Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled MyView on On-campus College Students’ Marriage. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.
My View on On-campus College Students’ Marriage
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.For questions 1-7, choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). For questions 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.
I knew no computer or technology ever got any of us a raise, landed us that dream job, found us that mentor (良师) who cared deeply for us and our careers or put that special joy in our lives that can only come from relationships with others.
All these great things are made possible by a completely different type of networking-human networking. And not the kind that has given “networking” a bad name-that superficial, insincere, manipulative stuff that we all can smell a mile away. No, I’m talking about the true art of networking, based upon respectful and caring relationships that promote mutual success.
Let me start with one of the most fundamental aspects of human relaitionships. For each and every thing you want to achieve in life-whether it’s landing a job,earning a raise or promotion or finding that lifelong romance-there will be at least one person on the other end deciding whether to give you or help you get what you want. Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people. Simply put, success, of any kind, requires relationships. Just think of the words of Margaret Wheatley: “Relationships are all there is. Everything in the universe only exists because it is in relationship to everything else. Nothing exists in isolation. We have to stop pretending we are individuals that can go it alone.”.
If this is the way the universe works, you can see why human relationships and human networks are so important.
The most common mistake people make when building relationships for their career success is treating business contacts diffierently from personal friends. Just think for a moment about the people you work with on a professional level who are also close, personal friends. Aren’t they always more forgiving when you slip up and more helpful when you’re in need ? Of course! I guarantee your work will become easier and more joyful if you make more of your business relationships personal.
How to do it ? The same way as you make genuine friends. Build trust through intimacy; show them that besides being professional, you're also human. Skip the small talk and go deep into what really matters -your dreams or fears, your children or the business issues that keep you up right at night. And don’t think for a moment that they’ll think less of you . In fact, usually the opposite happens.
When I tell people about my humble beginnings-I grew up a country boy in rural, southwestern Pennsylvania, the son of an often unemployed steelworker and a cleaning lady and how it took me so long to overcome my insecurities of being poor and being picked on by kids from more well-to-do families. People don't think less of me. They immediately empathize (感同身受) and feel more endeared to me than ever before. All you have to do is let your guard down and show enough vulnerability to make others comfortable with opening up to you.
Also, don’t stop with treating business friends as you treat personal friends. Mix them,too. Invite business contacts to your home and introduce them to your family. Invite a client out to dinner along with an old pal from school and your significant others or a date. Don’t compartmentalize (划分) your personal, profeessional and community lives.Blur the boundaries! You’ll have more fun and do more for all three parts of your life in less time.
The more specific you are about what you want to do, the easier it becomes to develop a strategy to accomplish it. Part of that strategy , of course , will be establishing relationships with the people in your universe who can help you get where you’re going. So, first, do some deep introspection (自省) to find your Blue Flame, the thing in life that really lights your fire. Write, pray, whatever you need to do to clear your head and figure this stuff out. I enjoy great results from Vipassana meditation..
Once you’ve found your Blue Flame, it’s time to have a RAP, or a Relationship Action Plan. Here’s a simlpe way to get started. Write down your goals and the names and types of people who can help you achieve them. Then, note how you can reach those people and how you can contribute to their success, too. The more specific a plan you have and the more you put your goals out to others, the more everyone will conspire to help you achieve your dreams. On the other hand, if you don’t know what you want or you don’t tell anyone, no one can help you. They can't read your mind.
I can’t tell you how many times a friend has called me and said, “Keith, I just became unemployed. I need to start networking; will you teach me how ?” My answer : “No. No. No. You need to start job-hunting! You should have been building relationships for the past 5 or 10 years, so now that you neeed a job, you could make 20 calls and have 5 job offers waiting for you in a week.”
When I give talks to college and graduate students they always ask me, “What are the secrets to success ? What are the unspoken rules for making it big ? Perferably, they’d like my response wrapped up in a tight package and tied with a neat little bow. Why not ? I wanted the same thing at their age.
“So you want the inside scoop,” I respond. “Fair enough, I’ll sum up the key to success in one word: Generosity.” The kids are shocked because they think I’m going to give them “netwoking” advice. And when they think of “networking”, they think of a guy holding a martini with one hand and scattering business cards with the other. He’s hell-bent on doing anything it takes to “get to the top”,including climbing on the backs of others.
The era of that Networking Jerk is over. I learned that the hard way. Once, a mentor of mine said to me, “ Stop driving yourself and-everyone else -crazy thinking about how to make yourself successful. Strat thinking about how you’re going to make everyone around you successful.”
Please, learn from my mistakes and the mistakes of many others. Don’t be a networking jerk. Remember that the NO.1 key to success is generosity. Give your talents, give your constacts and give your hard work to make others successful without ever keeping score.
While I would say that your relationships are the most critical piece of your personal brand, before you can develop those relationships you’ve got to know something and have something to say. Just having a brain and an MBA won't get you anywhere anymore. If you want to become more valuable in the marketplace or more intriguing to the world at large, you must develop some deep expertise in your mind and root some higher-order passion in your heart..
Think of the world’s real movers and shakers; they are such because they are about something: Richard Branson-executing the remarkable; the late Princess Diana-helping the unfortunate. They are and were interesting .You can be, too.
Strength in Numbers
This rule is obviously one no one can follow 100 percent. It’ just a great way to remember to share your passions to invite others into the activities you are already enjoy doing. I really love sharing delicious food, good wine and great company. I aloso bring friends to workouts or to church. You might have similar passions, or you might enjoy doing community service, gardening or watching movies.
If you’ll just remember to share your passions, building and deepening relationships will take no extra time than you already devote to your favorite activities, and people will see you in your best light.
Just as people lose weight more effectively if they have a workout partner, your ongoing efforts to build relationships will be more successful if you team up. You and your buddy can provide each other support, guidance and motivation. And you’ll always be prepared to try one of my favorite tactics-trading networks. Throw a dinner party together, and you’ll each be responsible for only half the guest list, half the cost and half the effort. But you’ll expand your circle of friends to twice the size, and I guarantee it will be twice the fun!
1.The true art of networking is based on __________ relationships that promote mutual success.
A)superficial B)insincere C)respectful and caring D)helpful
2.According to Margaret Wheatley, which of the following statements is true ?
A)Everything exists in isolation.
B)Everything we do can only be accomplished through and with other people.
C)Everything we do can be achieved by our individuals.
D)Everything can be accomplished without other’s help if you work hard enough.
3.How should we treat business contacts ?
A)We should make our business relationships more personal.
B)We should pretend to be their friends.
C)We should never treat them as trustworthy friends.
D)We should treat them diffierently from our personal friends.
4.If you do not mind telling your business friends about your humble experiences,_______.
A)they’ll look down upon you
B)they’ll not do business with you
C)they’ll think less of you for a moment
D)they’ll feel more endeared to you than ever before
5.When you plan to build up your network, the first thing is to find out ______ in the life.
A)what the easiest thing is B)what the most important thing is
C)who you care most for D)how to begin it
6.What is the key to success according to the author ?
A)Kindness. B)Diligence. C)Generosity D)Consideration..
7.According to a mentor of the auther, we should ______ when the era of Networking Jerk is over.
A)start thinking about how we’re going to make everyone around us successful
B)start thinking about how to make our family members successful
C)drive ourselves crazy thinking about how to make themselves successful
D)drive everyone else crazy thinking about how to make themselves successful
8.If you want to improve interpersonal relationship, you should improve your personal brand with deep expertise and _________________.
9.Inviting others to _______________ is a way to improve relationships because in these activities people will see you at your best.
10.If you want to pay half of the effort and get double of the success, you should _____________.
Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A),B),C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
11.A)The man is a newcomer here. B)The man wants to go to Shack Street.
C)The man doesn’t know where the store is. D)The man wants to tour in the city.
12.A)In a friend’s house. B)In a restaurant.
C)In a friend’s house. D)In a supermarket.
13.A)She thinks their team will lose the game.
B)She thinks the other team will catch up soon.
C)She thinks it is too early to tell the result.
D)She thinks the man is unable to tell the result.
14.A)They are talking about an advertisement.
B) They are talking about an interview.
C)They are talking about the time for the interview.
D)They are talking about the interviewees..
15.A)His student. B)His wife.
C)His secretary D)His friend.
16.A)The woman sits at the wrong table.
B)The woman brings him ice-cream instead of salad.
C)The salad and ice-cream tastes terrible.
D)He has been waiting too long for his salad.
17.A)The man will go and advise John.
B) The woman will go and advise John.
C)Both of them will go and advise John.
D)Neither of them will go and advise John.
18.A)The woman enjoys gradening very much.
B)The woman knows the secret of gardening.
C)The woman hires a gardener for her garden.
D)The woman spends a lot of time on her garden.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19.A)A movie. B)A book.
C)A science fiction. D)An episode.
20.A)It is as good as the previous ones. B)It is more fantastic than the previous ones.
C)It is funnier than the previous ones. D)It is worse than the previous ones..
21.A)Fantastic settings. B)Special effects.
C)Mysterious costumes. D)Mysterious weapons.
22.A)The overall polt. B)The character development.
C)The boring writing. D)The act of the actor..
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
23.A)2008 Olympic Games. B)Opening Ceremonies.
C)Lighting the Olypmic Flames. D)Some hall games.
24.A)The sun’s light. B)The mirror.
C)The fire. D)The torch.
25.A)Spirit of sports. B)Light and wisdom.
C)Olympic tradition. D)Spirit of resolution.
Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre..
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26.A)One-week language course in England. B)Two-week trip to London.
C)One-week trip to Germany. D)Free visit to Rochester Castle.
27.A)Rochester. B)Herne Bay.
28.A)Charles Dickens’ hometown. B)Charles Dickens’novels.
C)The place of Dickens Centre. D)Charles Dickens’ birthday.
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
29.A)Because it is a means communication between people of different countries.
B)Because it is a means of communication between people of different professions.
C)Because it is the second language of all the people in the world.
D)Because it is compulsory subject on every school curriculum around the world.
30.A)British English B)American English
C)Majority English D)Minority English
31.A)Because they are minority English speakers.
B)Because they don’t speak second language.
C)Because they English is not better than anyone else’s.
D)Because they lose control of English resources.
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32.A)Political films and their history. B)People’s opinion on political films.
C)Different periods and political films. D)A few popular political films.
33.A)The 1940s. B)The 1950s.
C)The 1970s D)The 1980s.
34.A)Hotel Rwanda. B)All the President’s Men.
C)Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner. D)Robert Redford.
35.A)Racial problem. B)Social problem.
C)Colonial problem. D)Poverty problem.
Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times, when the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea .When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information .For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written..
At the end of his two terms in office, Ronald Reagan viewed with satisfaction the achievements of his innovative program known as the Reagan Revolution. This revolution aimed to (36)_____ American people’s reliance upon the government. He felt he had (37) his campaign pledge of 1980 to restore “the great, confident roar of American (38) and growth and optimism”.
Ronald Reagan was nominated by Republicans in 1980 and chose as his running mate former United Nations Ambassador George Bush. Reagan (39) 489 votes to 49 for President Jimmy Carter.
On January 20, 1981, Reagan took (40) Unfortunately, only about 69 days later he was (41) by a would-be assassin, but quickly recovered and returned to (42) . Moreover, his grace and wit during (43) incident caused his popularity to soar.
Dealing skillfully with Congress, Reagan obtained legislation to stimulate economic growth, curb inflation, increase employment, and strengthen national defense.(44) . He also refused to deviate from it when the strengthening of defense forces led to a large deficit.
In foreign policy, Reagan sought to achieve “peace through strength”. (45) . He also sought to improve relations with the Soviet Union.In dramatic meetings with Soviet leader, he negotiated a treaty that would eliminate intermediate-range nuclear missiles. By ordering naval escorts in the Persian Gulf, he maintained the free flow of oil during the Iran-Iraq war.
Overall, the Reagan years saw restoring of prosperity, and (46) .
Part Ⅳ Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Directions:In the section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet 2.
Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.
The strain of avian influenza virus that has led to the deaths of 140 million birds and 60 people in Asia in the past two years appears to be slowly acquiring genetic changes typical of the “Spanish flu” virus that killed 50 million people nearly a century ago, researchers said yesterday.
How far the “bird flu” virus has traveled down the evolutionary path to becoming a pandemic virus is unknown. Nor is it certain that the much-feared strain, designated as influenza A/H5N1, will ever acquire all the genetic features necessary for rapid, worldwise spread.
Nevertheless, the similarities between the Spanish flu virus of 1918 and the H5N1 strain slowly spreading through Asia provide unusually concrete evidence of how dangerous the newer virus is. At least four of its eight genes now contain mutations seen in the deadly strain that circled the globe during and the after World WarⅠ..
The comparison of the old and new flu viruses is the first practical use of a science use of a science-fiction-like scenario that concluded yesterday with the release of two papers, one by the journal Science and the other by its chief competitor, Nature.
After 10 years of work, Taubenberger and his team succeeded in reconstructing the Spanish flu virus, which was responsible for the deadliest epidemic since the Black Death of the Middle Ages. Reborn in the mid-August at a high-security laboratory at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, the pathogen appears in animal experiments to be as lethal as it was in human 87 years ago.
The report came as the United States, many other countries and the World Health Organizatiom are making increasingly urgent preparations for a new flu pandemic. The Department of Health and Human Services is stockpiling antiviral drugs and is buying enough experimental bird flu vaccine to inoculate 20 million people. President Bush ( the former president of America ) said in a news conference this week that he is considering the use of the military to enforce quarantines, if necessary, and that the government’s long-awaited pandemic plan will be released soon.
What makes the accomplishment reported yesterday so remarkable is that no intact samples of the Spanish flu virus exist. When the pandemic occurred in 1918 and early 1919— only American Samoa and parts of Iceland appear to have been spared— microbiologists did not know for certain what caused it. ( The influenza virus was not identified until 1933.) Although biologists were later able to deduce the broad family of influenza viruses the 1918 strain came from, its genetic identity was lost.
47.How important it is to find the similarities between the 1918 Spanish flu virus and the Asian avian influenza virus ?
48.What journals published two papers comparing the two viruses ?
49.After Taubenberger and his colleagues worked 10 years, the great success they have achieved is that _________________.
50.As part of the official preparations for bird flu, the U.S. government will soon ____________.
51.During and after World War Ⅰ，the whole world was affected by the pandemic except_________.
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A),B),C) and D).You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre..