Section I Structure and Vocabulary
In each question, decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Put your choice. in the brackets on the left. (15 points)
I was caught ________ the rain yesterday.
1. The travellers sought shelter ________ the rain and happened to find a roadside inn.
2. To our delight, she quickly adapted herself ________ the situation.
3. The key________ success is hard work and persistence.
4. "Do you regret paying A five hundred dollars for the painting?"
"No, I would, gladly have paid ________ for it."
[A] twice so much
[B] twice as much
[C] as much twice
[D] so much twice
5. This pair of shoes isn’t good, but that pair is ________ better.
6. ________ do we go for picnics.
7. Kunming is usually cool in the summer, but Shanghai ________.
[A] is rarely
[B] scarcely is
[C] hardly is
[D] rarely is
8. A university is an educational institution which awards degrees and ________ research.
[A] carries out
[B] carries through
[C] carries off
[D] carries about
9. On entering another country, a tourist will have to ________ the Customs.
[A] pass through
[B] pass by
[C] pass over
[D] pass for
10. The old lady can't hope to ________ her cold in a few days.
[A] get away
[B] get off
[C] get out
[D] get over
11. Will you ________ my article to find out whether I've made any mistakes?
[A] look after
[B] look through
[C] look up
[D] look into
12. "Where should I send my application?"
"The Personnel Office is the place ________."
[A] to send it
[B] sent it to
[C] to send it to
[D] for sending it
13. David, something important has happened. I wish to ________.
[A] talk it over with you
[B] talk over it
[C] ta1k over
[D] talk you over it
14. I was advised ________ for reservations.
[A] to either telephone or to write the hotel
[B] either to telephone or to write the hotel
[C] that I should telephone or either write the hotel
[D] I ought either to telephone or write the hotel
15. ________ we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work.
[A] For now
[B] Since that
[C] Now that
[D] By now
Section II Cloze Test
For each numbered blank in the following passage there are four choices labeled A, B, C, and D. Choose the best one and put your choice in the brackets below the passage. Read the whole passage before making your choices. (10 points)
For instance, the automobile tunnel might ______ huge ventilation problems.
When I was about twelve, I suddenly developed a great passion _____ writing poetry. I gave up all my other hobbies, such as _____ stamps, and spent all my _____ time reading poetry and writing it. This habit of writing poetry on every possible _____ soon got me into trouble at school. If a lesson did not interest me, I would take out my notebook and start writing poems in class. Of course I did this very _____, but it was not long before I got caught. One day while I was busy writing a poem during a geography lesson, I looked up to find the teacher standing over me, fuming with anger because I was not _____ attention. He tore the poem up, with a _____ not to waste time in his lesson. All the same I was convinced that I had written a good poem, so that evening I wrote it out again from memory. Not long after, I read about a poetry contest and I decided to send in my poem. Weeks later, long after I had given up hope, I got a letter informing me I had won first _____. Everyone at school was very impressed — except the geography teacher, who _____ me more carefully than ever. He was quite _____ that I was not going to write poetry in his lesson!
16. [A] for
17. [A] arranging
18. [A] additional
19. [A] chance
20. [A] anxiously
21. [A] calling
22. [A] warning
23. [A] position
24. [A] guarded
25. [A] determined
Section III Reading Comprehension
Each sentence or passage below is followed by four statements. One of the statements is a suggestion which can be made from the information given in the original sentence or passage. Read them carefully and make your choice. Put your choice in the brackets on the left. (10 points)
[A] You should get up when he comes in.
[B] You should support him.
[C] You shouldn't be afraid to argue with him.
[D] You must be of the same height as he is.
26. Watch your step when your turn comes to have an interview with the general manager.
[A] When you are asked to see the general manager, be sure not to step into his office without his permission.
[B] Watch the steps when you go upstairs to see the general manager at his office.
[C] Be sure to be careful when it is your turn to go to the general manager's office for an interview with him.
[D] Watch out and don't step into the general manager's office until it is your turn to have an interview with him.
27. Since no additional fund is available, the extension of the building is out of the question.
[A] The extension of the building is impossible because we are unable to get extra fund for the purpose.
[B] There is some problem about the extension of the building owing to lack of fund.
[C] Since no additional fund is available, we have to solve the problem regarding the extension of the building with our own resources.
[D] We can undertake the extension of the building even without additional fund. It is no problem at all.
28. All along he has been striving not to fall short of his parents' expectations.
[A] He has been trying hard all the time to live up to what his parents expect of him.
[B] His parents have been expecting him to work hard.
[C] All the time he has been trying hard to balance himself so as not to fall down as his parents thought he would.
[D] All the time, as his parents expect him to do, he has been trying hard to save and not to be short of money.
29. The various canals which drain away the excessive water have turned this piece of land into a highly productive agricultural area.
[A] The canals have been used to water the land.
[B] The canals have been used to raise agricultural production.
[C] Excessive water has been helpful to agricultural production.
[D] The production has been mainly agricultural.
30. The replacement of man by machines has not led to unemployment. On the contrary, the total numbers engaged in the textile industry have continued to rise. The fact should not be ignored by those who maintain that unemployment and machinery are inseparable companions.
[A] The belief that the use of machinery causes unemployment is unfounded.
[B] The use of machinery results in a rise in production.
[C] Many people lose their jobs when machines are introduced.
[D] Contrary to general belief, machinery and unemployment are inseparable companions.
Section IV Structure and Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the words which best complete the sentences. Put your choices in the brackets on the left. (10 points)
It was the largest experiment we have ever had; it ________ six houses.
31. He thought the painting was of little ________, so he let me have it for only ten pounds.
32. Tennis is a ________ invented by an Englishman one hundred years ago.
33. It was with great delight that I read in your February ________ the letter to the Editor written by Prof. Johnson.
34. The current political ________ of our country is favourable for foreign investments.
35. Smith drove all the ________ to Los Angeles and was just in time for the 23rd Olympiad.
36. It's a very popular play, and it would be wise to ________ seats well in advance.
37. The children will not be allowed to come with us if they don't ________ themselves.
38. The Customs officer didn't bother to ________ our luggage.
39. After a long walk on a hot day, one often feels ________.
40. What I am telling you is strictly ________. Don't let anyone know of it.
Section V Error-detection and Correction
Each question consists of a sentence with four underlined parts (words or phrases). These parts are labeled [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Choose the part of the sentence that is incorrect and put your choice in the brackets on the left. Then, without altering the meaning of the sentence, write down the correct word or phrase on the line following the brackets. (10 points)
You’ve to hurry up if you want to buy something hardly .
ANSWER: [C] anything
41. I'm sure Betsy is very girl you to get acquainted .([C] approve of)
42. Neither his training nor a railway engineer him his job.([C] approve of)
43. no circumstances do anything that will benefit ourselves harm the of the state.([C] approve of)
44. The dentist said that my tooth I out.([C] approve of)
45. last night, Tom read the but also many poems by .([C] approve of)
46. How I wish John apply grammatical rules properly and the fact that he is nearly always .([C] approve of)
47. of many cities has more than in the .([C] approve of)
48. the temporary difficulties, the manager prefers the output it.([C] approve of)
49. Astronauts by loneliness. They in the spacecraft for weeks with very to do and no one .([C] approve of)
50. One of the articles , informative, and .([C] approve of)
Section VI Verb Forms
Fill in the blanks with the appropriate forms of verbs given in brackets. (10 points)
It is highly desirable that a new president ________ (appoint) for this college.
ANSWER: (should) be appointed
51. I found that my cheating in yesterday's English test ________ (report) to my parents that very evening.(were defeated/had been defeated)
52. While Jane ________ (carry) a pail of milk from the barn to the kitchen, she spilled some of it on her skirt.(were defeated/had been defeated)
53. If it wasn't an accident, he ________ (do) it on purpose.(were defeated/had been defeated)
54. You're going to England next year. You should now practice ________ (speak) English as much as possible.(were defeated/had been defeated)
55. When ________ (see) through a telescope, the sun appears darker near the edge.(were defeated/had been defeated)
56. While he was in the army, he learned English, which ________ (help) him a lot in his work there.(were defeated/had been defeated)
57. They were envious of George because of his ________ (make) captain of the team.(were defeated/had been defeated)
58. Many of the world's great novels are reported ________ (make) into films last year.(were defeated/had been defeated)
59. When the bell sounded, the boys rushed out of the classroom, each ________ (carry) a number of new books under his arm.(were defeated/had been defeated)
60. The students ________ (do) all the exercises, the teacher went on to explain the text.(were defeated/had been defeated)
Section VII Chinese-English Translation
Translate the following sentences into English. (15 points)
Section VIII English-Chinese Translation
Choose either of the following two passages. Only the underlined sentences are to be translated. (20 points)
Television is now playing a very important part in our life. But television, like other things, has both advantages and disadvantages. Do the former outweigh the latter?
In the first place, television is not only a convenient source of entertainment, but also a comparatively cheap one. (66) For a family of four, for example, it is more convenient as well as cheaper to sit comfortably at home, with almost unlimited entertainment available, than to go out in search of amusement elsewhere. (67) They do not have to pay for expensive seats at the theatre, the cinema, or the opera, only to discover, perhaps, that the show is disappointing. (68) All they have to do is press a button, and they can see plays, films, operas, and shows of every kind, not to mention political discussions and the latest exciting football match. (69) Some people, however, maintain that this is precisely where the danger lies. The television viewer takes no initiative. He makes no choice and exercises no judgment. (70) He is completely passive and has everything presented to him without any effort on his part.
(71) Television, it is often said, keeps one informed about current events, allows one to follow the latest developments in science and politics, and offers and endless series of programs which are both instructive and entertaining. The most distant countries and the strangest custom are brought right into one's sitting-room. (72) It could be argued that the radio performs this service just as well; but on television everything is much more living, much more real. Yet here again there a danger. We get so used to looking at it, so dependent on its flickering pictures, that it begins to dominate our lives.
There are many other arguments for and against television. The poor quality of its programs is often criticized. But it is undoubtedly a great comfort to many lonely elderly people. And does it corrupt or instruct our children? I think we must realize that television in itself is neither good nor bad. (73) It is the uses to which it is put that determine its value to society.
An office is the "Brain" of a business. (74) In an office, figures, lists and information are compiled which tell the managers or heads of the business what is happening in their shops or factories. These figures guide the managers by telling them what has happened and what is happening.
Information comes into an office in all sorts of ways but the main items of information come in regularly. (75) It is part of the job of the clerks to collect and classify that information and to put it into such a form that it is easily interpreted and understood. Offices collect information then they classify it.
This work of collection is common in an office from the sorting of mail every morning to the accountant's work in finding out the final figure for the year's profit. (76) Classification always requires the arrangement of the same kind of information, often into lists or columns. (77) For this work, correctness, accuracy and speed, as in all office work, are essential.
There is no value, however, in collecting figures which mean nothing. Figures are guides which should help we make decisions. (78) The interpretation of information and of tables should tell us where success or failure lies, where profit can be had and where losses occur. (79) On this kind of information and from the known figures, a choice is made and a series of such choices may make a policy.
A firm which has three factories may find, for instance, from its figures, that one factory is losing money and a choice may lie between either a change of manager, a cut in production, an increase in production or closure of the factory. Whichever one of these decisions is taken becomes the policy. (80) It is clear that a decision leading to a policy can only be as good as the information on which it is based.
Consequently there is a constant search for more and more exact information. (81) Managers will want to have all the necessary facts before they can make the best decision and it is normal for them to seek for more and more information.
Section I: Structure and Vocabulary (15 points)
Section II: Cloze Test (10 points)
Section III: Reading Comprehension (10 points)
Section IV: Structure and Vocabulary (10 points)
Section V: Error-detection and Correction (10 points)
Section VI: Verb Forms (10 points)
Section VII: Chinese-English Translation (15 points)
61. Compared with the original one, this plan is far more complete.
62. Only in this way can we catch up with the world's advanced levels in science and technology.
63. Are you clear about what you should do next?
64. In old China, there was hardly any machine-building industry, to say nothing of an electronic industry.
65. What he saw and heard on his trip gave him a very deep impression.
Section VIII: English-Chinese Translation (20 points)
81. 经理们必定需要在掌握一切必要的情况之后才能作出最佳的决定。对他们来说，要求得到越来越多的资料(信息)是很正常的。www.59wj.com 如果觉得《1985年考研英语真题及答案》考研英语真题,kaoyan不错，可以推荐给好友哦。