COLLEGE ENGLISH TEST
试 题 册
注意事项 一、将自己的姓名、准考证号、所在班级认真涂、写在答题卡和答题纸上。考试结束后，把答题卡和答题纸放在桌上。教师收卷后才可离开考场。 二、仔细读懂题目的说明。 三、在120分钟内答完全部试题，不得拖延时间。
试 卷 一
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Example: You will hear:
You will read: A） 2 hours B） 3 hours C） 4 hours D） 5 hours From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)“5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C]
1. A) Swimming. B) Playing tennis. C) Boating. D) Playing table tennis.
2. A) She is going to Finland. B) She has visitors next week.
C) She has guests at her home. D) She has just visited him this week.
3. A) Get some coins at the cafe. B) Buy her a cup of coffee at the cafe.
C) Get some coffee from the machine. D) Try to fix the machine.
4. A) They spent three hundred dollars on their vacation.
B) They drew more money than they should have from the bank.
C) They lost their bankbook.
D) They had only three hundred dollars in the bank.
5. A) To find out her position in the company.
B) To apply for a job.
C) To offer her a position in the company.
D) To make an appointment with the sales manager.
6. A) He is surprised. B) He feels very happy.
C) He is indifferent. D) He feels very angry.
7. A) He hasn’t cleaned his room since Linda visited him.
B) Linda is the only person who ever comes to see him.
C) He’s been too busy to clean his room.
D) Cleaning is the last thing he wants to do.
8. A) She is a generous woman by nature.
B) It doesn’t have a back cover.
C) She feels the man’s apology is enough.
D) It is no longer of any use to her.
9. A) To remind him of the data he should take to the conference.
B) To see if he is ready for the coming conference.
C) To tell him something about the conference.
D) To help him prepare for the conference.
10. A) The long wait.
B) The broken down computer.
C) The mistakes in her telephone bill.
D) The bad telephone service.
Section B Compound Dictation
注意：听力理解B节（Compound Dictation）为复合式听写（Compound Dictation），题目在试卷二上，现在请翻到试卷二。
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B),C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Internet, E-mail and similar electronic connections offer a far wider ground for scholarly communication, because a researcher can post the beginnings of a theory, receive comments on it from peers, incorporate new ideas and alter the details over and over until it is right. Electronic networks enable scholarly publishing to imitate the intellectual process more closely. The unit of transaction will become the idea, not just a collection of articles.
This dynamic, fluid progression of an idea — which is known as “scholarly skywriting” — is possible, Harnad says, because the speed and reach of electronic messaging “more closely match the natural biological speed of human thought.” When he writes a paper, says Harnad, he is able instantly to incorporate the forces of the Net into the creative process. In one part of his computer will be E-mailed comments from colleagues, in another will be his own notes, in yet another his previous papers — and at any time, he can launch into the Net to find a new resource or paper, send off a thought to a commentator or ask a question, all as if they were in the same room. This new form of scholarship could cause problems with copyrights, however. With so many voices involved in production of a new idea, it is more difficult than ever to pin down exactly who should receive credit for it.
Some scholars believe that the storage of documents as disembodied electronic signals will gradually alter the structure of knowledge. “Manuscripts” will increasingly be “live”, changing from day to day as the author returns to the computer and other scholars offer their comments in the margins. It will be possible to update and massage（篡改） documents without increased cost, so that — in some fields, at least — the notion of a bound book could become obsolete. Even the idea of authorship could change.
In the long run, the new information technologies may fundamentally alter creativity itself. Nowadays, much of the process of scholarship — the testing of an idea and the subsequent peer commentary — takes place in private; only the publication of a final manuscript is a public event.
Then, what about scientific journals? At a wider level, there seems to be growing acknowledgement that the main of journals in future will be to provide research papers with a guarantee of quality and added editorial value — in terms of making science more readable, and placing it within a wider perspective for example — while their traditional role as a distribution outlet will become less important.
11. By “scholarly skywriting”, the author means scholars _______.
A) get new ideas from discussions through electronic networks
B) have their scientific papers openly published on the Net
C) are free to express their ideas on the line
D) create, polish and publish their ideas on the line
12. “Scholarly skywriting” has all the following advantages except _______.
A) avoidance of copyright trouble
B) swift transmission of thought
C) utilization of the wisdom of other individuals
D) easy updating of manuscripts
13. According to the passage, it can be concluded that _______.
A) electronic publishing will eventually take the place of traditional journals
B) the process of scholarship will change greatly in a world of electric networks
C) electronic publishing is becoming the predominant means of scholarly communication
D) scholarly skywriting will be the most important skill for most scientists
14. According to the passage, scientific journals _______.
A) have lost their prominent position in the research community
B) will still play their due role in publishing research papers
C) will fail to keep scientific knowledge up-to-date
D) will become obsolete with the development of “scholarly skywriting”
15. From the passage we learn that ______.
A) scholarship will be a sheer private communication among scholars
B) the authorship will have to be shared by many collaborators in the world
C) scholarly writing can be a public event with the involvement of many scholars
D) scholarly writing can be a dynamic process and it will be more difficult to have a final result
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Ever since Darwin’s theory of evolution, biologists have assumed that environments teeming with complex forms of life served as the nurseries of evolution. But two recent papers in Science magazine have turned that notion on its head. Last month some biologists reported that in the ocean it is the relatively barren areas that serve as “evolutionary crucibles(熔炉),” not regions with great diversity of species. Other researchers announced this summer that the Arctic, not the rain forest, spawned many plants and animals that later migrated to North America. Says John Sepkoski of the University of Chicago, “Harsh environments may be producing the major changes in the history of life.”
These “changes” do not result merely in a longer tail or a bigger claw for an existing species but, rather, in dramatic leaps up the evolutionary ladder — a rare innovation that comes along once in a million years. In the Arctic, reports Leo Hickey of Yale University, the innovations ran to forms never before seen on earth. By dating fossils from many geologic layers, he concluded that large grazing animals first appeared in the Arctic and migrated to temperate places a couple of million years or so later. Among plants, species of redwood and birch originated in polar regions some 18 millions years before they showed up in the south. Examining fossils as old as 570 million years, Chicago’s Sepkoski found that shell-less, soft-bodied creatures were suddenly replaced by trilobites（三叶虫）, then by the more advanced clam-like animals. These changes, he notes, “first become common near shore.” That surprised him — an environment with as few species as exist in the near shore, and with such a poor record of producing new species, seems an unlikely place for biological innovation. But when Jablonski dated fossils of 100 million years ago, he found that during this era, too, the near shore spawned biological breakthroughs — more sophisticated sea creatures that move and find food in ocean sediments instead of passively filtering whatever floats by.
The findings are too new to apply to human evolution, but at first glance they seem to fit the facts. Anthropologists believe that our ancestors became fully human only after they left their secure life in the trees for the harsh world of savanna (plain without trees). There, the demanding conditions triggered that most human of traits, the large brain, and the most profound evolutionary step of all was taken.
16. Two recent papers in Science magazine claim to have found evidence which contradicts the traditional notion that _______.
A) relatively harsh environments are the nurseries of evolution
B) evolution occurred in regions with biological diversity
C) new forms of life come into being in near-shore areas
D) species of birch and redwood originated in the south
17. According to Leo Hickey of Yale University, which of the following may have spawned more advanced species of land animals?
A) The barren ocean floor B) The Arctic
C) The rain forest D) Temperate Zones
18. The word “innovations” in the second paragraph means ________.
A) New theory B) New phenomenon C) Changes D) New inventions
19. How would anthropologists take the new findings?
A) They would look at them dubiously.
B) They would eagerly apply them to the study of human evolution.
C) They would challenge them, though at first glance they tend to look at them favorably.
D) They would most probably think the new findings fit well into their theory.
20. Which of the following may be an appropriate title of the passage ?
A) Darwin’s Theory Modified
B) How Animals Evolve
C) Evolution in Hard Places
D) Where Did Large Sea Animals Originate
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
How we look and how we appear to others probably worries us more when we are in our teens or early twenties than at any other time in our life. Few of us are content to accept ourselves as we are, and few are brave enough to ignore the trends of fashion.
Most fashion magazines or TV advertisements try to persuade us that we should dress in a certain way or behave in a certain manner. If we do, they tell us, we will be able to meet new people with confidence and deal with every situation confidently and without embarrassment. Changing fashion, of course, does not apply just to dress. A barber today does not cut a boy’s hair in the same way as he used to, and girls do not make up in the same way as their mothers and grandmothers did. The advertisers show us the latest fashionable styles and we are constantly under pressure to follow the fashion in case our friends think we are odd or dull.
What causes fashions to change? Sometimes convenience or practical necessity or just the fancy of an influential person can establish a fashion. Take hats, for example, in cold climates, early buildings were cold inside, so people wore hats indoors as well as outside. In recent times, the late President Kennedy caused a depression in the American hat industry by not wearing hats, more American men followed his example.
There is also a cyclical pattern in fashion. In the 1920s in Europe and America, short skirts became fashionable. After World War Two, they dropped to ankle length. Then they got shorter and shorter until the miniskirt was in fashion. After a few more years, skirts became longer again.
Today, society is much freer and easier than it used to be. It is no longer necessary to dress like everyone else. Within reason, you can dress as you like or do your hair the way you like instead of the way you should because it is the fashion. The popularity of jeans and the “untidy” look seems to be a reaction against the increasingly expensive fashions of the top fashion houses.
At the same time, appearance is still important in certain circumstance and then we must choose our clothes carefully. It would be foolish to go to an interview for a job in a law firm wearing jeans and a sweater; and it would be discourteous to visit some distinguished scholar looking as if we were going to the beach or a night club. However, you need never feel depressed if you don’t look like the latest fashion photo. Look around you and you’ll see that no one else does either.
21. The author thinks that people are___________.
A) satisfied with their appearance
B) concerned about appearance in old age
C) far from neglecting what is in fashion
D) reluctant to follow the trends in fashion
22. Fashion magazines and TV advertisements seem to link fashion to_________.
A) confidence in life B) personal dress
C) individual hair style D) personal future
23. Causes of fashions are_______.
A) uniform B) varied C) unknown D) inexplicable
24. Present-day society is much freer and easier because it emphasizes_________.
A) uniformity B) formality C) informality D) individuality
25. Which is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A) Care about appearance in formal situations.
B) Fashion in formal and informal situations.
C) Ignoring appearance in informal situations.
D) Ignoring appearance in all situations.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Massive changes in all of the world’s deeply cherished sporting habits are underway. Whether it’s one of London’s parks full of people playing softball, and Russians taking up rugby, or the Superbowl rivaling the British Football Cup Final as a televised spectator event in Britain, the patterns of players and spectators are changing beyond recognition. We are witnessing a globalization of our sporting culture.
That annual bicycle race, the Tour de France, much loved by the French is good case in point. Just a few years back it was a strictly continental affair with France, Belgium and Holland, Spain and Italy taking part. But in recent years it has been dominated by Colombian mountain climbers, and American and Irish riders.
The people who really matter welcome the shift toward globalization. Peugeot, Michelin and Panasonic are multi-national corporations that want worldwide returns for the millions they invest in teams. So it does them literally a world of good to see this unofficial world championship become just that.
This is undoubtedly an economic-based revolution we are witnessing here, one made possible by communications technology, but made to happen because of marketing considerations. Sell the game and you can sell Coca Cola or Budweiser as well.
The skillful way in which American football has been sold to Europe is a good example of how all sports will develop. The aim of course is not really to spread the sport for its own sake, but to increase the number of people interested in the major money-making events. The economics of the Superbowl are already astronomical. With seats at US$125, gate receipts alone were a staggering $10,000,000. The most important statistic of the day, however, was the $100,000,000 in TV advertising fees. Imagine how much that becomes when the eyes of the world are watching.
So it came as a terrible shock, but not really as a surprise, to learn that some people now suggesting that soccer change from being a game of two 45-minute halves, to one of four 25-minute quarters. The idea is unashamedly to capture more advertising revenue, without giving any thought for the integrity of a sport which relies for its essence on the flowing nature of the action.
Moreover, as sports expand into world markets, and as our choice of sports as consumers also grows, so we will demand to see them played at a higher and higher level. In boxing we have already seen numerous, dubious world title categories because people will not pay to see anything less than a “World Title” fight, and this means that the title fights have to be held in different countries around world.
26. Globalization of sporting culture means that_________.
A) more people are taking up sports.
B) traditional sports are getting popular.
C) many local sports are becoming international.
D) foreigners are more interested in local sports.
27. Which of the following is NOT related to the massive changes?
A) Good economic returns. B) Revival of sports.
C) Communications technology. D) Marketing strategies.
28. What is the author’s attitude towards the suggestion to change soccer into one of four 25-minute quarters?
A) Favourable. B) Unclear. C) Reserved. D) Critical.
29. People want to see higher-level sports competitions mainly because________.
A) they become more professional than ever.
B) they regard sports as consumer goods.
C)there exist few world-class championships.
D) sports events are exciting and stimulating.
30. The word “staggering”(line 5, paragraph 5) most probably means________.
A) walking unsteadily B) worrying C) stimulating D) shocking
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
32. As the population of the world increases and human needs expand, we must take care not to _______ all of our natural resources at once.
A) furnish B) maximize C) minimize D) exhaust
33. He received a _______ wound soon after the battle began, and died two days later in a hospital.
A) mortal B) moral C) slight D) severe
34. There’s a whole ____ of bills waiting to be paid.
A) stock B) stack C) number D) sequence
35. Woodrow Wilson ________ to preserve world peace by supporting the establishment of an organization to settle international disputes.
A) succeeded B) endeavored C) engaged D) enforced
36. It is _______in the Act that no pension can be paid to anyone under the age of sixty unless he is disabled.
A) laid off B) laid aside C) laid down D) laid out
37. Experts believe that children at the age of two or three are able to learn any language if they are _______it.
A) indulged in B) involved in C) exposed to D) disposed of
38. When several people apply for the same job, ______is usually given to whoever has better qualifications.
A) superiority B) inferiority C) priority D) minority
39. Several emergency measures were taken to ________ the financial pressure on the government.
A) eliminate B) alleviate C) reverse D) upgrade
40. His capacities _______food and hard work were enormous.
A) of B) for C) in D) with
41. They were paying for their house ________of $2,000 a month for three years.
A) in turn B) by appointment C) by installation D) in installments
42. She________ all criticism and calmly went on with the project.
A) smashed up B) ticked off C) fouled up D) shrugged off
43. His plans are very________; he wants to master French, German, and Spanish before he is eighteen.
A) brilliant B) applicable C) ambitious D) adjustable
44. The three-storey department building was ________by the newly constructed ten-storey office building on its side.
A) sneered B) belittled C) snuffed D) dwarfed
45. The famous football star was________ with the murder of his ex-wife and her boy friend.
A) convicted B) charged C) blamed D) accused
46. Young people’s social environment has a______ effect on their academic progress.
A) gross B) solid C) complete D) progressive
47. In manufacturing, cheaper materials are constantly being ______for the better and more expensive kinds.
A) replaced B) transformed C) displaced D) substituted
48. In the__________ between performances, the famous actress toured Europe.
A) insertion B) interaction C) interim D) intervention
49. Recently a number of cases have been reported of young children ________a violent act previously seen on television.
A) modifying B) accelerating C) stimulating D) duplicating
50. Any electric products sold in this famous department store will be ______for one year.
A) guaranteed B) ensured C) protected D)assured
51. Non-smokers who must________ inhale the air polluted by tobacco smoker may suffer more than the smoker themselves.
A) involuntarily B) instinctively C) spontaneously D) reluctantly
52. Information gathered by sensors is ________to the control center’s computer.
A) transacted B) transmitted C) radiated D) transferred
53. Nobody________ when I complained about the food, so nothing was done about it.
A) turned to me B) relied on me C) backed me up D) held me up
54. Many people take________ radios to the beach with them.
A) liable B) purchasable C) comfortable D) portable
55. The drugs must________ in every way to the standards set up by the government.
A) correspond B) confine C) conform D) comply
56. He clearly had no________ of doing any work, although it was only a week till the exam.
A) desire B) ambition C) willingness D) intention
57. Although we had told them not to keep us waiting, they made no ________to speed up the deliveries.
A) trial B) attempt C) action D) progress
58. Linda will probably _______a good sum of money when her father dies because she doesn’t have any brothers.
A) run away with B) go for C) get on with D) come in for
59. The red spots first appeared on the forearm and then extended _______ to the shoulder.
A) on the way B) all along C) in every way D) all the way
60. We should not be made to ________the basic principle, namely, the need and desire of the adolescent to engage responsibility in the real pursuit of life and then to learn through responsibility.
A) lose sight of B) lost track of C) become blind of D) give way to
Part IV Cloze (15 minutes) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter in the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Have you ever wondered what our future is like? Practically all people a desire to predict their future . People seem inclined to this task using causal reasoning. First, we generallythat future circumstances arecaused or conditioned by present. We learn that getting an education willhow much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy with a shark.
Second, people also learn that suchof cause and effect are probabilistic（概率）in nature. That is, the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are, but not always. , students learn that studying hard good grades in most instances, but not every time. Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more explicit andtechniques for dealingthen more rigorously than does causal human inquiry. In looking at ordinary human inquiry, we need to between prediction and understanding. Often, even if we don’t understand why, we are willing to act the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability.
Whatever the primitive drives motivate human beings, satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to predict future circumstances. The attempt to predict is often played in a of knowledge and understanding. If you can understand why certain regular patterns, you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns. Thus, human inquiry aims answering both “what” and “why” question, and we pursue these goals by observing and figuring out.
61. A) exhibit B) exaggerate C) examine D) exceed
62. A) contexts B) circumstances C) inspections D) intuitions
63. A) underestimate B) undermine C) undertake D) undergo
64. A) recall B) recede C) reckon D) recognize
65. A) somehow B) somebody C) someone D) something
66. A) one B) ones C) one’s D) oneself
67. A) enact B) affect C) reflect D) inflect
68. A) meeting B) occurrence C) encounter D) contact
69. A) patterns B) designs C) arrangements D) pictures
70. A) disappointed B) absent C) inadequate D) absolute
71. A) Thus B) So that C) However D) Though
72. A) creates B)produces C) loses D) protects
73. A) prevents B) proceeds C) provides D) predicts
74. A) for B) at C) in D) with
75. A) distinguish B) distinct C) distort D) distract
76. A) at B) on C) to D) under
77. A) why B) how C) that D) where
78. A) content B) contact C) contest D) context
79. A) happen B) occur C) occupy D) incur
80. A) at B) on C) to D) beyond
Part I Listening Comprehension
Section B Compound Dictation
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard; For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
The advantages and disadvantages of a large population have long been a S1______ of discussion among economists. It has been argued that the
supply of good land is limited. To feed a large population, inferior land must be S2______
and the good land worked intensively. Thus, each person
produces less and this means a lower income than could be with S3______
a smaller population. Other economists have argued that a large
population gives more scope forand the development S4______
of such as ports, roads and railways, which are not likely to be S5______
built unless there is a big demand tothem. S6______
One of the difficulties in carrying out a world-wide birth control program
lies in the fact that official attitudes to population growth S7______
from country to country depending on the level of industrial development and
availability of food, space and natural resources,
(S8)____________________________________________________whatever the S8______
consequences may be. In a highly industrialized society the problem may be
________.When the pressure of population on housing declines, prices also decline
and the building industry is weakened. (S10)____________________________________ S10______
____________________________, rather than one which is stable or in decline.
Part V Writing
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Should College Students Go in for Business? to comment on a news item that some undergraduates at your school are reported in the local newspaper to have started up businesses get prepared for future career.
You should write at least 150 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
Should College Students Go in for Business?
1 B 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 B 6 C 7 A 8 D 9 D 10 A
11-20 DABBC ABCDC 21－30 CABDA CBDBD
31-35 CDABB 36-40 CCCBB 41-45 DDCDB 46-50 DDCDA 51-55 DBCDC 56-60 DBDDA
61-65 A B C D A 66-70 B B C A B
71-75 A B C D A 76-80 B C D B A