College English Model Test Two
Part ⅠWriting（30 minutes）
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Colleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
Colleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider
Part ⅡReading Comprehension （Skimming and Scanning）（15 minutes）
Directions:In this part,you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1. For questions 1-7,mark
Y （for YES）if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;
N （for NO）if the statement contradicts the information given in the passage;
NG （for NOT GIVEN）if the information is not given in the passage.
For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with information given in the passage.
Theft deterrent system
To deter the vehicle theft, the system is designed to give an alarm and keep the engine from being started if any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is forcibly unlocked or the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected when the vehicle is locked.
The alarm blows the horn intermittently and flashes the headlights, tail lights and other exterior lights. The engine cannot be started because the starter circuit will be cut.
SETTING THE SYSTEM
1. Turn the ignition key to the “LOCK” position and remove it.
2. Have all passengers get out of the vehicle.
3. Close and lock the front, sliding and back doors and hood.
The indicator light will come on when the front, sliding and back doors and hood are closed and locked.
As the front doors are locked, the system will give you a preparation time of 30 seconds before the setting, during which the front, sliding and back doors and hood may be opened to prepare for the setting.
Be careful not to use the key when opening either front door. This will cancel the system.
4. After making sure the indicator light starts flashing, you may leave the vehicle.
The system will automatically be set after the preparation time elapses. The indicator light will flash to show the system is set. If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened at that time, the setting is interrupted until it is closed and locked.
Never leave anyone in the vehicle when you set the system, because unlocking from the inside will activate （使起动） the system.
WHEN THE SYSTEM IS SET
Activating the system
The system will give the alarm and cut the starter circuit under the following conditions:
If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is unlocked without using the key
If the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected
After one minute, the alarm will automatically stop with the starter circuit cut kept on.
Reactivating the alarm
Once set, the system automatically resets the alarm each time the front, sliding and back doors and hood are closed after the alarm stops.
The alarm will be activated again under the following conditions:
If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened
If the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected
Stopping the alarm
Turn the ignition key from the “LOCK” to “ACC” position. The alarm will be stopped with the starter circuit cut kept on. Stopping the alarm in this manner will keep the alarm from being reactivated when any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is opened.
Interrupting the setting
With the system set, the back door can be opened with the key without activating or canceling the system. While it is open, the front and sliding doors and hood may be opened in addition, and the system can be activated only by the battery terminal disconnection.
To resume the setting, close and lock the front, sliding and back doors and hood. The back door must be closed with the key removed.
CANCELLING THE SYSTEM
Unlock either front door with the key, or unlock the sliding door with the key when it has been closed. This cancels the system completely and the starter circuit cut will be cancelled at once.
The indicator light gives the following three indications when the system is in use. When the light is:
FLASHING—The system is set. You need the key to open the front, sliding and back doors and hood.
ON—The system will automatically be set when the time comes. The front, sliding and back doors and hood may be opened without a key.
OFF—The system is inactive. You may open any door and hood.
TESTING THE SYSTEM
1. Open the driver's and front passenger's windows.
2. Set the system as described above. The front doors should be locked with the key. Be sure to wait until the indicator light starts flashing.
3. Unlock one of the front, sliding and back doors from the inside. The system should activate the alarm.
4. Cancel the system by unlocking either front door with the key.
5. Repeat this operation for the other doors and hood. When testing on the hood, also check that the system is activated when the battery terminal is disconnected and then reconnected.
If the system does not work properly, have it checked by your Toyota dealer.
1. The system is used to deter the vehicle theft according to the instructions.
2. In order to set the system, you should have all passengers get out of the vehicle.
3. The system will be cancelled when you use the key to open the back door.
4. The system will be not be activated unless you use the key to open any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood.
5. In order to stop the alarm, you have to turn the ignition key from the “ACC” to “LOCK” position.
6. When the indicator light is flashing, it is needless to use the key to open any of the doors and hood.
7. The passage tells us that the system works so effectively that it never breaks down.
8. As the front doors are locked, the theft deterrent system will give you a preparation time of before setting.
9. Before leaving the vehicle, make sure that the indicator light .
10. According to the passage, if the system refuses to work properly, have it checked by your .
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension（35 minutes）
Directions:In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A）,B）,C） and D）,and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11. A） Steve cannot hear.
B） Steve has some problems with his ears.
C） Steve doesnt listen to him.
D） Steve forgot about the meeting.
12. A） She loved the people in Africa.
B） She loved the tour in some places.
C） Three weeks is just like a few minutes.
D） The whole tour is quite interesting.
13. A） Bill cannot afford a house.
B） Bill decided to buy a house.
C） Bill doesn't mean to buy a house.
D） Bill goes beyond the house.
14. A） Susan Evans rings a bell.
B） The name sounds familiar to the man.
C） The man never heard of the name.
D） The man is not sure about the bell.
15. A） To a movie.
B） On a two—week trip.
C） To work.
D） On a short visit to their neighbor.
17. A） He went mountain climbing last year.
B） He hasn't traveled around the world yet.
C） He'd like to climb that mountain.
D） He definitely does not want to go.
18. A） The woman's doctor.
B） The woman's husband.
C） A shoe buyer.
D） A shoe salesman.
Question 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. A） Reading newspapers.
B） Reading advertisements.
C） Doing housing business.
D） Looking for a suitable house.
20. A） The price is too high.
B） The house is far from his company.
C） The place is noisy.
D） There is no shopping nearby.
21. A） It has a garden.
B） It is not in the city center.
C） It is not very expensive.
D） It is very far from the place the man works in.
Question 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. A） To find out if he has the flu.
B） To find out how to maintain a nutritious diet.
C） To find out how to prevent illness.
D） To find out the results of a blood test.
23. A） He gets ill at the same time every year.
B） He doesn't get enough exercise.
C） He often has difficulty sleeping.
D） He's sick with influenza throughout the winter.
24. A） He's unwilling to be immunized.
B） He doesn't get enough rest.
C） He forgets to take his medicine.
D） He doesn't dress warmly enough.
25. A） Physical examinations are given free there.
B） He can get an influenza vaccination there.
C） He'll be able to get a prescription for medication there.
D） He'll find literature on nutrition there.
Directions:In this section,you will hear 3 short passages.At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a question,you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A）,B）,C） and D） .Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. A） They can do better than others.
B） It is expensive to hire labour.
C） They don't like to be helped.
D） They don't trust others.
27. A） It publishes books only for children.
B） It publishes books about people's pets.
C） It uses computers to make up stories.
D） It makes the young readers the leading characters in the stories.
28. A） Written by children themselves.
B） Telling stories about the reader himself.
C） Printed with standard things.
D） Published with the help of computers.
Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29A） Their flying ability improved greatly.
B） They became warm—blooded.
C） They began to lay eggs.
D） They changed their migration patterns.
30A） On the ground.
B） In cold places.
C） On the highest branches of trees.
D） Inside three trunks.
31A） To avoid predators.
B） To expose the eggs to stronger sunlight.
C） To have a better view of predators.
D） To save labor.
32A） How birds learn to build nests.
B） Why birds lay eggs.
C） How birds'nests have evolved.
D） Why some birds'nests are considered primitive.
Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
33. A） To find out how clever monkeys were.
B） To test intelligence of different animals.
C） To tell the difference between man and the monkeys.
D） To find out how monkeys search food.
34. A） To give the monkey a surprise.
B） To see how the monkey ate from the box.
C） To see how soon the monkey could find it.
D） To find out how the monkey would open the box.
35. A） By looking through the keyhole.
B） By looking through the window.
C） By taking pictures of the monkey.
D） By hiding himself behind the box.
Directions:In this section,you will hear a passage three times.When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard.For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information.For these blanks,you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in you own words.Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.
After retiring from 30 years of teaching, Ethbell Pepper could easily have decided to sit back and （36）and enjoy a peaceful （37）. But that kind of life is not for Ethbell Pepper. “I just wanted to do something different. If you are going to （38）in life, do it. Dont just sit down and look out the window.” She says. At 68, she decided to become one of the
（39） participants in a program at the University of California. The program offers（40）housing and classes to people over （41）. She （42）in a class called Human Relationships and（43）Society.（44）. “But in this course, I found out a lot about other cultures I didnt know then.（45）.”
Older adults can add to the educational resources of the university by bringing with them a lot of valuable experience. Their presence on campus helps break some long beliefs about aging. Young students may have fears of growing older.（46）. The younger students can begin to see aging as a natural part of living.
Part ⅣReading Comprehension（Reading in Depth）（25 minutes）
Directions:In this section,there is a passage with ten blanks.You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage.Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter.Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.
Questions 47 to 56 are based on the following passage.
There's no question that the Earth is getting hotter. The real questions are: How much of the warming is our fault, and are we 47 to slow the devastation by controlling our insatiable 48 for fossil fuels?
Global warming can seem too 49 to worry about, or too uncertain—something projected by the same computer 50 that often can't get next week's weather right. On a raw winter day you might think that a few degrees of warming wouldn't be such a bad thing anyway. And no doubt about it: Warnings about 51 change can sound like an environmentalist scare tactic, meant to force us out of our cars and restrict our lifestyles.
Comforting thoughts, perhaps. Unfortunately, however, the Earth has some discomforting news.
From Alaska to the snowy peaks of the Andes the world is heating up right now, and fast. Globally, the 52 is up 1°F over the past century, but some of the coldest, most remote spots have warmed much more. The results aren't pretty. Ice is 53 , rivers are running dry, and coasts are 54 , threatening communities.
The 55 are happening largely out of sight. But they shouldn't be out of mind, because they are omens of what's in store for the56 of the planet.
A. remote B. techniques C. consisting D. restE. willing
F. climate G. skill H. appetite I. melting J. vanishing
K. eroding L. temperature M. curiosity N. changes O. skillful
Directions:There are 2 passages in this section.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A）,B）,C） and D） .You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.
My father's reaction to the bank building at 43rd Street and Fifth Avenue in New York city was immediate and definite: “You wont catch me putting my money in there!” he declared, “Not in that glass box!”
Of course, my father is a gentleman of the old school, a member of the generation to whom a good deal of modern architecture is upsetting, but I am convinced that his negative response was not so much to the architecture as to a violation of his concept of the nature of money.
In his generation money was thought of as a real commodity（实物） that could be carried, or stolen. Consequently, to attract the custom of a sensible man, a bank had to have heavy walls, barred windows, and bronze doors, to affirm the fact, however untrue, that money would be safe inside. If a buildings design made it appear impenetrable, the institution was necessarily reliable, and the meaning of the heavy wall as an architecture symbol dwelt in the prevailing attitude toward money.
But the attitude toward money has, of course, changed. Excepting pocket money, cash of any kind is now rarely used; money as a tangible commodity has largely been replaced by credit. A deficit（赤字） economy, accompanied by huge expansion, has led us to think of money as product of the creative imagination. The banker no longer offers us a safe: he offers us a service in which the most valuable element is the creativity for the invention of large numbers. It is in no way surprising, in view of this change in attitude, that we are witnessing the disappearance of the heavywalled bank.
Just as the older bank emphasized its strength, this bank by its architecture boasts of imaginative powers. From this point of view it is hard to say where architecture ends and human assertion（人们的说法） begins.
57. The main idea of this passage is that .
A） money is not as valuable as it was in the past
B） changes have taken place in both the appearance and the concept of banks
C） the architectural style of the older bank is superior to that of the modern bank
D） prejudice makes the older generation think that the modern bank is unreliable
58. How do the older generation and the younger one think about money?
A） The former thinks more of money than the latter.
B） The younger generation values money more than the older generation.
C） Both generations rely on the imaginative power of bankers to make money.
D） To the former money is a real commodity but to the latter the means of producing more money.
59. The word “tangible” （Line 2, Para. 4 ） refers to something .
A） that is precious
B） that is usable
C） that can be touched
D） that can be reproduced
60. According to this passage, a modern banker should be .
A） ambitious and friendly
B） reliable and powerful
C） sensible and impenetrable
D） imaginative and creative
61. It can be inferred from the passage that the author's attitude towards the new trend in banking is .
A） cautiousB） regretfulC） positiveD） hostile
Part ⅠWritingColleges Have Opened Their Doors Wider
Colleges have opened their doors wider in recent years because the student population has increased enormously from 4 million to more than 7 million in less than six years since 1997. Is this a good thing?
Some argue that the enrollment increase will benefit individuals and the society as well. It allows more students to pursue higher educations and state loans enable children from poor families to complete their education at universities and colleges. This may in turn contribute to helping them to eliminate poverty for the society.
Others express concerns over the rapid expansion. They are afraid that some problems may arise from it, for example, the problem of employment. A lot more graduates may have great trouble in finding a job after graduation, which will lead to a social problem.
In my opinion, the former view is more reasonable. Admittedly, a rapid increase of graduates seemingly places a heavy burden on the society. However, on second thoughts, we find that it is due to the rapid expansion that, to a great extent, we can delay the approach of the upcoming employment wave. Moreover, just as property and wealth once were keys to success, education has become the main provider of individual opportunity in our society and an element that most ensures success in life and eliminates poverty. In this sense, I am convinced that the admission expansion is very instrumental.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension （Skimming and Scanning）
1. Y. 该句句意为:根据说明，该系统是用来防止车辆偷盗的。本题解题依据为文章第一段第一句话，与原文之义相符。
2. Y. 该句句意为:设定该防盗系统时，你应该让所有乘客下车。 本题依据为 SETTING THE SYSTEM 标题下列出的第二点，与原文之义吻合。
3. N. 该句句意为: 当用钥匙打开车后门时，该系统设置将被取消。本题解题依据为CANCELLING THE SYSTEM 下面一段，该段大意为:用钥匙打开前门或滑门该系统将完全取消，显然本题句意与原文所述不符。
4. N. 该句句意为:该系统只有在使用钥匙打开前门、滑门、后门及发动机罩时才会起动。本题解题依据为Activating the system 下面第二句话即:If any of the front, sliding and back doors and hood is unlocked without using the key（如不用钥匙打开前门、滑门、后门和发动机罩，该系统将发出警报并切断起动机电路），由此可见,该句意与本题之义相反。
5. N. 该句句意为: 如果终止警报，你得把车的点火钥匙从“ACC”位置拨到“LOCK”位置。本题解题依据为Stopping the alarm 下面第一句话:Turn the ignition key from the “LOCK” to “ACC” position （把点火钥匙从“LOCK”拨到 “ACC”位置），显然与原文不符。
6. N. 该句句意为: 当指示灯闪烁时，不需要用钥匙打开任何门和发动机罩。本题解题依据为INDICATOR LIGHT 下面的第二句话:You need the key to open the front, sliding and back doors and hood. （你需要钥匙打开前后门、滑门和发动机罩）。显然本题句意与原文所述不符。
7. NG.该句句意为: 本文告诉我们该系统能有效工作以致于从未出现故障。通览全文，本文根本未提及该信息。因而无法得知。
8. 30 seconds 答案依据为本文SETTING THE SYSTEM标题下“…the system will give you a preparation time of 30 seconds before the setting…”。
9. starts flashing 答案依据为SETTING THE SYSTEM标题下，小标题4后面的内容。
10. Toyota dealer 答案依据为文章最后一句话。
Part ⅢListening Comprehension
11. C12. D13. A14. B15. B 16. C17. D18. D19. D20. C
21. D22. C23. A24. B25. B
26. B27. D28. B29. B30. A 31. A32. C33. B34. C35. A
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension （Reading in Depth）Section A
47. E此处应填入E项，be willing to 为固定搭配。
50. B此处应填入一个名词，而与computer 搭配的名词在选项中根据上下文意思B为正确选项。
53. I显然ice 与melt 搭配，因此I为正确选项。
56. D选D项，the rest of 为固定搭配。
57. B主旨题。该题要求学生总结文章的主题。文章主要写了银行发展的两个方面:一是银行的外在建筑风格，过去的银行通常有heavy walls, barred windows 以及bronze doors，给人以非常可靠、放心踏实的感觉；二是银行的功能转变。选项B正是恰当的概括，所以应该是正确答案。文章并无涉及现在和过去对钱的价值比较，所以A项“钱不如过去值钱”不对。文章也没有对比哪种建筑风格更好，所以C项“过去的银行的建筑风格比现代银行的建筑风格更好”也不对。D项说“偏见使得老一辈人认为现代银行不可靠”，不符合文章意思。
58. D细节归纳题。问题问老一代人与年轻一代人对钱的认识态度是什么？老一代人的看法可以从第三段开头看出:“In his generation money was thought of as a real commodity that…”年轻一代对钱的看法可以从第四段第四行至第六行，尤其是“… he offers us a service in which the most valuable element is the creativity for the invention of large numbers.”从上可以归纳出D项为该题的正确答案。
59. C语义题。该题较容易，只要参阅第三段“commodity”后的定语从句“that could be carried, or stolen.”这实际上就是解释老一代人对钱的看法，他们认为钱是可以被携带或被偷走，也就是可以能摸得到的实实在在的东西，C项正确。
60. D细节推论题。问题问现代银行应该具有什么功能？四选项的意思分别是:A）“充满雄心且友好”，B）“可靠且威力无穷”，C）“明智且不可穿越”，D）“富有想像且有创造性”。要回答这个问题，应定位在文章第四段“…in which the most valuable element is the creativity”和第五段“… boasts of imaginative powers.”从中不难看出现代银行应该是富有想像力并且有创造力。
61. C推论题。该题要求学生判断作者对银行的外在风格和功能的转变这一趋势的态度。最明确的提示应该是第四段开头“But the attitude toward money has, of course, changed.”随后进一步分析了现代银行不同于过去银行的功能，作者用了“creative imagination”, 可以看出其态度是肯定的。C项正确。
62. C细节理解题。问题问“当她的丈夫离家出走时，Eileen Doyle怎么样？”根据第一段第二行“Eileen was astonished…”可以断定C“（她）不明白为什么”应该是正确答案。其余三项均不符合文章意思。
63. A细节理解题。问题问“离开家庭的大多数人”。该题较简单，解题依据应该是文章第二段，其大意为:一年中的每一天都有一小帮男人和女人悄然收拾几件行李，没有留下任何纸条或说一声再见（“…without so much as a note or goodbye…”，其中without so much as为重要句型，表示“甚至…都没有”），最后一次关上前门离家出走了，把他们的债务、他们的忧虑、还有迷惑不解的家庭抛在身后。A项正确。
64. D细节理解题。文章第四段第二、三句说明那些被遗弃的人甚至宁愿自己的配偶已经死亡，至少死亡不会意味着自己被抛弃或失败，所以要比被遗弃的感觉好点。B、C两项属于四级考试中典型的陷阱式干扰项，因为B项中的“pride and confidence”及C项中的“rejection or failure”在原文中皆有出现，马虎的考生可能不假思索就选了B或C，正好中了圈套，其实稍微细心一点就会发现B、C和文章所说的并不是一回事。第四段第三句“At least it…”中的it是指death而不是题干中主语所指。
65. D细节推论题。问题的题干应该在第四段开头，所以答案在此之后“…Worse than that,… an unfinished marriage,…wait seven years before…”D项正是这种意思。
66. B细节理解题。依据第五段第二行“Its typical of the kind of personality which seems able to ignore other peoples pain and difficulties.”B项说“这是一种自私行为”，为正确答案。A） “这是种绝望行为”；C） “这是突然决定的结果”；D） “这是沉重负疚感的结果”。
Part Ⅴ Error Correction67.
本题考查“介词+关系代词” 引导的定语从句，in 改为where, 或在in 和there中间加which .由于先行词是in a society, 表示地点状语，后面的定语从句中可以用where 或者in which 来引导作相同的成分。这样in which/where there is…science 为定语从句修饰in a society.
68. 本题考查比较结构, as 改为than.由于出现了比较级more ignorant, 考生就应该敏感的想到与than的搭配。句意为:“我们比西欧受过同样教育的人更对科学愚昧无知。”
69. 本题考查上下文的逻辑关系, So改为 But/However/Nevertheless.So表示因果关系，而根据上下文，此句句意与上句相反，应用表示转折的连词。
70. 本题考查动词用法，about去掉。explain为及物动词，表达“解释某事”时后直接跟宾语，无需加介词；表示“向某人解释某事”时，用explain sth. to sb.
71. 本题考查代词用法，you改为they.考生做此题时要有全句意识，不能局限在本句的部分找语法错误，本题就属于语法无错误，而意思上有误。根据上下文，此处应指if you ask them 中的them，应用they 做主语。
72. 本题考查搭配关系，like改为as.such 应与as搭配，表示例举。
73. 本题考查习惯用法，takes改为gives.give rise to为固定搭配，意为“引起，使发生”，本句句意为:它也使得科学与技术的区别变得模糊。
74. 本题考查动词误用，differ改为distinguish.differ 表示“不同，相异”，而distinguish 表示“区别，辨别，使一物（特征等）与另一物相区别”；在搭配上的用法也不同，一般而言，A differ（s） from B, 而 （sb.） distinguish A from B / distinguish between（the two）。根据上下文，本句句意为:许多人对两者不加区别。
75.本题考查逻辑关系，since改为while.此处讲述了科学与技术的区别所在，since作连词表示“自…以后, 因为, 既然”, 而本句后内容应与前句在逻辑关系上形成对比，所以应用表示转折的while或whereas.
Part Ⅵ Translation
77. more than I can describe in words/beyond words
78. singing and dancing to their heart's content.
79. as if she knew me
80. so that it could be conducted smoothly
81. he be offended/annoyed