2010年1月全国高等教育自考综合英语(二)试题

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2010年1月全国高等教育自考综合英语(二)试题

  全国2010年1月高等教育自学考试

  综合英语(二)试题

  课程代码:00795

  请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

  I.语法、词汇。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  Complete each of the following sentences with the most likely answer. (15 points)

  1. The news that the football team failed in the match left every boy ______.

  A. depressing B. to depress

  C. have depressed D. depressed

  2. In those days, young people used to measure themselves ______ such hero as Lei Feng.

  A. for B. on

  C. against D. of

  3. At the party, we found that the shy boy ______ his mother all the time!

  A. depending on B. coinciding with

  C. adhering to D. clinging to

  4. Men who are ______ and women who are lovely rule the world.

  A. good-dressed B. well-dressed

  C. well-dressing D. good-dressing

  5. I don't regret ______ her what I thought of her friend, even though it might have upset her.

  A. telling B. to tell

  C. that I will tell D. to have to tell

  6. I don't mind ______ by train, but I hate ______ in queues.

  A. to travel, standing B. having traveled, standing

  C. traveling, to stand D. traveling, standing

  7. The jury ______ the man of street robbery.

  A. accused B. charged

  C. informed D. convinced

  8. Success is to be measured ______ by the position one has reached in life as by the obstacles he has overcome while trying to succeed.

  A. not so much B. just much

  C. much less D. much more

  9. Although he lives quite a distance away from my home, ______ he will pay a visit to me.

  A. then and now B. here and there

  C. now and then D. when and then

  10. They had been ______ for several days without reaching a conclusion.

  A. interpreting B. interfering

  C. disregarding D. debating

  11. I doubt if it is ______ for you to watch this movie.

  A. worth B. worthy

  C. worthwhile D. valuable

  12. The fruit trees are ______ to die in this frost.

  A. bind B. bounded

  C. bound D. binded

  13. The prize will go to ______ of them writes the best article.

  A. whoever B. whomever

  C. whichever D. whatever

  14. The accident was ______ the drunken driver.

  A. since B. because

  C. due to D. for

  15. Researchers have been researching into the ______ of sleeping pills on human brain.

  A. affect B. effect

  C. impact D. influence

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  Ⅱ.完形填空。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  Fill in each blank in the passage with the most likely answer. (15 points)

  Children model themselves largely on their parents. They do so mainly through identification.

  Children identify 16 a parent when they believe they have the qualities and feelings that are

  17 of that parent. The things parents do and say——and the 18 they do and say to them—therefore strongly influence a child's 19 . However, parents must consistently behave like the type of person they want their child to become.

  A parent's actions 20 affect the self-image that a child forms through identification. Children who see mainly positive qualities in their 21 will likely learn to see themselves in a positive way. Children who observe chiefly 22 qualities in their parents will have difficulty seeing positive qualities in themselves. Children may 23 their self image, however, as they become increasingly 24 by groups standards before they reach 13.

  Isolated events, even dramatic ones, do not necessarily have a permanent 25 on a child's behavior. Children interpret such events according to their established attitudes and previous training. Children who know they are loved can, 26 , accept the divorce of their parent's or a parent's early death. But if children feel unloved, they may interpret such events 27 a sign of rejection or punishment.

  In the same way, all children are not influenced 28 by toys and games, reading matter, and television programs. 29 in the case of a dramatic change in family relations, the 30

  of an activity or experience depends on how the child interprets it.

  16. A. to B. with C. around D. for

  17. A. informed B. characteristic C. conceived D. indicative

  18. A. gesture B. expression C. way D. extent

  19. A. behavior B. words C. mood D. reactions

  20. A. in turn B. nevertheless C. also D. as a result

  21. A. eyes B. parents C. peers D. behaviors

  22. A. negative B. cheerful C. various D. complex

  23. A. modify B. copy C. give up D. continue

  24. A. mature B. influenced C. unique D. independent

  25. A. idea B. wonder C. stamp D. effect

  26. A. luckily B. for example C. at most D. sometimes

  27. A. as B. being C. of D. for

  28. A. even B. some C. alike D. as a whole

  29. A. Oh B. Alas C. Right D. As

  30. A. result B. effect C. scale D. cause

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  Ⅲ.难句释义。从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母

  填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Choose the closest paraphrased version for each of the sentences or italicized parts. (10 points)

  31. We want every minute to count.

  A. We want to count every minute.

  B. We want others to count every minute.

  C. We want to make use of every minute.

  D. We want to spend every minute to do useful things.

  32. A child is a believing creature.

  A. Children want others to believe them.

  B. Children should be believe d.

  C. Children will believe what adults say.

  D. Children accept what adults say about them.

  33. It is a whim of a millionaire.

  A. It is an interesting idea of a millionaire.

  B. It is a wonderful idea of a millionaire.

  C. It is a mysterious idea of a millionaire.

  D. It is a sudden and unreasonable idea of a millionaire.

  34. It would give me prestige in his eyes, or at least make me less suspect, foreigner though I was.

  A. He would treat me differently because I was a well-known American correspondent and I know how to handle the situation.

  B. He would treat me differently because I came from a foreign country.

  C. He would treat me less suspicious because I volunteered to let them check my suitcases.

  D. He would treat me less suspicious because I had had my scripts approved by German censors.

  35. “We have got to believe it,”he said, looking at her steadily in the eye,“we can't afford not to.”

  A. We have to believe it is true since we don't have enough time to consider it thoroughly.

  B. We have to believe it is true since we don't have enough money.

  C. We have to accept the fact since it has already happened.

  D. We have to believe it is true since its results will be too serious for us to take.

  36. I attended the funeral with them and sat through it with a lump of cold lead in my chest and a big resolution growing through me.

  A. Throughout the funeral, I was filled with sadness.

  B. The sad atmosphere of the funeral almost choked me.

  C. At the funeral I felt as cold as lead from beginning to end.

  D. All the time I sat at the funeral with a heart as heavy as lead.

  37. So far as he could see, he had only to will the thing.

  A. He could see objects far away from him by will.

  B. He could use power to see things by imagination.

  C. He could achieve things as far as he uses his will.

  D. As far as he knows, he has the power to see things even beyond his reach.

  38. In time the visible wounds healed.

  A. Sooner or later people could see the wounds clearly.

  B. Sooner or later the wounds would disappear.

  C. Sooner or later people will see the trace of wounds.

  D. There were no wounds at all.

  39. Besides they do not have access to the knowledge.

  A. Besides the first problem, they don't have the key to knowledge.

  B. In addition, they can't get the needed information.

  C. In addition, they don't need to know the information.

  D. Besides, they don't have confidence to get the needed information.

  40. Americans view friendship more tentatively, subject to changes in intensity as people move, change their jobs, marry, or discover new interests.

  A. Americans don't think that friendship can and should remain unchanged.

  B. Americans think that in this changing world no friendship can stay stable.

  C. Americans prefer anything new and they are constantly looking for new things including friends.

  D. Americans look upon friendship as temporary; they don't believe there can be true friends.

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  Ⅳ.阅读理解。阅读短文,根据短文的内容从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出一个正确答案,并将所选答案的字母填在答题纸相应的位置上。错选、多选或未选均无分。(本大题共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  Read the two passages and answer the questions. (20 points)

  Passage One

  In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser extent, notions of making superiority are hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and in decisions makes for equality, and this in turn leads to further sharing.

  In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept that equality more easily than their parents and to prepare more fully for participation in a world characterized by cooperation rather than by the “battle of sexes”.

  In the process goes too far and man's role is regarded as less important and that has happened in some cases——we are as badly off as before, only in reverse. It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism”—— but we don't want to exchange it for a “neo-Popism”. What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals. There are signs that psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided that women should not receive all the credits —— nor all the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman's place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyze man's place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant to the healthy development of the child. The family is a cooperative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems. Excessive authoritarianism(权利主义) has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent (与...有关) not only to a healthy family.

  41. Sharing tasks and decisions in a family leads to ______.

  A. momism B. neo-popism

  C. inequality D. further sharing

  42.If a boy or girl has grown up in a home with sharing tasks and decisions, he or she will probably______.

  A. believe that life is a “battle of sexes”.

  B. accept equality as their parents did.

  C. prepare more fully for participation in a cooperative world.

  D. insist that man has a place in the home.

  43. According to the author, man's role in the American family is ______.

  A. less important than woman's

  B. equal to woman's

  C. irrelevant to the healthy development of the child

  D. hard to maintain

  44. Psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers and specialists on the family ______.

  A. are paying increased attention to man's place in the home.

  B. suggest that we exchange “Momism” for a “neo-popism”.

  C. give all the credits to and blames to women.

  D. give all the credits to and blames to men.

  45. The ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is ______.

  A. related to either a healthy democracy or a healthy family

  B. related to a healthy family as well as healthy democracy

  C. related to neither a halthy democracy nor a healthy family

  D. none of the above

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  Passage Two

  Culture is one of the most challenging elements of the international marketplace. The characteristic of the learned behavior patterns of the members of a given society is constantly shaped by a set of dynamic variables: language, religion, values and attitudes, manners and customs, aesthetics, technology, education, and social institutions.

  To cope with this system, an international manager needs both factual and interpretive knowledge of culture. To some extent, the factual knowledge can be learned; its interpretation comes only through experience.

  The most complicated problems in dealing with the cultural environment stem from the fact that one cannot learn culture——one has to live it. Two schools of thought exist in the business world on how to deal with cultural diversity. One is that business is business the world around, following the model of Pepsi and McDonald's. In some cases, globalization is a fact of life; however, cultural differences are still far from converging(融合).

  The other school proposes that companies must tailor business approaches to individual cultures. Setting up policies and procedures in each country has been compared to an organ transplant; the critical question centers around acceptance or rejection. The major challenge to the international manager is to make sure that rejection is not a result of cultural myopia (近视) or even blindness.

  Fortune examined the international performance of a dozen large companies that earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas. The internationally successful companies all share an important quality: patience. They have not rushed into situations but rather built their operations carefully by following the most basic business principles. These principles are to know your adversary, know your audience, and know your customer.

  46. According to the passage, which of the following is true?

  A. All international managers can learn culture.

  B. Business diversity is not necessary.

  C. Views differ on how to treat culture in business world.

  D. Most people do not know foreign culture well.

  47. According to the author, the model of Pepsi, ______.

  A. is in line with the theories of the school advocating the business is business the world around.

  B. is different from the model of McDonald's.

  C. shows the reverse of globalization.

  D. has converged cultural differences.

  48. The two schools of thought ______.

  A. both propose that companies should tailor business approaches to individual cultures.

  B. both advocate that different policies be set up in different countries.

  C. admit the existence of cultural diversity in business world.

  D. Both A and B.

  49. This article is supposed to be most useful for those ______.

  A. who are interested in researching the topic of cultural diversity.

  B. who have connections to more than one type of culture.

  C. who want to travel abroad.

  D. who want to run business on international scale.

  50. According to Fortune, successful international companies ______.

  A. earn 20 percent or more of their revenue overseas.

  B. all have the quality of patience.

  C. will follow the overseas local cultures.

  D. adopt the policy of internationalization.

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  V.词形转换。将括号里提供的词转换成适当的词形填入答题纸上相应的位置。 (本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)

  Complete each of the following sentences with a (compound) word derived from the one(s) given in brackets. (10 points)

  51. The bossmate was a very heavy man, bald, with a ______ and brutal face. (scar)

  52. This is the ______ way of eatting western food for foreigners. (courtesy)

  53. I ______ raised my arm to protect my face. (instinct)

  54. There is no ______ between flood and currency. (compare)

  55. That is the most ______ thing I have ever heard in my life. (ridicule)

  56. Her ______ was so unexpected that everybody was at loss as to what to say. (depart)

  57. Doctors are highly ______ in that country. (appreciation)

  58. He repeated his ______ that he was innocent. (assert)

  59. No news could be more ______ to me. (delight)

  60. The hasty and unfair judgment of the judge make a ______ of the trial. (mock)

  Ⅵ.句子翻译。将下列句子译成英语,译文写在答题纸上相应的位置。(本大题共 5小题,每小题3分,共15分)

  Translate the following sentences into English.(15 points)

  61.父母项不住孩子的无理要求,也就娇惯了孩子。

  62.英雄是了不起的人物;名流是了不起的名声。

  63.一旦岁月的沙粒从人的漏斗中流光,那就是无法弥补的了。

  64.她很后悔失去奖学金的机会。

  65.人们鼓励孩子去想象而非模仿。

  Ⅶ.作文。根据所学的一篇课文,写出150字左右的短文。(本大题15分)

  Write a short composition of about 150 words based on one of the texts you. have learnt. (15points)

  66. “When you're boss-man,' he added, 'in command and responsible for the rest, — you — you sure get to see things different, don't you? '”

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