COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST
试 题 册
注意事项 一、将自己的姓名、准考证号、所在班级认真涂、写在答题卡和答题纸上。考试结束后，把答题卡和答题纸放在桌上。教师收卷后才可离开考场。 二、仔细读懂题目的说明。 三、在120分钟内答完全部试题，不得拖延时间。
试 卷 一
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they have to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely taking place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
[A] [B] [C] [D]
1. A) Giving up reading. B) Going to the college library.
C) Going to the city library. D) Stopping on the way to the city.
2. A) Three dollars. B) Four dollars.
C) Five dollars. D) Seven dollars.
3. A) The man should join the student union.
B) She agrees with the man.
C) The man shouldn’t feel like that.
D) She would join the union.
4. A) They both come from Europe. B) They are both interested in art.
C) They plan to study art in Europe. D) They will spend the summer in Italy.
5. A) She doesn’t understand only one point.
B) She would like some help from the man.
C) She won’t have any problems on the exam.
D) She has too many problems to deal with.
6. A) Joe won’t leave school. B) Joe left school many times.
C) Joe does not like his school. D) Joe often talks about his school.
7. A) The woman enjoyed the TV program.
B) The man didn’t like TV program.
C) The man didn’t want to listen to the music.
D) The woman put on a record for herself.
8. A) Reading a book. B) Cooking in the kitchen.
C) Getting to the kitchen. D) Showing a book to the woman.
9. A) All programs are better than before.
B) Most of the programs are interesting.
C) Some programs are not good enough.
D) Some programs are good but others are better.
10. A) His room feels too cold. B) His plan has been cancelled.
C) He doesn’t know who called him. D) He doesn’t feel very well.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11. A) A long stick with two wheels.
B) An individual transport vehicle.
C) A platform for people to stand on.
D) A device improving the speed of a plane.
12. A) From the wind. B) From the manpower.
C) From a generator. D) From rechargeable batteries.
13. A) It is very simple to operate.
B) It does not produce pollution.
C) It costs quite a bit of money to use.
D) It can replace cars in crowded city centers.
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
14. A) To take off his legs. B) He got into a dispute.
C) He did as was requested. D) To deposit his belongings.
15. A) He was sorry. B) He was angry.
C) He was excited. D) He was agreeable.
16. A) Because they are obliged to make people safe and sound.
B) Because they want to solve the problem of overcrowding.
C) Because people do not leave their bags outside obediently.
D) Because people can not get to and from their seats comfortably
17. A) He made a disturbance. B) He got into dispute.
C) He did as was requested. D) He woke up with a surprise.
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18. A) A crop, similar to fruits or vegetables.
B) An industry employing over 100,000 people.
C) A seedling that can grow into a traditional relatives.
D) A present that can be made to friends and relatives.
19. A) Three B) Five C) Seven D) Fifteen
20. A) To have them replanted in fields.
B) To control how fast the trees grow.
C) To give the trees the traditional shape.
D) To remove the unwanted from the trees.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C)and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single ling through the centre.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
The case for college has been accepted without question for more than a generation. All high school graduates ought to go, says conventional wisdom and statistical evidence, because college will help them earn more money, become ‘better’ people, and learn to be more responsible citizens than those who don’t go.
But college has never been able to work its magic for everyone. And now that close to half our high school graduates are attending, those who won’t fit the pattern are becoming more numerous, and more obvious. College graduates are selling shoes and driving taxis; college students interfere with each other’s experiments and write false letters of recommendation in the intense competition for admission to graduate school. Others find no stimulation in their studies, and drop out – often encouraged by college administrators.
Some observers say the fault is with the young people themselves – they are spoiled and they are expecting too much. But that’s a condemnation of the students as a whole, and doesn’t explain all campus unhappiness. Others blame the state of the world, and they are partly right. We’ve been told that young people have to go to college because our economy can’t absorb an army of untrained eighteen-year-olds. But disappointed graduates are learning that it can no longer absorb an army of trained twenty-two-year-olds, either.
Some adventuresome educators and campus watchers have openly begun to suggest that college may not be the best, the proper, the only place for every young person after the completion of high school. We may have been looking at all those surveys and statistics upside down, it seems, and through the rosy glow of our own remembered college experiences. Perhaps college doesn’t make people intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, or quick to learn things – maybe it’s just the other way around, and intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, quick-learning people are merely the ones who have been attracted to college in the first place. And perhaps all those successful college graduates would have been successful whether they had gone to college or not. This is heresy(异端邪说) to those of us who have been brought up to believe that if a little schooling is good, more has to be much better. But contrary evidence is beginning to mount up.
21. According to the author, ________.
A) people used to question the value of college education
B) people used to have full confidence in higher education
C) all high school graduates went to college
D) very few high school graduates chose to go to college
22. In the 2nd paragraph, “those who don’t fit the pattern” refers to ________.
A) high school graduates who aren’t suitable for college education
B) college graduates who are selling shoes and driving taxis
C) college students who aren’t any better for their higher education
D) high school graduates who failed to be admitted to college
23. The drop-out rate of college students seems to go up because ________.
A) young people are disappointed with the conventional way of teaching at college
B) many young people are required to join the army
C) young people have little motivation in pursuing a higher education
D) young people don’t like the intense competition for admission to graduate school
24. According to the passage the problems of college education partly arise from the fact that ________.
A) society cannot provide enough jobs for properly trained college graduates
B) high school graduates do not fit the pattern of college education
C) too many students have to earn their own living
D) college administrators encourage students to drop out
25. In the passage the author argues that ________.
A) more and more evidence shows college education may not be the best thing for high school graduates
B) college education is not enough if one wants to be successful
C) college education benefits only the intelligent, ambitious, and quick-learning people
D) intelligent people may learn quicker if they don’t go to college
Question 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
The competition among producers of personal computers is essentially a race to get the best, most innovative products to the marketplace. Marketers in this environment frequently have to make a judgment as to their competitors' role when making marketing strategy decisions. If major competitors are changing their products, then a marketer may want to follow suit to remain competitive. Apple Computer, Inc. has introduced two new, faster personal computers, the Mackintosh II and Mackintosh SE, in anticipation of the introduction of a new PC by IBM, one of Apple’s major competitors.
Apple’s new computers are much faster and more powerful than its earlier models. The improved Mackintosh is able to run programs that previously were impossible to run on an Apple PC, including IBM compatible(兼容的)programs. This compatibility feature illustrates computer manufacturers' new attitude of giving customers the features they want. Making Apple computers capable of running IBM software is Apple’s effort at making the Mackintosh compatible with IBM computers and thus more popular in the office, where Apple hopes to increase sales. Users of the new Apple can also add accessories(附件) to make their machines specialize in specific uses, such as engineering and writing.
The new computers represent a big improvement over past models, but they also cost much more. Company officials do not think the higher price will slow down buyers who want to step up to a more powerful computer. Apple wants to stay in the high price end of the personal computer market to finance research for even faster, more sophisticated computers.
Even though Apple and IBM are major competitors, both companies realize that their competitor's computers have certain features that their own models do not. The Apple line has always been popular for its sophisticated color graphics(图形)，whereas the IBM machines have always been favored in offices. In the future, there will probably be more compatibility between the two companies' products, which no doubt will require that both Apple and IBM change marketing strategies.
26. According to the passage, Apple Computer, Inc. has introduced the Mackintosh II and the Mackintosh SE because .
A) IBM is changing its computer models continuously
B) it wants to make its machines specialize in specific uses
C) it wants to stay ahead of IBM in the competitive computer market
D) it expects its major competitor IBM to follow its example
27. Apple hopes to increase Mackintosh sales chiefly by .
A) making its new models capable of running IBM software
B) improving the color graphics of its new models
C) copying the marketing strategies of IBM
D) giving the customers what they want
28. Apple sells its new computer models at a high price because .
A) they have new features and functions
B) they are more sophisticated than other models
C) they have new accessories attached
D) it wants to accumulate funds for future research
29. It can be inferred from the passage that both Apple and IBM try to gain a competitive advantage by .
A) copying each other’s technology
B) incorporating features that make their products distinctive
C) making their computers more expensive
D) making their computers run much faster
30.The best title for the passage would be .
A) Apple’s Efforts to Stay Ahead of IBM B) Apple’s New Computer Technology
C) Apple’s New Personal Computers D) Apple’s Research Activities
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.
A recent study, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal accident as a teenager driving alone. By contrast, the risk of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.
The author also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 p.m., and especially after midnight, with passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident.
Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience. “The basic issue.” he says, “is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is.”
Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to mitigate (使……缓解)the problem is to have states institute so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting a license is a multistage process. A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving with night of passenger restrictions, before graduating to full driving privileges.
Graduated licensing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies, About half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10 of those states have restrictions on passengers, California is the strictest, with a novice(新手)driver prohibited from carrying any passenger under 20(without the presence of an adult over 25)for the first six months.
31. Which of the following situations is most dangerous according to the passage?
A) Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.
B) A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car.
C) Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night.
D) A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight.
32. According to Robert Foss, the high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to ________
A) their frequent driving at night B) their improper way of driving
C) their lack of driving experience D) their driving with passengers
33. According to Paragraph 3. which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) Teenagers should spend more time learning to drive.
B) Driving is a skill too complicated for teenagers to learn.
C) Restrictions should be imposed on teenagers applying to take driving lessons.
D) The licensing authorities are partly responsible for teenagers' driving accidents.
34. A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers' driving accidents is that ________ .
A) driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule
B) they should be prohibited from taking on passengers
C) they should not be allowed to drive after 10 p.m.
D) the licensing system should be improved
35. The present situation in about half of the states is that the graduated licensing system ________.
A) is under discussion B) is about to be set up
C) has been put into effect D) has been perfected
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table. I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked: "So, how have you been?" And the boy—who could not have been more than seven or eight years old —replied. "Frankly, I've been feeling a little depressed lately."
This incident stuck in my mind because it confirmed my growing belief that children are changing. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed” until we were in high school.
The evidence of a change in children has increased steadily in recent years. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to.
Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Childhood as it once was no longer exists, why?
Human development is based not only on innate (天生的) biological states, but also on patterns of access to social knowledge. Movement from one social rote to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new status. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages: traditionally, we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders.
In the last 30 years, however, a secret-revelation (揭示) machine has been installed in 98 percent of American homes. It is called television. Television passes information, and indiscriminately (不加区分地), to all viewers alike, be they children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation, many children turn their attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more vivid moving pictures.
Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information to which children have access. Reading and writing involve a complex code of symbols that must be memorized and practices. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials.
36. According to the author, feeling depressed is ________.
A) a sure sign of a psychological problem in a child
B) something hardly to be expected in a young child
C) an inevitable sign of children's mental development
D) a mental stage present in all humans, including children
37. Traditionally, a child is supposed to learn about the adult world ________.
A) through contact with society B) gradually and under guidance
C) naturally and by biological instinct D)through exposure to social information
38. The phenomenon that today’s children seem adult-like is attributed by the author to ________.
A) the widespread influence of television
B) the poor arrangement of teaching content
C) the fast pace of human intellectual development
D) the constantly rising standard of living
39. Why is the author in favor of communication through print for children?
A) It enables children to gain more social information.
B) It develops children's interest in reading and writing.
C) It helps children to memorize and practice more.
D) It can control what children are to learn.
40. What does the author think of the change in today’s children?
A) He feels amused by their premature behavior.
B) He thinks it is a phenomenon worthy of note.
C) He considers it a positive development.
D) He seems to be upset about it.
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes) Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences it: this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose cite ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the Corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
41. The beam that is ________by a laser differs in several ways from the light that comes out of a flashlight.
A) emitted B) transmitted C) discharged D) expelled
42. He is a boy of promise; he never fails to ________ the expectation of his parents and teachers.
A) live up with B) stand up with C) live up to D) stand up for
43. It is indeed much more difficult to ________ a social reform on a large scale than just to talk about it.
A) bring up B) bring forward C) bring about D) bring in
44. No matter how ________ a hill may be, it is not necessarily worthless.
A) vacant B) bare C) empty D) hollow
45. When I took his temperature, I found it was two degrees above ________.
A) average B) ordinary C) regular D) normal
46. This newly-built grand theatre has a seating ________ of ten thousand audience.
A) volume B) capacity C) power D) capability
47. Finding a job can be ________and disappointing, and therefore it is important that you are prepared.
A) exploiting B) frustrating C) profiting D) misleading
48. The existing government has been ________ great importance to the improvement of the quality of education.
A) concentrating B) attaching C) focusing D) contributing
49. After a day’s fierce fighting, the enemy finally had to ________ their troops from the occupied area.
A) retreat B) return C) dismiss D) withdraw
50. He was very ________ to go, but he had no other choice.
A) resolute B) hesitant C) willing D) reluctant
51. I wandered through the cool ________ of the forest trees.
A) shadow B) shade C) shelter D) shape
52. The National Safety Council urges drivers and passengers to wear seat belts as a ________ against injury.
A) caution B) precaution C) security D) safety
53. You can ________ different kinds of people, dictionaries or maps, to find out what you wish to know.
A) contact B) consult C) refer D) request
54. The bus ran over the cliff on the way back to the camp because its ________ failed.
A) controls B) gears C) brakes D) signals
55. My cousin ________ his playground plans to the City Council.
A) subjected B) yielded C) submitted D) surrendered
56. Mrs. Jones was born in Germany and still speaks English with a German ________.
A) pronunciation B) dialect C) trace D) accent
57. Before moving to another city, Mr. London ________ of the horse and the furniture.
A) discarded B) dismissed C) discharge D) disposed
58. Unfortunately, the rate of his expenditure ________ that of his income.
A) precedes B) dominates C) exceeds D) prevails
59. He obviously displays a great________ for some of your poems.
A) consent B) admiration C) respect D) pleasure
60. A series of border incidents would ________ lead the two countries to war.
A) inevitably B) consistently C) uniformly D) persistently
61. Louis was asked to ________ the man who stole her purse.
A) confirm B) recognize C) claim D) identify
62. The captured criminals were ________ in chains through the streets.
A) exhibited B) displayed C) paraded D) revealed
63. Teaching students of threshold level is hard work but the effort is very ________ .
A) precious B) rewarding C) worth D) challenging
64. The explorer lost his way so he climbed to the top of the hill to ________ himself.
A) spot B) locate C) place D) situate
65. While some office jobs would seem________ to many people, there are quite a few jobs that are stimulating, exciting and satisfying.
A) hostile B) tedious C) fantastic D) courageous
66. After the collision, he examined the considerable________ to his car.
A) ruin B) destruction C) damage D) injury
67. Recycling wastes slows down the rate________which we use up the Earth’s finite resources.
A) in B) of C) with D) at
68. In many cultures people who were thought to have the ability to ________ dreams were likely to be highly respected.
A) interpret B) interfere C) inherit D) inform
69. When he applied for a ________in the office of the local newspaper he was told to see the manager.
A)vocation B) profession C) career D) position
70. Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, whereas the behavior of an animal depends mainly on ________ .
A) consciousness B) impulse C) instinct D) response
试 卷 二
Part ⅣShort Answer Questions (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part there is a short passage with 8 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in fewest possible words. Your answer may be a word, a phrase, a short sentence, or fewest possible words. Write your answers in the spaces provided on the right of the page.
Sports is one of the world’s largest industries, and most athletes are professionals who are paid for their efforts. Because an athlete succeeds by achievement only—not by economic background or family connections—sports can be a fast route to wealth, and many athletes play only for money than for love.
This has not always been true. In the ancient Olympics the winner got only a wreath of olive leaves (橄榄叶花环). Even though the winners became national heroes, the games remained amateur for centuries. Athletes won fame, but no money. As time passed, however, the contests became increasingly less amateur and cities began to hire athletes to represent them. By the fourth century A.D., the Olympics were ruined, and they were soon ended.
In 1896, the Olympic games were revived (使再度兴起)with the same goal of pure amateur competition. The rules bar athletes who have ever received a $50 prize or an athletic scholars or who have spent four weeks in a training camp. At least one competitor in the 1896 games met these qualifications. He was Spiridon Loues, a water carrier who won the marathon race, After race, a rich Athenian offered him anything he wanted. A true amateur, Loues accepted only a cart and a horse. Then he gave up running forever. But Loues was an exception and now, as the Chairman of the German Olympic Committee said, “Nobody pays any attention to these rules.” Many countries pay their athletes to train year-round, and Olympic athletes are eager to sell their names to companies that make everything from ski equipment to fast food.
Even the games themselves have become a huge business. Countries fight to hold the Olympics not only for honor, but for money. The 1972 games in Munich cost the Germans 545 million dollars, but by selling medal symbols, TV rights, food, drink ,hotel rooms, and souvenirs (纪念品), they managed to make a profit. Appropriately, the symbol of victory in the Olympic games is no longer a simple olive wreath—it is a gold medal.
S1. To many people, sports today is nothing S1._______________
but ____S1____. S1._______________
S2. What do most athletes of today go after? S2.________________
S3. What reward could an ancient Greek athlete
S4. By the fourth century A.D., Olympic contests S4._____________
became increasingly more__S4____ thus ruining the Olympics.
S5.When the Olympic games were revived in
1896, athletes who had received special
training in camps would be___S5_______. S5.________
S6. What did Spiridon Loues do after he accepted
the Athenian’s gift?____S6______. S6.____________
S7. According to the author, some athletes are
even willing to advertise for businesses which
sell things like. S7.____________
S8. The 1972 Munich games managed to make
a big profit mainly by services S8.(1)_____________
and selling. (2)_____________
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The Internet and I. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
1-10 CCABD ABACD
11-20 BDCAB DCADB
21-25 BCCAA 26-30 CADBA
31-35 BCDDC 36-40 BBADB
41-50 ACCBD BBBDD
51-60 BBBCC DDCBA
61-70 DCBBB CDADC
PartⅣ Short Answer Questions
S1 a fast route to wealth
S3 a wreath of olive leaves / olive wreath
S4 professional / less amateur
S5 barred / forbidden / banned
S6 He gave up running forever./ Giving up running forever.
S7 Ski equipment and fast food
S8 (1) hotel
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