Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure (10 points, 1 point for each item)
1. In addition, a second doctor must confirm that these criteria has been met and the death must ______ to the police department.
A. report B. be reported C. reporting D. having reported
2. A car accident ______him from playing football.
A. enabled B. abled C. disabled D. unabled
3. The robber is ______ capital punishment.
A. deserving B. deserved C. deserving of D. deserved of
4. The music becomes as loud and ______as the human ear could stand.
A. penetrating B. concentrating C. puncturing D. conciliating
5. These are the robots ______ for the reduction in jobrelated injuries in this new industry.
A. respond B. responsive C. responsory D. responsible
6. Schools usually set ______ their educational objective the attainment of a balanced development of a person.
A. to B. in C. with D. as
7. He was ______to director.
A. accelerated B. lifted C. raised D. promoted
8. There is the apparent______ that the effective cause of the high proportion of the old is births rather than deaths.
A. parable B. parade C. paradise D. paradox
9. A major party nominee has the ______ advantage of support from the party faithful.
A. critic B. criticise C. critical D. criticism
10. When it ______ to the latest researches into heart disease, I haven’t the slightest idea.
A. talks B. speaks C. tells D. comes
Ⅱ. Cloze Test (10 points, 1 point for each item)
Nature has a perfect system for recycling water. Water is used again and again. It falls as rain. Then it goes one of three places. It might seep slowly through the soil 11 it soaks through into the natural reservoirs underground. It might disappear into the air by 12 quickly. It might run off into streams to rivers and to the oceans.
There is a problem 13 this recycling system. It is a balance that can be easily upset by people. Nature’s recycling system can work well 14 people work with the system—not against it. Some ways that people 15 with nature are easy to understand. Dirty sewage water from homes and factories must not 16 with drinking water. People would get sick from drinking dirty water.
There are other ways that people hinder nature. Some of these ways are not so easy to understand. 17 , a marshy bog may not be good for everything, but it serves an important purpose. The soft, wet soil of a bog(沼泽) 18 water to reach the underground reservoirs. What happens to the balance of nature if the bog is filled in? Many housing development projects have been built where marshes once were.
The 19 of the houses are likely to have problems. They are likely to fill up with water, to flood in 20 seasons. Huge storm sewers are built to carry away with the water from wet areas. These huge pipes prevent wet basements in the houses of the community.
11. A. because B. if C. after D. as
12. A. evaporating B. being evaporated
C. having been evaporated D. being evaporating
13. A. of B. with C. through D. from
14. A. only before B. unless C. although D. only if
15. A. accord B. concern C. interfere D. intervence
16. A. separate B. clean C. mix D. filter
17. A. To start with B. To name just a few
C. For example D. In contrast
18. A. forbids B. discourages C. prevents D. allows
19. A. basis B. base C. basic D. basements
20. A. dry B. snowy C. rainy D. misty
Ⅲ．Reading Comprehension (30 points, 2 points for each item)
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
When your parents advise you to “get an education” in order to raise your income, they tell you only half the truth. What they really mean is to get just enough education to provide manpower for your society, but not so much that you prove an embarrassment to your society.
Get a high school diploma, at least. Without that, you will be occupationally dead unless your name happens to be George Bernard Shaw or Thomas Alva Edison, and you can successfully dropout in grade school.
Get a college degree, if possible. With a B.A. , you are on the launching pad. But now you have to start to put on the brakes. If you go for a master’s degree, make sure it is an M.B.A. , and is famous. Law of diminishing returns begins to take effect.
Do you know, for instance, that longhaul truck drivers earn more per year than full professors? Yes, the average 1977 salary for those truckers was ＄24，000.
While the full professors managed to earn just ＄23，030.
A Ph. D. is the highest degree you can get. Except for a few specialized fields such as physics or chemistry where the degree can quickly be turned to industrial or commercial purposes, if you pursue such a degree in any other field, you will face a dim future. There are more Ph.D.s unemployed or underemployed in this country than any other part of the world.
If you become a doctor of philosophy in English or history or anthropology or political science or languages or—worst of all—in philosophy, you run the risk of becoming overeducated for our national demands. Not for our needs, mind you, but for our demands.
Thousands of Ph.D.s are selling shoes, driving cars, waiting on table, and endlessly filling out applications month after month. They may also take a job in some high school or backwater college that pays much less than the janitor earns.
You can equate the level of income with the level of education only so far. Far enough, that is, to make you useful to the gross national product, but not so far that nobody can turn much of a profit on you.
21. According to the writer, what the society expects of education is to turn out people who ______.
A. will not be a disgrace to society
B. will become loyal citizens
C. can take care of themselves
D. can meet the nation’s demands as a source of manpower
22. Many Ph.D.s are out of job because ______.
A. they are improperly educated
B. they are of little commercial value to their society
C. there are fewer jobs in high schools
D. they prefer easier jobs that make more money
23. The nation is only interested in people ______.
A. with diplomas
B. who specialize in physics and chemistry
C. who are valuable to the gross national product
D. both A and C
24. Which of the following is not true?
A. Bernard Shaw didn’t finish high schools,nor did Edison.
B. One must think carefully before pursuing a master’s degree.
C. The higher your education level,the more money you will earn.
D. If you are too welleducated,you’ll be overeducated for society’s demands.
25. The writer sees education as ______.
A. a means of providing job security and financial security and a means of meeting a country’s demands for technical workers
B. a way to broaden one’s horizons
C. more important than finding a job
D. an opportunity that everyone should have
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
What are the specific traits that will assist executives to climb the ladder of success? Opinions vary widely. Given approximately equal qualifications and circumstances, some claim the success factor is largely a matter of luck—being in the right place at the right time. Others speak of an almost crazy devotion to work, combined with a degree of ruthlessness. One “expert” maintains that it’s undoubtedly a matter of how much education your mother had.
To make it big, executives must possess four basic skills:
First, drive. Business success takes an unusual amount of energy. A successful executive—almost by definition—is a striver. He will get tense when he is not striving.
Second, people sense. Some say being able to judge people is more important than a high IQ. The skill can be instinctual (本能的), but in most cases it is painstakingly learned.
Third, communications ability. Different executives make themselves understood in different ways. Some transmit ideas best face to face; others are masters of the telephone call; still others are persuasive writers. One way or another, they all communicate clearly.
Fourth, calm under pressure. No businessman will get very far if he chokes up.
26. Some people claim that besides hard work,the success also requires ______.
A. equal qualifications
B. specific traits
C. much education
D. a degree of cruelty
27. According to the passage,a high IQ is ______.
B. painstakingly learnt
D. more trivial than people sense
28. The successful executives must ______.
A. transmit ideas face to face
B. depend on telephones
C. be persuasive writers
D. express themselves distinctly
29. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Every businessman possesses these four skills.
B. When a striver stops his devotion to work,he will feel quite at ease.
C. These basic skills are not instinctual at all.
D. Mother’s education has undoubted effect on her child’s success.
30. What’s the main idea of the passage?
A. Four skills for successful executives.
B. Some opinions about the success.
C. Specific traits for successful executives.
D. Qualifications and circumstances for climbing the ladder.