全国2010年7月高等教育国际商务英语自考试题

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全国2010年7月高等教育国际商务英语自考试题

  全国2010年7月高等教育自学考试国际商务英语试题

  课程代码:05844

  Ⅰ. Translate the following words and expressions from English into Chinese (10%)

  1. income distribution of a market

  2. set forth

  3. clean credit

  4. equity investment

  5. akin to

  6. endowment of nature

  7. all risks

  8. non-trade settlement

  9. standing committee

  10. comparative advantage

  Ⅱ. Translate the following words and expressions from Chinese into English(10%)

  11.自由贸易区

  12. 进口税

  13. 开证银行

  14. 中间产品

  15. 对外直接投资

  16. 技术转让

  17. 特别提款权

  18. 制成品

  19. 外汇短缺

  20. 配额限制

  Ⅲ. Match the words and expressions on the left with the explanations on the right(10%)

  21. productive a. one in which one of the parties agrees to supply, at the contract price, a complete product ready for use, such as a new home, factory, ship, etc.

  22. primary commodities b. absence of agreement

  23. hyperinflation c. to substitute a claim against one person for a claim against another person

  24. discrepancy d. a person who owns money

  25. practitioner e. producing in high efficiency or in large quantity

  26. turnkey project f. those commodities not processed, or only slightly processed, usually farm produce or raw materials

  27. constitute g. money held aside to meet future demand

  28. subrogate h. make up; amount to; form

  29. reserve i. a person engaged in the practice of a profession or occupation

  30. debtor j. soaring of prices beyond control

  21.______ 22. ______23. ______24. ______25. ______

  26. ______27. ______28. ______29. ______30. ______

  Ⅳ. Make brief explanations of the following terms or give the full name of the abbreviation in English (10%)

  31. drawback

  32. confirmed credit

  33. dirty float

  34. international licensing

  35. IMF

  Ⅴ. Answer the following questions in English(20%)

  36. Why is it necessary to change the term “marine insurance” into “transportation insurance”?

  37. What institutions does the World Bank Group consist of?

  38. Why does the exporter sometimes require a confirmed letter of credit?

  39. What are the two wheels of APEC?

  Ⅵ. Translate the following into Chinese (15%)

  40. It should be noted, however, that the existence of a letter of credit is not a guarantee of payment to anyone. Its existence only assures payment to the beneficiary if the terms and conditions of the letter of credit are fulfilled. In addition, a letter of credit does not insure that the materials purchased will be those invoiced or shipped.

  41. The IFC was established in 1956. Its function is to assist the economic development of less-developed countries by promoting growth in the private sector of their economies and helping to mobilize domestic and foreign capital for this purpose. Membership in the IBRD is a prerequisite for membership in the IFC.

  Ⅶ. Translate the following into English(25%)

  42. 在所有条款中,买卖双方各自的义务排列在10项标题下。

  43.随着制造业和技术的发展,出现了另一个刺激贸易的因素,即国际专业化。

  44.外汇汇率有三种形式,即:买进汇率,售出汇率和两者的平均值——中间汇率。

  45.这些机构的共同目标是通过把发达国家的资金输送到发展中国家帮助这些国家提高生活水平。

  46.自从进入WTO后,中国商业银行及保险行业日益受到来自国外同行的竞争。

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