in a small town, and decided to bring him back to the police station in the city. On their way they came to a shop 51 bread was sold. “We have no food, and we must be 52 after a while. Let me go into the shop and buy some bread for us. 53 here for me.” the thief said.

  The policeman 54 with him and waited in the street for a long time, but the thief didn’t come out of the 55. The policeman began to be worried, and ran inside. He couldn’t see the thief 56 the back door of the shop. The policeman had to go back to the police station 57, and he was very unhappy.

  58, the policeman caught the thief at the same place the next day. When they walked on the same street and 59 the same shop, the policeman said to the thief, “Wait here, last 60 you ran away from the shop. This time, I’ll go in and buy the bread, and you must wait here for me.”

  B.根据课文的内容在每个空白处填入一个恰当的词。

  It was Mother who first saw that there was something wrong with me. I was about four months 61 at the time. She noticed that my 62 fell backward when she tried to feed me. She attempted to correct this 63 placing her hand on the back of my neck to 64 it steady. But when she took it away, back it 65 drop again. That was the first warning 66. Then she became aware of other defects as I got older. She saw that my hands were clenched nearly all of the 67; my jaws would either lock together, 68 they would suddenly become limp and fall loose. At six months I could not sit 69 without having a mountain of pillows around me. At twelve months it was the 70. Very worried by this, Mother told Father her fears, and they decided to seek medical advice without any further delay.

  V.根据所学课文内容完成下列句子。将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  71. Hans Christian Andersen was a world-famous writer, whose genius was that he put so much of

  ______ into the wonder of his fairy tales.

  72. In “Night Watch”, the kind-hearted Marine had ______ as the old man’s son did.

  73. The task of writing a dictionary begins with ______ of the period or subject that the dictionary is to cover.

  74. According to the author of “Happiness”, self-esteem and money are not enough to make one happy. The author believes that the secret to happiness lies in the _______.

  75. The druggist told Sangstrom that he had put poison in his coffee and then made him write a confession of_______.

  76. Dr. Heinrich Applebaum holds that it isn’t the violence on TV but _______ that is doing harm to children.

  77. In “Detective on the Trail”, Bob Sugg’s favorite part of the newspaper was ______.

  78. According to the author of “Another School Year — What For?”, unlike students in a technical training school, students in a university enroll for both ________.

  79. In “The Great Idea of Mr. Budd”, William Strickland, the murderer, was caught by the police because ______ after he had had his hair dyed by Mr. Budd, the barber.

  80. The best known quality of the English is reserve, to which closely related are two other qualities: a show of modesty and ______.

  Ⅵ.汉译英。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸相应的位置上。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  81.我们必须早点出发,才能赶上去天津的首班车。

  82.玛丽总觉得有人在背后嘲笑自己。

  83.汤姆苏醒时,母亲正坐在他的床边。

  84.据说这个小镇是因旅游业而闻名的。

  85.你不要指望她说出这件事是谁干的。

  86.我知道你妹妹正在考虑换工作。

  87.我并没想伤害你的感情,可没想到事情变成这样。

  88.这项措施目的在于减少交通事故。

  89.要成立一个特别委员会来调查这件事。

  90.你应该明白当前形势对你们公司不利。

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