1 The high-speed trains can have a major on travel preferences.
A force B influence C surprise D power
2 Can you the plot?
A change B investigate C write D understand
3 Even in a highly modernized country, work is still needed.
A physical B mental C natural D hard
4 In the latter case the can be serious indeed
A result B judgment C decision D event
5 Norman Blamey is an artist of deep
A statements B beliefs C suggestions D claims
6 , the work has been easy.
A So B So long C So that D So far
7 The report setting up day training colleges.
A supposed B excited C suggested D discussed
8 , a number of other methods have been employed
A Therefore B Afterwards C However D Furthermore
9 The from the top of the mountain is breathtaking.
A view B sight C look D point
10 Our lives arebound up with theirs.
A tensely B nearly C carefully D closely
11 The union representativeher argument very effectively.
A explained B invented C considered D accepted
12 He talks tough but has a heart.
A heavy B strong C kind D wild
13 It is no use the relative merits of this policy.
A making B taking C discussing D expecting
14 Our statistics show that we all that we are capable of producing
A waste B buy C use D sell
15 The fuel tanks had a of 140 liters.
A function B ability C power D volumewww.59wj.com
A Pay Rise or Not?
“Unless I get a rise, I’ll have a talk with the boss, Henry Manley,” George Strong said to himself. George liked his job and he liked the town he lived in, but his wife kept telling him that his pay was not enough to meet the needs of the family. That was why he was thinking of taking a job in Birmingham, a nearby city about 50 miles away. He had been offered a job in a factory there, and the pay was far better.
George lived in Wyeford, a medium-sized town. He really liked the place and didn’t like the idea of moving somewhere else, but if he took the job in Birmingham, he would have to move his family there.
Henry Manley was the manager of a small company manufacturing electric motors. The company was in deep trouble because, among other reasons, the Japanese were selling such things at very low prices. As a result, Manley had to cut his own prices and profits as well. Otherwise he would not get any orders at all. Even then, orders were still not coming in fast enough, so that there was no money for raises(加工资) for his workers. Somehow, he had to struggle along and keep his best workers as well. He sighed. Just then the phone rang.
His secretary told him that George Strong wanted to see him as soon as possible. Manley sighed again. He could guess what it was about. George Strong was a very young engineer. The company had no future unless it could attract and keep men like him. Manley rubbed his forehead(前额); his problems seemed endless.
16 Henry Manley was already deeply in debt.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
17 The job that had been offered to George Strong in Birmingham paid better.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
18 If George Strong took the job in Birmingham, he would have to leave his family in Wyeford.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
19 Henry Manley’s company was in deep trouble.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
20 Henry Manley’s company was making enough profits to raise the workers’ wages.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
21 Henry Manley had no idea at all why George Strong wanted to see him.
A right B Wrong C Not mentioned
22 George Strong was a very creative engineer.
A right B Wrong C Not mentionedwww.59wj.com
Keeping Cut Flowers
1 While everybody enjoys fresh cut flowers around his house, few people know how to keep them for as long as possible. This may be done by keeping in mind a few simple facts.
2 An important thing to remember about cut flowers is that they are sensitive to temperature. For example, studies have shown that cut carnations(康乃馨) retain their freshness eight times longer when kept at 12oC than when kept at 260c. Keeping freshly harvested flowers at the right temperatures is probably the most important aspect of flower care.
3 Flowers are not intended by nature to live very long. Their biological purpose is simply to attract birds or insects, such as bees, for pollination (授粉). After that, they quickly dry up and die. The process by which flowers consume oxygen and produce carbon dioxide (二氧化碳), called respiration (呼吸), generates the energy the flower needs to give the flower its shape and colour. The making of seeds also depends on this energy. While all living things respire, flowers have a high level of respiration. A result of all this respiration is heat, and for flowers the level of heat relative to the mass of the flower is very high. Respiration also brings about the eventual death of the flower. Thus the greater the level of respiration, the sooner the flower dies.
4 How, then, to control the rate at which flowers die? By controlling respiration. How is respiration controlled? By controlling temperature. We know that respiration produces heat, but the reverse is also true. Thus by maintaining low temperatures, respiration is reduced and the cut flower will age more slowly.
5 Another vital factor in keeping cut flowers is the quality of the water in which they are placed. Flowers find it difficult to “drink” water that is dirty or otherwise polluted. Even when water looks and smells clean, it almost certainly contains harmful substances that can endanger the flowers. To rid the water of these unwanted substances, household chlorine bleach (含氯漂白剂) can be used in small quantities. It is recommended that 15 drops of chlorine bleach(at 4% solution) be added to each litre of water. The water and solution should also be replaced each day.
23 Paragraph 2__________________
24 Paragraph 3__________________
25 Paragraph 4__________________
26 Paragraph 5__________________
27 A few simple facts will help you keep cut flowers_______________
28 Respiration plays a key role________________
29 The aging of cut flowers can be slowed down_________________
30 Another important way to prolong the life of cut flowers is ____________________
第一篇 New Foods and the New World
In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages—has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate drink was made from the seeds of the cocoa tree（可可树）by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500’s. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London, shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.
The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the “Potato Famine(饥荒)”of 1845—1846, and thousands more were forced to leave their homeland and move to America.
There are many other foods that have traveled from South America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world’s largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia, a country in Africa. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400’s.
According to an Arabic legend, coffee was discovered when a person named Kaldi noticed that his goats were attracted to the red berries on a coffee bush. He tried one and experienced the “wide-awake” feeling that one-third of the world’s population now starts the day with.
31 According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years?
32 “some” in the last sentence of the first paragraph refers to
A some cocoa trees
B some chocolate drinks.
C some shops
D some South American Indians
33 Thousands of Irish people starved during the “Potato Famine” because
A they were so dependent on potatoes that they refused to eat anything else
B they were forced to leave their homeland and move to America
C the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing potatoes
D the potato harvest was bad
34 Which country is the largest coffee producer?
35 Which of the following statements is NOT true, according to the passage?
A. One third of the world’s population drinks coffee.
B. Coffee is native to Colombia
C. Coffee can keep one awake.
D. Coffee drinks were first made by Arabs.
第二篇 Teaching poetry
No poem should ever be discussed or “analyzed”, until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student. Better still, perhaps, is the practice of reading it twice, once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end, so the sound of the poem is the last thing one hears of it.
All discussions of poetry are, in fact, preparations for reading it aloud, and the reading of the poem is, finally, the most telling “interpretation” of it, suggesting tone, rhythm, and meaning all at once. Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice, on records or on film, is obviously a special reward. But even those aids to teaching can not replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all, reciting(背诵) it.
I have come to think, in fact, that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than “analyzing” it, if there isn’t time for both. I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry. Poetry is “ a criticism of life”, and “ a heightening(提升) of life”. It is “an approach to the truth of feeling”, and it “ can save your life”. It also deserves a place in the teaching of language and literature more central than it presently occupies.
I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry. Those who don’t like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else. But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few thing s about its essential nature, about its sound as well as its sense, and they must make room in the classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it.www.59wj.com
36 To have a better understanding of a poem, one should
A discuss it with others.
B analyze it by oneself.
C copy it down in a notebook
D practise reading it aloud
37 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a function of poetry?
A Extending your life.
B Saving your life.
C Criticizing life.
D Heightening life.
38 According to the writer, one of the purposes of teaching English is to get students
A to understand life.
B to enjoy poetry.
C to become teachers.
D to become poets
39 What does the last sentence in the third paragraph imply?
A More stress should be laid on the teaching of poetry.
B Poetry is more important than any other subject.
C One cannot enjoy life fully without an understanding of poetry
D Poetry is the foundation of all language and literature courses
40 The phrase “make room” in the last paragraph could be best replaced by
A “build a booth”
B “provide equipment”.
C “leave a certain amount of time”.
D “set aside enough space”.
第三篇 “ Salty” Rice Plant Boosts Harvests
British scientists are breeding a new generation of rice plants that will be able to grow in soil containing salt water. Their work may enable abandoned farms to become productive once more.
Tim Flowers and Tony Yeo, from Sussex University’s School of Biological Sciences, have spent several years researching how crops, such as rice, could be made to grow in water that has become salty.
The pair have recently begun a three-year programme, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, to establish which genes enable some plants to survive salty conditions. The aim is to breed this capability into crops, starting with rice.
It is estimated that each year more than 10m hectares（公顷） of agricultural land are lost because salt gets into the soil and stunts（妨碍生长）plants. The problem is caused by several factors. In the tropics， mangroves（红树林） that create swamps（沼泽） and traditionally formed barriers to sea water have been cut down. In the Mediterranean， a series of droughts have caused the water table to drop， allowing sea water to seep（渗透）in. in Latin America， irrigation often causes problems when water is evaporated（蒸发） by the heat， leaving salt deposits behind.
Excess salt then enters the plants and prevents them functioning normally. Heavy concentrations of minerals in the plants stop them drawing up the water they need to survive.
To overcome these problems， Flowers and Yeo decided to breed rice plants that take in very little slat and store what they do absorb in cells that do not affect the plants‘ growth. They have started to breed these characteristics into a new rice crop， but it will take about eight harvests before the resulting seeds are ready to be considered for commercial use.
Once the characteristics for surviving salty soil are known， Flowers and Yeo will try to breed the appropriate genes into all manners of crops and plants. Land that has been abandoned to nature will then be able to bloom again， providing much needed food in the poorer countries of the world.
41 Which of the following statements about Flowers and Yeo is true？
A They are students at Sussex University.
B They are rice breeders.
C They are husband and wife.
D They are colleagues at an institution of higher learning.
42 Flowers and Yeo have started a programme
A to find ways to prevent water pollution.
B to identify genes that promote growth in salty soil.
C to breed rice plants that taste salty.
D to find ways to remove excessive salt from soil.
43 Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a cause of the problem discussed in the passage？
A Natural barriers to sea water have been destroyed.
B the water table has gone down after droughts.
C Sea level has been continuously rising.
D Evaporation of water leaves salt behind
44 The word “affect” in Paragraph 6 could be best replaced by
45 The attitude of the author towards the research project is
Like fine food, good writing is something we approach with pleasure and enjoy from the first taste to the last._______(46) Quite the contrary, just as the cook has to undergo an intensive training, mastering the skills of his trade, the writer must sit at his desk and devote long hours to achieving a style in his writing, whatever its purpose-school work, matters of business, or purely social communication.___________(47)
There are still some remote places in the world where you might find someone to do your business or social writing for you, for a fee. There are a few mangers who are lucky enough to have the service of that rare kind of secretary who can take care of all sorts of letter writing with no more than a quick note to work from._____________(48)
We have to write school papers, business papers or home papers. We are constantly called on to put words to paper. It would be difficult to count the number of such words, messages, letters, and reports put to the mails or delivered by hand, but the daily figure must be enormous.__________(49) We want to arouse and hold the interest of readers. We want whatever we write to be read, from first word to last, not thrown into some “letters-to-be-read” file or into a wastepaper basket._____________(50)
A But for most of us, if there is any writing to be done, we have to do it ourselves.
B However, the managers may sometimes cause the writers a lot of trouble.
C Any good writers, like good cooks, do not suddenly appear full-blown(成熟的)
D What is more, everyone who writes expects, or at least hopes, that his writing will be read.
E This is the reason we bend our efforts toward learning and practicing the skills of interesting, effective writing.
F You may be sure that the greater the effort, the more effective the writing, and the more rewarding.www.59wj.com
The American Family
In the American family the husband and wife usually share important decision making. When the children are _________(51) enough, they take part as well. Foreigners are often surprised by the permissiveness（宽容） of American parents. The old rule that “children should be seen and not heard” is rarely_____________(52), and children are often allowed to do _________(53) they wish without strict control of their parents. The father seldom expects his children to listen to him_________(54) question, and children are encouraged to be ___________(55) at an early age. Some people believe that American parents carry this freedom_____________(56) far. Others think that a strong father image would not ____________(57) the American values of equality and independence. Because Americans emphasize the importance of independence, young people are expected to_____________(58) their parental families by the time they have _________(59) their late teens or early twenties. Indeed, not to do so is often regarded as a __________(60), a kind of weak dependence.
This pattern of independence often results in serious_____________(61) for the aging parents of a small family. The average American is expected to live ___________(62) the age of 70. The job-retirement age is _____________(63) 65. The children have left home, married, and ____________(64) their own households. At least 20 percent of all people over 65 do not have enough retirement incomes.__________(65) the major problem of many elderly couples is not economic. They feel useless and lonely with neither an occupation nor a close family group.
51 A senior B junior C old D young
52 A watched B followed C understood D grasped
53 A what B that C which D when
54 A for B on C without D in
55 A dependent B independent C sure D secure
56 A too B almost C nearly D so
57 A gain B welcome C suit D estimate
58 A break up B break into C break through D break away from
59 A reached B come C arrived D developed
60 A reward B criticism C failure D success
61 A events B problems C matters D affairs
62 A on B up C from D beyond
63 A only B usually C sometimes D seldom
64 A set forth B set aside C set up D set down
65 A But B Therefore C In contrast D On the other hand
1B 2D 3A 4A 5B 6D 7C 8A 9A 10D 11A 12C 13C 14C 15D 16C
17A 18B 19A 20B 21B 22C 23D 24C 25A 26E 27D 28B 29E 30F
31A 32C 33D 34A 35B 36D 37A 38B 39A 40C 41D 42B 43C 44A 45A
46C 47F 48A 49D 50E 51C 52B 53A 54C 55B 56A 57C 58D 59A 60C
61B 62D 63B 64C 65A如果觉得《2003年职称英语等级考试综合类(A级)试题及答案》综合类历年真题,zcyy不错，可以推荐给好友哦。