日期:03-01| http://www.59wj.com |模拟题|人气:898


  Part I Writing (30 minutes)

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the title Global Warming. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:

  1. 全球性变暖的原因

  2. 提出解决的建议

  Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the question on Answer Sheet 1

  For questions 1-7,mark

  Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;

  N (for NO) if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;

  NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage.

  For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.


  Spiders can be distinguished from other Arachnids because the prosoma (combined head and thorax) is only separated from the opisthosoma (abdomen) by a narrow waist, in other Arachnids the whole body appears to be much more of a single unit. All spiders produce silk, but only some construct webs to catch their homes and to protect their eggs.

  All spiders possess poison glands but very few of them are dangerous to humans, of the 600+species in Britain only 12 (at least one of these is a recent human assisted colonist) are strong enough to pierce the human skin, and apart from allergies, none are more dangerous than a common wasp. Most spiders have 8 eyes (though some have 6,4,2 or 0), as well as 8 legs. (by the way if you count the claws as separate leg section [which you shouldn't really] then their legs have 8 parts as well [coxa, trochanter, femur, patella, tibia, tarsus, metatarus, claws]) There are more than 32000 known species of spider in the world. No human being has ever been officially recorder as having died as the result of a 'tarantula' bite.

  All spiders are carnivorous and feed only on liquids, i.e. their preys natural juices and the breakdown products of external digestion (meaning they spit, exude or inject digestive juices onto/into their prey ad suck up the resulting soup). So why not invite some to your next social do?

  What's In a Name

  The word 'Arachnida' comes from the Greek word 'Arachne' who was the daughter of Idmon of Colophon in Lydia, a dyer by trade. Arachne herself was a weaver, the best in all the known world. However in a foolish moment she challenged Athene, the daughter of Zeus and goddess of, among other things, waving to a weaving competition. Arachne wove so perfect a cloth that she tore it to shreds. Arachne became depressed after this and in the end she hung herself. Athene stirred to remorse at the knowledge of what her anger had wrought turned the rope Arachne had used to hang herself into a web and Arachne herself into a spider so that the beauty of her spinning should not be lost to the world ever again.


  The Great Household Spider Safari

  There are just over six hundred different sorts of spider in the British Isles. But of these only a handful are commonly found in houses. At the front of the head are a pair of what appear to be small legs. These are called palps and are used to guide food to the spider's mouth. The front of the head also has a group of six or eight eyes. On the underside of the body at the rear, are four or six small conical bumps or cylinders. There are the spinnerets from which the spider produces the silk to make its webs.

  Telling male and female spiders apart is easily done by looking at their palps. Males have swollen ends to their palps which makes them look as if they are wearing boxing gloves, these are often strange shapes if looked at with a hand lens. Females have normal looking palps that are not swollen at the ends.

  The largest spider is the Goliath spider, the female of which grows to reach a leg span of ten inches. The largest spider in Britain is the Cardinal spider which is a close cousin of Tim Tegenaria. Females can achieve a leg span of four and a half inches. It is known as the Cardinal spider as it was common in Hampton Court when Cardinal Wolsey lived there. The sight of these long legged spiders wandering around the palace at night used to frighten him. So far 32000 different kinds of spider have been discovered from all over the world. Britain has 630 different kinds of spider of which 250 are tiny Money spiders. The smallest of which has a body less than one millimeter long.

  1.All the silk produced by spiders construct webs to catch their food

  2.Not all the poison glands possessed by spiders are dangerous to human beings.

  3.Spiders often kill humans in Britain when they pierce human skin.

  4.After seeing her enemy commits suicide, Arachne turned Athena into a spider.

  5.TimTegenaria spiders are closely related to tarantula spiders; both are found in Britain.

  6.So far32000 different kinds of spiders have been discovered from all over the world.

  7.Money spiders are the smallest spiders found in the Arachnids family.

  8.There are more than known species of spider in the world.

  9.Telling male and female spiders apart is easily done by .

  10.The largest spider is

  Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was side. Both the conversation and questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.


  11. A) Feel sorry that she can't help the man.

  B) Lend the man her pencil and paper.

  C) Ask someone else to help the man.

  D) Give the man the notes.

  12. A) Jason will arrive at 7:30.

  B) Jason should have arrived at 8:00

  C) Jason is usually punctual.

  D) Jason is not very punctual.

  13. A) In a railway station. B) In a hotel room.

  C) In a restaurant. D) At the airport.

  14. A) She will help the man later.

  B) She doesn't want to help him with the homework.

  C) The man should do the homework himself.

  D) The man should watch the program first.

  15. A) A movie. B) A lecture.

  C) A play. D) A speech.

  16. A) He usually talks quietly.

  B) He usually assigns homework.

  C) He didn't teach class today.

  D) He noticed that the students didn't do their homework..

  17. A) The show is too difficult to understand.

  B) There is nothing worth seeing there.

  C) She doesn't understand what's on the show.

  D) The room is too small for the audience.


  18. A) The weather is changeable.

  B) The weather forecast is unreliable.

  C) It will rain very soon.

  D) She hasn't read the newspaper.

  Passage one

  Questions 19 to21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. A) history B) geography C) mathematics D) art

  20. A) logic B) writing C) history D) mathematics

  21. A) adviser B) computer programmer C) product designer D) school teacher

  Passage two

  Questions 22 to25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  22. A. A mountain resort. B. A seaside resort.

  C. A desert. D. The outback of Australia.

  23.. A. Fellow teachers. B. Freshmen of a university.

  C. Second-year students. D. Either seniors or juniors.

  24. A. There are mountains nearby.

  B. He's been there once.

  C. He wants to be away from the hustle and bustle.

  D. He heard it would be fun to be there.

  25.A. Finish their course work.

  B. Plan out their holiday in detail.

  C. Head for Sydney.

  D. Buy some necessities for their trip.

  Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each conversation, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.


  Passage One

  Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  26. A) She was found stealing in a bookstore.

  B) She caught someone in the art of stealing.

  C) She admitted having stolen something.

  D) She said she was wrongly accused of stealing.

  27. A) A book. B) $ 3,000.

  C) A handbag. D) A Christmas card.

  28. A) She was questioned by the police.

  B) She was shut in a small room for 20 minutes.

  C) She was insulted by the shopper around her.

  D) She was body searched by the store manager.

  29. A) They refused to apologize for having followed her though the town.

  B) They regretted having wrongly accused her of stealing.

  C) They still suspected that she was a thief.

  D) They agreed to pay her $ 3,000 damages.

  Passage Two

  Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  30. A) His friend gave him the wrong key.

  B) He didn't know where the back door was.

  C) He couldn't find the key to his mailbox.

  D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.

  31. A) It was getting dark.

  B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.

  C) The birds might have flown away.

  D) His friend would arrive any time.


  32. A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.

  B) He knew the policeman wouldn't believe him.

  C) The torch light made him look very foolish.

  D) He realized that he had made a mistake.

  Passage Three

  Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  33. A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.

  B) The exhaustion of energy resources.

  C) The destruction of energy resources.

  D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.

  34. A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.

  B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.

  C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stooped evaporating.

  D) The underground water resources have not of oil wells.

  35. A) To restore the normal production of the oil wells.

  B) To estimate the losses caused by the fire.

  C) To remove the oil left in the desert.

  D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.

  Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.


  These days people who do manual work often 36 ______ far more money than people who work in offices. People who work in offices are 37_______referred to as "white-collar workers" for the simple reason that they usually wear a collar and tie to go to work. Such is human 38 ________, that a great many people are often willing to 39 ________ higher pay for the 40 _________ of becoming white-collar workers. This can give rise to 41 _______ situations, as it did in the case of Alfred Bloggs who worked as a dustman for the Ellesmere Corporation.

  When he got 42 _________, Alf was too embarrassed to say anything to his wife about his job. He simply told her that he worked for the Corporation. Every morning, he left home 43 in a smart black suit. 44 __________________________________________ Before returning home at night, he took a shower and changed back into his suit.45______________________________________ Alf's wife has never discovered that she married a dustman and she never will for Alf has just found another job. He will soon be working in an office. He will be earning only half as much as he used to, 46_____________________________________________________ From now on, he will wear a suit all day and others will call him "Mr.Bloggs", not "Alf".

  Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making you choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  As the plane circled over the airport, everyone sensed that something was wrong. The plane was moving unsteadily through the air, and 47 the passengers had fastened their seat belts, they were suddenly 48 forward. At that moment, the air-hostess 49 .She looked very pale, but was quite 50 .Speaking quickly but almost in a whisper, she 51 everyone that the pilot had 52 and asked if any of the passengers knew anything about machines or at 53 how to drive a car. After a moment 54 , a man got up and followed the hostess into the pilot's cabin. Moving the pilot 55 , the man took his seat and listened carefully to the 56 instructions that were being sent by radio from the airport below. The plane was now dangerously close to ground, but to everyone's relief, it soon began to climb.


  A. although B. anxious

  C. thrown D. shifted

  E. appeared F. urgent

  G. presented H. aside

  I. even J. informed

  K. calm L. least

  M. fainted N. length

  O. hesitation

  Section B

  Direction: There are 2 passage in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One

  Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

  In the early days of the internet, many people worried that as people in the rich world embraced new computing and communications technologies, people in the poor world would be left stranded on the wrong side of a "digital divide." Yet the debate over the digital divide is founded on a myth - hat plugging poor countries into the internet will help them to become rich rapidly.

  This is highly unlikely, because the digital divide is not a problem in itself, but a symptom of deeper, more important divides: of income, development and literacy. Fewer people in poor countries than in rich ones own computers and have access to the internet simply because they are too poor, are illiterate, or have other more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security. So even if it were possible to wave a magic wand and cause a computer to appear in every household on earth, it would not achieve very much: a computer is not useful if you have no food or electricity and cannot read. Yet such Wand-waving - through the construction of specific local infrastructure projects such as rural telecenters - is just the sort of thing for which the UN's new fund is intended.

  This sort of thing is the wrong way to go about addressing the inequality in access to digital technologies: it is treating the symptoms, rather than the underlying causes. The benefits of building rural computing centers, for example, are unclear. Rather than trying to close the divide for the sake of it, the more sensible goal is to determine how best to use technology to promote bottom-up development. And the answer to that question turns out to be remarkably clear: by promoting the spread not of PCs and the Internet, but of mobile phones.


  57. What is the main idea of this passage?

  A) Plugging poor countries into the Internet will help them to become rich rapidly.

  B) Poor countries should be given more basic devices other than advanced ones.

  C) Rich countries should help poor ones becoming rich.

  D) People in poor countries cannot afford devices such as computer.

  58. What did the author mean by referring "digital divide." (Line 3, Para. 1)?

  A) Digital technology will make the gap between rich world and poor world wider.

  B) Digital technology will divide people into rich and poor world.

  C) People can be divided digitally.

  D) To divide people in digital world is wrong.

  59. We can infer from the 2nd paragraph that.

  A) people in poor countries cannot use computer because of illiteracy.

  B) poor people cannot use computers.

  C) there would be no magic to cause a computer to appear in every household on earth.

  D) people in poor countries need more basic living conditions than computers.

  60. Considering the following sentences, which one would the author most agree?

  A) Digital technology is useless.

  B) Digital divide will help poor countries becoming rich.

  C) Poor people need more immediate concerns, such as food, health care and security.

  D) Mobile phones should be promoted firstly.

  61. The following passage will probably be:

  A) How to promote using of mobile phones.

  B) How to use technology to promote bottom-up development.

  C) The benefits of building rural computing centers.

  D) How to meet the need of food, health and security in poor countries.


  Passage Two

  Questions 62 to 66 are based on the following passage.

  Space is a dangerous place, not only because of meteors (流星 ) but also because of rays from the sun and other stars. The atmosphere again acts as our protective blanket on earth. Light gets through, and this is essential for plants to make the food which we eat. Heat, too, makes our environment endurable. Various kinds of rays come through the air from outer space, but enormous quantities of radiation from the sun are screened off. As soon as men leave the atmosphere they are exposed to this radiation but their spacesuits or the walls of their spacecraft, if they are inside, do prevent a lot of radiation damage.

  Radiation is the greatest known danger to explorers in space. The unit of radiation is called "rem". Scientists have reason to think that a man can put up with far more radiation than 0.1 rem without being damaged; the figure of 60 reins has been agreed on. The trouble is that it is extremely difficult to be sure about radiation damage - a person may feel perfectly well, but the cells of his or her sex organs may be damaged, and this will no be discovered until the birth of deformed children or even grandchildren.

  Missions of the Apollo flights have had to cross belts of high amount of rems. So far, no dangerous amounts of radiation have been reported, but the Apollo missions have been quite short. We simply do not know yet how men are going to get on when they spend weeks and months outside the protection of the atmosphere, working in a space laboratory. Drugs might help to decrease the damage done by radiation, but no really effective ones have been found so far.

  62. According to the first paragraph, the atmosphere is essential to man in that ____.

  A) it protects him against the harmful rays from space

  B) it provides sufficient light for plant growth

  C) it supplies the heat necessary for human survival

  D) it screens off the falling meteors

  63. We know from the passage that ____.

  A) exposure to even tiny amounts of radiation is fatal

  B) the effect of exposure to radiation is slow in coming

  C) radiation is avoidable in space exploration

  D) astronauts in spacesuits needn't worry about radiation damage

  64. The harm radiation has done to the Apollo crew members ____

  A) is significant B) seems overestimated

  C) is enormous D) remains unknown

  65. It can be inferred from the passage that ____.

  A) the Apollo mission was very successful

  B) protection from space radiation is no easy job

  C) astronauts will have deformed children or grandchildren

  D) radiation is not a threat to well-protected space explorers

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