Ⅰ. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points, 0.5 point for each)
Many doctors working on the battlefield of terminal suffering think that only squeamishness demands a 1 difference between passive and active euthanasia on request. Their 2 for killing goes like this: one of a doctor’s 3 is to prevent suffering; sometimes that is all there is left for him to do, and killing is the only way to do it. There is nothing new in this view. When Hippocrates 4 his oath for doctors, which explicitly rules 5 active killing, most other Greek doctors and thinkers disagreed with his 6 .
The women’s magazines are about one third 7 to clothes, one third to mild comment 8 sex, and the 9 third to recipes and pictures of handsome salads, desserts, and main 10 . “Institutes” exist to experiment and tell housewives how to cook attractive meals and how to turn leftovers into 11 of art. The food thus pictured looks 12 famous paintings of still life. The only trouble is it’s tasteless.
One of the greatest and most 13 criticisms of television has been that in 14 to the largest audience possible, it neglects minority audiences and minority tastes. This is still 15 true. But there is, perhaps, one program a day and many, of course, on Sunday which an intelligent man or woman can enjoy and 16 interest from. In my trips east or west or north or south, I pick up the 17 paper to find this enjoyment or interest— 18 vain.
American individualism, on the 19 of it an admirable philosophy, wishes to manifest itself in independence of the community. You don’t share things in 20 ; you have your own things. A family’s strength is signalized by its possessions. Herein lies a 21 . For the desire for possessions must eventually mean dependence on possessions. Freedom is slavery. Once let the 22 instinct burgeon, and there are ruggedly individual forces 23 too ready to make it come to full and monstrous 24 . New appetites are invented; what to the European are bizarre luxuries become, to the American, plain necessities.
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